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Old March 3rd, 2012, 11:45 AM   #1
MunichFRank
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Aachen- Aken- Aix-La-Chapelle- Aquis Granum- Cáchy

Aachen-Aken- Aix-La-Chapelle-Aquis Granum- Cáchy

Last weekend, I was in Aachen, the westernmost town of Germany, located along its borders with Belgium and the Netherlands. I would like to show some photos I took there in the central area around the Imperial Cathedral of Aachen, the oldest cathedral in northern Europe, which was the church of coronation for 30 German kings (from 936 to 1531):
























The market place:










The gothic town hall:







To be continued...

Last edited by MunichFRank; March 4th, 2012 at 02:35 AM.
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Old March 3rd, 2012, 01:07 PM   #2
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The back side of the town hall ….




















….which is opposite to the cathedral












Some impressions from buildings nearby the cathedrale:

























To be continued...
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Old March 3rd, 2012, 11:51 PM   #3
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Amazing photos, thanks! I love that mysterious fog. You´ve mentioned alternative names of the city, I´d add the strange name in Czech "Cáchy", that was derrived from "zu Aachen" in medieval times.
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Old March 4th, 2012, 02:38 AM   #4
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I would like to continue with some impressions of the south side of the cathedrale of CÁCHY:









































To be continued...

Last edited by MunichFRank; March 4th, 2012 at 10:55 AM.
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Old March 4th, 2012, 03:52 PM   #5
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Finally some photos of the cathedrale´s recently renovated interior, which is quite impressive, isn´t it?










































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Old March 5th, 2012, 09:57 PM   #6
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Beautiful.
Do you know which portion was erected by the Franc Emperor Charlemagne, and which portion from the German successors?
And are there many building remaining from his capital apart from the Dom?
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Old March 5th, 2012, 10:49 PM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by francois83 View Post
Beautiful.
Do you know which portion was erected by the Franc Emperor Charlemagne, and which portion from the German successors?
And are there many building remaining from his capital apart from the Dom?
The only part of the cathedral that was already erected at the time of Charlemagne (748-814) is the Octagon in the middle of the cathedral, including most of its columns and fences. The paintings on the walls are, however, much younger (from the 19th century):



Maybe you´ve already heard that Napoleon Bonaparte took most of said columns with him to Paris because he saw himself as a legitimate successor of Charlemagne. Most of these columns were afterwards returned to Aachen, but two of them are still today in the Louvre in Paris. Funny fact of history, because Charlemagne himself took most of these columns from an even older church.

Apart from the cathedral, there is nearly nothing left from the time of Charlemagne. Only fragments of older buildings, like the walls on the left side of the following photo, which are integrated into the Gothic town hall:

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Old March 6th, 2012, 09:51 PM   #8
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Quote:
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Maybe you´ve already heard that Napoleon Bonaparte took most of said columns with him to Paris because he saw himself as a legitimate successor of Charlemagne. Most of these columns were afterwards returned to Aachen, but two of them are still today in the Louvre in Paris.
No I was not aware of that story, I just discovered it, thank you for the explanation. Unfortunately, Napoléon did not manage to maintain this city in the Empire, he could only kept 2 columns
Anyway, you have a beautiful historic city, congratulations!
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Old March 9th, 2012, 01:56 PM   #9
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Unfortunately, Napoléon did not manage to maintain this city in the Empire, he could only kept 2 columns
Yeah...that's why he had to stampede like a little girl. Because he was scared of the Prussians!
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Old March 10th, 2012, 11:43 AM   #10
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Well indeed, the Prussian needed the Help of all European armies and seven coalitions to fall Napoleon in Waterloo.

Yet I prefer the beauty of Hugo poetry to the triviality of your sarcasm:

Waterloo ! Waterloo ! Waterloo ! morne plaine !
Comme une onde qui bout dans une urne trop pleine,
Dans ton cirque de bois, de coteaux, de vallons,
La pâle mort mêlait les sombres bataillons.
D'un côté c'est l'Europe et de l'autre la France.
Choc sanglant ! des héros Dieu trompait l'espérance ;
Tu désertais, victoire, et le sort était las.
O Waterloo ! je pleure et je m'arrête, hélas !
Car ces derniers soldats de la dernière guerre
Furent grands ; ils avaient vaincu toute la terre,
Chassé vingt rois, passé les Alpes et le Rhin,
Et leur âme chantait dans les clairons d'airain !

Le soir tombait ; la lutte était ardente et noire.
Il avait l'offensive et presque la victoire ;
Il tenait Wellington acculé sur un bois.
Sa lunette à la main, il observait parfois
Le centre du combat, point obscur où tressaille
La mêlée, effroyable et vivante broussaille,
Et parfois l'horizon, sombre comme la mer.
Soudain, joyeux, il dit : Grouchy ! - C'était Blücher.
L'espoir changea de camp, le combat changea d'âme,
La mêlée en hurlant grandit comme une flamme.
La batterie anglaise écrasa nos carrés.
La plaine, où frissonnaient les drapeaux déchirés,
Ne fut plus, dans les cris des mourants qu'on égorge,
Qu'un gouffre flamboyant, rouge comme une forge ;
Gouffre où les régiments comme des pans de murs
Tombaient, où se couchaient comme des épis mûrs
Les hauts tambours-majors aux panaches énormes,
Où l'on entrevoyait des blessures difformes !
Carnage affreux! moment fatal ! L'homme inquiet
Sentit que la bataille entre ses mains pliait.
Derrière un mamelon la garde était massée.
La garde, espoir suprême et suprême pensée !
« Allons ! faites donner la garde ! » cria-t-il.
Et, lanciers, grenadiers aux guêtres de coutil,
Dragons que Rome eût pris pour des légionnaires,
Cuirassiers, canonniers qui traînaient des tonnerres,
Portant le noir colback ou le casque poli,
Tous, ceux de Friedland et ceux de Rivoli,
Comprenant qu'ils allaient mourir dans cette fête,
Saluèrent leur dieu, debout dans la tempête.
Leur bouche, d'un seul cri, dit : vive l'empereur !
Puis, à pas lents, musique en tête, sans fureur,
Tranquille, souriant à la mitraille anglaise,
La garde impériale entra dans la fournaise.
Hélas ! Napoléon, sur sa garde penché,
Regardait, et, sitôt qu'ils avaient débouché
Sous les sombres canons crachant des jets de soufre,
Voyait, l'un après l'autre, en cet horrible gouffre,
Fondre ces régiments de granit et d'acier
Comme fond une cire au souffle d'un brasier.
Ils allaient, l'arme au bras, front haut, graves, stoïques.
Pas un ne recula.
[...]
Napoléon les vit s'écouler comme un fleuve ;
Hommes, chevaux, tambours, drapeaux ; - et dans l'épreuve
Sentant confusément revenir son remords,
Levant les mains au ciel, il dit: « Mes soldats morts,
Moi vaincu ! mon empire est brisé comme verre.
Est-ce le châtiment cette fois, Dieu sévère ? »
Alors parmi les cris, les rumeurs, le canon,
Il entendit la voix qui lui répondait : Non !
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Old March 10th, 2012, 02:50 PM   #11
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Quote:
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Well indeed, the Prussian needed the Help of all European armies and seven coalitions to fall Napoleon in Waterloo.
You should rather call it the Fifth Coalition (which contains of the U.K., the Netherlands and three little German city states) needed the help of the Prussians! Because the coalition had 68,000 troops and the Prussians 50,000!
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Old March 10th, 2012, 09:23 PM   #12
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No 7 coalitions:
Lets talk shortly about history:

1st coalition:1792-97:
Led by Prussia and Austria, + Great Britain, Spain, Piedmont, Holland, Portugal, in a view to assist the restauration of French Monarchy.
Ends with the Treaty of Campo Formio (Left bank of the Rhein becomes part of France)

2nd coalition 1798-1802:
Led by Great Britain, + Russia, Austria, Sardinia,
ends with the peace of Amiens in 1802

3rd coalition 1803-1806:
Great Britain unsatisfied with the peace of Amiens declares war to France ad seeks alliance with Russia and Austria.
Napoleon defeats on 2 December 1805 Russia and Austria at Austerlitz (the Battle of the 3 Emperors).
then treaty of Presbourg signed between Napoleon and François 1st emperor of Austria, and creation of the Rhein Confederation.

4th coalition:1806-1807
Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden:
Prussia refusing the emergence of the Rhein Confederation, and declares war to France.
Prussia is defeated in Iena (1806), and Russia is defeated in Friedland (1807).
Concluded with Tilsitt Treaty on 7 July 1807, which dismantles Prussia.

5th coalition 1809- Austria - Great Britain
While France and Great Britain are still making war in Spain, Austria which is close to bankrupt takes this opportunity to revenge and enters into the war.
Ends at Wagram battle and Treaty of Shönbrunn. Austria has to pay war indemnities, but the Napoleonic Army is getting diminished after all these battles.

6th coalition 1812-1814
Great Britain, Russia, Prussia.
France was still in conflict with Great Britain, and was asking its allies to apply the continental blocade towards Great Britain. Russia which was an ally of France refuses to apply the blocade, and Napoleon lauches the Russian campaign. First defeat of Napoleon, and the coalition enters Paris in March 1814. Napoleon abdicts, he is deported to Elbe, and Louis XVIII replaces him on the throne. Beginning of the Vienna Congress.

7th coalition 1815
Prussia, Great Britain, Austria, Russia, and other European nations
As Napoleon is back from Elbe, he wants to quickly defeat the coalition before it can levy a much powerful army. But the French army is badly trained and equipped and Napoleon is defeated as you know in Waterloo, against Blücher and Wellington.

So in conclusion, yes the Prussian defeated Napoleon, but they were not alone! All Europe did no want of that Corsican guy, especially the British and the Austrian.
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