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Old March 14th, 2012, 07:52 PM   #1
Sighton
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Polish town in the middle of the country/

Aleksandrów Łódzki - is a town in Łódzkie Voivodship and belongs to Łódź agglomeration. The town has a population of 25 220.
The village was founded in 1816 by Rafał Bratoszewski. In 1820 Rajmund Rembieliński called Aleksandrów "one of the better towns in Poland. Bernard von Schuttenbach was the author of the town planning project. In order to gain sympathy of the government, Bratoszewski called the town after the then ruling Russian Emperor Aleksander Romanov. This resulted in Aleksandrów gaining the city rights in 1822. After the Bratoszewski' s death in 1824 the Kossowski family took over the town. After 1832 the town started to fall into decline economically overwhelmed by the nearby towns of Pabianice Zgierz and Łódź.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, a lot of knitting companies were founded in Aleksandrów, therefore it is called the cradle of polish stocking industry and also gained a nickname "Sock City" among the citizens. This trade is still the dominating one as for today.
In 1910 the town gained a tram connection with Łódź which was discontinued in 1991.
From the beginning Aleksandrów was a town of three cultures and three religions. There were Protestant descendants of German knitters, Jews that were into trade and, of course, catholic Poles that mainly worked as craftsmen and workers in factories. Until 1945 the richest and most numerous ethnic group were Germans. Jewish population in 1900 was 1,673. For the Jews Aleksandrów was an important religious centre - the seat of HAsidic of the Aleksander Dynasty founded by Rabbi Dancygner(1828–1894). It was also the location where Rabbi Kochen Levin the second Rebbe of the Ger Hasidim held court until his death in Aleksandrów in 1870.
In 1869 Aleksandrów lost its city rights for over 60 years. The rights were regained in 1924. Currently it is a headquarters of an Aleksandrów Łódzki commune.
On the 17-18 of September 2006 the First International Convention of Aleksandrów citizens will be held.

Last edited by Sighton; March 14th, 2012 at 07:58 PM.
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Old March 14th, 2012, 07:56 PM   #2
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@Sighton
(my own)

Last edited by Sighton; March 14th, 2012 at 08:04 PM.
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Old March 15th, 2012, 12:57 AM   #3
rychlik
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should probably move this thread
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Old March 15th, 2012, 01:31 AM   #4
ja.centy
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That architecture doesn't look 'classic' enough, no?
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Old March 15th, 2012, 03:28 AM   #5
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Exactly It's a meaningless town.
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Old March 17th, 2012, 07:05 AM   #6
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Town hall looks classic or rather neoclassical



It's from 1824. Aleksandrow was then a private city and Gedeon Goedel, veteran of the napoleonic wars, became a mayor by winning a contest. Town hall was the first non sacral building made of brick. City itself was chartered in 1822. City's owner - Rafał Bratoszewski invited german settlers with announcements in prussian press. In the middle of twenties there were about 300 weaving mills in Aleksandrów. The main target of wool cloth was the russian market. City was visited by two tsars - Aleksander the first (here is the source of city name), and his succesor - Mikołaj the first. They appreciated Aleksandrów as a model to follow for a Łódź (back then it was a small colony situated in the south east, owned by government. Now it's the third largest city in Poland - 737 thousands inhabitants). Weavers were living in wooden houses. Many of theese cottages remained to theese days:



The oldest monument in Aleksandrów is church built in 1816 for roman catholics. Building was rebuilt several times and it differs a lot from its original shape.



Now:



Beacuse many of inhabitants were protestants, city owner, evangelical community and authorities founded evangelical augsburg church in 1828.



This one wasn't modernized but because of german repressions aimed to the polish society during the second world war (closing schools, banning polish associations, destroying monuments) almost all Germans were displaced after 1945 and church was abandoned for almost seventy years. In 2011 it was renovated.



Building on the left side is library. In the past it was a house of the first pastor of Aleksandrów - Friedrich Georg Tuve (born in Nordhausen). Society of friends of Aleksandrów Łódzki rebuilt his grave last year. There are some pictures of this process here :http://tpa.uni.lodz.pl/

Merchants were selling goods in a special building called "jatki". Built first time in 1828, it was totally reconstructed in the end of twenty century. This is the building next to the town hall:



Now:



Weigh house:



On this picture you can see old time look of the main monuments. Unfortunately baptist church doesn't exist now.



The third main nation living in Aleksandrów were Jews. They were living in the north part of the city. Many of them were hassids. In 1866 Chanoch Henich ha-Kohen Lewin, first tzadik came to Aleksandrów. After his death, there were four tzadiks from Danziger family: Jechiel, Jerachmiel, Szmuel and Izaak. First wooden synagogue built in 1826 has been replaced by more splendid building in 1902. In 1939 it was burned by Germans. During this incident Jews trying to save Torah from the fire were shot. All jewish inhabitants (about 39 % of population) have been displaced to the General Government in december 1939 and killed few years later in german death camps.

Here you can find video from 1943 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJ8fV...onDMkr_VpcgTI=

Reminders of the jewish past are cementery (place of death of Jews and Poles) and some other buildings:



Hassids from all over the world are still visiting our city mainly because of the graves of tzadiks.



Old jewish marketplace is a birthplace (1833) of Israel Poznański - a textile magnat living in Łódź in XIX century.

The fast development of Aleksandrów was stopped in 1832, after increase of custom duties for goods exported to Russia. Competition of governmental cities like Łódź or Pabianice resulted in pauperisation of people. In 1869 Aleksandrów lost status of the city.
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Old March 18th, 2012, 08:39 PM   #7
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Here I got few photos from Aleksandrow Lodzki. Enjoy !




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Old March 31st, 2012, 06:06 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sighton View Post
Here I got few photos from Aleksandrow Lodzki. Enjoy !
Question to you, sir. From your recent comment in a thread related to Euro 2012, it seems that you're not Polish. So can I ask you:
(a) why did you decide to set up a new thread on Aleksandrów Łódzki at all (in the section related to European classic architecture)?
(b) why did you upload pictures of some fairly unattractive spots in that town (in comparison with Summertime's post above)?
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Old April 1st, 2012, 07:51 PM   #9
Sighton
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a) Who said that I'm not pole... ? ( I still don't understand this war). I'm realy sorry. My fault, it's cuz I'm pretty new here. ( where should I put these photos ?- i mean photos of regular and average streets not classic buildings )
b) It's cuz i took it couple weeks ago... There was no summer (unfortunately) :P
Thank you for your advice. Greets
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