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Old April 20th, 2013, 11:54 PM   #1
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PAKISTAN | Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline | Infrastructure | APP

I will upload new and old stuff About this project
Iran approves “peace pipeline” deal with Pakistan
June 13th, 2010 TEHRAN Iran finalised a $7 billion “peace pipeline” deal on Sunday to export natural gas to Pakistan by 2015, Irans state television reported.


“The deal was signed. Export of Irans gas to Pakistan will be launched by the end of 2015,” state TV reported.


“For 25 years Iran will export one million cubic metres of natural gas to Pakistan per day,” it said.


The project is crucial for Pakistan to avert a growing energy crisis already causing severe electricity shortages in the country of about 170 million, at the same time as it confronts Islamist militancy.


Iran has the worlds second largest gas reserves after Russia but has struggled for years to develop its oil and gas resources. Iranian officials say the country needs $25 billion to develop its crucial energy industry.


Sanctions by the West, political turmoil and construction delays have slowed Irans development as an exporter.


The pipeline will connect Irans giant South Fars gas field with Pakistans southern Baluchistan and Sindh provinces.


State television said the pipeline was 1,000 km (620 miles) long, with about 907 km of it already built.


Dubbed the “peace pipeline,” the project has been planned since the 1990s and originally would have extended from Pakistan to its old rival, India. New Delhi has been reluctant to join the project because of its long-running distrust of Pakistan.


Under a deal signed in March, Pakistan will be allowed to charge a transit fee if the proposed pipeline is eventually extended to India.


The United States has tried to discourage India and Pakistan from any deal with Iran because of Tehrans disputed nuclear programme, which the West fears is a cover to build bombs.


Iran, hit by a fourth round of UN sanctions on Wednesday over its refusal to suspend its uranium enrichment activities, denies any such ambitions.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 12:08 AM   #2
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
The much-delayed $7.0 billion Iran-Pakistan natural gas pipeline deal will be approved today in a meeting between representatives of the two sides, an Iranian official said on Monday.

Hojjatollah Qanimifard, deputy director in-charge of investment at the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), said that his Companyís board of director would approve the project in Tehran on Tuesday and receive Islamabad’s letter of guarantee.

“The $7 billion Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline contract will be finalised this week and based on the approved timeframe, the export of gas to Pakistan will start by the end of 2015.” The project is crucial for Pakistan to avert a growing energy crisis, which is already causing severe electricity shortages.

The pipeline will connect Iran’s giant South Fars Gas Field with Pakistan’s Balochistan and Sindh provinces. Iran has the world’s second-largest gas reserves after Russia, but the country has struggled for years to develop its market.

Dubbed as the “peace pipeline,” the project has been on the cards since the 1990s. Originally the pipeline from Iran would have extended from Pakistan to India, but New Delhi remains reluctant come on board because of its estranged relations with Islamabad.

Under a deal signed in March, Pakistan will be allowed to charge a transit-fee if the proposed pipeline is extended to India. Iran, which makes $18 billion annually from the sale of gas from South Pars, sees its income to surge to at least $96 billion per annum if trans-country pipeline extends to India.
Quote:
Originally Posted by hakz2007 View Post
PAKISTAN-IRAN GAS PIPELINE ACCORD IN COUNTRY'S INTEREST: FM
MULTAN (PAKISTAN), June 21 (NNN-APP) -- Pakistan Foreign Minister Mukhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi said energy is the need of the country and Pak-Iran gas pipeline agreement should remain intact as it is in the best interest of the country.

Talking to journalists here at local airport, he said that our experts hoped that Pak-Iran gas pipeline accord would not affect by the sanctions imposed on Iran. Similarly, the US strategic team did not know about it that whether it comes under restrictions or not.

He, however, added if it falls in the restrictions then country will not violate international laws.

Foreign Minister said that Pakistan would protect its interests with regard to energy which is the requirement of the country. He, however, added that it would be premature to give final opinion at this stage.

The FM disclosed that all the different phases of the gas pipeline agreement have been finalised and we wished that it should proceed forward.

He said the strategic dialogues are in progress as seven phases out of 11 have occured. He said we have engaged different sectors (including finance ministry, defence etc) in the strategic dialogues process.

About resumption of dialogues with India, he acknowledged that there exists trust deficit between both countries.

He said both the countries have to bridge the trust deficit and will have to move step by step in this regard.

To a question, he said, we also have reservation about the activities of our neighbour but we are heading forward through diplomatic channels.

The foreign minister said, we have succeeded to convince Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Thimphu meetings that dialogue was the only way forward.

Shah Mehmood Qureshi said there were some issues (including water, terrorism etc) pending between two countries which require settlement.

He added we should not be defensive regarding the issue pertaining to terrorism as our own country is victim of terrorism.

He said that the country want meaningful and result-oriented dialogues with India.

About students studying in Kyrgystan, the government would ensure steps to safeguard their future.

To a query about students stranded in Bishkek, the FM said there was a peaceful environment in Beshkek and is no harm to our students. He thanked Kargyz government for offering special cooperation towards Pakistan.
http://namnewsnetwork.org/v2/read.php?id=124429

Quote:
Originally Posted by Naresh View Post
IP pipeline

Dawn Editorial - Wednesday, 23 Jun, 2010

The prime minister is supposed to dispel confusion, not create it. But for a 24-hour period between Sunday and Monday, Prime Minister Gilani caused many to scratch their heads after media reports attributed to him a pledge to abide by US sanctions against Iran, in contradiction of Pakistan’s traditional stance of adhering to only UN-imposed sanctions. Yesterday Mr Gilani rejected the media reports and reiterated Pakistan’s stance of adhering to only UN-imposed sanctions, but what it has done is to bring into focus the difficult triangle of US-Pakistan-Iran relations.

At this point, it would be helpful to revisit the economic and technical basics of the Iran-Pakistan pipeline and the first principles of geopolitics. Pakistan is a country on the brink of an energy crisis: the resources that we are currently able to tap may not last another decade. There are local options, the ‘new’ ones such as figuring out how to tap the potential of Thar coal and Kohat gas and building more dams, and ‘old’ ones such as extracting more from wells that have been capped. The problem is there is no direction from the government on energy planning. Even if there was such planning, at this late stage stopgap measures would be needed to plug the energy deficit.

Enter options such as the Iran-Pakistan pipeline. The cost and technical details are massively complex, but some of the ‘conventional wisdom’ is questionable. For example, will it really cost in the range of $7bn for Pakistan to build its share of the pipeline? That is a critical question because Pakistan is unlikely to get any foreign financing for the pipeline from the IFIs or cheap credit from international credit markets. Also, is the purchase price agreed unjustifiably high or should Pakistan view the agreement from the prism of current options, and the cost of not doing anything on the energy front?

Getting answers to these questions is where Mr Gilani’s energies should be directed, rather that speculating about sanctions. American disapproval for the pipeline is clear and the US will continue to flex its diplomatic muscle, but thus far it has avoided presenting Pakistan with a fait accompli. Potential American sanctions against Iran have not been linked to Kerry-Lugar aid nor do they specifically bar projects such as the IP pipeline. And if the American side does try and squeeze Pakistan diplomatically, Pakistan’s response should be: how exactly will an energy crisis here help the fight against militancy?

Cheers
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
The Pakistani segment of the gas pipeline from Iran will cost $1.2 billion and work will be completed in four years, an official said.

Managing Director Interstate Gas Systems, Naim Sharafat, said the project is planned to be funded through a debt-equity ratio of 70:30, requiring debt financing of $872 million and equity investment of $373 million. The Interstate Gas Systems is a joint venture of Sui Southern Gas Company and Sui Northern Gas Pipelines.

He was giving a presentation to the Senate standing committee for Petroleum and Natural Resources on the status of Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project at the Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC).

This was the first Senate committee meeting at the SSGC since Iran and Pakistan inked the historic agreement in Tehran in June for the supply of natural gas from 2015.

Chairman Standing Committee Sabir Ali Baloch chaired the meeting, which discussed salient features of the 1,150-kilometre pipeline that will connect Iran’s South Pars gas field with Balochistan and Sindh provinces.

Sharafat said the project’s debt portion is expected to be secured from domestic and international financiers including Sindh and Balochistan governments, Sui Southern Gas Company, Sui Northern Gas Pipelines, Oil and Gas Development Company, Pak Petroleum, Pak-Arab Refinery Company and National Bank. The NBP will contribute $190 million or 51 per cent of equity structure.

Besides, potential private investors include Petronas of Malaysia and Gazprom of Russia which will contribute $183 million or 49 per cent of the equity structure.

Further elaborating, Sharafat said Pakistan will construct about a 780-kilometre 42-inch diameter pipeline from the border, traversing along the Makran Coastal Highway to connect with existing gas transmission network at Nawabshah. Almost 665 km of the pipeline will pass through Balochistan while about 115 km of the pipeline will be laid in Sindh.

He said under the Gas Sale and Purchase Agreement (GSPA), Pakistan will import 750 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) of gas with a provision to increase it to one billion cubic feet a day (bcfd).

The senators suggested that the stakeholders in the pipeline routes must be taken into confidence, majority of which are remote and less-developed areas, with clear-cut assurances about providing new schools, hospitals and vocational training centres.

In response to queries, the MD Interstate Gas Systems said being one of the largest infrastructure projects, the Iran-Pak pipeline will create new job opportunities in the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh, thus improving income level and standard of living of citizens.

Sharafat stated the Gas Sale and Purchase Agreement was broad enough to allow force majeure in the event the project is hampered due to United Nations sanctions on Iran. He said in case the project does not materialise, a liquefied natural gas terminal will be set up at Gwadar to allow re-gasified LNG to the system.

Giving the current status of the project, Sharafat said a detailed route survey was in progress to pave the way for engineering and design of pipeline facilities.

Later talking to media, the chairman Senate committee said it was important that the project start as soon as possible to bridge the rising natural gas demand-supply gap.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Naresh View Post
IP — the peace pipeline

Ismat Sabir

Pakistan and Iran finalised $7.5 billion gas project pipeline, which is expected to start natural gas supply to Pakistan from 2014. The pipeline will connect Iran’s South Fars gas field with Balochistan and Sindh provinces.

Iran and Pakistan enjoy good relations and Iran is the first country, which recognised Pakistan when it came into being and Pakistan is also the first country that supported Iranian revolution.

According to the initial design of the project, the 2,700-kilometre (km) long pipeline was to cover around 1,100-km in Iran, 1,000-km in Pakistan and around 600-km in India, and the size of the pipeline was estimated to be 56 inches in diameter. However, if India would not join the project the size of the pipeline was reduced to 42 inches.

The pipeline is 1,000-km (620 miles) long, of which about 907-km has already been built. Pakistan will construct about 700-km pipeline from the border, via Makran Coastal Highway to connect with its existing gas transmission network at Nawabshah. A 42-inch diameter pipeline will be built, which is estimated to cost $1.65 billion.

The India-Pakistan-Iran (IPI) project was planned in 1995 and after almost 15 years India finally decided to quit the project in 2008 despite severe energy crises in that country. Pakistan is facing severe criticism from the US over any kind of economic deal with Iran.

Pakistan is facing severe electricity shortages and this project would help to generate about 5,000 megawatts electricity. Under the Gas Sales Purchase Agreement (GSPA), Pakistan will import about 750 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) with a plan to increase it to 1 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd). The volume is about 20 percent current gas production of Pakistan and the agreement is for a period of 25 years, renewable for another five years.

Iran has the world’s second largest gas reserves, after Russia, but has been trying to develop its oil and gas resources for years, due to sanctions by the West. Originally, the project was IPI gas pipeline conceived in the early nineties. However, the project could not take off for different reasons, including the new gas discoveries in Pakistan of Miano, Sawan and Zamzama, Indian concerns on pipeline security and Iranian indecisiveness on different issues, especially prices.

However, the project was revived and bilateral Iran-Pakistan Joint Working Group (JWG) was constituted and the first meeting was held in December 2003.

After delaying for years the negotiations over the IPI gas pipeline project, Pakistan and Iran have finally signed the initial agreement in Tehran. The project, termed as the peace pipeline by officials from both the countries, was signed by President Zardari and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran.

The federal cabinet had earlier agreed to allow the import of 1 bcfd at the rate of 80 percent of the price of crude oil. However, despite cabinet approval Pakistan intends to negotiate to get the gas prices lowered.

Pakistan has already appointed a German designer ‘ILF’ for the pipeline. The designing and finalising of financial reports would take up about one year and the work over the project can be started after that. The project completion time is estimated to about five years. Flow of Iranian piped gas in its system would start by mid-2014 and 100 percent flow (750 mmcfd) by end of 2015.

The Petroleum Ministry said that power generation and usage of imported Iranian gas by heavy industries would result in annual saving of up to $1 billion in furnace oil imports, if the average crude oil prices are at $50 per barrel.

There would be an annual saving of $735 million, if the equivalent quantity of LNG was imported for power generation, and the saving will increase in line with the hike in global crude oil price.

From the initial stage India has been reluctant to join the project, due to several reasons and at last quit the project. Under the agreement, Pakistan is allowed to charge a transit fee if the proposed pipeline is eventually extended to India. The US has strongly discouraged India and Pakistan from any deal with Iran because of Tehran’s suspected ambitions to build nuclear weapons. The US administration supported purchase of gas from the Central Asian Republics. As against the US, commenting on the Iran-Pakistan (IP) project UK said Iran gas pipeline is Pakistan’s internal matter.

New Delhi withdrew from the talks last year over repeated disputes on prices, transit fees and security issues. While China has shown interest in joining the strategic gas pipeline project and said it would import about 1 bcfd from Pakistan if India opted out.

Beijing has been pursuing Tehran and Islamabad for its participation in the pipeline project and willing to sign a bilateral agreement with Iran. According to an estimate the pipeline would generate $200 million to $500 million annually as transit fees alone.

China and Pakistan are already working on a proposal for laying a trans-Himalayan pipeline to carry Middle Eastern crude oil to western China. Pakistan can provide China the shortest possible route to import oil from the Gulf countries. Passage over the Himalayas would be an expensive and challenging engineering project but when once the oil reached China it would have to be shipped thousands of kms further east to coastal areas, where most energy demand is centered.

The pipeline, which would run from the southern Pakistan port of Gwadar and follow the Karakoram highway, would be partly be financed by Beijing. The Chinese are also building a refinery at Gwadar. Imports using the pipeline would allow Beijing to reduce the portion of its oil shipped through the narrow and unsafe Strait of Malacca, which at present carries up to 80 percent of its oil imports. Pakistan also plans to extend a railway track to China to connect it to Gwadar.

China is also interested in gas pipeline extended to its territory. It is also interested to invest $2.5 billion in this project. Pakistan is negotiating with China for the availability of technical equipment for laying the pipeline.

The port is also considered the likely terminus of the proposed multi-billion dollar gas pipelines reaching from the South Pars fields in Iran or from Qatar, and from the Daulatabad fields in Turkmenistan for export to world markets.

The government of Pakistan had extended the sovereign guarantee against the performance guarantee and liabilities of the Inter-State Gas Company, which is responsible for the IP gas line project on behalf of Pakistan.

After signing of the last document, the National Iranian Oil Company issued a letter to Pakistan mentioning that Pakistan has completed all Conditions Precedents (CPs). For additional 250 mmcfd, the cost of the gas will be equal to the cost of 750 mmcfd for which the agreement has been inked.

The project will be funded by public-private partnership. The capital cost for Pakistan section is estimated at $1.65 billion. The construction of the pipeline will also create job opportunities, vocational training and health facilities and social uplift in backward areas of Balochistan and Sindh. Power generation would result in significant annual savings compared to alternative fuels such as High Sulphur Furnace Oil, Liquefied Natural Gas, and coal.

As a part of the CP to be completed by parties to make the GSPA effective, the Pakistani government was providing a ‘performance guarantee’ on behalf of the Inter-State Gas Company. While all other CPs of the GSPA had been completed, the project was now ready to start implementation.

Under the second phase, the country would also import 250 mmcft for Balochistan. The bankable feasibility study has been made and the route survey and front-end engineering designing was conducted for laying the pipeline.

After agreement in the next phase the survey of the site and documentation work would start. The Sui Northern Gas Pipeline Limited and Sui Southern Gas Company Limited would be responsible to complete this project because of having 50 percent share each in IP gas pipeline project.

Cheers
Quote:
Originally Posted by Nouman_26 View Post
Russia has ruled out involvement of any Russian company in laying gas pipeline under Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project. "No Russian company is interested in executing gas project between Pakistan and Iran," Ambassador of Russia, Budnik Andrey, said while exclusively talking to Business Recorder.

He said that construction of pipeline was a political matter, and Russian government had not taken any decision on it. "Moreover, work on IP gas pipeline project is yet to kick off," he added. Sources in the Ministry of Petroleum confirmed that Pakistan had formally invited Gazprom to participate in laying the gas pipeline under Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline deal.

A Pakistani delegation led by State Minister for Finance and Economic Affairs Division (EAD) Hina Rabbani Khar had visited Russian on September 22, 2010 where the two countries had agreed to establish a Pak-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC). In a statement issued by Board of Investment, a meeting between Gazprom Zarybezhneftgaz and Pakistani officials for oil and gas exploration in Pakistan resulted in some meaningful decisions, but did not mention any discussion on laying the IP gas pipeline.

Sources said that Pakistan and Gazprom have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for laying the 950 km gas pipeline under the IP gas pipeline project. "But the two sides are yet to enter into an agreement to build the pipeline to transmit gas from Iran to Pakistan," they said.


Source: http://www.brecorder.com/index.php?i...term=&supDate=
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Old April 21st, 2013, 12:35 AM   #3
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Pak-Iran Gas Pipeline Project likely to be completed by 2014: Hina Rabbani

Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar on Monday reiterated government’s commitment to go ahead on Pakistan Iran Gas Pipeline Project and said the project is likely to be completed by the year 2014.“The Pakistan Iran Gas Pipeline Project is in national interest and the government has decided to fast track on it,” she said replying to a calling attention notice in the National Assembly.

“The project will help meet Pakistan’s energy deficit to a great extent.The feasibility work has been completed and the government is trying hard to start work on this vital project as soon as possible,” the minister added.

She brushed aside the apprehensions that the US sanctions on Iran would affect the Project saying, “these sanctions are primarily related to oil and not gas.”

Some sanctions on Iran, she said were emanating from the UN, which were mandatory to follow. While, unilateral sanctions such as imposed by the US and European Union were not obligatory to follow.

Hina Rabbani Khar said that Pakistan was working on the project in accordance with the schedule and given deadline.

To a query she said that initially India was part of the project, but later it pulled out of it (project) either due to some pressure or other reasons. “But Pakistan despite all the things decided to go ahead on the project as it is in our national interest,” she added.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
German company awarded Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline contract



Pakistan has issued tender for the laying of Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline in its territory to a German company, Secretary Petroleum said.
According to the Secretary Petroleum, Pakistan has offered $250 million to a German company ILF Engineering for laying of gas pipeline inside its territory. The laying of gas pipeline would be completed till 2014, the secretary added.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Energy needs: Russia may be awarded IP contract by April


TAPI project faces a setback as Afghanistan pulls out.

Ignoring mounting pressure from the United States, Pakistan has finally decided to negotiate a $1.5 billion financing and construction contract for Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline with Russia and crucial talks between the two sides are expected to be held early next month.

The government is pressing ahead with the project and has not been deterred by the reluctance of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) to sign a contract for financial advisory services to raise funds for the pipeline apparently due to US pressure.

“Pakistani and Russian officials will hold talks on April 2 in Moscow to discuss the possibility of awarding the gas pipeline contract to Russian energy giant Gazprom,” Petroleum Secretary Ijaz Chaudhry said while talking to the media here on Wednesday.

However, on the other side, the US-backed transnational gas pipeline project – popularly known as Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) – faced a setback as Afghanistan pulled out of the venture, saying it did not need gas and was only interested in transit fee.

“Afghanistan has refused to purchase gas and wants only transit fee on transmission of gas via its territory,” Chaudhry said, adding final round of talks on the transit fee would be held on April 19 in Kabul.

Under the TAPI project, Pakistan was to receive 1.365 billion cubic feet of gas per day (bcfd), India 1.365 bcfd and Afghanistan 0.5 bcfd. “Now after Afghanistan’s withdrawal, Pakistan and India will share the gas allocated to Kabul,” the petroleum secretary said.

Transit fee is expected to be around 50 cents per million British thermal units (mmbtu), he disclosed.

Replying to a question about the Iran-Pakistan pipeline, Chaudhry said Gazprom had expressed interest in the project. “Gazprom will make all arrangements including fund raising and construction,” however, Pakistan would need to relax rules of procurement.

During a visit of Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar to Russia in February, Moscow had offered to fully finance the $1.5 billion project if Gazprom was awarded the contract without invitation of bids.

Under the project, an 800-km-long pipeline will be constructed from the Iranian border to Nawabshah. The project has entered implementation phase and work on front-end engineering and design, feasibility and detailed route survey has started, which will be completed by June.

Indian crude cheaper than Iranian oil
The petroleum secretary rejected the talk of Iranian oil imports, saying the proposal was not on paper. “Specifications of Iranian crude oil also do not match with refineries working in the country,” he said.

However, Pakistan will get 35% cheaper oil from India because of low transportation charges.

“Pakistani and Indian officials will meet in the third week of April to discuss the quality, quantity, prices and timeframe for oil imports,” he said, adding the Federal Board of Revenue would have to issue an SRO, allowing the government to import oil from India.

Following the notification, Indian oil companies will also be able to work in the upstream sector in Pakistan.

LNG import tenders on the cards
Discussing the rules governing import of liquefied natural gas (LNG), Chaudhry said rules would be announced within a few days. “The government will soon issue two tenders for import of 400 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) of LNG each.”

The ongoing LNG import project had become unviable as the three private sector parties, which had been allowed to make imports, wanted sovereign guarantees, he said.

Energy conference
Chaudhry pointed out that a proposal, tabled in the recent energy conference in New Delhi, encouraged Asian nations to meet energy needs of fellow countries rather than depending on imports from other sources.

“A proposal has also been floated for laying a gas pipeline from the Central Asian states to China and then to India,” he said, adding the conference participants developed consensus that Asian countries should have their own energy pricing mechanism rather than depending on markets of Middle East, London and Japan.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Construction of $1.5bn IP gas pipeline project

Gazprom interested in project without int’l bidding

Russian energy giant Gazprom is interested in constructing $1.5 billion Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project without any international bidding, sources in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources said on Saturday.

In this regard a high-level delegation held a meeting with the officials of Gazprom, which started on April 2, 2012 in Moscow for financial and technical assistance for this gas pipeline project.

The spokesman said due to positive negotiations between the two parties, Russian company was ready to facilitate with three services including engineering design, construction and financing for laying 781 kilometres (kms) long IP gas pipeline project.

Chinese Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) pulled out itself from the project on US pressure after which, Pakistan sought Russian help in finalising the IP project.

Spokesman in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources said this decision of seeking Gazprom help was the outcome of the meeting of the sub-committee formed by the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC).

Gazprom expressed its interest to finance the billion-dollar IP gas pipeline project following Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar’s visit to Russia in February 2012.

“There are chances the Pakistani government would likely relax procurement rules to facilitate the IP project,” said Pak-USA Oil Private Limited, Texas Director Fazal Ahmad.

According to Public Procurement Regulatory Authority, the international bidding is necessary, however the matter will be put before the next ECC meeting in order to acquire positive results in this regard, he added.

Pakistan in order to reduce power shortages was importing fuel from various sources, including Iran that resulted in higher domestic oil prices besides crippling the country’s industry, he maintained.

The project on completion would provide around 21.5 million cubic metres (7.8bn c/m) natural gas per year to Pakistan.

The maximum daily gas transfer capacity of the 56-inch pipeline, which runs over 900 kms of Iran from Asalouyeh in Bushehr province to the city of Iranshahr in Sistan and Balochistan province has been estimated at 110 million cubic metres.

Pakistan is also mulling it efforts for the completion of Turkmenistan-Afghanis-tan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project.

In this regard, a final round of TAPI project talks between energy managers of Tetra partners is taking place on April 19, 2012 in Kabul.

“Afghanistan is not ready to be a part of TAPI project and in case of its withdrawal from the TAPI project then the 500 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) share of Afghanistan would be distributed between Pakistan and India.” Under the agreement Pakistan and India’s share is 1,325 mmcfd each.

The 1,680-km-long TAPI gas pipeline backed by the Asian Development Bank would bring 3.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day from Turkmenistan’s gas fields to Multan and to the northwestern Indian town of Fazilka.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Beijing finally agrees to lay IP gas line in Pak territory

In a new development China, which had earlier backtracked from being the financial advisor for laying the 785 km pipeline in Pakistan’s territory under the Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas project, has once again shown willingness to become the EPCC (Engineering Procurement Construction and Commissioning) contactor.

President Asif Ali Zardari and federal minister for petroleum and natural resources Dr Asim Hussain who are currently in Beijing have reportedly succeeded in persuading China to take part in the IP project, a senior official quoting the information trickling down from China told The News.

“Managing director of Inter-State Gas System Mr Mubin Saulat dashed to China for finalising the details and Pakistan has agreed 90 percent of the terms and conditions offered by China for playing the role as contractor of the project.”

Pakistan had earlier issued tenders on April 27 to build the 785 kilometers long pipeline in two years’ time. The interested companies were bound to submit their technical and financial bids for the project by June 8. Now under the new scenario, the date of submitting the technical and financial bid has been extended to June 22 to acccommodate the Chinese company.

About 750 million to 1 billion cubic feet of gas per day will be transported at high pressure through 42-inch diameter pipeline. The contractor will also install three pressure compressors in the pipeline from Pak-Iran border to Nawabshah.

The official said the strategy, which was earlier worked out between Pakistan and Iran, has been slightly changed. Now the Chinese company will complete the project, but Iran will provide the pipeline, gas compressors and block valves. Earlier it was decided that the Iranian company would construct the project in Pakistan’s territory.

When asked why the Iranian company has not been allowed to complete the project, the official said it would have resulted in more US pressure and Pakistan would have become a victim of international economic sanctions imposed on Iran, so it was decided to approach China again.

To a question he said that Pakistan would provide reasonable funds for the project and in case of any shortage the Iranian offer of $250-500 million is available. He said the increase of GDS (Gas Development Surcharge) on gas to five sectors would help collect Rs102 billion in one year that would be utilised for laying down the pipeline.

Under the gas sales purchase agreement (GSPA), the official said, Pakistan is bound to have a first take of Iranian gas by December 2014 and in case of failure, it will have to pay $ 1 million per day to Iran as penalty.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Breakthrough: Pakistan to award gas pipeline contracts to Russia

The two sides would sign a memorandum of understanding in next two to three months to push ahead with the projects.

Pakistan has agreed to award contracts without bidding for multi-billion-dollar Iran-Pakistan (IP) and Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline projects to Russia, which will also extend financial assistance.

However, in an understanding reached with Russia, Pakistan made it clear that it would award the contracts on government-to-government basis only. Private Russian firms will not be entertained.

“Pakistan’s government will ask the cabinet to waive public procurement rules for award of pipeline contracts to Russia,” a participant of the meeting of Pak-Russia Joint Working Group on Energy told The Express Tribune.

A 15-strong delegation of Russia, led by the deputy minister for energy, participated in the meeting held in Islamabad on Wednesday.

The two sides would sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in next two to three months to move ahead with the projects, he said. Third meeting of the joint working group will be held in Moscow in 2013.

The government has already floated tenders, inviting bids for giving contracts for construction and pipeline procurement for the IP project, costing $1.5 billion.

“Russian energy giant Gazprom may also participate in bidding for the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract, which gives an edge to the company that will pledge financing as well,” a government official said, adding Moscow also agreed to finance the rehabilitation of Guddu and Muzaffargarh power plants.

According to sources, Pakistan will submit a draft of agreement for financial and technical assistance for the IP pipeline in 15 days. Though the Russian side assured financial assistance for the pipelines, they did not indicate the amount.

In a preliminary meeting held in Islamabad on Tuesday, the Russian authorities offered cooperation in gas import through pipelines and the Central Asia South Asia (CASA) electricity import project, which would bring electricity from Central Asian states.

Besides Russia, Iran is also willing to provide $250 million on government-to-government basis for constructing the IP pipeline. Pakistan wants $500 million for the pipeline.

Iran has also come up with a plan to lay Pakistan’s portion of the pipeline based on a mechanism called ‘supplier’s credit’, which Pakistan will repay after two years.

Pakistan is also seeking China’s help for the IP pipeline. In a recent visit to Beijing, President Asif Ali Zardari and Adviser to Prime Minister on Petroleum Dr Asim Hussain succeeded in convincing the Chinese leadership to take part in bidding for the construction of the pipeline.

Electricity import
In addition to supporting the gas pipelines, Russia has also expressed its willingness to cooperate in import of 1,000 megawatts of electricity from Central Asia. Leading financial institutions including the World Bank and Islamic Development Bank have committed financial support for the power import project.

Construction of a cross-border transmission line is being considered for creating a dedicated link aimed at supplying surplus hydropower during summer months from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to Pakistan.
Quote:
Originally Posted by bablo124 View Post
Iranian gas will start flowing from December 2014: Dr Asim Hussain





ISLAMABAD: It seems the recent meeting between President Asif Ali Zardari and Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei has done much to oil the cogs on the multi-billion dollar gas pipeline between the two neighbouring countries as the Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources Dr Asim Hussain revealed a timeline for the construction work on the project.
Dr Hussain, in a written reply to Shiekh Salahuddin, wrote that surveys for the project are due to be completed before October 2012 and construction can start as early as December 2012. The pipeline will start supplying 750 million cubic feet of gas per day (MMCFD) starting from December 2014, he added.
Replying to a question, he said that the project is continuing as per schedule and the work on detailed route survey and the final front end engineering design is scheduled to be completed in September 2012. Adding that pre-award procurement activities of long head items such as pipelines, and compressors have already been started.
Pakistan has been pursuing the Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline Project and the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project to overcome the energy crisis in the country. However, pressure from the US on dealings with Iran have put projects with Pakistan’s western neighbour under a cloud.
Pakistan’s Minister for State Shahnaz Sheikh said that a cess has been imposed on petroleum product prices to collect additional revenues for the IP project. The Minister further said that TAPI would be completed by 2017. Pakistan had signed a bilateral gas sales and purchase agreement on March 23, 2012 along with the heads of the respective commercial entities for the project which would provide 3.2 Mcfd natural gas from the Yoloten/Osman and 1325 MMcfd from India.
Replying to another question, Dr Asim said that the government, after getting an approval from the Economic Coordination Council (ECC) had imposed a complete ban on company fitted CNG kits on locally manufactured vehicles. However, he added that the government had not put a ban on installing CNG kits on small vehicles.
In his reply, Dr Hussain said that the government had not yet received any proposal to lift the ban on company fitted kits for heavy vehicles, as he declared that 470,599 MT of LPG has been consumed annually for the last two years. He further informed that the annual consumption of natural gas stood around 1270200 MMCFT (340 MMCFD) and that LNG had never been imported in Pakistan.
He further wrote that the depletion of natural gas is a natural phenomenon in Pakistan that has small reserves which are not capable of producing large amounts of natural gas.
Demand for natural gas has outstripped supply in recent years, putting existing reserves under immense pressure
.
The total consumption of natural gas in the country stands at 3480 MMCFD million cubic feet per day of which the power sector consumes 959 mmcfd, with 747 mmcdf being consumed in the domestic sector. Meanwhile 578 mmcfd of gas is consumed by the fertiliser industry, four mmcfd by the cement industry. while 107 mmcfd is consumed commercially. 327 mmcfd is consumed by CNG cylinders which are widely installed in locally manufactured vehicles in Pakistan
Quote:
Originally Posted by bablo124 View Post
Pakistan and Russia are going in for final rounds of negotiations next week to decide whether Russia will participate in this project or not amid sanctions imposed by the US on Iran






ISLAMABAD: Pakistan and Russia are going in for final rounds of negotiations next week to decide whether energy giant Gazprom will participate in the project or not amid sanctions imposed by the US on Iran.
“If there is a breakthrough, Pakistan and Russia could sign a deal to award IP gas pipeline project to Russian energy giant Gazprom during the upcoming visit of Russia President Vladimir Putin to Pakistan next month,” a source said.
Russia Minister for Sports and Tourism Vitaly Mutko will chair the inter-governmental commission (IGC) meeting on Monday next week in Islamabad to negotiate deals to award contracts like IP and TAPI gas pipeline projects, CASA 1,000MW power import project and expansion of Pakistan Steel Mills.
“The delay in striking deals between Pakistan and Russia on IP gas pipeline project is due to international complications relating to Iran,” a source said adding that Russia is still interested in IP gas pipeline project despite opposition of US.
The Pakistani government had submitted detailed engineering design of IP gas pipeline project during a meeting of Pak-Russia joint Working Group Meeting held in last week of June.
Under the energy cooperation programme, Pakistan wants to award the contract of IP gas pipeline without bidding as it is facing financial difficulty in raising finance due to sanctions imposed on Iran. Russia has also offered financing for the transnational Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project.

“We will award the IP contract to the country which first extends finance for constructing the pipeline,” the government official said.

In the working group meeting, the Russian authorities offered $500 million for the Central Asia South Asia (CASA) electricity import project, which would bring electricity from Central Asian states. During the IGC meeting, the two sides would finalise modalities of the agreement.

Moscow has also agreed to finance rehabilitation of Guddu and Muzaffargarh power plants and a deal would be discussed during talks.
Pakistan Steel Mills expansion project

In addition to this, the two sides would discuss a deal for expansion of financially troubled Pakistan Steel Mills. They two countries last month had discussed ways of enhancing the capacity of steel mills with promise of Russian support.
Under the programme, the mill’s production capacity will be enhanced to 1.5 million tons per annum from existing 1.1 million tons...
Quote:
Originally Posted by OmI92 View Post
Bold Move: Russia shows interest in Iran gas pipeline project

ISLAMABAD: Defying intense pressure from the United States, Pakistan and Russia on Monday agreed to cooperate in a pipeline project under which gas will be imported from Iran.

During a meeting of the inter-governmental joint commission, officials of the two countries discussed the possibility of Russia’s participation in the multibillion dollar gas pipeline project, official sources said on Monday. The meeting was part of an initiative by both countries to forge a better working relationship and open a new chapter of cooperation.

The fate of the project still hangs in the balance with mounting pressure from the US, which is keen on imposing sanctions on countries intending to cut business deals with Iran.

A statement issued after the meeting by Russia’s deputy energy minister and representatives of Gazprom International and Inter RAO revealed details of intended fields of cooperation, but did not mention the Iran gas pipeline.

“The two sides are exploring different options and Russia is keen to become a part of the Iran gas project at the government level, instead of taking part through international competitive bidding,” a government official told The Express Tribune.

The Russian delegation, headed by the federation’s Minister for Sports Vitaly Mutko, also called on President Asif Ali Zardari who welcomed Moscow’s interest in financing the project.

“Pakistan welcomes a greater role for Russia in regional and global affairs,” said the head of state in an official statement that is likely to irk Washington. Pakistan considers Russia’s “growing power as a positive feature” in the present-day multi-polar world. The president maintained that being important players in the region, Pakistan and Russia need to further strengthen their ties and increase contact between functionaries of both states.

Terming Russia’s President Vladimir Putin a statesman, Zardari lauded the “leadership qualities of his Russian counterpart” in the handout.

“Pakistan looks forward to welcoming the Russian president and expresses hope that the visit will provide momentum to cement bilateral relations.”

In what was a clear reference to US criticism of Pakistan’s efforts to fight terrorism, the Russian minister acknowledged the sacrifices made by the country’s people and lauded the efforts of its leadership to promote peace in the region.

Source
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Iran-Pakistan pipeline deal to be signed soon

The agreement on Tehran's investment in a $1.5bn pipeline due to take Iran's gas reserves to Pakistan is set to be inked between Tehran and Islamabad during an upcoming visit to Pakistan by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, according to Fars News Agency.

President Ahmadinejad will visit Pakistan next week to attend a summit meeting of the group of eight Muslim developing countries (D8) on November 22.

Last week, a delegation of Iranian oil industry experts left for Islamabad to discuss the agreement on the payment of a $250m loan to Pakistan to fund the project.

Pakistan has asked Tehran officials to take part in the building of its side of the project, which will see it receive 750 million cubic feet of gas per day from Iran.

The Iranian oil ministry has set up a special team to specify the method of investment and credit line for the pipeline on Pakistan's soil. The construction of the Pakistani segment of the pipeline is expected to start by December.

The pipeline will begin from Iran's Assalouyeh Energy Zone in the south and stretch over 1,100 km through Iran. In Pakistan, it will pass through Baluchistan and Sindh but officials now say the route may be changed if China agrees to the project.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
Iranian President hopes Pak-Iran gas pipeline to complete in 2014

Iranian President Mahmood Ahmedinejad Thursday said that Pakistan-Iran gas pipeline project would be completed by 2014.

Addressing a news conference in Islamabad this evening, he said work is speedily in progress for laying of gas pipelines in Iran.The Iranian President said his country is cooperating with Pakistan in the energy sector. Iran would provide one thousand megawatt electricity to Pakistan, he added.The President of Iran, who is here in Islamabad to attend the D-8 Summit said Pakistan and Iran enjoy cordial relations.He said D-8 summit in Islamabad was a success and it will help promoting trade and economic ties between the member states.The Iranian leader said there are threats to his country but they know how to defend their country.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
IP gas pipeline: Iran wants assurance that Pakistan is ‘all in’

Pakistan will import 750 mmcfd of gas, extendable to 1 bcfd, from Iran through the IP pipeline.

Iran once again is pushing the financing issue regarding the Iran-Pakistan (IP)gas pipeline as it assures extending a $500 million loan to Pakistan on the condition that Islamabad will not turn its back on the project.

The Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, during a recent visit to Islamabad, pledged $500 million financing for the $1.5 billion IP gas pipeline project, while seeking commitment from Pakistan that it will not back out and complete the project within the scheduled timeframe.

Islamabad plans to avail this financing to acquire engineering and construction materials to lay its portion of the pipeline, which will be carried out in a joint venture with Iranian companies and local gas utilities including Sui Northern Gas Pipelines (SNGPL) and Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC).

In addition to Iranian financing, Islamabad seeks to avail the buyer’s credit facility to pay for the import of building materials. The government will also raise Rs30 billion during the current financial year through the gas infrastructure development cess (GIDC) – a tax levied on domestic gas consumers.

Sources told The Express Tribune that Pakistani and Iranian teams had finalised the draft of the Inter-Governmental Cooperation Agreement (IGCA).

“We will sign the agreement next week,” sources said, adding that Iranians were concerned about the progress of the project and wanted assurance that there shall be no further delays to lay Pakistan’s portion of gas pipeline so that gas supply can begin in December this year.

“We have assured the Iranian president that the funds will be utilised for construction of the gas pipeline in Pakistan and will be completed in time,” sources said, adding that now all issues have been settled to move ahead on the project.

The agreement says that $250 million will be provided by Iran on a government to government basis, while the remaining $250 million will be wired by Iranian commercial banks. “Tehran has to settle some issues with their commercial banks which will be resolved in the coming week before signing of the finance deal,” sources said.

Pakistan wanted Iran’s signatures on the funding agreement during the visit, but delays in finalisation of the draft resulted in a bottleneck because of the late arrival of the delegation from Tehran.

Pakistan is currently pressured in securing funding from foreign countries and institutions due to sanctions imposed against Tehran over its controversial nuclear programme.

Under the project, Pakistan will import 750 million cubic feet gas per day (mmcfd) extendable to one billion cubic feet gas per day. The Balochistan government wants 250mmcfd for Gwadar Port, therefore Pakistani can obtain more gas from Iran if need be.

German-based consultant firm ILF has already completed a detailed engineering design of the project. According to the interim feasibility report, the project will cost between $1.2 and $1.5 billion.
Quote:
Originally Posted by khalid-don View Post
Iran-Pakistan: Western Pipeline Nightmare By Editorial Dept
Thu, 10 January 2013

The National Iranian Gas Company has announced it will begin construction of the Iran-Pakistan (IP) pipeline within 30 days. Construction will start on the Pakistani side with the first 700 kilometers that will run to the Iranian border. Iran will then build 300 kilometers of the IP pipeline on its territory, to connect up with the Pakistani border. Starting in 2014, the pipeline will transport 2.15 million cubic meters of gas per day to Pakistan. Iranian banks are assisting Pakistan with its portion of the pipeline financing with some $750 million in loans and equipment.

Bottom Line: Pakistan needs this pipeline desperately, and Iran is intent on seeing it go through—to the extent of ensuring the financing of the bulk of the project. The West is equally determined to sabotage it. The fact that the pipeline runs through some extremely insecure territory in Balochistan will make its success questionable and this is likely to become the new frontline in the pipeline wars for 2013.

Analysis: This pipeline is a necessity especially for Pakistan, but it won’t go down without some major challenges. The pipeline will run through some tough territory—Pakistan’s south-western province of Balochistan, which borders Afghanistan and Iran’s own restive Balochistan province. The US and Saudi Arabia have fought tooth and nail to get Pakistan to give up on the pipeline project with Iran. But this is a losing battle. Pakistan is starved…
Quote:
Originally Posted by paklove View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ahmad Rashid Ahmad View Post
IP gas pipeline: Contract to be awarded to Iranian Tadbir Energy on Monday

Cabinet’s go ahead and waiver of PPRA rules clears way for award of contract.

After the cabinet’s go-ahead to the construction of the Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project, setting aside pressure from the US, Pakistan and Iran look set to finally ink an agreement for the award of contract to a private Iranian firm which will lay Pakistan’s portion of the IP pipeline.

The cabinet, in a recent meeting, has okayed a waiver of the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA) rules in order to award the contract directly to the Iranian firm. The agreement will be signed in Islamabad on Monday (tomorrow).

“After Russia and China backed out of the project due to US pressure, Pakistan has decided to avail Iran’s offer for financing and constructing Pakistan’s portion of the pipeline,” a senior government official said.

Pakistani public sector firm Interstate Gas Systems and private Iranian firm Tadbir Energy will sign the contract. Iran has designated a ‘clean’ private company to sign a direct contract under the Iran-Pakistan gas supply project, for which Tehran is also extending a $500 million loan. Tadbir Energy faces no sanctions from any foreign government. It is controlled by the Imam Khomeini Foundation, one of Iran’s largest charitable groups.

“Pakistan and Iran have already signed an inter-governmental cooperation agreement. The Iranian firm is now formally being awarded the contract,” sources said, adding that the Iranian firm will undertake all engineering procurement construction work for the first segment starting from the Iran-Pakistan border for around $250 million.

Tadbir will also undertake the second segment of the project, and will increase the financing facility by allocating up to $250 million to the project, subject to discussions regarding its involvement in the distribution of gas in Pakistan later on. It has also agreed to provide and assist in arranging $250 million as supplier credit and any additional financing for the second segment. The Iranian firm will act as the lead contractor along with the nominated local subcontractor(s).

The total cost of the project is expected to come to around $1.5 billion. Iran will provide $500 million, while the remaining amount was supposed to be generated through the Gas Infrastructure Development Cess (GIDC). However, the Islamabad High Court recently declared the levy of this cess illegal, and directed the government to reimburse amounts collected to gas consumers. “Therefore, the government may face some problems in generating the remaining funds,” sources said.

As US sanctions have put problematic hurdles in the way of making payments to Iranian firms, the two sides have drawn up a plan to finance the gas pipeline on Pakistan’s side without Islamabad transferring funds to Tehran.

“Pakistan will not pay any money to the company; instead, the Iranian government will pay $500 million directly to the firm for the construction of the pipeline,” a source said.

The project envisages gas inflows of 750 million cubic feet per day by the end of December 2014, which will be consumed by power plants to generate around 4,000 megawatts of electricity.

The IP pipeline engineering and project management consultant, who was appointed in April 2011, has completed work on a bankable feasibility study, interim front-end engineering design, and a route reconnaissance survey.
Quote:
Originally Posted by paklove View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by usmanbcn View Post
ISLAMABAD:
In an apparent snub to mounting US pressure, Pakistan has awarded the contract of building its portion of the multibillion-dollar Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline to an Iranian firm.



This comes as President Asif Ali Zardari met with his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in Tehran on Wednesday.
Iranian firm Tadbir Energy has been awarded the contract to construct Pakistan’s portion of the gas pipeline, sources told The Express Tribune. The initialisation of the contract took place during a recent visit of a Pakistani delegation to Tehran. The pipeline construction will be formally launched on March 4 on the Pak-Iran border.
The Pakistan cabinet has already approved a waiver of the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority rules in order to award the contract directly to Tadbir Energy.
“After Russia and China backed out due to US pressure, Pakistan decided to avail Iran’s offer for financing and constructing Pakistan’s portion of the pipeline,” a senior government official said.
Sources added Pakistani public sector firm Interstate Gas Systems (ISGS) and Tadbir Energy initially signed the contract in Tehran, and now the ISGS board will endorse it. Iran designated Tadbir Energy to work on the project for which Tehran is also extending a $500 million loan.
The firm faces no sanctions from any foreign government. It is controlled by the Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation, one of Iran’s largest charitable groups.
The neighbours had already signed an inter-governmental cooperation agreement and the firm has now formally been awarded the contract. Sources added that Tadbir Energy would undertake all engineering, procurement and construction for the first instalment starting from the border at a cost of around $250 million.
Tadbir Energy will also undertake the second phase of the project, and will increase the financing by allocating a further $250 million to the pipeline project, subject to discussions regarding its involvement in the distribution of gas in Pakistan later on.
It has also agreed to provide and assist in arranging $250 million as supplier credit and any additional financing for the second phase. The firm will act as the lead contractor along with the nominated local subcontractor(s).
The total cost of the project is expected to be around $1.5 billion. Tehran will cough up $500 million, while the remaining $1 billion will be generated through the Gas Infrastructure Development Cess (GIDC).
With Washington slapping Tehran with a raft of sanctions that have hurt Iranian companies’ ability to do business and creating hurdles in making payments to them, Islamabad and Tehran have drawn up a plan to finance the pipeline on Pakistan’s side without the former transferring funds to the latter.
“Pakistan will not pay any money to the company; instead, the Iranian government will pay $500 million directly to the firm for the construction of the pipeline,” a source said.
The project envisages gas inflows of 750 million cubic feet per day by the end of December 2014, which will be consumed by power plants to generate around 4,000 megawatts of electricity.
The project’s engineering and management consultant, who was appointed in April 2011, has completed work on a bankable feasibility study, an interim front-end engineering design, and a route reconnaissance survey.
Project must go ahead: Khamenei
In Tehran, supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told President Zardari that the gas pipeline project must go ahead despite US opposition.
“The Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline is an important example of Tehran-Islamabad cooperation, and despite hostilities towards the expansion of ties we must overcome this opposition decisively,” Khamenei told Zardari, his office reported.
“Accessing safe energy source is the first priority for any country including Pakistan. In this region, the Islamic republic is the only nation that has safe energy resources and we are ready to provide Pakistan its energy needs,” Khamenei said.
President Ahmadinejad told Zardari that, “building the gas pipeline between Iran and Pakistan is a great and important event, and it serves the two nations’ interests,” the president’s office reported.
“I believe that building this project is very beneficial for both sides and we support all the work carried out so far,” Zardari said in talks his Iranian counterpart.
“The international and regional players have tried in vain to prevent an expansion of Iran-Pakistan ties but the people have learnt how to act against enemies of Islam,” he was quoted as saying.
Islamabad has said it will pursue the project regardless of US pressure, saying the gas is needed to help Pakistan overcome its energy crisis that has led to debilitating blackouts and suffocated industry. Iran has almost completed the work on 780-kilometre pipeline in its territory.
“There are impediments in view of the US opposition to the project but we are determined to complete it to meet our fast-growing energy requirements,” said one government official on condition of anonymity.
(With additional input from AFP)
Published in The Express Tribune, February 28th, 2013.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Desikarl View Post
By Zafar Bhutta / Creative: Jamal Khurshid
Published: March 5, 2013


400,000 bpd will be the capacity of the refinery to be set up by Iran. ILLUSTRATION: JAMAL KHURSHID


ISLAMABAD:
Pakistan and Iran are preparing to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for setting up the country’s largest oil refinery costing $4 billion at the Gwadar Port on March 11, a project that will not only meet Pakistan’s refining needs but will also open avenues for China to get oil supplies.



Iran will set up an oil complex at the Gwadar Port, which will have the oil refinery. According to the original plan, Tehran will also lay an oil pipeline from its territory to Gwadar to transport crude oil for processing.
“If Pakistan and Iran succeed in completing the oil refinery and the pipeline, it may prompt China to revive its projects of establishing an oil refinery in Gwadar and laying an oil pipeline from Gwadar to western China to get oil supplies,” an official told The Express Tribune.

During the tenure of previous government, China had expressed interest in joining the Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project, but did not push ahead with the plan following handover of Gwadar Port operations to Singapore Port Authority, the official said.


Now that China has taken over operations at the port, it may reinitiate the projects including oil and gas pipelines.


According to sources, the oil refinery that will be established by Iran may serve as an alternative to Khalifa refinery, which was planned to be built with the assistance of UAE’s state-run International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC). The Khalifa project got bogged down after controversy erupted over the extension in tenure of managing director of Pak-Arab Refinery Company (Parco), a joint venture between the governments of Pakistan and UAE’s emirate of Abu Dhabi.


Islamabad and Tehran are set to launch the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project on March 11 on their border. On the occasion, they will also sign an MoU for setting up the oil refinery.


During a trip to Islamabad on February 20, Iranian Oil Minister Rostam Ghasemi had agreed to build Pakistan’s largest refinery at the Gwadar Port with a refining capacity of 400,000 barrels per day in a joint venture with oil marketing giant Pakistan State Oil (PSO). Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has given the go-ahead to signing the MoU.


China’s coastal refinery plan is part of its programme to invest $12 billion in multiple projects in Pakistan. The refinery will have the processing capacity of 60,000 barrels of crude oil per day.


Pakistan and China had also considered a feasibility study for the oil pipeline from Gwadar to western China for transporting oil from the Persian Gulf. But the proposal was shelved after Beijing’s refusal to set up the oil refinery, sources said.


Former president Pervez Musharraf had also coined the idea of a trade corridor to meet Beijing’s energy needs and offered help for constructing a strategic pipeline from Gwadar to China’s border for supply of oil from Saudi Arabia.


China is heavily reliant on oil supply from the Gulf states, which currently comes through a very long route, via the Strait of Malacca.
Oil first reaches Shanghai, or the Chinese east coast, and then covers thousands of miles to reach the west of China. However, “the Gwadar refinery can provide a much safer, cheaper and shorter route to the west of China for oil transportation through Karakoram Highway,” a senior official said.


So far, the biggest chunk of Chinese investment in Pakistan has gone to development projects in Balochistan including Saindak copper and gold project in Chagai and lead-zinc mining project in Lasbela.
“The coastal oil refinery project may also create scores of employment opportunities for the local people,” the official remarked.

Published in The Express Tribune, March 6th, 2013.
Quote:
Originally Posted by united pakistan View Post
ISLAMABAD:
With one eye on Pakistan being crushed by an energy crisis and the other on upcoming polls, President Asif Ali Zardari will visit Iran on Monday for the groundbreaking ceremony of the much delayed $7.5 billion gas pipeline from Iran to Pakistan.


“President Zardari will visit Iran for the groundbreaking ceremony and it will take place on March 11,” foreign ministry spokesman Moazzam Ahmad Khan told reporters in Islamabad on Thursday during a Foreign Office briefing.

It will be Zardari’s second visit to Iran since February 27 and comes after officials said a consortium would begin work on the Pakistani side on March 11 despite American warnings of possible sanctions.

“We are not in a fix… we are very clear about it that the pipeline is in our national interest being an energy deficient country,” Khan said, while hoping that the US would show “more understanding” on Pakistan’s decision to go ahead with the pipeline.

“Yes, we know about their concerns but hope our friends, including the US, will understand our economic compulsions,” said Khan.

He went on to add that the project would be inaugurated by President Asif Ali Zardari and his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on the Iran-Pakistan border with a number of heads of states and other dignitaries also expected to attend the ceremony.

Although the pipeline on the Iranian side has almost been completed, Pakistan has run into repeated difficulties, both in financing the project and over a US threat of possible sanctions due to Iran’s nuclear activities.

Iran eventually agreed to finance a third of the costs of laying the pipeline through Pakistan, with the work to be carried out by an Iranian gas company.



Khan said Pakistan would pursue the project, which is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2014, at all costs. Officials have said Monday’s ceremony will mark the start of work on the 780-kilometre (485-mile) pipeline earmarked for the Pakistani side of the border, which is said to cost some $1.5 billion.

PM to visit India

The spokesman also confirmed that Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf would be travelling to India today (Friday) to visit the shrine of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer Sharif.

“It is a personal visit and I don’t have details about the meetings,” said Khan, when asked if the premier would meet any political leaders during his short visit in India.

(WITH ADDITIONAL INPUT FROM AFP)
Quote:
Originally Posted by smfarazm.. View Post
Ground Breaking ceremonay of Iran-Pakistan Gas pipeline today.

Ahmedinejad & Zordiri


Zordiri - The awami President, Nation & Metropole loves you



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Old April 21st, 2013, 12:47 AM   #4
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And the last bit...
Quote:
Originally Posted by united pakistan View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by smfarazm.. View Post
TODAY: Workers connecting the Iranian section of the 780-kilometre (485-mile) $7.5 bilion Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline with the Pakistan section.









Quote:
Originally Posted by Azmuh View Post
Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline: In snub to US, China offers $500m loan
IRAN / CHAHBAR:
The United States has made clear its strong stand against the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline – but the first world power will perhaps be further irritated to hear that China is backing it with a $500 million loan to Pakistan.

“In a major development, China has offered [the] loan,” an official at the Pakistan Embassy in Iran told The Express Tribune. The remaining $500 million would be generated through the Gas Infrastructure Development Cess from gas consumers.

Pakistan had earlier planned to generate the billion dollars through the tax and Iran will be putting in $500 million.

The geopolitical sands appear to be shifting on more than one front as this development comes days after Pakistan handed over to China control of its key Gwadar port in Balochistan.

In one of the boldest snubs of consistent US pressure and warnings, Islamabad and Tehran formally launched the project on Monday in an elaborate groundbreaking ceremony held at the Pakistan-Iran border.
Petroleum ministry officials confirmed that Pakistan is in the middle of procuring compressors and pipelines from a Chinese company and Iranian company Tadbir will do the construction. Pakistani companies such as Sui Northern Pipeline Limited, Sui Southern Gas Company Limited and Frontier Works Organisation would be involved.

The board of directors at the Interstate Gas Systems met March 8 to consider awarding the contract for the pipelines and compressors to Chinese company Panyn Chu King Steel Limited that will provide the pipeline at the rate of $1,650 per tonne, including compressors. The board will be negotiating for discounts with the Chinese firm.

Meanwhile, an Iranian company had quoted the price of $1,980 per tonne. An official said that Iranian contract prices would be turned down because they are higher.

The 1,600-kilometre pipeline, projected to cost a whopping $1.5 billion would
enable the export of 21.5 million cubic meters of Iranian natural gas to Pakistan daily. The country hopes to overcome its energy crisis with the 4,000 Megawatts capacity of this project
looks like it might just be made in the end
Quote:
Originally Posted by Intoxication View Post
Bunch of chutiyas these Americans:

US Considers Sanctions Against Pakistan for Iran Pipeline:


http://www.voanews.com/content/us-co...e/1633012.html

Quote:
Originally Posted by Naresh View Post
.

Pipeline deja vu


Khuldune Shahid

Its idea was conceived in the 1990s, is around 1,750 kilometres in length, has its origin adjacent to the Caspian Sea, caters to a massive chunk of the energy needs of the region, has the blessings of the US and is renowned for giving diplomats a wide array of nightmares. A major global bank has backed the pipeline financially and countering Iranian economic and military domination in the region is an important subplot of the project.

The collapse of the Soviet Union was the major catalyst in its instigation, with Russian dilly-dallying etched in its folklore. And the fact that the pipeline’s road map traverses a war-affected country was one of the major hurdles in its inception. The pipeline under discussion is the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline, but one could be forgiven for assuming that we’d been talking about the TAPI (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India) gas pipeline.

There’s an eerie assortment of coincidences that links the two pipelines. And it’s almost as if the same ‘pipeline gods’ that helped provide divine diplomatic inspiration for the BTC are reuniting to give energy strategists an uncanny déjà vu. Even so, despite the fact that the demographics, geopolitics, economic feasibility and strategic ramifications are almost identical there’s a crucial differential distinguishing the two pipelines: BTC became a reality back in May 2005, while TAPI is still a blurry sketch on the Ashgabat drawing board.

The fact that the two projects are so similar reveals that the problems surrounding the project are virtually identical as well. And more often than not, similar problems have similar solutions. With TAPI’s stakeholders being given a ‘how-to-successfully-construct-your-pipeline’ manual, in the shape of the BTC case study, they can find more than a cue or two. And as far as TAPI’s stakeholders are concerned, Pakistan might just top this four-nation list.

Over the past few years with Pakistan’s energy predicament becoming conspicuous, the urgency of a pipeline project to bridge a shortfall of gas supply by one billion units per day has become all the more apparent. With the two proposed projects IP (Iran-Pakistan) pipeline and TAPI being so painfully contrasting, the ‘IP or TAPI’ chants have hogged opinions and editorials a la ‘Ronaldo or Messi’, ‘Hollande or Sarkozy’, or ‘The Hulk or Superman’. Such is the gravity of the energy shortfall, that the ‘or’ needs to be supplanted by an ‘and’ if Pakistan is to drag itself out of the multi-pronged crisis.

Just because the previous government showcased a daredevil stunt while standing on the departure terminal for what doesn’t seem like a round trip, does not mitigate the TAPI’s significance one bit. TAPI needs to transform from being a pipe dream to a reality, regardless of IP’s future.

Quite possibly the most crucial lesson that TAPI’s stakeholders can learn from BTC is of mustering the support of oil and gas companies. With the security concerns surrounding TAPI, just as they engulfed BTC, there’s no better way of ensuring its security than signing deals with the resource owning firms.

With the ‘A’ in TAPI being the primary cause of concern, the best way to ascertain security in Afghanistan, following the withdrawal of US troops in 2014, is by making it the pivot of energy sharing in South Asia, just like the Caspian region was in the early and mid-1990s for Central Asia.

Energy sharing was one of the major reasons behind Central Asia’s transformation to something bordering on a relatively tranquil region, and herein lies a crucial lesson for TAPI’s stakeholders and South Asia as a whole.

As soon as the respective fiscal growth of countries is linked to the tranquillity of a particular country or region, suddenly everyone starts to work hard to ensure stability in that particular realm. And with Kabul getting eight percent of the total TAPI revenue and a fair share of the total employment opportunities generated (think Azerbaijan circa 2002); the project could be just the boost that Afghanistan needs to take baby steps towards stability.

Just like linking Azerbaijan’s abundant oil reserves to Georgia and Turkey – two nations with a precipitously increasing oil demand – through BTC, transformed the antagonistic forces in the region, TAPI could potentially do the same to Indo-Pak hostility, since India and Pakistan are the two countries with the severest energy shortfall in the region.

Troubled Indo-Pak ties, volatility in Afghanistan’s north, and the question marks over the status quo formulation following US troops’ departure are quite possibly the three biggest concerns surrounding TAPI. And ironically TAPI is the one stone that would knock down these three birds resoundingly.

BTC had the monetary goodwill of the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, while TAPI has the Asian Development Bank cheerleading for its cause. BTC was an integral part of an energy sharing pipeline web in Central Asia, while TAPI could be one instigating a similar network in South Asia that could include IP as well. All that is needed is a collective South Asian leap of faith and just like BTC we’d have bilateral harmony flowing through a 1,750-km pipeline.

And then maybe sometime in the future we’d have TAPI as a central plot point in a James Bond flick, just like BTC was in The World Is Not Enough. With Afghanistan and Pakistan in the mix, it could be a massive Hollywood blockbuster.

The writer is a Lahore-based journalist. Email: khulduneshahid@gmail.com Twitter: @khuldune

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Iran, Pakistan, Syria, Qatar: Pipelineistan at work


Iranians work on a section of a pipeline linking Iran and Pakistan after the project was launched during a ceremony in the Iranian border city of Chah Bahar on March 11, 2013. (AFP Photo / Atta Kenare)

Construction is nearing completion on a natural gas pipeline linking Iran and Pakistan, a project that portends a huge geopolitical shift. As regional powers strengthen ties in this key energy market, they're looking to China, and away from the West.

Since the early 2000s, analysts and diplomats across Asia have been dreaming of a future Asian Energy Security Grid.

This – among other developments – is what it’s all about, the conclusion of the final stretch of the $7.5 billion, 1,100-mile natural gas Iran-Pakistan (IP) pipeline, starting from Iran’s giant South Pars field in the Persian Gulf, and expected to be online by the end of 2014.

Nobody lost money betting on Washington’s reaction; IP would put Islamabad in “violation of United Nations sanctions over [Iran’s] nuclear program.” Yet this has nothing to do with the UN, but with US sanctions made up by Congress and the Treasury Department.

Sanctions? What sanctions? Islamabad badly needs energy. China badly needs energy. And India will be extremely tempted to follow, especially when IP reaches Lahore, which is only 100 km from the Indian border. India, by the way, already imports Iranian oil and is not sanctioned for it.

All aboard the win-win train
When Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Pakistani President Asif Zardari met at the Iranian port of Chabahar in early March, that was a long way after IP was first considered in 1994 – then as Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI), also known as the 'peace pipeline.' Subsequent pressure by both Bush administrations was so overwhelming that India abandoned the idea in 2009.

IP is what the Chinese call a win-win deal. The Iranian stretch is already finished. Aware of Islamabad’s immense cash flow problems, Tehran is loaning it $500 million, and Islamabad will come up with $1 billion to finish the Pakistani section. It’s enlightening to note that Tehran only agreed to the loan after Islamabad certified it won’t back out (unlike India) under Washington pressure.

IP, as a key umbilical (steel) cord, makes a mockery of the artificial – US-encouraged – Sunni-Shia divide. Tehran needs the windfall, and the enhanced influence in South Asia. Ahmadinejad even cracked that “with natural gas, you cannot make atomic bombs.”

Zardari, for his part, boosted his profile ahead of Pakistan’s elections on May 11. With IP pumping 750 million cubic feet of natural gas into the Pakistani economy everyday, power cuts will fade, and factories won’t close. Pakistan has no oil. It may have huge potential for solar and wind energy, but no investment capital and knowhow to develop them.

Politically, snubbing Washington is a certified hit all across Pakistan, especially after the territorial invasion linked to the 2011 targeted assassination of Bin Laden, plus Obama and the CIA’s non-stop drone wars in the tribal areas.

Moreover, Islamabad will need close cooperation with Tehran to assert a measure of control of Afghanistan after 2014. Otherwise an India-Iran alliance will be in the driver’s seat.

Washington’s suggestion of a Plan B amounted to vague promises to help building hydroelectric dams; and yet another push for that ultimate 'Pipelineistan' desert mirage – the which has existed only on paper since the Bill Clinton era.

The Foreign Office in Islamabad argued for Washington to at least try to show some understanding. As for the lively Pakistani press, it is having none of it.


This photograph taken on February 12, 2013 shows the construction site at Gwadar port in the Arabian Sea. (AFP Photo / Behram Baloch)

The big winner is… China
IP is already a star protagonist of the New Silk Road(s) – the real thing, not a figment of Hillary Clinton’s imagination. And then there’s the ultra-juicy, strategic Gwadar question.

Islamabad decided not only to hand over operational control of the Arabian Sea port of Gwadar, in ultra-sensitive southwest Balochistan, to China; crucially, Islamabad and Beijing also signed a deal to build a $4 billion, 400,000 barrels-a-day oil refinery, the largest in Pakistan.

Gwadar, a deepwater port, was built by China, but until recently, the port's administration was Singaporean.

The long-term Chinese master plan is a beauty. The next step after the oil refinery would be to lay out an oil pipeline from Gwadar to Xinjiang, parallel to the Karakoram highway, thus configuring Gwadar as a key Pipelineistan node distributing Persian Gulf oil and gas to Western China – and finally escaping Beijing’s Hormuz dilemma.

Gwadar, strategically located at the confluence of Southwest and South Asia, with Central Asia not that far, is bound to finally emerge as an oil and gas hub and petrochemical center – with Pakistan as a crucial energy corridor linking Iran with China. All that, of course, assuming that the CIA does not set Balochistan on fire.

The inevitable short-term result anyway is that Washington’s sanctions obsession is about to be put to rest at the bottom of the Arabian Sea, not far from Osama bin Laden’s corpse. And with IP probably becoming IPC – with the addition of China – India may even wake up, smell the gas, and try to revive the initial IPI idea.

The Syrian Pipelineistan angle

This graphic Iranian success in South Asia contrasts with its predicament in Southwest Asia.

The South Pars gas fields – the largest in the world – are shared by Iran and Qatar. Tehran and Doha have developed an extremely tricky relationship, mixing cooperation and hardcore competition.

The key (unstated) reason for Qatar to be so obsessed by regime change in Syria is to kill the $10 billion Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline, which was agreed upon in July 2011. The same applies to Turkey, because this pipeline would bypass Ankara, which always bills itself as the key energy crossroads between East and West.



It’s crucial to remember that the Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline is as anathema to Washington as IP. The difference is that Washington in this case can count on its allies Qatar and Turkey to sabotage the whole deal.

This means sabotaging not only Iran but also the 'Four Seas' strategy announced by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in 2009, according to which Damascus should become a Pipelineistan hub connected to the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Eastern Mediterranean.

The strategy spells out a Syria intimately connected with Iranian – and not Qatari – energy flows. Iran-Iraq-Syria is known in the region as the 'friendship pipeline.' Typically, Western corporate media derides it as an 'Islamic' pipeline. (So Saudi pipelines are what, Catholic?) What makes it even more ridiculous is that gas in this pipeline would flow to Syria and then Lebanon – and from there to energy-starved European markets close by.

The Pipelineistan games get even more complicated when we add the messy Iraqi Kurdistan/Turkey energy love affair – detailed here by Erimtan Can – and the recent gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean involving territorial waters of Israel, Palestine, Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria; some, or perhaps all of these actors could turn from energy importers to energy exporters.

Israel will have a clear option to send its gas via a pipeline to Turkey, and then export it to Europe; that goes a long way to explain the recent phone call schmoozing between Turkey’s Prime Minister Erdogan and Israel’s Netanyahu, brokered by Obama.

Terrestrial and maritime borders between Israel and Lebanon remain dependent on a hazy UN Blue Line, set up way back in 2000. Damascus – as well as Tehran – supports Beirut, once again against Washington’s will. And Damascus also supports Baghdad’s strategy of diversifying its means of distribution, once again trying to escape the Strait of Hormuz. Thus, the importance of the Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline.

No wonder Syria is a red line for Tehran. Now the whole of Pipelineistan will be watching how far Qatar is willing to go following Washington's obsession.

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Originally Posted by united pakistan View Post


ISLAMABAD: Taking a tough stand despite increasing pressure from the United States, Iranian Consul General Hassan Darvishvand has said that the long awaited Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline is to be completed "at all costs" by the end of 2014.
Darvishvand further said, 110 million cubic feet of gas will be available to Pakistan per day under the project. This, he added, would solve much of the electricity gas shortage in the energy-starved country, The Meher News Agency quoted.
He said the pipeline, originating from Iran's Faras province, would extend over a distance of 1,100 kilometres within Iran, adding that a mere 100 kilometres worth of work is left on the Iranian side of the project. He said 780 kilometres of pipeline will be laid within Pakistan and construction work began a month ago.
The cost of the project in Pakistan was around 1.5 billion dollars, out of which 500 dollars million will be provided by Iran, while the rest of the cost will be met by the host country, he said.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 12:49 AM   #5
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Overcoming energy crisis: Gas pipeline projects, a way out of darkness
In the wake of huge gap between supply and demand, Pakistan can meet its 75 per cent of energy need through IP project and which would be available for 20 years. PHOTO: FILE
Speakers at a conference on gas pipeline projects unanimously agreed that the gas pipeline projects were in the best interest of Pakistan to overcome the energy crisis. The potential and prospects of two main projects i.e. Iran-Pakistan (IP) and Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) were discussed in the conference, organised by the Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI) here on Thursday, said a press release issued by the institute.
Quaid-i-Azam University Assistant Professor Dr Nazir Hussain said that IP’s future was very bright as related to Pakistan. Pakistan was highly reliant on gas which constituted over 34 per cent of the resources used for electricity generation.
In the wake of huge gap between supply and demand, Pakistan can meet its 75 per cent of energy need through IP project and which would be available for 20 years. He also highlighted the possibility of extension of IP to China. “Pakistan could become an ‘Energy Corridor’ in the region due to its crucial geo-strategic location. IP would cost $3 billion to Pakistan but it would reduce oil imports by $5.3 billion, and help buy oil for another $2.3 billion, thus saved.”
He added that there were four external options of energy production i.e. IPI-IP overland, TAPI overland, Qatar-Pakistan undersea and LNG. The viable and cheapest option, he mentioned was IPI-IP.
Asma Khawaja Shakir, an expert highlighted the economic benefits of TAPI which include: opening up of new markets for landlocked Turkmenistan as it would be able to diversify its gas exports to the east. Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India will gain a steady supply of affordable gas to power their growing economies. This project has potential to create a joint economic ring in the region and in the long-term, the economic profits will create a security ring.
While talking about geo-political impediments particularly in terms of Pak-India relations, she said, “peace can bring pipeline but pipeline cannot bring peace.” However, she viewed TAPI as a potential project in terms of regional cooperation.
Former petroleum secretary Dr Gulfaraz Ahmed said that Pakistan was a big gas market having number of opportunities for energy production. He was convinced that if Pakistan did not opt for pipeline projects then it would have even more serious consequences than the ones US was likely to impose on Pakistan in case of doing gas project with Iran.
About the conflicting interests of regional and global powers, he mentioned that Iran and Turkmenistan both vied for gas pipeline to Pakistan which could eventually be extended to India. Similarly Qatar was also interested in exporting LNG to Pakistan.
Replying to a question, he said that there was greater probability of success of TAPI and particularly IP. Technically and economically, China could be roped in the pipeline projects, though it would be a big challenge. However, China has a capacity to meet those challenges.
Former ambassador Khalid Mehmood said that pipeline projects were crucial but disturbance in Pakistan and Afghanistan had put both the countries on the fault-line. Regional problems can be solved by the implementation of such win-win projects.
IPRI Acting President Dr Noorul Haq said that gas pipeline projects are akin to peace projects and would enable Pakistan to pull itself out of darkness.
Published in The Express Tribune, April 19th, 2013.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 12:55 AM   #6
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Official: India Keen to Join IP Gas Pipeline
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Oil Ministry Spokesman Alireza Nikzad Rahbar said that New Delhi has shown interest in the extension of Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline to India.

"Since India has been motivated by Pakistan's seriousness in construction of the (Iran-Pakistan) peace pipeline, New Delhi is negotiating to join the project," Nikzad Rahbar said on Friday.

The Iranian official noted that "there has been considerable progress in the IP gas pipeline, with Iranian contractors starting work on the Pakistani section of the pipeline, after finishing nearly 900 kilometers of the pipeline on Iran's soil".

Last month, India's Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister M. Veerappa Moily emphasized that his country will not halt imports of Iranian crude oil, rejecting recent Western news reports to the contrary.

While noting that unilateral anti-Iran sanctions by the US and the European Union have caused some difficulties for India in terms of insuring Iranian oil shipments, Moily told reporters in New Delhi that his country intends to establish a special fund for insuring oil imports originating from the Islamic Republic.

India, the world's fourth-largest petroleum consumer, is Iran's second largest oil customer after China and purchases around $12bln worth of Iranian crude every year, about 12 percent of its consumption.

Last month, Iran and Pakistan officially inaugurated the construction phase of a gas pipeline project which is due to take Iran's rich gas reserves to the energy-hungry South Asian nation.

The project kicked off in a ceremony attended by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari at the two countries' shared border region in Iran's Southeastern city of Chabahar.

The 2700-kilometer long pipeline was to supply gas for Pakistan and India which are suffering a lack of energy sources, but India has evaded talks. In 2011, Iran and Pakistan declared they would finalize the agreement bilaterally if India continued to be absent in the meeting.

According to the project proposal, the pipeline will begin from Iran's Assalouyeh Energy Zone in the south and stretch over 1,100 km through Iran. In Pakistan, it will pass through Baluchistan and Sindh but officials now say the route may be changed if China agrees to the project.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 02:32 AM   #7
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Don't really care if India joins the IP pipeline or not. They've been on and off for years. Lets just keep it as the IP pipeline. Don't care about receiving the transit fees from India.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 02:35 AM   #8
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PPP wanted APC on Pak-Iran gas pipeline project
ISLAMABAD - Following immense US pressure over Pak-Iran gas pipeline project, the last PPP government desired to convene an All Parties Conference (APC) in the second week of April to get consensus of country’s political parties over the issue, but the programme was shelved as majority refused to attend, sources confided to TheNation on Wednesday.
Reliable sources privy to the political development over Pak-Iran gas pipeline project disclosed that major political parties refused to attend APC owing to the hectic and busy schedule ahead of the general elections.
According to sources, a well-known religious figure was active in the federal capital to organise the APC, but all his efforts went waste due to lacklusture response of the political parties.
The main purpose of the APC was to get consensus of all political parties on IP gas project issue. Sources added that two major political parties from Punjab and KPK replied that they have a very busy schedule during the general elections campaign so that they wont be available for the said APC which scheduled for the second week of April.
Pakistan has high stakes in the pipeline bringing gas from Iran. There are, however, serious hurdles in the way of its becoming functional, the most important being a stiff opposition from the US. Similar opposition is expected from the Saudi government, whose prerogative remains containing Iran, analysts believe. The internal threats to the pipeline emanate from the Baloch separatist organizations and from anti-Shia, anti-Iran militant networks.
Officials say the militant groups can be used as proxies by the outside forces to bomb and disrupt the pipeline. Even if the US was not to urgently impose sanctions on Pakistan, it is likely to use Saudi Arabia and Qatar to pressurize Pakistan to abandon the pursuit of the Iranian gas. A senior Army official’s visit to Saudi Arabia at this juncture was portrayed as a purely private affair, but the taking rounds in media suggested that the Army was not properly consulted by the last PPP government while taking the pipeline decision at this juncture.
For nearly five years, the PPP hadn’t gone beyond file work on the IP gas line issue. The top leaders of the former ruling party had meanwhile carried out every US directive, except when found to be unpalatable to the army. How come it suddenly decided to break ranks, officials argue. Is the deal merely an election stunt meant to attract anti-US voters? Will the PPP abide by the contract in case it comes to power again, they added.
As things stand, every major political party has supported the gas deal as it helps in the elections. Will any of these parties continue to stick to the stand once it is in power and pressures are exerted from important quarters.
Will the deal survive if the PML-N wins the elections the Sharif family feels itself under obligation to the Saudi ruler for the crucial help and hospitality extended to it. Will Nawaz Sharif resist the pressure from Riyadh, officials question.
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Old April 21st, 2013, 02:36 AM   #9
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Don't really care if India joins the IP pipeline or not. They've been on and off for years. Lets just keep it as the IP pipeline. Don't care about receiving the transit fees from India.
IPC does sound interesting though!
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Old April 21st, 2013, 05:19 AM   #10
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Construction site of Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline.





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Old April 21st, 2013, 05:19 AM   #11
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Old April 21st, 2013, 05:23 AM   #12
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Old April 21st, 2013, 09:32 PM   #13
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Gasline project: Iran team due this month


ISLAMABAD - A high-powered Iranian technical delegation is due to visit Pakistan later this month to finalize the crucial Engineering and Procurement Contract (EPC) to kick start the work on Pakistan's section of Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline also known as Peace pipeline.
Well-placed government sources told TheNation on Wednesday that the delegation consisting of technical experts of Tadbir Energy, the Iranian contracting firm is expected to visit Pakistan next week to discuss and finalize EPC with Pakistani authorities in order to start work on the multi billion dollars project.
"We are hoping to finalize the ECP with Iranian contractors in a month or so to start the work without further delay", a senior Pakistani government official said requesting not to be named, hoping that work on Pakistan's segment of the pipeline would start shortly after signing of the EPC.
The government of Iran has pledged to give $500 million to Pakistan as soft loan repayable in 20 years for laying the pipeline on Pakistan side.
President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari and President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad have already inaugurated Pakistan construction of works on the Pakistani section of the pipeline last month to complete construction in 22 months. Pakistan and Iran have agreed on the pipeline deal early this year on February 27.
With a diameter of 56 inches the IP gas pipeline is aimed to deliver 8.7 billion cubic metres (310 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year from Iran to Pakistan.
A consortium of Sui Northern Gas Pipeline Limited and Sui Southern Gas Company Limited is responsible for the construction of the pipeline.
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Old April 22nd, 2013, 09:52 PM   #14
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.
Change of heart : Ministry dithers over release of funds for IP pipeline


ISLAMABAD : The Ministry of Finance is finding it difficult to set aside millions of dollars collected from gas consumers for the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project, as heavy spending by the past government on power subsidies and development projects for political gains has eaten into the resources of the ministry, making its financial standing weak.

The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)-led coalition government, which completed its tenure last month, had imposed gas infrastructure development cess on gas consumers to finance the IP pipeline and collected $400 million, sources say.

An assignment account was opened in a bank in the wake of a decision of the cabinet to deposit the cess, but the finance ministry failed to credit the amount into the account because of shortage of funds.

Sources pointed out that initially a cash call of $300 million was made to the ministry to transfer the amount to the assignment account, which would meet the needs up to June this year. However, the ministry did not deposit the cess, instead it insisted that it would release the funds at the time of payments to contractors.

According to estimates, $1 billion will be required before the end of December 2014.


Sources attributed the vulnerable financial position of the finance ministry to hefty power subsidies and excessive spending by the previous government for political gains.

In the current fiscal year, the PPP-led government froze power tariff to avoid the wrath of voters in upcoming elections and doled out Rs268 billion in power subsidies against the target of Rs185 billion.

Former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf also spent more than his discretionary fund earmarked in the budget, leaving the finance ministry with little to spend.

According to officials, like the gas infrastructure cess, petroleum development levy, which was imposed to develop the oil sector, was used to bridge the budget deficit.

“The government should have opened an assignment account soon after imposing the gas infrastructure cess to avoid its misuse,” an official suggested, but said Pakistan and Iran had not yet signed the award of pipeline construction contract to Iranian firm Tadbir Energy.

Officials said Pakistan had collected $400 million as cess and $500 million would be provided by Iran for the IP project. China is also expected to lend $500 million.

“If the government secures financing from these sources, it will have enough money to fund the $1.35 billion gas pipeline,” the official said.

As the cabinet has approved the provision of funds, the officials hoped that the cess would be released to meet the needs of the IP project.

“Considering the fact that achieving financial close of the project is necessary and moving ahead on a piecemeal basis is not an option, funds required to kick-start construction activities and the remaining funds should be released by the finance ministry immediately,” said the petroleum ministry.

When approached, the finance ministry spokesman confirmed that funds had so far not been credited to the assignment account. However, he said, “there is no shortage of funds and we are in the process of transferring the money.”

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Old April 27th, 2013, 03:30 AM   #15
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India to join Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline, says Iranian spokesman
ISLAMABAD: Iran Oil Ministry spokesman says New Delhi is in talks with Tehran to join the multi-billion-dollar pipeline which Iran is building to export natural gas to Pakistan.

“Since India has been motivated by Pakistan’s seriousness in building the [Iran-Pakistan] ‘peace pipeline’, New Delhi is negotiating to join the project,” spokesman of Iranian oil ministry Alireza Nikzad-Rahbar has been quoted as saying by Meher News Agency on Wednesday.

The Iranian official added that there has been considerable progress in the Iran-Pakistan (IP) pipeline, with Iranian contractors starting work on the Pakistani section of the pipeline, after finishing nearly 900 kilometres of the pipeline on Iran soil.

In March, Indian Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas M Veerappa Moily voiced his country’s willingness to join the pipeline project. The pipeline will enable the export of 21.5 million cubic meters per day of Iranian natural gas to Pakistan. The Pakistani government has stressed that it would go ahead with the construction of the gas pipeline despite threats and pressure from the US.
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Old May 1st, 2013, 12:58 AM   #16
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New Pak govt to complete pipeline project: Iranian envoy
Muhammad Saleh Zaafir
Tuesday, April 30, 2013
ISLAMABAD: Iranian envoy in Pakistan expressed the hope that the new elected government in Pakistan would complete the Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline agreement as ten to fifteen percent of technical details would yet to be worked out.

Once the final agreement is inked, Iran will complete the laying of pipeline in Pakistan area within eighteen months. Iran’s Deputy Head of Mission in Islamabad Hussein Ravesh told ‘The News’ at the reception hosted by Russian Ambassador Andrey Budnik to commemorate 65th anniversary of diplomatic relations of the two countries in his embassy compound at diplomatic enclave on Monday evening.

After the meeting of Iranian and Pakistani presidents in Chah Bahar last month, the development work of the pipeline is being carried out in Iran.

To a query he made it clear that no new or formal agreement was signed when the two presidents had meeting in Iranian seaport. “I am sure new government in Pakistan after the polls would ink the final agreement as it would be win-win situation for the people of both the countries,” he said.

Hussein Ravesh said that the technical details to be completed by the two sides did not involve tariff rather these pertained to the working of the companies of the two countries for the project.

He said that no country could thrust its will over the people of Pakistan and Iran as the two people have faith in Allah Almighty. Iranian diplomat was of the opinion if the gas pipeline was extended to India, it would also be beneficial for Iran and Pakistan.

Hussein Ravesh said, “Most part of the land in Pakistan for pipeline is smooth but some rocky areas also falls in the way. Iran has the equipments and technology to complete the work swiftly in both type of the terrain,” he added.

Hussein Ravesh is of the view that Pakistan and Iran are the sovereign countries which have every right to cooperate for mutual interest. ‘We simply discard the external intervention in our deals,’ Ravesh added.
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Old May 1st, 2013, 01:10 AM   #17
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Fearing Iran entry, US congressmen favour export of natural gas to India


Top American lawmakers have strongly favoured export of US natural gas to India, in the absence of which, they said, the energy starved nation might be forced to join the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline.
During a Congressional hearing on export of US natural gas, the lawmakers argued that it is in the national security interest of the US to export the excess natural gas to its allies like India and Japan and also to its European allies so as to reduce their dependence on Russian gas.
"Without US natural gas, the Indians might have to participate in the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline. We have given the Indians a reasonable alternative. We should use it,"
Congressman Ted Poe said.
Chairing a Congressional hearing on "Natural Gas Exports: Economic and Geopolitical Opportunities", Poe said, "Liberalising our natural gas export policy will provide certainty to allies and economic partners around the world that the United States is an advocate of free trade."
Congressman Brad Sherman said it was in national security interests of the US to provide secure natural gas supplies to its allies and to prevent India from turning to Iran for a natural gas pipeline.
Indian Ambassador to the US Nirupama Rao, in an editorial in The Wall Street Journal this month had said that export of US natural gas to India "would provide a steady, reliable supply of clean energy that would help reduce India's crude oil imports from the Middle East and provide reliable energy to India".
Poe said cheap US natural gas exports
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Old May 6th, 2013, 10:32 PM   #18
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Pakistan awaiting gas pipeline contracts
Published: May 2, 2013 at 6:31 AM
ISLAMABAD, May 2 (UPI) -- Pakistan aims to finalize the contracts necessary to start work on a section of a natural gas pipeline planned from Iran, a government official said.

Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad met in March at the countries' border to mark the start of construction for a $7.5 billion natural gas pipeline from Iran.

The project has faced a series of delays since it was proposed in the 1990s. The United States opposes the plan because of the potential financial benefit to Iran and its nuclear program.

A government official speaking on background told Pakistani newspaper The Nation said construction hinged on an engineering and procurement contract for the pipeline.

"We are hoping to finalize the ECP with Iranian contractors in a month or so to start the work without further delay," the official said.

Iran offered financial assistance to Pakistan to help with construction. A delegation was expected in Pakistan in April, though the visit was postponed because of upcoming elections in Pakistan.

The Pakistani Foreign Ministry said it was too early to discuss whether India would eventually rejoin the project. The pipeline was touted originally as the Peace Pipeline, extending from the Persian Gulf through to India.
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Old May 29th, 2013, 08:56 PM   #19
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Curbing energy shortage

Senate body for early completion of IP, TAPI gas projects


By Ijaz Kakakhel

ISLAMABAD: Keeping in view the severe energy shortage, the Senate’s Standing Committee on Petroleum and Natural Resources on Tuesday directed the ministry and Inter State Gas (Pvt) Ltd (ISGS) to speed up the work on Iran-Pakistan (IP) Gas Pipeline and Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) Gas Pipeline projects.

The country is confronting severe power and gas shortfall and completing the above two projects on time will be great achievement. The meeting was held in the Parliament House under chairmanship of Senator Muhammad Yousuf. Over IP Gas Pipeline Project, the parliamentarians expressed serious reservations over delay in distribution of gas pipeline while on Iranian side more work had been completed. The committee chairman said Pakistan urgently needed its completion but delaying tactics were being used. Pakistan is just dealing in paper work while physically nothing has been done so far.

ISGS managing director told the committee that under the IP Gas Pipeline Project, the gas is to be supplied from Iran’s South Pars gas field and delivered at Pak-Iran border, near Gwadar. The project is being implemented on a segmented approach whereby each country shall be responsible for construction of the pipeline in the respective territory. He said that total length of the gas pipeline is 1,931 kilometres (kms) in which 1,150km is within Iran and 781km in Pakistan. From Iran side, he said only 250km gas pipeline is left to provide gas to the border of Pakistan. While on Pakistan’s side, the physical work is yet to be started, he maintained. Iran will also provide $500 million in kinds to Pakistan for laying the gas pipeline. The completion date of the project is Dec 2014, which will provide 750 million cubic feet per day gas to Pakistan, the MD added.

He further said that the estimated cost of Pakistan segment of pipeline is about $1.8 billion and Pakistan has adopted a multi-pronged strategy to meet the challenges of project financing, which included government to government agreement, Gas Infrastructure Development Cess as well as commitments from public sector entities.

The petroleum secretary told the committee that Pakistan could not initiate the work due to some financial problem but Pakistan has signed several agreements with Iranians delegations. In order to begin the work, it requires more legislation on part of government of Pakistan, he maintained. He also assured the committee that approval would be made from concerned authority in Pakistan.

The TAPI Gas Pipeline Project aims to bring natural gas from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Several international consortiums will finance this project, which will provide 3.2 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas. The ISGS MD told the committee it will be completed by 2017 and the gas sale purchase agreement was already done.

The committee was informed that Inter-governmental Agreement was signed by the head of states of all the member countries during TAPI Summit held at Ashgabat on Dec 11, 2010. The Gas Pipeline Framework Agreement was signed by the respective petroleum ministers of the four countries.

The committee in written was informed that TAPI parties already agreed n principle to appoint Asian Development Bank (ADB) as transaction adviser to broadly update the pre-feasibility study, market the project, take the transaction to financial close and assist parties in finalisation of pipeline consortium. In this regard draft transaction advisory services agreement has been circulated by the ADB to TAPI parties, which is currently under review.
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Old May 31st, 2013, 12:55 AM   #20
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India to join Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline, says Iranian spokesman
ISLAMABAD: Iran Oil Ministry spokesman says New Delhi is in talks with Tehran to join the multi-billion-dollar pipeline which Iran is building to export natural gas to Pakistan.

“Since India has been motivated by Pakistan’s seriousness in building the [Iran-Pakistan] ‘peace pipeline’, New Delhi is negotiating to join the project,” spokesman of Iranian oil ministry Alireza Nikzad-Rahbar has been quoted as saying by Meher News Agency on Wednesday.

The Iranian official added that there has been considerable progress in the Iran-Pakistan (IP) pipeline, with Iranian contractors starting work on the Pakistani section of the pipeline, after finishing nearly 900 kilometres of the pipeline on Iran soil.

In March, Indian Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas M Veerappa Moily voiced his country’s willingness to join the pipeline project. The pipeline will enable the export of 21.5 million cubic meters per day of Iranian natural gas to Pakistan. The Pakistani government has stressed that it would go ahead with the construction of the gas pipeline despite threats and pressure from the US.
thats great, I hope they will join it, because it means big time devolpment for South Asia, its long time awaited.
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