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Old February 3rd, 2014, 06:29 PM   #1
tabeb noor
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SINDH | Karachi Nuclear Power Complex (K2, K3 Reactors) | 2,200 MW | U/C

The government has decided to go ahead with work on a 1,100-megawatt nuclear power plant in Karachi with Chinese assistance from the next financial year in an effort to ease energy shortages in the country.
According to sources, the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) will build the power plant named Karachi Coastal Power and costing an estimated $9.5 billion.
At present, Pakistan has two nuclear power plants – Chashma 1 and 2 – each with a capacity of 320MW and built with Chinese assistance. Work on Chashma 3 and 4 power plants is also under way.
Officials say of the total cost of Rs950 billion ($9.5 billion) for Karachi Coastal Power, the government is likely to allocate Rs7.5 billion in the budget for the next financial year, beginning July. Apart from this, it is planning to secure Rs65 billion in foreign lending to give a push to the project.

The government is also in contact with China to purchase two nuclear power plants with a combined capacity of 2,000MW, which will be utilised for setting up Karachi Nuclear Power Plant-2 (Kanupp-2) and Kanupp-3 to tackle the energy crisis.
In case of Kanupp-2 and 3, the Planning Commission had said Chinese company – China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) – may be asked to grant intellectual property rights and suggest steps that could help Pakistan avoid violation of property rights.
“In case of 1,100MW Karachi Coastal Power, Pakistan will also require intellectual property rights,” an official said.
China has three state-owned corporations that can own and operate nuclear power plants including CNNC, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Company (CGNPC) and China Power Investment Corporation (CPIC).
CGNPC operates four nuclear power plants of 3,758MW in China and is also associated with 16 other under-construction projects having capacity of 25,000MW. The company’s main focus has been on three-loop 1,000MW plants.
In an attempt to increase power generation, Pakistan is turning attention to producing nuclear energy on a relatively bigger scale. According to the Energy Security Action Plan, the share of nuclear power will be increased in electricity production by installing 8,800MW nuclear power plants by 2030.
Nuclear plants will provide electricity at cheaper rates compared to power produced from thermal sources. At present, the country is experiencing a widening gap between power supply and demand, leading to extensive outages that disrupt life and business and shaves three percentage points off economic growth annually.
Published in The Express Tribune, June 7th, 2013.
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 06:32 PM   #2
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Construction work on support infrastructure for K2 and K3 Nuclear Power Plants underway near Karachi.

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Old February 3rd, 2014, 06:41 PM   #3
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Could a mod please fix the title of the thread and make it compatible with SSC format? This project does need its own thread.

Nice to see work is underway. I used to be against nuclear power due to the problem of disposing of nuclear waste, but right now, we need all the power generation capacity we can get. And constructing this project will also send a strong message to the Nuclear Suppliers Group that we can do anything without their approval, so it's all good. When the lifetime of these plants expires though, we shouldn't build new nuclear plants in their place. We should have an alternative energy solution by then.

PS: Why didn't the article mention the nuclear plant that has been operating near Karachi since so long ago? Built with Canadian help back in the day.
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 06:50 PM   #4
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http://www.nation.com.pk/columns/20-...wer-generation

Last November, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif performed the ground breaking ceremony of Pakistan’s largest nuclear power projects, Kanupp-II and Kanupp-III. China is providing the two reactors alongside a concessional loan of $6.5 billion for the construction of these $9.59 billion plants. When completed in November 2019, these would add 2,200MW to Pakistan’s electric power, at a very cheap rate. This would indeed mitigate the problems of power shortage and high per-unit cost of electricity. Average price of power generated by Chashma-3 and 4 would be around Rs9.59 per unit, much less than the price of electricity generated by thermal plants running on gas or oil. Due to economy of scales, new Kanupp category plants would produce cheaper electricity than the Chashma class power plants. Nuclear power compares favourably with all other sources except hydro-electric power.
Coal and nuclear power generation processes offer the cheapest per unit generation cost after water and domestic gas. With building of large scale dams irretrievably politicised and dwindling supply of local gas, the choice of cheap electricity is narrowed down to coal and nuclear power plants. Of these two, going by the economy of scales and environmental impact, nuclear power generation is cheaper and cleaner. Nuclear power is cleaner than all fossil fuels in terms of its impact on the environment.
Prime Minister has outlined a vision that by 2050, nuclear energy Pakistan will add 40,000 MWe to country’s energy-mix. Soon after Mr Ahsan Iqbal, minister for Planning, Development and Reforms announced that Pakistan may fulfil this target by 2047, to coincide with the Golden Jubilee celebrations of Pakistan.
Following this landmark decision, various vested interests have lauched a campaign to tarnish the nuclear power generation by attaching to it gloomy tags. The campaign is being managed by those individuals and entities whose interest is in importing expensive fossil fuels for power generation; and those not comfortable with civil nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan.
Knowing well that they cannot argue on professional grounds and win, they have resorted to bringing forth baseless safety and security related points. Therefore, flimsy concerns are being been raised about nuclear power generation— especially the technological and safety aspects. The dooms day narratives are being floated by making reference to Chernobyl and Three Mile Island in the former Soviet Union and the US respectively. In the context of new nuclear power plants, the Fukushima disaster is also been overplayed.
However, after Fukushima important lessons have been learnt and the possibility of accidents occurring in unexpected ways is fully recognised and preventive mechanisms are duly incorporated in the designs of present day nuclear power plants. Post-Fukushima, nuclear power plants are being equipped to cope with the most unlikely scenarios of total blackout and non-functionality of several of the engineered safety features incorporated in these plants. These include multiple barriers in the design and several levels of safety assurance throughout the design, construction and operational phases. These safety upgrades are already being retrofitted in the present operating plants and would be inbuilt features of the new Karachi plants.
Even the Fukushima power plants had survived the massive earthquake that accompanied the tidal wave, but it was the latter tsunami, which incapacitated the emergency diesel generators, that caused the plants to collapse. Subsequent to Fukushima, studies were carried out for the Karachi sites to ensure that the plant systems to be built would survive the biggest earthquake and tsunami that can be expected in the area.
After Fukushima, most countries have continued to construct and plan for new power plants. In Asia the number of under-construction and planned power plants is the highest in the world; around 49 reactors are presently under construction, and there are firm plans for over a 100 more. Countries where these projects are underway include India, China, South Korea and Pakistan. These 149 reactors will be in addition to the 435 reactors already in operation in the world.
Questions are being raised about the design model of Karachi power plants. It has been claimed that the design of the Karachi plants, the ACP 1000, is still under development and thus untried and untested. This is not correct. This design is based on the PWR concept, very similar to the hundreds of such systems operating around the world for more than 50 years. Chashma 1 and 2 power plants are also based on the PWR designs.
The ACP1000 model of the PWR concept, to be commissioned in Karachi, is not an unproven design. The ACP1000 uses the basic PWR design with safety improvements added, to meet the current safety targets of Generation-III reactors and after incorporating the lessons learnt from the Fukushima accident. It is based on the earlier CPR1000 design, which has been used in 15 plants now under construction in China, of which the first unit started operations in 2010.
An American think tank, Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) has recently released its comparative nuclear security indexation encompassing worldwide nuclear material security. NTI’s proclaimed mission is to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. Its assessment is pegged around a five points’ criterion: quantities and sites; security and control measures; global norms; domestic commitments and capacity; and risk environment. This study has assessed Pakistan as the ‘most improved’ country among nine nuclear armed states. Pakistan, which improved its score by three points compared with 2012, and has demonstrated the largest improvement by any nuclear armed state. Country’s score benefited primarily from increased physical protection and stringent regulation of licences and on-site security reviews. Report credits Pakistan for having an operational Centre of Excellence. Pakistan has also participated in new bilateral and multilateral assistance, although its score for Voluntary Commitments was already high.
Moreover, in a document issued after Prime Minister’s visit to the United States, the White House has acknowledged improvement in a key area of US concern: the safety and security of Pakistan’s nuclear assets. “Pakistan is engaged with the international community on nuclear safety and security issues and is working to ensure its strategic export controls are in line with international standards,” says the document. “Pakistan is an active participant in the Nuclear Security Summit process and works closely with the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Office of Nuclear Security to promote best security practices,” it adds.
Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) has meticulously examined and scrutinised the entire project, it has also consulted the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on all technical aspects of the planned power plants. The provincial Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has also given its approval after due diligence. Pakistan has an excellent record of nuclear safety. The present reactor in Karachi, Kanupp1 has been functioning for the last 40 years without any mishap relating to its safety.
While work has started in Pakistan on two Chinese-made ACP1000 reactors, India is still negotiating the purchase of two similar AP1000 reactors from Westinghouse. One Indian newspaper has lamented that while these negotiations are lingering, “China will be able to... sell its third generation nuclear reactors to Pakistan, making its sale a win-win deal for both countries”.
It is inalienable right of the public to know the safety aspects of such projects. Therefore, it would be appropriate if Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and PNRA launch a public awareness campaign so that demagogues, clandestinely representing the vested interests, do not fill the void.
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 06:53 PM   #5
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Please format your posts properly. Don't just copy/paste walls of text. Use spaces between paragraphs, and paste the article within the [quote] [/ quote] tags. Also provide the link of the article outside the quote tags to be able to make the post.
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 07:15 PM   #6
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 07:23 PM   #7
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Edit title these are 2 plants with total 2200 MW capacity.
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Old February 3rd, 2014, 07:37 PM   #8
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@ Metro pajee,
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Old February 4th, 2014, 10:37 AM   #9
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Why they are building nuclear plant in Karachi? there is aa suitable place in Balochistan far from Karachi. I am saying this because i dont want to see it like Yokohama nuclear blast..
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Old February 5th, 2014, 12:53 PM   #10
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Nuclear power: ‘K-2, K-3 nuclear reactors more safe than Fukushima’


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KARACHI: Reactors of the Karachi nuclear power project – K-2 and K-3 – are more safe and sophisticated than those of Fukushima, said its project director Azfar Minhaj.

Minhaj and his colleagues from Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), including Scientific Information and Public Relations director Shahid Riaz Khan, were briefing the media at the PAEC Office on Thursday.


They were answering the queries of writers, civil society members and NGOs on the safety of the 2200-megawatt plants, which the government is building along the Karachi coast near the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant.

In his presentation, Minhaj said that they have conducted many studies of the site to ensure that the plants could survive the largest earthquake and tsunami that can be expected in the region. “The highest tsunami height expected in Karachi is about 2.8 metres above sea level, while the K-2 and K-3 ground level is 12 metre above the mean sea level,” he said, adding that they have collected all the instrumental, historical data of earthquakes in the history of Karachi.

They have also examined the ground but there is no history of major earthquakes in Karachi. He said that all seismic fault lines near the plants are inactive. “We have hypothetically assumed a 602-kilometre fault line near the city. If it gets ruptured, it will not affect the plant,” he said.

“Our plant is at 12-metre height and our electricity generation sources are at elevated levels. We have the mobile diesel electric generator ready and the plants have the passive emergency power supply and cooling water systems for 72 hours. In case of water storages, we can use fire water tanks for cooling.”

According to Minhaj, the ‘ACP1000’ system proposed for the K-2 and K-3 plants, which is a third generation reactor with enhanced security measures and capabilities, is safer and more sophisticated than the Fukushima. The ACP1000 is a ‘Pressurised Water Reactor’ and has been used in the nuclear industry for the past five decades.
He said that China is constructing 29 nuclear power plants in its country and the plant at Chashma is imported from China and has been working efficiently for the past 14 years.


China has also provided loans for Chashma plants. For the K-2 and K-3, it is providing $6.5 billion loan on soft terms.

Minhaj refuted the claim that the whole city would have to be evacuated in case of an accident or a complete meltdown of the plants. According to him, in the case of an accident, the population within the five-kilometre radius will be evacuated and they have prepared plans for it.
“We will extend the evacuation plan till 15-kilometre radius which covers the area till Gulbai and population up to 100,000.” He also said that they have sufficient stalk potassium iodide tablets for the population in case of an emergency. “Pakistan Army, provincial and national disasters management authorities and local administration and traffic police are in loop in case of emergency evacuation. We have made our plans according to our own census and survey in the area.” He added that locality near the plant is thinly populated and the PAEC has acquired a land within 1.5 kilometre radius to halt any construction there.
The plants are resistant to terrorist attacks and designed to take a commercial plane crash without letting it to penetrate through. “The plant has double-shell containment. Its outer shell is strong enough to stop attacks like 9/11,” he said, adding that they have strong physical security system more secure than that of the General Headquarters and guarded by 920 officials.


link: http://tribune.com.pk/story/662959/n...han-fukushima/

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Old February 6th, 2014, 10:23 AM   #11
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Kon bolta hai china ka mal kamzor hai
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Old March 29th, 2014, 11:23 PM   #12
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Old March 29th, 2014, 11:38 PM   #13
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Actually there was no need of a separate thread for this project because we can't get pictorial updates from construction site so Energy thread was appropriate for news updates only.
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Old March 30th, 2014, 01:28 PM   #14
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Render

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Old March 30th, 2014, 01:28 PM   #15
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Old April 1st, 2014, 07:05 AM   #16
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http://newsweekpakistan.com/the-nucl...-over-karachi/
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Old April 1st, 2014, 02:46 PM   #17
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Hoodbhoy is right on this one.
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Old April 2nd, 2014, 01:12 PM   #18
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edit
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Old April 2nd, 2014, 02:28 PM   #19
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I am not against nuclear power but they should build these plants far, far away from Karachi.
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Old April 12th, 2014, 09:45 PM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PIA777 View Post
Hoodbhoy is right on this one.
Seems like really scared! Hoodboy should get under some hood to save himself from nuclear rays.
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