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Old April 16th, 2012, 11:29 AM   #1
buho
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Úbeda & Baeza, UNESCO World Heritage Site (Spain)



Úbeda and Baeza are two little cities in the province of Jaén (Andalucía), UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2003. Úbeda is 35.000 people and Baeza 16.000. It's relevance is because are the most important Renaissance centre of Spain, and its influence in Latin America's architecture.

Let's start with Úbeda. They both were muslim cities, so it's preserved part of the medieval walls. That's the Losal gate.



Built in the 14th century by the christians but with moorish style, that's mudéjar.



San Millán gate.



Gate of Santa Lucía, 14th century too.



Santo Cristo tower and door.







Gate of Granada, the wall and a big basin.





Entering by the Losal gate, the typical streets are straight and narrow.



At right, bishop Canastero palace, 17th century.





Other old house.



Torrente palace, built in 1510.



A candelieri renaissance decoration.





1st of May square.



St Pablo church, one of Ubeda's biggest. Was built in 1388, and has additions of several ages.





Public fountain built in 1591.



Main door was built in 1511, final gothic style.



Renaissance balcony.



St Pablo inside, pic from flickr.

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Iglesia de San Pablo 4 por MSegura76, en Flickr

Funerary chapel of camarero Vago, early 16th century, as known as the skulls chapel. Foto de http://www.ubeda.com/San_Pablo/index.htm



Merlines chapel, early 16th century too.



Old town hall, built in 1550.



To be continue...
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Old April 16th, 2012, 11:31 AM   #2
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Beautiful place, beautiful very nice photos
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Old April 16th, 2012, 11:37 AM   #3
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Year 2008: and old structure was found inside some houses, under this house.



It was a synagogue (Sinagoga del Agua), a 15th century synagogue and the ritual baths. Pics from the blog http://www.drymartinez.net/2011/11/l...-en-ubeda.html







Guadiana palace.



The tower was made in 1610.



Anguis Medinilla palace, 1560.





Vela de los Cobos palace, one of the Andrés de Vandelvira buildings, the most important Renaissance architect in Jaén, and the main artist in Úbeda and Baeza.



Was built for Francisco Vela de los Cobos, captain in the war against the moriscos revolt. Built in 1550-1560.





Inside is very modified. Pic from renacimientodelsur.com



Almost ruined old house.



Juan de Valencia square.



Marqués de la Rambla palace, 1575.







Nowadays is a hotel. Pic from cuentatuviaje.net



Lorenzo Soto street.



House of los Manueles, early 17th century.





To be continue...
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Old April 16th, 2012, 04:39 PM   #4
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The main and most important square is plaza Vázquez de Molina. There are some of the most important Úbeda buildings. From left to right: town hall, deán Ortega palace, Salvador chapel, medieval store, Mancera palace, bishops jail and Santa María la Real de los Alcázares church.



Alcázares church, 13th and 14th century, with 16th century alterations.



In Renaissance times, most of medieval buildings in Úbeda were refurbished or redecorated in the new style.



Inside the church, mudejar wood roof. Pic by antosevi.es



The town hall was the Vázquez de Molina palace, built for a high employee of Charles V. Was built by Vandelvira, 16th century.





The courtyard.









The renaissance fountain is one of most typical images of Úbeda, with the Salvador chapel.







Vandelvira monument.



Plateresque facade of Luis de MEdina house, first years of 16th century.



Bishops jail, very simple building, 16th century too.



Mancera palace, with corner tower, 16th century.



Was of marqués de Mancera, viceroy of Perú.



At left, deán Ortega palace, actually is a state-run hotel.



Deán Ortega and Vázquez de Molina palaces.



Was built in 1550.



Courtyard.



Now, the Salvador chapel.



It was built by Vandelvira as Francisco de los Cobos funerary chapel in 1536-1559.





Outside sculptures were made by Esteban Jamete. All iconography is related to souls immortality.



The main gate.







The 12 works of Hercules, here with Gerion bulls.





Heraldic images.





Lateral towers.





South door.





North door, Santiago.



Santiago killing moors in the relief.



To be continue...
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Old April 16th, 2012, 06:36 PM   #5
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I've never been in Úbeda, but i know that's a cute place. I love El Salvador chapel, there you can check the spanish renaissance starting.
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Old April 17th, 2012, 01:56 AM   #6
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El Salvador is pure classicism! I'll post more tomorrow!
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Old April 17th, 2012, 06:02 AM   #7
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great medieval cities...
the Moorish architectural influence is still visible.
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Old April 17th, 2012, 02:17 PM   #8
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Thanks MyGeorge! The moorish influence was very big in most of medieval Spain, not specially in this city in fact.

The Salvador inside, a funerary chapel, master work of Vandelvira.









17th century altarpiece.



Renaissance dome.



Chess floor, with mathematic and perspective calculations.



The ironwork, made in Toledo.





Panoramic of the chapel.



Little chapel.



The door of the vestry.



The vestry is the most classical part of the building.















Once out, the Salvador at the back.



An old hospital built by Vandelvira in 1561, made for "honest ancients".





From a viewpoint you can see the olives sea. It was a rainy day so the pic isn't good, but Jaén province is the biggest olive oil producer of the world, more than 20% of worlds olive oil is produced in Jaén.





To be continue...
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Old April 17th, 2012, 02:39 PM   #9
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Very nice!
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Old April 18th, 2012, 01:02 AM   #10
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Thanks a lot Lulloine!
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Old April 18th, 2012, 05:12 PM   #11
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Calle Real, main street of the city, with shops, a theater, 19th century buildings...



Andalucía square, one of busiest squares of Úbeda. Great tapas.



"Torre del Relok" (clock tower), a medieval tower reconverted in the 16th century.



Leopoldo Saro memorial, the sculpture was shot in the Spanish Civil War.





Trinity convent, big baroque building.



In a narrow street, plateresque facade made in the early 16th century.





There are several museums in Úbeda, this is the "Museum Andalusí", with a cellar, the courtyard, potterys...





Paintings in a room. Pic by Almudena, from minube.



St Domingo church.



The mudejar roof inside. Pic by Juan Miguel Bueno, from Flickr.

image hosted on flickr

Úbeda por Juan Miguel Bueno., en Flickr

Mudejar door of Santa Clara convent.



A little palace, the house of Morales family.



St Lorenzo square. I went during the Holy Week, and they were preparing a coloured stones carpet. At the back, Casa de las Torres (house of the towers).



The palace was built in 1520.









The courtyard, pic by Ana Isabel Escriche.



At the other side, St Lorenzo church.



The belfry covered of ivy.



The church was abandoned 75 years ago. Some inside pics, thanks to vbedarescatada blog.





To be continue...
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Old April 18th, 2012, 06:43 PM   #12
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awesomely breathtaking....
this is one big museum topped by the gilded altar of the Salvador.
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Old April 19th, 2012, 03:28 AM   #13
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wow!!! these cities are incredible!!
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Old April 19th, 2012, 07:49 PM   #14
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Thank you guys! I'll post more later.
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Old April 19th, 2012, 10:15 PM   #15
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Waiting for them
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Old April 20th, 2012, 02:46 PM   #16
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St Pedro church, with a 1600 renaissance facade.







Marquis of Guadiana palace, now is getting into a hotel.



St Juan de la Cruz oratory, the saint died in Úbeda in 1591.



It was built in 1627 to host his tomb, but nowadays he's buried in Segovia. Pic by bocachete, from Wikipedia.



The potters quarter, "barrio de los alfareros", outer walls.



Now i'll post pics that are not mine, of places I didn't see. Busianos palace, 1568-1580. Pic by marilo marb, from minube.



This is the house of the groom Ortega, groom of Felipe II. It's only the 16th century facade, used as a street's arch. Pic by alb totxo, from Flickr.



Porceles house, early 17th century. Pics by Almudena, from minube.





The savages house was the residence of Vago waiter, early 16th century. It's for sell, call, call! Pic by Tres colores, from Panoramio.



The archeological museum it's in the "Mudéjar House", a 14th century palace.



Pib by trip advisor.



And let's end Úbeda with Santiago Hospital, a bit far from the city centre (1'5 km maybe). Really big dimensions, with a large facade with corner towers.



Diego de los Cobos, bishop in Jaén, demanded the building as a church, hospital, palace and funerary pantheon. It was built by Vandelvira in 1562-1575.





Relief over the door, with Santiago killing moors. Santiago really looks like Don Quixote!



Geometry and very studied proportions. The central courtyard.



The church's facade in the courtyard. Based on Vitruvio and other classics.



The church inside, with paintings covering the vaults.





One of the most important elements in the hospital, the stairs.



The vault over the staircase. Architectural paintings, grutescos, classical persons, heraldic themes...





Before the sacristy, Jonas and the whale paintings. Pic byubeda.com



The sacristy. Foto de ubeda.com



I finish Úbeda, but...

To be continue... with Baeza and others...
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Old April 24th, 2012, 11:04 AM   #17
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Only 10 km away from Úbeda it's Baeza, sister and historical rival. It's smaller, 16.000 inhabitants, and as Úbeda grew thanks to important families like the Cobos, Baeza grew thanks to official institutions, the monarchy, the church, the university...

It's medieval past is really important, its castle was impregnable and the city was known as "Royal nest of sparrowhawks".



Tower and memorial dedicated to a crossbowman company that protected the city.



Úbeda gate.







Aliatares tower is and old moorish tower 25 metres high built in the 12th century.



Constitution square is a big area, the market square since 16th century, gardend in the 19th.



The Estrella fountain is a memorial obelisk built in 1868.



Typical castilian square.



Bandstand.



Virgin memorial, 1854. At the back, the council balcony, built in 1684.



It was built so the important members of the city could follow the acts, the market and festivities from a good viewpoint.



At the other side, the 16th century alhóndiga (corn exchange?).



The Pópulo square, one of Baeza¡s most beautiful. At left, the old butcher's shop, the Pópulo house at the back, at right Jaén gate and at the back, the cathedral's tower.



The Lions fountain was made in 16th century, but the pieces are coming from Cástulo ibero-roman city, a 2nd century woman sculpture and lions.



The woman has been identified as Imilce, wife of Hannibal the carthaginian. At the back, the big Charles V coat of arms in the old slaughter.





The old butcher's shop built in early 16th century. In the ground floor was the slaughter, in the upper one the meat was sold.



Detail of one of the lions.



At right, Jaén gate, medieval. At left, Villalar arch, built in 1526 when Charles V was coming to the city.



Connection between Villalar arch and the Pópulo house.



Pópulo house was built in 1535 and hosted burocratic administrations.



To be continue...
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Old April 24th, 2012, 06:30 PM   #18
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thanks for the magnificent images on this thread....
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Old April 24th, 2012, 08:11 PM   #19
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Thanks to you!

A narrow street goes to the university, founded in 1538. The builing was finished in 1595.





Facade of the cloister. It stopped being an university in 1824. The spanish poet Antonio Machado was a teacher here being a school.





Cloister.





University chapel.



Sta Cruz church, it's relevant because it's one of the few romanic buildings in Andalucía. Andalucía was a moorish region (al-Andalus) when the romanic style was important (11th-12thcenturies).



It's a little late romanic church built in the beginning of 14th century, after the city was re-conquered in 1227.

[IMG][/IMG]



The apse is covered with gothic paintings, very bad preserved.



In front of the church is Jabalquinto palace. Was built in the late 15th century, in a spanish style: combines late gothic, flemish style, moorish influences, renaissance... Very similar to Infantado Palace in Guadalajara.



The facade has 2 columns with muqarnas capitals, and is covered with diamonds, coats of arms, gothic windows...







The muqarnas capitals, hispanomuslim influence.



Heraldic decoration.





The courtyard was built in 1599-1600, renaissance almost preparoque. Pic from ebaeza.com



Pic by pueblos-espana.



The most beautiful element is the stairs, baroque, made in 17th-18th centuries. It seems to me a lot to far orient decoration... Phillipines influence maybe? Pic by pueblos-espana.



Pic by Zarateman, from Wikipedia.



Lion in the stairs. Pic by Zarateman, from Wikipedia.



To be continue...
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Old April 24th, 2012, 10:38 PM   #20
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That's really nice !
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