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Old August 4th, 2006, 04:27 PM   #1
hkskyline
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THAILAND | Urban Transport Compilation

Thailand approves 3.8 billion dollar rail projects
1 August 2006

BANGKOK, Aug 1, 2006 (AFP) - Thailand on Tuesday approved three new rail projects in Bangkok worth a total of 145 billion baht (3.8 billion dollars) including the high-speed link which will run to the new international airport.

The Airport Link rail line will be 32 kilometers (20 miles) long and requires an overall budget of 42.3 billion baht, under the management of the State Railway of Thailand.

The two other light rail projects, assigned a budget of 103 billion baht, will be under responsibility of the Metropolitan Rapid Transit Authority (MRTA) which currently operates the capital's subway system.

"Projects will be developed with design-and-build concept with the finance ministry helping to seek and guarantee loans," government spokesman Surapong Suebwonglee told reporters.

Officials have said that the three new rail projects will be ready for use within three to four years.

Bangkok already has three light rail lines. The expansion is part of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's 44 billion dollar scheme to improve highways and public transport around the country.

The new Suvarnabhumi Airport, whose name means "golden land" in Thai, has already suffered years of delays due to construction problems and graft allegations. The government has set a tentative opening date of September 28.

But Surapong said that construction of the new airport was under budget despite the delays.

The transport ministry said original budget set for the new airport was 188 billion baht (4.94 billion dollars) but actually a total of 113 billion baht (2.99 billion dollars) has been spent in construction of the airport, which will be able to service 45 million passengers annually.

"That means Thailand had saved 75 billion baht in development of the new airport," Surapong said.
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Old June 15th, 2007, 06:38 PM   #2
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Airport train running late
10 June 2007
The Nation

The multibillion-baht Airport Rail Link from Makkasan to Suvarnabhumi is way behind schedule and over budget.

Last week experts met to thrash out how it can be saved before banks pull their support.

The link was started during the tenure of the deposed Thaksin Shinawatra government and there are allegations that poor planning and corruption sent costs spiralling from an original estimate of Bt25.9 billion to over Bt30 billion.

State Railway of Thailand (SRT) deputy governor Nakorn Chanthasorn said the situation was critical.

"Originally, we were supposed to pay for the link after it was completed. Politicians intervened and the previous Cabinet resolved that we would pay up 990 days after work commenced," he said.

"This means the SRT needs to find as much as Bt22.6 billion within the next few months. We are asking for a Cabinet solution."

Those familiar with the link said it was in trouble. Implementation was ill-planned and hurried because the Thaksin government wanted the 28-kilometre high-speed link completed soon after Suvarnabhumi Airport east of Bangkok opened.

The link is meant to dash passengers from the centre of the capital to the airport in 15 minutes. Already Shanghai has its maglev (magnetic levitation) train to Pudong, Kuala Lumpur an airport express-rail service and trains zoom travellers from Incheon International and Gimpo airports to Seoul Station.

Bangkok's link was originally due for completion on August 7 this year. About three months of trials would be required after that.

"Overall, planners were too optimistic. For instance, they assumed it would take just 90 days to access all construction sites along the route. "In reality it took as long as 700 days because of opposition by some landowners," Nakorn said.

Last week it was calculated the rail link is almost 50 per cent behind schedule.

The project's construction work is just under 54-per-cent complete. By now it should have been 98-per-cent done.

Work on electrical and mechanical systems is more than 70-per-cent finished but should be 96 per cent along the way.

Nakorn remained unsure about how much longer it would take before completion and what that would cost.

A recent compromise between the SRT and the project's builders secured an additional 463 days for construction.

Originally, the construction was to be paid for by contractors, who would be reimbursed by the state, with interest.

The latest number-crunching session calculated the project has cost Bt34.5 billion, including interest. That is over budget by one third.

Now that the SRT has to cough up after 990 days from the start of building, the bill is an initial Bt22.6 billion, including Bt1.4 billion in interest.

"If that's not paid, financial institutions could stop their support and construction will stop," Nakorn said.

One option is to stretch the loan term to require payment when building is finished. That will incur the SRT an additional Bt1.4 billion in interest charges.

Another is to refinance.

SRT board chairman Siva Saengmanee said a decision was due later this year.

Apart from the financial problems, the link will immediately start making operational losses.

"The [revenue] estimates are too optimistic. They expected one of every four Suvarnabhumi passengers would use the link service. How could this be possible when Hong Kong's system attracts just 8.5 per cent - and that connects the whole city," Nakorn asked.

Estimates ran at 87,700 passengers a day in the first year, rising to 402,700 passengers a day within 30 years. Expected daily income is Bt3.1 million in the first year and Bt19.7 million in the 30th. Break-even comes after 20 years.

"This is a costly lesson for Thailand as far as mega projects are concerned, especially the new mass-transit projects that start soon," said Suwat Wanisubut of the National Economic and Social Development Board.

"The problem stems from a lack of efficient planning and implementation mechanisms. Moreover, the processes we used are sensitive to political instability," he said.

To prevent a repeat of these mistakes, Suwat said better project transparency was required as was a "a paradigm shift for conducting mass-transit projects".

"In the past, planning focused on the supply side. Now, we need to focus on demand instead. That means we have to plan mass transit as a tool to help implement city planning," he said.

"We need to answer first what the future picture looks like and plan mass-transit projects to meet that reality. People need incentives to use mass transport and get out of their cars," Suwat said.

Thai National Health Foundation policy researcher Dr Paibul Suriyawongpaisal concurred: people need to be encouraged to use mass transport and they should have a say in how it is built.

"Mass transit is good for public health. Currently, problems related to the lack of mass transit - like bad air and unhealthy city people who don't exercise and eat poor food - are the cause of accumulated chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, cancers and respiratory problems.

"These account for 60 per cent to 70 per cent of all deaths. More mass transit will decrease those numbers," Paibul said.

"Transparency and public participation in projects will reduce corruption and improper political interference in mega projects," he added.

Suwat said self-reliance in technology and human resources was needed if Thailand was to reduce construction costs and operating and maintenance expenses.

"Otherwise, we will have to import both technology and experts, as we do today," he said.

Nakorn of the SRT supported Suwat. He said the current Skytrain and underground services were dependent on foreign technology and experts.

"Half of the cost of these projects is for foreign companies' technology and experts. People who control their operation and maintenance are foreigners," Nakorn said.

Suwat suggested looking to Korea. "It has planned its mass-transit projects well. Instead of importing technology and experts, it funded its own human resources with the cooperation of the state, universities and industry.

"After the first project was completed it had a great skill asset able to develop a second, and so on. Now Korea is looking to export this talent and technology.

"We are still dependent on foreigners even after we have built two mass-transit projects," Nakorn said.
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Old July 5th, 2007, 10:05 PM   #3
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The article contains a factual error: the AREX airport line stops at Gimpo Airport; it doesn't extend all the way to Seoul Station, and won't for a few more years. Overall, though, I agree that Korea has done a good job with transit. The 1997 financial crisis set a number of big projects back, but they seem to be moving forward again.
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Old July 8th, 2007, 09:48 AM   #4
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good for thailand. map plz.
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Old June 4th, 2008, 06:57 PM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sterlinglush View Post
The article contains a factual error: the AREX airport line stops at Gimpo Airport; it doesn't extend all the way to Seoul Station, and won't for a few more years. Overall, though, I agree that Korea has done a good job with transit. The 1997 financial crisis set a number of big projects back, but they seem to be moving forward again.
what the hell are you talking about

this is not korean rail? its thai
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Old June 5th, 2008, 09:40 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by blkarr0ws View Post
what the hell are you talking about

this is not korean rail? its thai
he is probably talking about the items in bold below.
Quote:
Originally Posted by hkskyline View Post
The link is meant to dash passengers from the centre of the capital to the airport in 15 minutes. Already Shanghai has its maglev (magnetic levitation) train to Pudong, Kuala Lumpur an airport express-rail service and trains zoom travellers from Incheon International and Gimpo airports to Seoul Station.
<snip>
Suwat suggested looking to Korea. "It has planned its mass-transit projects well. Instead of importing technology and experts, it funded its own human resources with the cooperation of the state, universities and industry.

"After the first project was completed it had a great skill asset able to develop a second, and so on. Now Korea is looking to export this talent and technology.
Cheers, m
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Old June 5th, 2008, 04:58 PM   #7
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oh..
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Old June 6th, 2008, 04:48 PM   #8
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Well when I was there a month ago the OLE was starting to be strung up along some sections, but other bits still looked a long way off completion. I reckon end of the year at the earliest.
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Old June 7th, 2008, 02:30 PM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by allurban View Post
he is probably talking about the items in bold below.

Cheers, m
Thank you.
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Old April 18th, 2012, 07:46 PM   #10
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THAILAND | Double-Decker Buses

VIP BUS

BANGKOK - HAT YAI




VIP BUS

BANGKOK - SURADTHANI

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Old April 18th, 2012, 07:52 PM   #11
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VIP BUS

BANGKOK - CHUMPORN



VIP BUS

BANGKOK - SURAD THANI










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Old April 18th, 2012, 08:05 PM   #12
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SIAM TRANSPORT

BANGKOK - HAD YAI - DANNOK




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Old April 18th, 2012, 10:28 PM   #13
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Those are not the regular line-buses in the city transportation system right? More like inter city buses.
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Old April 19th, 2012, 05:37 PM   #14
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yes , inter city buses.
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Old May 12th, 2016, 06:48 PM   #15
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THAILAND | Urban Transport Compilation

Phuket

Light Rail Transit - (60 km) - Construction in 2017





Patong Beach, Phuket, Thailand by Anton Parshin, on Flickr

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Khon Kaen

Tram - (26 km) - Construction in 2017






------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hat Yai

Monorail - (12.54 km) - Waiting for EIA





Credit: Khun Bentown
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Old May 12th, 2016, 07:03 PM   #16
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Old May 12th, 2016, 07:17 PM   #17
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Smart Bus

Currently in service in Khon Kaen. Will soon be introduced in Chiang Mai. Phuket and Pattaya will get theirs next year and be known as Transit Fast.










https://www.facebook.com/KhonKaenCit...type=3&theater


Khon Kaen University Version







https://www.facebook.com/KKU-Smart-T...3020566091442/

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Old May 12th, 2016, 07:42 PM   #18
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Thai Intercity Buses

Siam First Tour




http://www.rottourthai.com/showthrea...rst-Tour..2554


------------------------------------------------------------------------


Sombat Tour








------------------------------------------------------------------------


Nakhonchai Air










http://www.mu-ku-ra.com/2015/05/first-class-30.html

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Old May 14th, 2016, 12:05 PM   #19
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Khon Kaen Red line Tram (26 km)



Khon Kaen Tram project is currently under Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and is expected to get approval when EIA is done later this year. After approval, construction can then begin in 2017.

This tram is called red line and is part of Khon Kaen master plan networks of trams lines. The tram will have a width of 2,60 meters and its 3 car train can handle 180-200 passenger.

http://www.khonkaenlink.info/home/news/1920.html
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Old May 18th, 2016, 05:46 PM   #20
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Station design of Khon Kaen red line tram project













http://khonkaenthinktank.com
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