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Old December 25th, 2012, 10:30 AM   #101
m_1973
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Yes most of crops give much less than INR 100000 per ha of profit. We have large mango plantation and mango plantation almost touches sugarcane profits. (but profits are cyclic in nature)

The crisis we have is that with small land holdings saving are low. Because prices of land are high and people are unable to expand the farm land. With increase in family size farmers have reached a point where most have to leave farming otherwise survival is going to be difficult. Consolidation of land must happen (if we do not want crisis in near future) where farmer owns close to 5-10ha of land and rest moves out to cities.

price of land in Budelkhand area should not be more than 10-15lakhs per ha. Land here is not irrigated and is not as productive as western and central UP.
--------------------
Many / Most of things do not make sense in India but this is how the counrty is and we need to find solutions under the constraints.

UP earns almost 9000 crore per year from land/property registration. This means people have money to buy land at market rate/circle rate.




Quote:
Originally Posted by philebus View Post
Thanks, m_1973.

I accept your numbers. With prices in INR 70,000,000 per ha (US$500,000+ per acre), India may be unable to transition away from slums, build high speed quality roads, high speed railways, install sanitation system, build schools and universities, build hospitals in cities, etc.

Why?, because with poverty as widespread, who in India has that kind of money to buy the needed land, take risks and launch large projects? It feels as if a small 9-10% landowners are politically strong, well connected with media / social activitists, and are blocking the infrastructure and opportunities for the rest.

Paying too much for crops and land and large agri subsidies to a few may explain why the financial condition of states such as Uttar Pradesh, that is its total debt and fiscal deficit, is in a bad shape.

I have another question for you - what about others parts of Uttar Pradesh (and other states)? is it proper to assume other crops - pulses to wheat to rice to vegetables - yield a profit per acre that is much less that INR 100,000 per ha (~US$ 700 per acre)?


I am trying to figure out if expressways such as the A-L expressway concept, or 4 lane highways for that matter, may be more feasible in other parts of Uttar Pradesh / other states?
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Old December 26th, 2012, 02:05 PM   #102
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Yes, all policies must carefully address the needs of ALL the poor. There are poor who work on the farms, and poor who neither own land nor work on the farms.

Ignoring nine poor people to lavishly take care of one poor person is a questionable policy. Hurting nine poor people by paying too much to one poor is more so.

India has over 700 million people who live on less than $2 per day, or about $700 per year (see world bank data). It is unpersuasive to argue that India should pay a few hundred or few thousand land owners $60,000 or $90,000 per acre lumpsum upfront, while tens of millions fellow Indians have tough time making ends meet, while land prices in developed and developing parts of the world is 10 to 25 times cheaper.

The problem is that these land owners, with their political backers, can keep coming back for more and more money for that one acre, once the upfront US$ 60,000 per acre has been spent. Protests by a few thousand people and media headline stories are easy and very low cost way to block the needs and interests of the other 700+ million people.

If land is that expensive, or land owners unwilling to sell, why not consider elevated expressways?
We have a low level of education among most farmers. How are they going to get jobs if they dont have education? Consider the plight of an illiterate farmers whose land is taken away for a highway or expressway. What sort of a job is he going to get?

This also paves the way for the whole question of compensation. In the first stage land is acquired and the hiighway gets built. Migrants come from other places and build it, resulting often in locals not getting even low paying jobs. Then with highway development, urbanisation of a chaotic and bad kind rises. Malls come and so do housing complexes but basic facilities like elctricity, water, health and schools are missing.The rich use borewells and expensive private schools to avoid depending on the government.

The next stage is that slums grow because the poor cannot afford to commute long distances so they opt to live close by. The public transport facilities at housing sites near the expressway are often poor leading to growth in private car consumption and pollution. The original inhabitants who gave their land often spend all their money given as compensation on a big house, fancy cars, ACs etc and end up without money or land. This causes resentment.

How do we find a way out of this?
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Old December 26th, 2012, 03:43 PM   #103
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Originally Posted by Cosmicbliss View Post
We have a low level of education among most farmers. How are they going to get jobs if they dont have education? Consider the plight of an illiterate farmers whose land is taken away for a highway or expressway. What sort of a job is he going to get?
Please remember that your concern has been true and is true everywhere in our world. American farmers in 1950s-1970s, Chinese farmers in 1990s-2000s, Japanese farmers 1970s-1980s, Brazilian farmers in 1990s-2000s, Mexican farmers in 1990s-2000s, etc had low level of education - many never went to school, or did not complete high school. In many cases, schools are name sake only, the education they provide had little value - that is, they provided no skills making them useful to employers. Germany is probably one of the few exceptions where vocational schools do a good job.

Reality is that when companies and factories grow rapidly, companies provide training and skills, construction conglomerates and retail stores create all sorts of jobs - many of which do not require lot of education, rather require on the job training. Infrastructure and construction and factories/hospitals/industry create opportunity that lifted all boats everywhere in our world.

India has to go through the same evolution. Do not assume India's situation is unique or any different or hopeless.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Cosmicbliss View Post
This also paves the way for the whole question of compensation. In the first stage land is acquired and the hiighway gets built. Migrants come from other places and build it, resulting often in locals not getting even low paying jobs. Then with highway development, urbanisation of a chaotic and bad kind rises. Malls come and so do housing complexes but basic facilities like elctricity, water, health and schools are missing.The rich use borewells and expensive private schools to avoid depending on the government.

The next stage is that slums grow because the poor cannot afford to commute long distances so they opt to live close by. The public transport facilities at housing sites near the expressway are often poor leading to growth in private car consumption and pollution. The original inhabitants who gave their land often spend all their money given as compensation on a big house, fancy cars, ACs etc and end up without money or land. This causes resentment.

How do we find a way out of this?
Your concern is what I read in Indian media. Isn't it strange that 'before land is acquired' our concern is how the 'so called poor land owners' will survive, and that 'after the sale' our concern is these same 'so-called poor land owners' end up spending their money on big house, fancy cars, etc.?

Something does not make sense there. If lot of money was meant to ensure livelihood, they would have invested it in opportunities and income generating activity and self or kids education/training. But I have not read one media report that suggests that such a constructive and productive application of 'cash received after land acquisition' actually happens. In reality the 'assumed, helpless land owners' spend it all on short-lived conveniences is all I have read in the media reports. Why do you think this is? What does it tell us? Are we making the right assumptions in our concerns with land acquisition with projects such as A-L expressway?
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Old December 27th, 2012, 01:40 PM   #104
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Originally Posted by philebus View Post
Please remember that your concern has been true and is true everywhere in our world. American farmers in 1950s-1970s, Chinese farmers in 1990s-2000s, Japanese farmers 1970s-1980s, Brazilian farmers in 1990s-2000s, Mexican farmers in 1990s-2000s, etc had low level of education - many never went to school, or did not complete high school. In many cases, schools are name sake only, the education they provide had little value - that is, they provided no skills making them useful to employers. Germany is probably one of the few exceptions where vocational schools do a good job.

Reality is that when companies and factories grow rapidly, companies provide training and skills, construction conglomerates and retail stores create all sorts of jobs - many of which do not require lot of education, rather require on the job training. Infrastructure and construction and factories/hospitals/industry create opportunity that lifted all boats everywhere in our world.

India has to go through the same evolution. Do not assume India's situation is unique or any different or hopeless.



Your concern is what I read in Indian media. Isn't it strange that 'before land is acquired' our concern is how the 'so called poor land owners' will survive, and that 'after the sale' our concern is these same 'so-called poor land owners' end up spending their money on big house, fancy cars, etc.?

Something does not make sense there. If lot of money was meant to ensure livelihood, they would have invested it in opportunities and income generating activity and self or kids education/training. But I have not read one media report that suggests that such a constructive and productive application of 'cash received after land acquisition' actually happens. In reality the 'assumed, helpless land owners' spend it all on short-lived conveniences is all I have read in the media reports. Why do you think this is? What does it tell us? Are we making the right assumptions in our concerns with land acquisition with projects such as A-L expressway?

Well, if you give a guy earning Rs 100,000 a year, Rs 2 crore, theres every chance he will go wild spending it. Somebody needs to educate farmers in projects where a lot of land is taken that you have to invest, save and put a lumpsump in a bank account where the interest is enough to ensure his family a fairly decent life. Plus, industries coming near/along the expressway must give employment to the displaced persons.
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Old December 27th, 2012, 02:45 PM   #105
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Originally Posted by Cosmicbliss View Post
Well, if you give a guy earning Rs 100,000 a year, Rs 2 crore, theres every chance he will go wild spending it. Somebody needs to educate farmers in projects where a lot of land is taken that you have to invest, save and put a lumpsump in a bank account where the interest is enough to ensure his family a fairly decent life. Plus, industries coming near/along the expressway must give employment to the displaced persons.
Is this on top of the US$ 80,000 per acre (or US$ 500,000 per acre near or inside city), or instead of? If that one acre is providing US$ 750 per acre of maximum profit (see m_1973's numbers above), wouldn't the replacement value of all payments (upfront+installments+job) be generous if it is 3 or 4 times that US$ 750 per year income maximum the land can produce in total income per acre for everyone dependent on that acre?

Education and understanding is a good idea. Not only for the land owner, but the unemployed youth and the remaining 90% of the society that does not own land; everyone must understand the choices being forced on them by the land owners. Every INR 100,000 of extra upfront cost for land, every INR 100,000 in job guarantees to everyone with political leverage and media champion, plus interest expense from delays, will ultimately be paid by the society. Investors such as retiree investment funds must recover their hard earned savings which they invested to help build the infrastructure. Society must pay, and always pays. There is no free lunch, as they say, in theories of finance.

As it turns out, for yamuna expressway, installments versus upfront was offered, but land owners chose upfront. Media reports protests even now, but never mentions how much money per acre have the protesting land owners already received per acre, how much the land was yielding in income, and whether there is an imbalance.

At land costs topping US$ 80,000 per acre, many infrastructure projects and many industries become high risk, uneconomical and uncompetitive to investors. That $80,000 per rural acre is 15-25 times more expensive than rural land in developed nations, and even more than other southeast Asian countries. Industrial investment and industrial jobs will go to countries that offer less upfront capital at risk and better returns.

There wouldn't be as many potential high paying quality jobs to give, if the cost of doing business is excessive.

m_1973 - Do you have urban-rural split in that 9000 crores per year transaction rate? how many acres average transacted per year?

If rural land prices are 60 to 80 lacs per acre, and if inside town/city land prices in Uttar Pradesh are 2 to 3 crores per acre, assuming one uses a 100 lacs per acre average, we get 9000 acres per year (3600 ha) transacted - that seems like a tiny fraction of 1% of all land area in Uttar Pradesh. With about 200 million people, that is far far short of land transaction needed for housing projects and school building projects and other infrastructure projects necessary to empower the current youth and the next generation. That is very low average rate and nothing like China-style urban and rural development in recent times, or anything close to what Japan / US / Europe / others went through in last 5 decades.

Last edited by philebus; December 27th, 2012 at 02:51 PM.
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Old December 27th, 2012, 03:38 PM   #106
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60 to 80lacs per ha not acre is the price that is what I mentioned. Same is the price also mentioned in the A-L expressway concept report.

I do not have split of rural / urban distribution but all the info on land transaction in UP is online. Who bought which property at what price when can be looked at by anyone

http://registryoffice.up.nic.in/
The website list

-name of person
-details of property
-date of registry
-the price at which the transaction was done
-market price of property
-stamp duty paid

http://registryoffice.up.nic.in/report_online.aspx

Circle rate info
http://registryoffice.up.nic.in/rate_hindisearch.aspx

You have to search the website to get consolidated numbers for rural / urban areas

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m_1973 - Do you have urban-rural split in that 9000 crores per year transaction rate? how many acres average transacted per year?

If rural land prices are 60 to 80 lacs per acre, and if inside town/city land prices in Uttar Pradesh are 2 to 3 crores per acre, assuming one uses a 100 lacs per acre average, we get 9000 acres per year (3600 ha) transacted - that seems like a tiny fraction of 1% of all land area in Uttar Pradesh. With about 200 million people, that is far far short of land transaction needed for housing projects and school building projects and other infrastructure projects necessary to empower the current youth and the next generation. That is very low average rate and nothing like China-style urban and rural development in recent times, or anything close to what Japan / US / Europe / others went through in last 5 decades.
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Old December 27th, 2012, 03:51 PM   #107
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Land acquisition policy on UP Govt

Latest land acquisition policy of UP
http://registryoffice.up.nic.in/land...icy%202011.pdf

UP govt under its land acquisition policy (latest one) agreed to pay INR 23,000 per acre for good 33years. UP govt also agreed to increase the payment by INR 800 every year.
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Old December 28th, 2012, 11:37 AM   #108
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Thanks m_1973. It appears from those links that land transactions in Uttar Pradesh are far lower than other major emerging economies.

You had mentioned that farmers in India derive income from agriculture output as well as livestock. I looked into it, to determine what is the average income generated per acre every year in India, when both farm crop income and livestock income are considered. Here is what I get for 2010-2011 (see source data here):

Total arable land in India is about 400 million acres.

Average rural farm crop income = INR 1093806 crores / 400 million acres = about INR 27,000 / acre = US$ 500 / acre

Average rural livestock income = INR 260300 crores / 400 million acres = about INR 6,500 / acre = US$ 120 / acre

Total income per acre per year = about US$ 620

To provide a replacement US$ 620 per year income to a land owner with farm+livestock income currently,
fixed deposit needed in a bank paying at least India's Reserve Bank rate of 8% = 620 / 0.08 = US$ 7750 per acre of land acquired = about INR 4.25 lacs per acre acquired

If a job is provided with guaranteed annual income after land acquisition, the deposit needed per acre may be lowered.

These are averages for India. Some land may yield less income, some more as our discussion thread above shows. I am looking for data to do an equivalent land acquisition fair price analysis for Uttar Pradesh and A-L expressway.
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Old December 28th, 2012, 05:55 PM   #109
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FWIW, I just noted that the agriculture GDP (GDI/income) reported by Govt of India includes crop, fishing, forrestry and such activities in India. Fishing and forrestry is currently about 20% of India's agriculture GDP. Since expressways such as A-L, and highways in rural areas do not need acquisition of rivers or ocean surface etc, we should take out those elements to determine minimum fair price from equivalent crop-from-land income. This adjustment gives an average crop income as US$ 400 per acre per year from India's 400 million acre of farming land.

Adding in livestock income implies, on average, an acre of rural land in India generates about US$ 520 per year of crop-plus-livestock income, to everyone dependent on that acre (landlord, workers, etc.). A fixed deposit of US$ 6500 per acre acquired, earning Reserve Bank of India's benchmark 8% rate, would generate a perpetual annuity income of US$ 520 for the landlord and his or her family. If job guarantees are provided, the fixed deposit can and should be lower.

In other words, A-L expressway project that proposes to acquire land at US$ 60,000 per acre is paying 10 times in tax payer money than what the land earning potential in perpetuity is. This applies to all highway and infrastructure projects in India.

One other question, m_1973 - is sugarcane grown every year on the same acre, or is sugarcane crop rotated every 1-2-3 years in India, for better yields? Crop rotation is typical in other major sugarcane growing regions of the world (Brazil, e.g. - the world's largest sugarcane producer).
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Old December 29th, 2012, 02:10 PM   #110
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sugarcane grown every year and in UP area under it is increasing because of good price

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FWIW, I just noted that the agriculture GDP (GDI/income) reported by Govt of India includes crop, fishing, forrestry and such activities in India. Fishing and forrestry is currently about 20% of India's agriculture GDP. Since expressways such as A-L, and highways in rural areas do not need acquisition of rivers or ocean surface etc, we should take out those elements to determine minimum fair price from equivalent crop-from-land income. This adjustment gives an average crop income as US$ 400 per acre per year from India's 400 million acre of farming land.

Adding in livestock income implies, on average, an acre of rural land in India generates about US$ 520 per year of crop-plus-livestock income, to everyone dependent on that acre (landlord, workers, etc.). A fixed deposit of US$ 6500 per acre acquired, earning Reserve Bank of India's benchmark 8% rate, would generate a perpetual annuity income of US$ 520 for the landlord and his or her family. If job guarantees are provided, the fixed deposit can and should be lower.

In other words, A-L expressway project that proposes to acquire land at US$ 60,000 per acre is paying 10 times in tax payer money than what the land earning potential in perpetuity is. This applies to all highway and infrastructure projects in India.

One other question, m_1973 - is sugarcane grown every year on the same acre, or is sugarcane crop rotated every 1-2-3 years in India, for better yields? Crop rotation is typical in other major sugarcane growing regions of the world (Brazil, e.g. - the world's largest sugarcane producer).
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Old January 3rd, 2013, 05:38 PM   #111
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Feedback Infra and Redecon selected as consultants by UP govt for six lane Lucknow-Agra expressway

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/...w/17874253.cms


LUCKNOW: The state government has selected a consortium of Feedback Infrastructure Services and Redecon as the project development consultant for the six lane access controlled Agra to Lucknow expressway.

The greenfield expressway would be built under the Public Private Partnership model with minimum distance and minimum agricultural land formula and is expected to reduce the travel time between Lucknow to Agra to 3 hours from the present six hours.

The project development consultant was finalised by the consultant evaluation committee in a meeting headed byInfrastructure & Industrial Development Commissioner (IIDC) Anil K Gupta. The meeting was attended by Chairman & Chief Executive Officer (CCEO) UP Expressways Industrial Development Authority, Mukul Singhal, Special Secretary, Infrastructure Development -Sumant Singh and senior officials of departments of Finance, Law, Planning, Forest, Environment, etc.

Financial bids of two technically qualified bidders, namely consortium of Feedback Infrastructure Services with Redecon (India) and consortium of Egis India Consulting Engineers with Ernst & Young were opened. Feedback Infrastructure Services in consortium Redecon was found to have quoted the lowest financial bid for providing services.

The project development consultant would undertake preparation of techno-economic feasibility report (TEFR) and detailed project report (DPR) of the expressway.

It will also provide assistance to prospective bidders to assess the project requirements in a clear and predictable manner and to implement the project on PPP basis through a ""concessionaire"" by a competitive bidding process. Besides, facilitation in obtaining various clearances will be undertaken by the selected consultant.
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Old February 12th, 2013, 06:01 PM   #112
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sugarcane grown every year and in UP area under it is increasing because of good price

sugar price to growers is dictated by the state government, which gives an automatic increase every year

sugar imports are eroding this cosy business

sugar biz is in trouble - maybe land prices will come down

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-0...ate-india.html

Last edited by carrera7; February 12th, 2013 at 06:25 PM.
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Old February 19th, 2013, 07:54 PM   #113
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लखनऊ एक्सप्रेस वे को सर्वेक्षण शुरू

http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/...-10147630.html

जागरण संवाददाता, आगरा: मुख्यमंत्री अखिलेश यादव एक तरफ बजट में आठ लेन के आगरा-लखनऊ एक्सप्रेस वे के लिए बजट प्रावधान घोषित कर रहे थे। यहां धरातल पर भी काम शुरू हो गया है। सबसे पहले सर्वेक्षण हो रहा है। इसके लिए आगरा से मैनपुरी सेक्शन के बीच सात टीमें सक्रिय हो गई हैं। एक्सप्रेस वे जमीन से कम से कम एक मीटर ऊंचा एलीवेटेड रोड जैसा होगा।

आगरा से लखनऊ के बीच की दूरी 350 किमी के लगभग है, जबकि आगरा-नोएडा एक्सप्रेस वे 165 किमी लंबा है। दोनों एक्सप्रेस वे को जोड़ने के लिए कुबेरपुर और कलाल खेड़िया के बीच लिंक करने वाली रिंग रोड होगी।

कुछ खास

-एक्सप्रेस वे बरौली विकास खंड के कलाल खेड़िया से शुरू होगा।

-बुरेहड़ा मोड़ पर इंटरचेंज के माध्यम से इसका एलाइनमेंट होगा, जो फतेहाबाद में यमुना नदी पार करेगा।

-लखनऊ एक्सप्रेस वे की 10 किमी की दूरी इनर रिंग रोड में समाहित होगी।

-किसानों की जमीन अधिग्रहण का कार्य आपसी सहमति के आधार पर होगा।

-चालू वित्तीय वर्ष में ही डीपीआर तैयार हो जाएगी।

-मई-जून में निर्माण एवं संचालन के प्रचलित मॉड्यूल पर निजी निवेशक की तलाश का काम किया जाएगा।

सर्वे के आधार पर ही तैयार होंगी रिपोर्ट

सर्वे का काम फीडबैक इन्फ्रास्ट्रक्चर सर्विस लि. और रैडीकोन (इंडिया) प्राइवेट लिमिटेड की संयुक्त देखरेख में किया जा रहा है। आधिकारिक जानकारी के अनुसार अध्ययन के आधार पर टेक्नो इकोनॉमिक फिजिबिलिटी रिपोर्ट (टीईएफआर) और विस्तृत परियोजना रिपोर्ट (डीपीआर) तैयार की जायेगी।

छह घंटे की दूरी घटाने का लक्ष्य

कंसल्टेंट का मुख्य लक्ष्य लखनऊ-आगरा के बीच छह घंटे की दूरी को घटाकर साढ़े तीन घंटे करना है। साथ ही वर्तमान में लखनऊ से आगरा होकर दिल्ली (ग्रेटर नोएडा) पहुंचने में लगने वाले समय को नौ घंटे से कम करके पांच घंटे करना होगा।

बाहरी परिधि के जनपदों को जोड़ने के लिए बनेंगी सड़कें

एक्सप्रेस वे आगरा से शुरू होकर फीरोजाबाद, शिकोहाबाद, इटावा, मैनपुरी, कन्नौज, हरदोई, मलिहाबाद होते हुए लखनऊ पहुंचेगा। इसकी बाहरी परिधि में पड़ने वाले जनपदों तक आने-जाने के लिये सड़कों का निर्माण अलग से होगा। इसके लिये भी एलाइनमेंट और डीपीआर तैयार करने का काम सर्वेक्षण में शामिल है।

सभी डीएम को सहयोग के निर्देश

ग्रीन फील्ड प्रोजेक्ट के लिए यूपी एक्सप्रेस वे इंडस्ट्रियल अथॉरिटी को नोडल एजेंसी बनाया गया है। इसके मुख्य कार्यकारी मुकुल सिंघल सभी जिलाधिकारियों को सहयोग के लिए निर्देश दे चुके हैं।
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Old February 19th, 2013, 09:20 PM   #114
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Great.
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Old February 20th, 2013, 09:04 AM   #115
OldKool
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UP will boast two of the longest and most advanced expressways though I seriously wish that Upper Ganga canal one gets approval because that stretch is miserable.
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Old February 21st, 2013, 03:14 PM   #116
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Great.
what does the hindi report state?
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Old February 22nd, 2013, 02:39 AM   #117
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Survey has began. 7 teams between Agara - Mainpuri have started operating.
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Old February 22nd, 2013, 12:08 PM   #118
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I hope the quality is like YE, hope it does not become KMP expressway
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Old April 5th, 2013, 01:39 PM   #119
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RFQ Notice for Expressway

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Old April 5th, 2013, 01:46 PM   #120
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Project Salient Features

Agra to Lucknow Access Controlled Expressway (Green Field) Project

The proposed Six-lane expandable to eight lanes access-control Agra-Lucknow Expressway Project with service road on either side will extend the connectivity of the State Capital with National capital with High Speed Corridor. The start point of the project expressway is at proposed Agra Ring Road near village Madra/north of Katara village and south of River Yamuna. It is about 9 km from NH-2 or end point of Yamuna Expressway and ends near proposed Lucknow Ring Road near village Kathipara, which is located 5.0 km south of village Kakori and South of Sarda Canal (Lucknow). The expressway is a Greenfield project with an approximate length of 270Kms and provisions (ROB/RUB, Interchange or Flyover) would be
made to ensure that uninterrupted traffic flow. The Expressway will be connected to existing and potential commercial/agriculture hubs such as Firozabad, Shikohabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Kannauj & Malihabad etc. by construction of four link roads (total of 63.53Kms) by the concessionaire. The construction period assumed for the completion of the proposed expressway project and link roads is 3 years.

· Details of roads to be constructed -

Agra - Lucknow Expressway 269.7Km and following four Link Roads 63.53Km:

1. Agra Link Road (8.67 km) – to be developed as 6-lane divided carriageway. This will be a part of proposed Agra Ring Road.
2. Firozabad Link Road (15.01km) – to be developed as 4-lane divided carriageway.
3. Kannauj Link Road (26.0 km) – to be developed as 4-lane divided carriageway.
4. Lucknow Link Road (13.86 km) – to be developed as 6-lane divided carriageway.

The Project is envisaged to be executed by private entrepreneurs through SPV on Design, Build, Finance and Operate and Transfer (DBFOT) model to keep pace with the forth coming economic development within the State.

Items Parameters / Nos.

Design Speed 120 Kmph
Lane width 3.75 m
Median (Min) 4.5 m
Median side paved strip (Shy distance) 0.75 m
3-Lane carriageway 11.25 m
Paved Shoulder 3.0 m
Average Embankment Height 3.0 – 5.0 m
Structures & Embankment To be constructed for 8 lane
Pavement Construction To be constructed for 6 lane
NH Crossings 4
SH Crossings 7
MDR 5
Village Road/track Crossing 186
Railway Crossings 3
River Crossings River Yamuna and River Ganga & 9 others

Canal Crossings 39
Flyover/Interchange 9
ROB 3
MJB 3
MNB 40
PUP / Cattle Crossing 107
VUP 29
Balancing Culverts 270
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