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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:19 PM   #1
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MARS ONE - Making a Mars settlement a reality!

Ahoi!

So this baby deserves a thread of its own.

The bolt initiative of Mars One plans to establish a human colony on our galactic neighbor in 2023.




Its introduction video that features the mission plan now is available with subtitles in different languages:

Just check the YT page for subs: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4tgkyUBkbY
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:25 PM   #2
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The mission plan

“Mars One is an extraordinarily daring initiative by people with vision and imagination,” says Mars One Ambassador and physics Nobel prize winner Gerard ‘t Hooft. “This project seems to me to be the only way to fulfill dreams of mankind’s expansion into space.”

Mars One founder is entrepreneur Bas Lansdorp, co-founder of Ampyx Power, a technology start-up company that is developing the PowerPlane, a device that can extract energy from the wind more economically than wind turbines.


The sequence of the mission looks as follow (also check: Mars One Roadmap)...

(See also: Post at this thread)

2013: Crowdsourced selection of first four astronauts; a replica of the Mars settlement built in the desert to help the astronauts prepare and train, and to test the equipment — all carried on TV.

Simulated Mars base (credit: Mars One)

2014: Production of the first Mars communication satellite.


2016: Supply mission launched for Mars — to land October 2016 with its cargo: 2500 kilograms of food.

Supply mission

2018: Robotic exploration vehicle lands on Mars to pick best location for the settlement.

Mars One rover

2021: Two living units, two life support units, a second supplies unit and another rover create a habitable settlement.

Robots create Mars colony habitation

2022: Liftoff on the future SpaceX Falcon 9 Heavy.


2023: Landing on a lander built by SpaceX, likely a special variant of the Dragon capsule.


2025: Second group of four astronauts lands.


All image credit and information from: Mars One and Kurzweil AI


"The Mars One Colony when established in 2025 (the first setters should arrive in 2023). "June of 2025 is when the second group lands. They are received by their predecessors, who have completed the construction of their living habitats in which both groups take up residence. The second group have also brought new hardware with them, opening up even more possibilities. An example could be a bigger Rover, which enables them to discover even more of their new home planet." (As of Mars One Timeline)" - From Wiki Commons
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:28 PM   #3
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And now there also is a smooth interview with Bas Lansdorp, creator of Mars One:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75ah6L10wfA
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:28 PM   #4
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Get your ass to Mars!

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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:29 PM   #5
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I know people are lazy, so I'll put the main FAQ here.
I hope this helps clarifying the most requested aspects about the mission of Mars One.

If you have any more questions or remarks left, don't hesitate to post here.


Perhaps the most interesting question to begin with:

Why should we go to Mars?

Why did Columbus travel west? Why did Marco Polo head east? Because it is that pull, that unknown, that prospect of adventure that compels mankind.

There are a number of reasons to travel to Mars.

The first is the realization of an amazing dream! Sending a manned mission to Mars is a fantastic adventure. Imagine living on another planet, millions of miles from the Earth; looking up into the sky with the knowledge that one of the 'stars' is actually the planet you were born on.
Who can even envision the incredible feeling of being the first human in history to step out of the capsule and leave your footprint on the surface of Mars? By this we implore you to not just think of that feeling for the astronaut, but the experience for all those watching back home. Those who observed Neil Armstrong land on the Moon all those years ago still remember every detail – where they were, who they were with and how they felt. This will be our moment, in 2023.

A second reason is good, old-fashioned curiosity. Where did Mars come from? Can it teach us about Earth's history? Is there life on Mars? These are just three of the hundreds of burning questions for scientists all over the world.

Thirdly: progress. You could say that sending people to Mars is 'the next giant leap for mankind'. This mission will jumpstart massive developments in all kinds of areas, a few examples being in recycling, solar energy, food production and the advancement of medical technology.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/22-faq...-we-go-to-mars
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:30 PM   #6
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Regarding Moon vs. Mars - Mars is the obvious choice for a first settlement, as it's way more habitable than the Moon.

Why Mars? Why not another planet?

After the Earth, Mars is the most habitable planet in our solar system. Its soil contains water and it isn't too cold or too hot. There is enough sunlight to use solar panels and its gravity is 40% that of our Earth's, which is most probably sufficient for the human body to cope with healthily. It has an atmosphere, albeit a thin one, that offers protection from cosmic and the Sun's radiation. An important point is also the day/night rhythm, which is very similar to ours here on Earth: a Mars day is 24 hours and all of 40 minutes.

The only other two celestial bodies close enough are our Moon and Venus. There are far fewer nutrients and vital elements on the Moon, and a Moon day takes, well, a month. It also does not have an atmosphere to form a barrier against radiation. Venus is an veritable purgatory. The average temperature is over 400 degrees, the barometric pressure is that of 900 meters underwater on Earth, and the cherry on top comes in the form of occasional bouts of acid rain. It also has nights that last for 120 days. Humans cannot live on Mars without the help of technology, but compared to Venus it's paradise!


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/22-faq...another-planet
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:31 PM   #7
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What is the Mars One business model?

The goal of Mars One is to place humans on Mars in 2023. A private company can only do that with a profitable business case.

The business model
A human Mars mission will attract attention from everyone in the world. The three weeks around the launch and the three weeks around landing there will be world wide attention comparable to or even superior to the Olympics.
After landing, large audiences will return regularly to check how the people on Mars are doing.

In this table you can see how much revenue is generated by the Olympics per four year period. Each four year period includes three weeks for the Summer Olympics and three weeks for the Winter Olympics.


Source: Olympic Marketing Fact File, page 6.

Public interest will be smaller before launch, but selection procedures and training in the analog station in the desert will also be very interesting content. The sheer fact that humans are going to Mars will attract a large and very interested audience.

Funding gap
The potential benefits for sponsors and investors are clear, but Mars One's challenge lies in convincing potential sponsors and investors that our plan really is feasible. This will be done by completing technical milestones, starting with conceptual design studies by our suppliers. Every technical milestone will further increase the feasibility of the Mars mission and will be used to generate additional media exposure.

Will the media content and reality TV stay interesting?
There is a big difference between the Apollo missions, the ISS and our mission. Our mission will be one of exploration. Furthermore the peope who get to go to Mars will be selected - at least in part - by the audience such that they will be interesting people to watch.

The reason that public interest in watching the moon landings diminished rapidly after the initial landing was due to the fact that nothing really new happened after the first time. In our plan, you will experience life on Mars through our astronaut's eyes. All their experiences and discoveries will be new for them and for us.
They are not just "doing their job" but they are living their lives with all the emotions and feelings that are part of life. And they are doing that in the most exciting place in the solar system. It is the human aspect that makes our Mars mission interesting for people. We have discussed this with many media experts.

After the first group of four, many groups will follow. The selection procedure and the training missions will be a constant source of revenues.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/23-faq...business-model
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:31 PM   #8
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Why reality TV to finance the mission?
Mars One's goal is to to land people on Mars by 2023. As entrepreneurs we think that the only way this is possible in the near term is by doing it commercially. And the only business case that we think is feasible is creating a media spectacle around it. Read more about our business model.

From the business point of view, the media spectacle is interesting because you can generate revenues and get the interest of sponsors before actually going to Mars. If you have a realistic alternative business cases, we are very interested, please send an email to info [at] mars-one.com.

Besides the fact that the media spectacle is the only way to finance the mission, it is also just really interesting for all the people remaining on Earth to see the first human settlement on a new planet live. A manned mission to Mars is one of the most exciting, inspiring and ambitious adventures that mankind can take on. We see this as a journey that belongs to us all.

We expect millions of applications for the jobs of the astronauts, but only four people get to go. All the applicants who did not make it will at least be able to experience their dream second-hand. And all the people on Earth who would never leave their life on Earth, but are intrigued by the prospect of humans settling on Mars, will also be able to watch. Before humans depart to Mars, there will be updates on progress, astronaut selection, astronaut training and videos from the unmanned Mars missions.


What kind of reality TV will it be?
Reality TV has a very negative ring to it. This is caused in part by recent programs that try to make the show juicy enough to attract enough viewers. This will not be required for the Mars One mission: the adventure of going to Mars and settling on a new planet is exciting enough by itself. We confidently predict that as the project matures and activities develop on the planet our global audience will remain interested. There will be major events like the first wedding on Mars or perhaps the discovery of life on Mars.

Imagine that we had video recordings of Columbus' journey in 1492!

If the Mars mission is brought to you as reality TV, you will see how the astronauts land on Mars, start construction on their habitat, cooperate, discuss, laugh and live. If this were organized by a space agency, all you would get to see are the weekly one-hour updates.


Will the astronauts have enough privacy?
The astronauts give up part of their privacy, but they will have their own private space; parts of the habitats on Mars won't have cameras.
In return for giving up part of their privacy, the astronauts get to live their dream. They are going to be the first humans on Mars! They will be selected from millions of applicants. They will be very smart, stable and healthy people that make a very conscious decision. They will also receive training to help them cope with being stuck with each other indefinitely. Mars One will build an analog base in a desert where all final groups will be tested for several times (e.g. once per two years) for about three months in Mars-like conditions, including the cameras. Until they leave Earth they can always back out.

If you are a person who dreams of going to Mars, would you turn down the opportunity if cameras were coming along?


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/23-faq...ce-the-mission
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:32 PM   #9
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How much does the mission cost?

Mars One estimates the cost of putting the first four people on Mars at about six billion US dollars.

This number has been determined as follows: The mission design was split up into a number of very large components, as described in the technology chapter. Mars One identified one or more potential suppliers for each component, and discussed its cost during the meetings we had with the companies.
It needs to be stressed that the figure of six billion dollars is an estimate. For some of the components, the cost can be projected quite accurately. The price of a Falcon Heavy launcher for example, which Mars One plans to use, is mentioned on Space Exploration Technologies' website. For other components, like the rover, the cost is trickier to pin down.
Mars One has also made estimates of the operational expenditures. The six billion figure is the cost of all the hardware combined, plus the operational expenditures, plus margins.

Mars One is now looking for a round of funding to pay our potential suppliers to perform conceptual design studies, which will result in more accurate calculations of the cost of each component and its mass. With the results of these studies, Mars One will have a much better indication of the mission's price and will have a far rounder, more detailed case to present for a new round of sponsorship or investment.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/22-faq...e-mission-cost
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:33 PM   #10
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How has Mars One managed to work out the dates already?

The exact dates and years that we plan to execute the various stages of our plan were chosen for the beneficial position they put us in, astronomically speaking. We explain below how this can be.



You need a great deal of energy to travel from Earth to Mars, which is why it is of vital importance that you choose the route that will use up the least amount. This route that takes you from Earth’s orbit to that of Mars is called the ‘Hohmann Transfer Orbit’. As the adjacent illustration shows, you leave Earth facing one side of our sun, and arrive at Mars on the opposite.

It is possible to extrapolate when you need to launch in order to take this course, and it is these calculations that have given us the dates for our missions.

This is a simplification of the process, as both Earth and Mars’ orbits are not perfect circles, and when determining the course to Mars we also kept the maximum travel time in mind for the astronauts.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/23-faq...-dates-already
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:33 PM   #11
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Is this a sustainable mission?

A sustainable base on Mars is capable of generating its own power, sustenance and provisions.

Solar panels can generate all of the settlement's energy with only sunlight as fuel. The base will also recycle as much as they can to avoid more resources having to be sent from Earth or having to delve for more in the local air and soil.

When it comes to provisions, their independence will increase steadily, starting with their own production of oxygen and water when they land. The first four will also be carrying a device similar to a portable greenhouse, that will allow them to grow their own food.

As more astronauts start arriving it will become necessary for them to build certain supplies themselves, rather than relying on Earth. Two examples are:
  • A method to construct additional living area.
  • A machine that makes plastic, so they can create plastic products or foils.

Will the mission be harmful to Mars' environment?
Nutrients are scarce on Mars. They either need to be imported from Earth, or extracted from the ground or atmosphere. Solar panels, which will also be launched from Earth, will generate the settlement's electricity. All of this means that the Mars base will be forced to recycle just about everything, and pay close attention to its energy use. A Mars resident will have a much smaller ecological footprint than that of the average person on Earth.

In addition to this, the settlement itself shall greatly improve our sustainability efforts on Earth.
Mars' necessity to recycle everything will provide a high-profile boost to our recycling industry, as will the demand for lightweight solar panel technology. New methods of cultivating crops and growing plants on Mars will also teach us on Earth a great deal about these industries, as we learn how to improve our environment from experiences on another planet.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/20-faq...inable-mission
http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/20-faq...rs-environment
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:34 PM   #12
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Regarding heavily discussed ethics:

Is it ethical to send people to Mars?

We want to emphasize a number of issues:
  • A ‘one way’ trip (or, in other words: emigration) to Mars is currently the only way we can get people on Mars within the next 20 years.
    This in no way excludes the possibility of a return flight at some point in the future.
    It is likely that technological progress will make this less complex down the line, not to mention the fact that once the planet is inhabited, it will be that much easier to build the returning rocket there. This means that in time it could be possible for astronauts to return to Earth at some point in the future, should they want to do so;
  • Mars One will take every possible precaution to ensure the journey to Mars will be as safe as can be;
  • All those emigrating will do so because they choose to. They will receive extensive preparatory training so that they fully know what to expect. Astronauts that have passed the selection process can always choose not to join the mission at any time, and at any point during preparations. Back-up teams will be ready to replace any crew member that drops out, even at the very last minute.
  • Our first and foremost priority is to offer the people on Mars as high a quality of life as we can, which encompasses the following:
  1. Unlimited access to email and other communication channels to keep in touch with friends and family back on Earth;
  2. As many exploration and experimentation opportunities as are available;
  3. The means to build and develop as much as they can themselves. They can work on the expansion of their Mars base and use the new rooms as they wish.

Our second priority is to have at least four people emigrate every two years, so that the community continues to grow.


Despite all of the above, it still sounds rather extreme nowadays to only offer a one way trip, but it bears mentioning that thousands of Europeans agreed to do just that – they took all they owned and moved to Australia, for example. That agreement did not come with a return ticket. The boat went back, but that did not mean they could afford to go with it. Maybe they could buy another ticket after saving up for a few years – just like our astronauts could build a rocket after some time.

The emigrants of the 60s could never have imagined that, 30 years later, they would be able to fly back to Europe for a small amount. Perhaps, at some point, a trip to Mars will become just as commonplace.

Considering all of the above, we do indeed think it is ethically conscientious to allow people to emigrate to Mars.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/19-faq...s-this-ethical
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:34 PM   #13
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How will the astronauts be chosen?

Mars One will kick off the selection process in 2013. This will start with a call broadcasted on our website, describing the type of people we are offering the spot to. Because we are not burdened with political prejudice or partiality, absolutely anyone is free to apply for the job. As is a common theme in our mission statement, it is the quality of the application that determines the outcome, not the place of origin.

An early selection round will undoubtedly leave a group of eminently suitable candidates. However, the astronauts who will eventually be making the actual journey to Mars need to be more than suitable: they must be extraordinary. They will be mankind's eyes and ears, representing us all and be examples of what it is like to live on Mars. All remaining on Earth who are eager to know more about this experience will be able to, through our astronauts.

That's why it is so crucial to have them chosen by the population of the world. Who do you think would be best? Who do you want representing you, showing you their new planet, sharing their experiences?

Those selected will be placed into a number of groups, four strong, and put through training programs.
The astronauts that go into training will become employees of Mars One and will receive a salary.

Those first few individuals on Mars will go down in history. People will still know who took those monumental first steps a thousand year from now, and for the first time ever, you will be able to chime in and help decide just who will populate the history books!


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/21-faq...auts-be-chosen
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:35 PM   #14
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What will the astronauts do on Mars?

Our astronauts will be busy performing two main tasks: construction and research.

When we say construction we are referring chiefly to the settlement. We want the astronauts to have the chance to build their settlement as soon as possible. In part for the next group who will be arriving two years later, but also to keep improving their immediate environment. Once they have a construction method suitable for Mars, they can add a new, bigger section to the settlement. They could construct a space 10 meters high, wide, and 50 meters long if they wished to do so, and cultivate trees and bamboo for future projects. This adds diversity and interest to life on Mars.

Research is also an important capacity. Is there life on Mars now? Was there ever? What is its history? Did it used to have oceans? All these questions and more need answers.

For more details also read Mankind on Mars
.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/22-faq...uts-do-on-mars
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:36 PM   #15
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Will the astronauts have enough water, food and oxygen?

Our astronauts will be settling on Mars indefinitely. It's not feasible to send water, oxygen and food from Earth to the astronauts: they will produce those on Mars.

Water
On Mars, water can be extracted from the soil. The Rover will select the location for the settlement primarily based on the water content in the soil. We expect this to be at a latitude of between 40 and 45 degrees North. Water extraction will be performed by the life support units. The Rover will deposit soil into a water extractor in the life support units. The water extractor will heat the soil until the water evaporates. The evaporated water will be condensed and stored, the dry soil expelled, and the process repeated to extract more water.

About 1500 liters of reserve water will be stored in each Life Support Unit, which will be consumed primarily at night, and during periods of protracted low power availability, for example during dust storms.
Since Mars has gravity, water can be used in the same way as on Earth. There will be regular showers, toilets and a washing machine. Each astronaut will be able to use about 50 liters of water per day. The water will be recycled, which takes much less energy than extracting it from the Martian soil. Only water that can not be recycled will be replaced by water extracted from the soil.

Oxygen
Oxygen can be produced by splitting water into its constituent parts, hydrogen and oxygen. The oxygen will be used to provide a breathable atmosphere in the Living Units, and a proportion will be stored in reserve for conditions when there is less power available, for example at night, and during dust storms.

The second major component of the Living Units' atmosphere, nitrogen, will be extracted directly from the Martian atmosphere by the Life Support Unit.

Food
When the astronauts land, there will be limited rations of food available for them to use. As soon as possible however, they will begin producing their own food. The astronauts will make use of highly intensive greenhouses called Plant Production Units. There will be sufficient plant production capacity to feed about three crews of four. Any plant production surplus will be stored as emergency rations for the second crew, and for other emergencies.

During winter, when less power is available, less food will be produced.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/20-faq...ood-and-oxygen
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:37 PM   #16
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Is it safe to live on Mars?

Living on Mars cannot be considered entirely risk-free, in particular during the first few years. Just like any situation that can be considered out of the ordinary, there are a number of elements that could pose a problem:
  • An essential component of the settlement could break
  • There is a chance that an astronaut might not survive if his or her Mars Suit were to become seriously damaged during a mission outside of the habitat
  • Certain medical conditions are not treatable on Mars

Obviously, Mars One will extensively examine and trial-run all elements of the mission beforehand to pre-empt any mishaps – especially the settlement's critical parts. This includes the Mars Suits, which will be designed to be as hardy as would be expected of them, and shall be tested on Earth to make sure they perform. The Units will also be kitted out with the most sophisticated medical equipment available to take care of as many different complaints as possible.

Having said that: of course Mars is no picnic. Living there is comparable to getting by on Antarctica, and provides similar challenges. However, the South Pole now has a number of very advanced, large research stations that boast a great deal of modern facilities that provide a good quality of life. These looked very different 50 years ago. The Mars settlement will develop in the same way.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/22-faq...o-live-on-mars
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:38 PM   #17
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Are other people working on Mars missions?

There are a few groups currently attempting to send people to Mars.

What makes Mars One’s approach unique? Read about that in Is this really possible?.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/23-faq...-mars-missions
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:38 PM   #18
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The last one for now:

And if it succeeds? Then what?

Our plan does not stop at the arrival of the first four. They will be followed by more groups, spaced every two years, which will eventually lead to the base becoming a small village. As a settlement, they will be able to produce more and more on their own. At first this will be limited to provisions, oxygen and water, but will soon expand to everything they might need: solar panels, new living quarters and plastic components. The settlement will develop as those habiting it become architects of their own environment.

In time a second base could be built at a different location on Mars. Mars has the same area of land as the Earth, because Mars has no oceans. Really, those first four in 2023 are just the beginning of our adventure.


http://mars-one.com/en/faq-en/23-faq...eeds-then-what



Let's get this rollin', ja!
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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:40 PM   #19
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I don't get it - is it a vision or will they actually settle a colony on Mars in 2025?
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Comment faire, comment faire si tu fais tout à l'envers
Comment faire si tu fais tout de travers
Comment faire si tu ne te comprends pas et si je t'indiffère

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Old June 19th, 2012, 06:49 PM   #20
Ashok
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coool!
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The presence of others, even many others, who are different from me does not require me to abandon what I hold dear. I can be French-speaking and Canadian. I can be Haida, Aboriginal and Canadian. I can be Métis, from Toronto, and Canadian. I can be Muslim, Christian, or Jewish, a Quebecker, and still Canadian. Our history is the story of citizens who struggle with the different layers of their identities, and somehow manage to reconcile their overlapping commitments. - Cheif Justice McLachlin

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