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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:10 PM   #1
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თბილისის მეტროპოლიტენი | Tbilisi Metro



The Tbilisi Metro (Georgian: თბილისის მეტროპოლიტენი, Tbilisis Metropoliteni) is a rapid transit Metro system in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Opened on December 11, 1966 it became the fourth Metro system in the former Soviet Union. Like most ex-Soviet Metros, most of the stations are very deep and vividly decorated.



Lines and stations

1 Akhmeteli-Varketili Line
2 Saburtalo Line
3 Rustaveli-Vazisubani Line

Operation

Presently the system consists of two lines, 22 stations on 26.4 kilometres of track. 20 stations are below ground and two are surface level. Of the subterranean stations 16 are deep level and 4 shallow. The former comprise 6 pylon stations, 5 column and 5 single vaults (built to the Leningrad Technology). The shallow stations consist of three pillar-trispans and one single vault (Kharkov Technology). Due to Tbilisi's uneven landscape, the metro, particularly the Gldani-Varketili line, in two cases goes above ground.

In 2005 it was estimated that a total of 105.6 million people used the Metro annually. Carrying them are a fleet of 186 metro cars from two depots. Although the platforms are accommodated for five-carriage trains currently four and three carriage trains are used on lines 1 and 2 respectively. The car models are identical to those of other ex-Soviet Metros. The cost per token is 40 tetris, and remains valid for the whole duration. Trains run from 6:00 a.m. till 12:00 a.m. with intervals ranging between 2.5 minutes in peak times to 12 minutes late at night. Trains run between 60 km/h - 90 km/h.

History

Tbilisi (officially known as Tiflis until 1936), capital of Georgia, was always considered to be the fourth most important city of the Soviet Union, particularly of its political position as being the capital of the republic (Georgian SSR). Also the city grew quite rapidly during the nineteenth and twentieth century and apart from being a cultural centre and a political one was also an important transport hub in Transcaucasia and an industrial centre as well. All this amounted to the need of a rapid transit Metro system.

Construction began in 1952. Tbilisi was the only city of the former USSR where the construction of the Metro system started before the total of the residents crossed one million. Having a population over one million was one of the main criteria for building a metro-system in the Soviet cities. On 11 January 1966, the Tbilisi Metro was triumphantly opened becoming the first and only Metro system in Georgia and the fourth one in the former Soviet Union (after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Kiev), when the first six stations were opened. Since then, the system has steadily grown to a two line 22 station network.

During the 1990s, most of the Soviet-era station names were changed, although the financial difficulties since the breakup of the Soviet Union hit the Metro particularly hard in its infrastructure, operations and extensions. In the early-mid 1990s the Tbilisi metro was usually not working due to the lack of electricity. Until recently, the Metro had been underfunded and operated in severe difficulties due to poor electrical supply. It had also become infamous for widespread petty crime, like pickpocketing and mugging. In addition, there have been several incidents at metro stations in recent years. On October 9, 1997, a former policeman blew himself up at Didube station. On February 14, 2000, a teenager threw a homemade hand grenade into a metro station, injuring several people. In March 2004, several people were poisoned by an unidentified gas while using the Metro.

However, the crime has reduced as a result of security and administration reforms in the system from 2004 to 2005. Other services have also significantly improved.

Currently, the Tbilisi Metro system is undergoing a major rehabilitation effort, including the reconstruction of the stations as well as modernization of trains and other facilities. The city's 2006 budget allocated 16 million lari for this project. President of Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili, promised to make the Metro most prestigious public transport and charged Director General of Tbilisi Metro, Zurab Kikalishvili, in late 2005, to bring the metro to European standards by 2007. In subsequent years, however, the upgrade process has slowed significantly and as of July 2010, the Tbilisi metro rail is still far from its target standard.

Future

The system has also an advanced extension plan, with a third line, amongst other locations, encompass the district of Vake. Forming a typical Soviet triangle with three-line six radii layout intersecting in the city centre. However, most of the construction sites remain frozen, some dating to Soviet times.

In January 2012 construction will start on a frozen extension of the Saburtalo Line from the Vazha-Pshavela station to the new Universiteti station, 80% of work is already done in soviet time, it is financed by the Asian Development Bank. It is expected that the new station will be opened in early 2013.

There are also plans to construct a tram network in Tbilisi.

Isani Metro Station



Avlabari Metro Station



Isani Metro Station



Tsereteli Metro Station



Freedom Square Metro Station



Rustaveli Metro Station

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:15 PM   #2
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I line:

Metro station “Akhmeteli Theatre”



The subway station Akhmeteli Theatre first came into exploitation in 1989. The authors of the station project are the architects: G. Razmadze and S. Cholokashvili.
The station is faced with marble and granite, it was renovated in2007, the entrance, leaning tube and the hall of the subway were altered. Modern type monitors and spot billboards were installed.
The system of illumination was totally renovated.
The subway station has the entrance from one side only. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia “.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:17 PM   #3
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Metro station “Sarajishvili“



Subway station “Sarajishvili” first came into exploitation in 1989. The station was projected by the architect G. Modzmanishvili and the construction was carried out by the organization “ Saktransproject” .
The hall is faced with white marble and divided with wide columns. Modern type monitors are installed in the ceiling. The entrance is from one side.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:19 PM   #4
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Metro station “ Guramishvili”

Subway station “ Guramishvili” first came into exploitation in 1985. The project of the subway station belongs to the architect N. Lomidze. The construction was carried out by the project organization “ Saktransproject”. The high reliefs above the entrance and on the opposite of the hall draw attention. The relief depicts the various artistic and scientific symbols in the form of humans. The entrance of the station is from one side.
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:19 PM   #5
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Metro station “Ghrmaghele”



Subway station “ Ghrmaghele” first came into exploitation in 1985. The authors of the station project are the architects: T. Kiladze and M. Turkadze. The construction was carried out by the project organization “ Saktransproject”.
The hall of the station is decorated with the high relief dedicated to the constructors. The entrance of the station is from one side.
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:21 PM   #6
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Metro station “Didube”



Subway station “ Didube” ” first came into exploitation in 1966. The authors of the station project are the architects: G. Modzmaniashvili and N. Lomidze. The construction was carried out by the project organization “ Saktransproject”.
This subway station differs from others as it is disposed up , on the ground. It has the entrance only from one side.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:21 PM   #7
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Metro station “Electrodepo”



Subway station “ Electrodepo” first came into exploitation in 1966. The authors of the station project are the architects: G. Modzmaniashvili and N. Lomidze. The construction was carried out by the project organization “ Saktransproject”.
Subway station “ Electrodepo” like the Subway station “ Didube” is disposed up, on the ground.
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:23 PM   #8
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Metro station “Nadzaladevi”



Subway station “ Nadzaladevi” ” first came into exploitation in 1966. The authors of the station project are the architects: T. Tevzadze and R. Kiknadze. The construction was carried out by “ Tbilkalakproject”.
Subway station “ Nadzaladevi” was totally renovated in 2007. The interior and exterior of the station were altered. The spot billboards , monitors were installed. The communications and the illumination of “ Nadzaladevi” station were renovated as well.
The hall of the station is decorated with the paintings by A. Gurgenidze. The panorama depicting the night Tbilisi and the underground train draws the attention. The entrance of the station is from one side. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia “.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:23 PM   #9
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Metro station “Station Square”-1

Subway station “ Station Square” -1 first came into exploitation in 1966. The authors of the station project are the architects: G. Melkadze and V. Abramishvili. The construction was carried out by “ Tbilkalakproject”.
Metro station “ Station Square”-1 is station from where the change into the second subway branch is possible. The station has entrances from three sides. The arch located on the border of the escalator and the hall, is decorated with the high relief depicting the bowl and sword dedicated to 1500 years jubilee of the city.
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:24 PM   #10
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Metro station “Marjanishvili”



Subway station “ Marjanishvili” first came into exploitation in 1966. The authors of the station project are the architects: O. Melia and G. Melkadze. The construction was carried out by “ Tbilkalakproject”.
The hall face with bluish white marble , the monitors and the spot billboard are newly installed. At the end of the hall , the bust of the theatrical director Kote Marjanishvili is depicted in the form of high relief. The station is named after him, the entrance of the station is disposed only on one side. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia “.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:25 PM   #11
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Metro station “Rusatveli”

Subway station “ Rusatveli” first came into exploitation in 1966. The construction was carried out according to the project by O. Kalandarishvili and L. Janelidze. by “ Tbilkalakproject”. Subway station “ Rusatveli” differs from the other ones by its longest escalator.
The hall of the station is face with the red marble and it is decorated with the relief depicting the struggle of the fellow and the tiger( Characters from Rustaveli famous poem “ The knight in the skin of the tiger”).
Subway station “ Rusatveli” has the entrance only from one side. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia “
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:26 PM   #12
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Metro station “Freedom Square”



Subway station “ Freedom Square” first came into exploitation in 1967. The authors of the station project are the architects: D. Bairamashvili and V. Meskhishvili. The construction was carried out by “ Tbiliklakproject”.
Subway station “ Freedom Square” was renovated in 2006, it was altered visually as well. New illumination, monitors and billboards were installed. The communication system was also renovated . The red and white colors are the majority in the station, decorated with the white marble. The composition on the hall wall, depicting the banner of Georgia and the red rose is fully suiting the colors of the station.
Subway station “ Freedom Square” has the entrance only from one side. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the "Bank of Georgia".

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:27 PM   #13
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Metro station “Avlabari”



Subway station “ Avlabari” ” first came into exploitation in 1967. The authors of the station project are the architects: Sh. Chachanidze and S. Revishvili. Subway station “ Avlabari” has the entrance only from one side.
The reconstruction of the station was carried out in 2006. Its upper vestibule, leaning tube and the hall were totally renovated. The technical works were also conducted including the installation of monitors and billboards.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:29 PM   #14
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Metro station “300 Aragvelians”



Subway station “ 300 Aragvelians” first came into exploitation in 1967. The station was projected by the architects : T. Tevzadze and G. Batiashvili. The construction was carried out by “ Tbilkalakproject”. Subway station “ 300 Aragveli” has the entrance from one side only .
The hall is faced with white marble and the relief depicting 300 Aragvelian warriors adds charm to the station. The modern monitors are installed in the station.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:30 PM   #15
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Metro station “Isani”



Subway station “ Isani” first came into exploitation in 1971. The station was projected by the architects: G. Modzmaniashvili and N. Lomsadze.
The station was renovated in 2006. Its interior and exterior were also altered . Modern monitors and billboards are installed in the station. The combination of blue and white colors are prevailing the station decorated with white marble.
Subway station “ Isani” has the entrance only from one side. At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:31 PM   #16
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Metro station “Samgori”



Subway station “ Samgori” first came into exploitation in 1979. The author of the station project is the architect: N. Lomidze. The construction was carried out by “ Saktransproject” . The entrance of the station is only from one side. The walls are decorated with reliefs. Modern monitors are installed in the station.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:32 PM   #17
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Metro station “Varketili”



Subway station “ Varketili” first came into exploitation in 1985. The station was constructed according to the project of V. Bakhtadze by “ Tbilkalakproject”.
The station was reconstructed in 2007. communications and interior were renovated, monitors and billboards were installed.
At the entrance of the station the passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia “.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:34 PM   #18
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II line:

Metro station “Station Square”-2

Metro station “ Station Square”-2 first came into exploitation in 1979. The station was projected by the architect T. Kalandadze, the construction was carried out by the project organization “ Saktransproject”.
This station provides the change into the second branch of the subway and serves the trains running towards Saburtalo direction. It does not have an independent exit. Only after passing through the underground passage of the “ Station Square” -1 is possible to get into the station of “ Station Square”-2.
The walls of the hall are decorated with the reddish- yellow stone high relief, symbolically depicting animals and plants.
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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:35 PM   #19
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Metro station “Tsereteli”



Metro station “ Tsereteli” first came into exploitation in 1979. The station was constructed by the organization “ Tbilkalakproject” according to M. Katsitadze design.
The reconstruction of the station was carried out in 2006. The design of the interior was altered, and the station was arranged according to the modern standards with the monitors installed. At the end of the hall the high relief depicting the writer A.Tsereteli’ bust is given.
The station has only one entrance where passengers are provided with the service of the “ Bank of Georgia“.

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Old June 30th, 2012, 02:36 PM   #20
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Metro station “Polytechnic”



Metro station “ Polytechnic” first came into exploitation in 1979. The station was constructed by the organization “Saktransproject” according to the design of the architects: G. Modzmaniashvili and D. Iosava.
The walls of the hall are decorated with the high reliefs having the mosaic background. The figures of the humans are bearing the symbolic meaning of various fields of science, art, sport and others. The station has the entrance from one side only.

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