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Old February 24th, 2016, 06:06 AM   #2061
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well maybe if (G-d forbid) Jaroslaw Kaczynski succeeds he will turn this Polish ethno-linguistic nation into two warring entities like the Kurds.
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present
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Old February 24th, 2016, 01:09 PM   #2062
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Reconstruction works at Malbork/Marienburg Castle



Source: Facebook

New houses in Elblag/Elbing

Source: Kubael

A new project by Mytych to be revealed soon - http://www.mytych.pl/artykuly/3.Nowe...%C5%9Bcie.html
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Old February 24th, 2016, 03:16 PM   #2063
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According to the treaty of Christiborc signed on 7 February 1249 between the pagan Prussian clans, represented by a papal legate, and the Teutonic Knights, Prussians from Pomezania were to build 13 churches on their territory.

1. "in villa, que vocatur Pozoloue, que alio nomine vocatur Rutiz"
2. "in villa, que vocatur Pastelina"
3. "in loco, que vocatur Lingues"
4. "in loco, qui dicitur Lyopiez"
5. "Chomor Sancti Adalberti"
6. "in Bobuz"
7. "in Geria"
8. "in Geria"
9. "in Prozile"
10. "in Resia"
11. "circa antiquum Christiborc"
12. "Raydez"
13. "novo Christiborc"


Source

"Literae Iacobi Leodiensis ecclesiae archidiaconi, domini papae capellani, in Polonia, Prussia, Pomerania vicegerentis, pro Pruthenis neophytis datae" (Treaty of Christiborc)

Source

Prussian Pomezania was Christanised over 200 years later than neighbouring Slavic Gdansk Pomerania (997 AD, 1178 AD, 1310 AD).

Papal bull of Eugene III, 4th April 1148 (the assigning of Gdansk to the Diocese of Wloclawek):
Quote:
Warnero Ulotizlauensi episcopo eiusque successoribus (...) castrum Kdanzc in Pomerania cum decima tarn annone quam omnium eorum que de navibus solvuntur.
One of the earliest stone churches near Prussia was founded in Polish Kaldus, located about 45 km from Osa river (south-western border of Prussia).

Romanesque basilica in Kaldus (early 1000s AD)




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Old February 24th, 2016, 03:48 PM   #2064
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Warmian house in Giławy







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Roadside shrines in Prejłowo/Preylowen, Warmia


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Old February 26th, 2016, 01:09 PM   #2065
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In addition to the post #1969.

Statements at the Process of Warsaw - made by 126 witnesses from all levels of Polish society at a hearing convened at Pope Benedict XII's request and held in Warsaw from February 4 to September 15, 1339. During the session, Polish citizens were asked to testify about the devastation done to Poland by the Teutonic Knights. The judges concluded that eastern Pomerania (see: Treaty of Kepno), Chelmno and Michalow lands should all be returned to Poland and that the Teutonic Knights should make a large indemnity payment.

"Liber et Regestrum Regni et Regis polonie valde vtite et necessarium regno. In quo continentur acta et attestaciones excellencium et insignium personarum, omni eoeceptione maiorum, probancium et dcclarantium, quod Terre pomeranie, Chelmen et michalouien spectant et pertinent, spectare pertinerequc debent ad proprietatem ius et corpus regni polonie Continetur eciam sententia diffinitiuu per Judices apostolicos videlicet Balhardam de Carceribus Titulen prepositum, Coloczen diuecesis et petrum Geruasy Canonicum Aniczien: per Benedictum papam duodecimum specialiter delegatos, lata indiciatiter, que, nulla appellacioine suspensa, in rem transiuit iudicatam, que appropriat et adiudicat terras prefatas regi et regno Polonie et declarat Magislrum et ordinem Prussie in dietis lerris nullum ius habuisse nec habere posse."

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Old February 26th, 2016, 03:46 PM   #2066
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"Odbuduj z nami Stare Miasto" project in Malbork/Marienburg - link






Ongoing renovation works (presbytery in Reszel/Rößel, Warmia)...

Source: reszel.net
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Old February 26th, 2016, 06:01 PM   #2067
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Christmas Market (Olsztyn, Elblag)























Sources: http://orientacja.pl, http://expresselblag.pl
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Old February 26th, 2016, 09:05 PM   #2068
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RS_UK-PL View Post
"Odbuduj z nami Stare Miasto" project in Malbork/Marienburg -

Source: Bartosz Busz
WTF, Malbork, Po-Mo is dead, why introduce it 25 years later???
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Old February 27th, 2016, 12:23 AM   #2069
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would rather see a Dresden combo recon/modernist kamienice vernacular version than the Elblag 1990's version.
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old February 27th, 2016, 03:57 AM   #2070
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Thank you RS_UK-PL for the care and attention to detail you put into posting. Much appreciated.

Roy
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Old February 28th, 2016, 03:54 PM   #2071
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Quote:
Originally Posted by intervention View Post
WTF, Malbork, Po-Mo is dead, why introduce it 25 years later???
We're still not wealthy enough to make thorough reconstructions
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Old February 28th, 2016, 04:22 PM   #2072
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"Tygodnik ilustrowany" (1859)





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Old February 29th, 2016, 06:56 PM   #2073
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"Proporzec Albo Hołd Pruski" by Jan Kochanowski (written after 1569)











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An epic poem written in connection with the second Prussian homage (1569) paid by Duke Albrecht II Friedrich, the ruler of Ducal Prussia, to the Polish King Zygmunt II August. A story about the events which were recorded on a banner given to the Prince "into his hand" during the ceremony in Lublin constitutes the main part of the poem. Kochanowski recollects here the history of the relationship between Poland (Poles) and the Teutonic Knights (Germans) as well as the history of Poland on the Baltic Sea. The selection and arrangement of the historical material which featured military activities (main points: the slaughter of the citizens of Gdańsk, the Battle of Grunwald, the Thirteen Years’ War) was done through the perspective of the Second Prussian Homage (1569) and the preparations for the union between Poland and Lithuania, a perspective which characterised the importance of the change in the relationship with Prussia and Lithuania. The lecture on the history of Polish-Teutonic wars, the origin of Poles and all Slavic countries, was subordinated to the frame of the poem and to what was said there about the then current situation between the Polish Crown and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Ducal Prussia.
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Old March 10th, 2016, 11:59 AM   #2074
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George Frederick's coin (minted in Königsberg)


George Frederick took over the administration of the Duchy of Prussia in 1577, when the then-reigning Duke Albert Frederick became ill.

George Frederick's tomb in Heilsbronn




Coats of arms (from the left: Poland*, family crest, Brandenburg)

* George Frederick's grandmother was Sophia Jagiellon of Poland

See also: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpo...postcount=1585
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Old March 10th, 2016, 04:58 PM   #2075
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Malbork Voivodeship and Warmia in "Starożytna Polska" (1843)



























Source

"Flis, to iest spuszczanie statkow Wisłą" (mentioned in the text above): https://polona.pl/item/1879531/31/
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Old March 12th, 2016, 12:10 AM   #2076
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Domen123 View Post
Mruczek, the thing is that Poles apart from being a nation, are clearly also an ethno-linguistic group (such a "two in one" thing).

I'm not sure why you have such difficulties with understanding this.
Because the discussion about Warmian self-identification was not about present, but mid-19th century. Time when modern national identities didn't exist. Times when Sienkiewicz was a toddler and Roman Dmowski hadn't even been born.

Now it's easy: 10% maybe 20% of Warmiaks are Polish and stayed in Poland. Rest of them are in Germany. Hooray to Mietek Moczar's national policy
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Old March 13th, 2016, 01:43 PM   #2077
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76th anniversary of Seweryn Pieniezny's death

Source

He was executed on 24 February 1940 in Hohenbruch (see post #1717). The anniversary of mass executions in Hohenbruch, German concentration camp near Lauknen (today's Gromowo/Громово in Kaliningrad Oblast) will take place soon.
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Old March 13th, 2016, 02:10 PM   #2078
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WW1 monument in Woźnice/Wosnitzen, Masuria


Quote:
BARDUNA Gustaw 04.03.1915
BONK Willy 08.09.1915
BROSCH Friedr. 12.09.1915
BROSCH Johann 04.06.1918
BUSSMANN Karl 17.07.1918
DUDDA August
DUDDA Ewald 22.03.1918
HOFFMANN Friedr. 17.12.1914
JENDRECZIK Friedr. 05.12.1914
KLIMMEK Ernst 08.09.1915
KRAMZIK August 11.10.1914
LOMMOT Gottlieb 28.07.1915
PIOTROWSKI August 03.08.1915
PISSANSKI Karl 27.07.1915
PRENGEL Walter 02.02.1915
ROSKI Joseph 09.10.1918
SOKOLOWSKI August 10.08.1916
ZIELINSKI Erich 31.07.1916
Ostrykół/Ostrokollen, Masuria






Quote:
BOBERN
Fritz Soboll
Fritz Gerlach
Johann Melza
Johann Brozio
August Janz

DEUMENRODE
Rudolf Meyer
August Maslowski
Gust. Krause

DLUGOSSEN
Johann Fabritzki
Max Kruschinski
Gustaw Moysiszik
Herm. Doliwa
Martin Stanull
Ludwig Symanzik
Ludwig Pietrzyk
Adolf Komossa
Joh. Murawski
Gustav Dolenga
Ludwig Dolenga
Hermann Maczeyzik
Johann Wiersbitzki

EICHENSEE
Martin Sollmann
August Jenzelewski
Hermann Fröhlich
Karl Schwetzko
Jakob Waschkewitz
Adam Sobottka
Gustav Dombrowski
Joh. Dombrowski
Gustav Wernik
Joh. Glam
Ludwig Niklas
Aug. Bartholomeyzik
Friedrich Sdorra
Johann Lask
Johann Rafael
Johann Koczik
Ludwig Budzinski
Ludwig Woydak
Ludwig Wernik
August Borutta
Wilhelm Gallmeister
Martin Scheyko
Hermann Riesy

GLINKEN
Joh. Sulewski
Rudolf Truskowski

HELLMAHNEN
August Maczeyzik
Emil Zielazko

KOBYLINNEN
Fritz von Glinski
Wilhelm Schattkowski

LANGSEE
Paul Albin
August Donder
Johann Kornatzki
Friedr. Lukaschewski
Waldemar Marczinski
Adolf Olschewski
Karl Philippzik
Johann Walendy
Johann Olschewski

LIPINSKEN
Friedr. Jestremski
Ludwig Czybulka
Friedr. Czybulka
Rud. Czybulka
Wilh. Czybulka

MYLUSSEN
Gustav Borawski
Fritz Borawski
Gust. Borawski
Joh. Bannewitz
Friedrich Brosziewski
Michael Chedor
Gustav Cirnetzki
Karl Cirnetzki
Franz Gossing
Karl Heisel
August Kloss
Joh. Marczinowski
Gottlieb Marczinowski
Fritz Rabialski
Wilh. Schwidereck
Otto Smentek
Joh. Czech
Rud. Trustkowski

NIEDZWEDZKEN
Karl Purwien
Ludwig Rogowski
Hermann Rosinski
Adolf Dubaschny
Fritz Piechottka
Ludwig Piechottka

OSTROKOLLEN
Herm. Bartholomeyzik
Ludwig Borutta
Karl Makoschey
Karl Michalzyk
Johann Mozarski
Aug. Symanzik
Friedr. Willimzik

POPOWEN
Franz Donder
Wilh. Kordas
Franz Kowalewski
Johann Olschewski

PROSTKEN
August Adamzik
Johann Bondzio
August Brodowski
Johann Brodowski
Bruno Buchholz
Karl Buczilowski
Otto Denzer
Kurt Doliwa
August Donder
Herm. Hartmann
Fritz Hellmich
Max Jasch
Gustav Karpinski
Herm. Karpinski
Otto Klimaschewski
Ludwig Kloss
Aug. Koslowski
August Krupinski
Herm. Kulschewski
Gustav Lamowski
Wilh. Losch
Gottfried Maslo
Ernst Neumann
Rudolf Neumann
Jakob Nikulka
Paul Nisch
Franz Olschewski
Gust. Reinhardt
Franz Schmidt
Friedr. Schmidt
Gottlieb Schulz
Joh. Stutzkowitz
Friedr. Wilimzik
Aug. Wrobel
Aug. Zielinski
Kurt Bergmann

SCHIKORREN
Gottlieb Rukowski

SDUNKEN
August Plaga
Joh. Frohlian
Joh. Niedzwietzki
Ludw. Czubayko
Gust. Czubayko
Herm. Biernatzki
Gust. Dolenga
Johann Konietzko
Mich. Moskalewski
Alfred Zeysig

SOKOLKEN
Fritz Rinnewitz
Paul Domscheit
August Gryzan
Martin Tachil

SOLTMAHNEN
Reinhold Bickel
Hermann Kudritzki
Ludwig Kudritzki
Gustav Nikulski
Joh. Nikulski
Ludwig Nikulski
Gust. Pietrzik
August Trott I
August Trott II
August Wilk
Franz Zeisig

ZIELASKEN
Ludwig Lojewski
Adolf Lojewski
Friedrich Katzbrowski
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Old March 16th, 2016, 11:26 PM   #2079
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mruczek
mid-19th century. Time when modern national identities didn't exist
Mruczek, already before I have posted a reference to the 2013 book written by Azar Gat, titled "Nations: The Long History and Deep Roots of Political Ethnicity and Nationalism". In the link below, you can listen to an interview with the author:

http://newbooksnetwork.com/azar-gat-...ridge-up-2013/

Quote:
When I went to college long ago, everyone had to read Marx and Engels’ Communist Manifesto (1848). I think I read it in half-a-dozen classes. Today Marx is out. Benedict Anderson, however, is in. You’d be hard-pressed to get a college degree without reading or at least hearing about his book Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (1983). That book says, in a phrase, that nations were invented, and quite recently at that. The trouble is that according to Azar Gat, Anderson is wrong. In his new book Nations: The Long History and Deep Roots of Political Ethnicity and Nationalism (Cambridge University Press, 2013), Gat musters a significant amount of evidence suggesting that humans are more-or-less hardwired for kin and ethnic preference–we’ve always liked people who look, talk and act like "us" more than "strangers" because we are built to do so. We didn’t "invent" the nation; it was–and remains–in us. Moreover, he shows that the historical record itself makes clear that something like nations have been with us since the state appeared 5,000 years ago. To be sure, their form has; but they were always around. This is important for the way we think about the world today. Marx thought classes were going to disappear They didn’t. Anderson and those who follow him seem to think that nations are going to disappear. They aren’t.
You can also check this book:

http://www.bibliotekacyfrowa.pl/Cont...egio_vol_1.pdf

On page 168 (see also footnote 4 on page 169), in chapter titled "The multi-ethnic character of medieval Silesian society and its influence on the region’s cohesion (12th–15th centuries)", Przemysław Wiszewski wrote the following statement:

"the ‘national identity’ of the Czechs, Poles or Germans that was formed between the 12th and the 14th centuries"

So as you can see, the early form of Polish national identity existed already in the 12th century.

As for your claim about "mid-19th century" - there is a German book by Georg Hassel, published in 1821, which describes "Nationalverschiedenheit" (which translates as "national structure") of various provinces and regions, as of year 1819.

If there were no nations in 1819-1821, why was Georg Hassel writing about "Nationalverschiedenheit" ???
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Old April 1st, 2016, 05:20 PM   #2080
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Originally Posted by RS_UK-PL View Post

In the southern part of Warmia (Olsztyn/Allenstein, Reszel/Rößel) Roman Catholic priest Anton von Wolszlegier from the Polish Party won against Justus Rarkowski from the Centre Party, while largely assimilated Masurians voted for the Conservative Party. The Conservative Party was elected by majority of Masurians since 1884. Districts which were part of pre-1772 Poland (+ Upper Silesia) voted for the Polish Party, albeit German "Drang nach Osten" and anti-Polish policies resulted in some exceptions to this rule.
An article in Masurian newspaper "Gazeta Lecka" about protests in Poznan which gathered people from Upper Silesia, Grand Duchy of Poznan, West Prussia and Warmia (but not Masuria) after Prussian government banned the Polish language at schools (to which according to this article attended more than 390,000 Polish pupils).

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