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Old February 5th, 2014, 05:15 PM   #1421
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Reconstruction project of Ignacy Krasicki's gardens in Lidzbark Warmiński/Heilsberg, Warmia






Renovation of presbytery in Reszel/Rößel, Warmia




Recently renovated church in Reszel/Rößel, Warmia
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Old February 6th, 2014, 11:50 AM   #1422
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Reszel/Rößel, Warmia




Baroque house (built in 1657)




Renovated Gothic bridges




Jesuit Collegium complex (founded in 1632 by King of Poland, Jan II Kazimierz; closed in 1780)
















Reszel/Rößel Castle




Defensive walls


New developments










Village Feast (photographs by Krzysztof Majcher and Jolanta Grzyb)








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Old February 6th, 2014, 02:20 PM   #1423
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sapere Aude View Post
Compared to the Russian East Prussia the Polish part looks much better, although the Polish Commies weren't that much better. What worked in the countries favour was the fact that even in the Commmie regime the Catholic church was still very important, which saved most churches, and that Poland received the part that had a relation to Poland (Warmia and Masuria), which saved everything with a Slavic name, like the graveyards in Masuria (although almost all Masurians fled to Germany) or epitaphs of Polish nobles (mostly from Inner Poland) in Warmia. German epitaphs on the other hand were often destroyed shortly after the war or in the early 50s, most graveyards leveled in the 70s. Castles and manors, if not destroyed in the war anyway or related to Poland (like Malbork), deteriorated over the years and fell to ruin, but in the last years many of them were saved.
The reasons why Polish part of East Prussia looks better...

First of all, about 160.000 Polish-speaking Masurians, some Warmiaks and other groups (like Old Believers) stayed within new borders of Poland after WW2. It means that about 200.000 people cared about their living space for at least 10 years after WW2. The emigration to West Germany began after 1956 and was continued in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, but there are still small groups of former inhabitants living in Poland.

Secondly, in 1952, the Protestant Masurian Diocese consisted of 80 parishes with well over 100 churches. All those churches were well looked after. In the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s many churches have been purchased or repossessed from Masurians (who were emigrating to West Germany) by Roman Catholics, but it didn't mean demolition of interiors/exteriors. Btw, there are 15 parishes with about 50 churches and chapels in Protestant Masurian Diocese today.

Thirdly, almost all Roman Catholic churches irrespective of previous history were protected.

Finally, almost all historic monuments (castles, palaces, roadside shrines, museums, etc.) related to Polish history or culture were renovated or rebuilt.
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Old February 6th, 2014, 05:38 PM   #1424
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WWI Memorial in Pieczarki/Pietzarken, Masuria
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Old February 6th, 2014, 06:03 PM   #1425
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RS_UK-PL View Post
The reasons why Polish part of East Prussia looks better...
Perfectly sound analysis.

Worth mentioning that the biggest city (as of now) in the Polish part of East Prussia, i.e. Olsztyn (Allenstein) was lucky enough to be partially reconstructed in 1950s, with large input of Polish Conservationist School. Although Russian conservationists were qualified to do the job as well (which is proved for example by Great Novgorod or Smolensk reconstruction), Kaliningrad wasn't reconstructed in socialist realist - historicist way. In fact, the creation of new buildings hasn't started until 1960. And after 1954-55 in the whole USSR the style has changed. Hence so many "khruszczovka" buildings in very heart of Kaliningrad.

Among other reasons perhaps the size of the city is important: Koenigsberg had over 370 thousand of inhabitants before the war. It took long time to settle so many Russians in the city. The pre-war population was overran only in 1980s!

Allenstein was smaller (50 thousand) and was quickly promoted to voivodship city, so its population grew very quickly, in 1953 the pre-war number of citizens was surpassed. The need for reconstruction emerged sooner.

Also, the additional advantage was that in 1960s most of pre-war city area has been more-or-less rebuilt. There are plenty of ugly commie-blocks in Olsztyn, but most of them were built outside the core area of the centre, mostly in Eastern (Osiedle Dworcowe of 1960s) and Southern outskirts (Jaroty-Nagórki-Pieczewo).

Of course the size of destruction is also important: destruction in Koenigsberg were larger than in Olsztyn.

Another big city of Polsih part of East Prussia, Elbląg (Elbing) was larger than Olsztyn (pre-war 85k citizens) and destroyed nearly completely. But here also was the stroke of luck: the New Town was partially rebuilt in relatively nice fashion in socialist realist style before 1960 and the Old Town was left neglected (nearly empty) until early 1980s, where large program of retroversion started. The Old Town is still u/c, and its all but "reconstructed", but on the other hand, it hasn't been cramped with commieblocks

Quote:
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Renovation of presbytery in Reszel/Rößel, Warmia
Excellent news. I was scared that it wouldn't survive long.
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Old February 10th, 2014, 11:09 AM   #1426
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I see that German libraries, beside Uppsala University Library (almost 2,000 printed works, 335 incunables and 63 manuscripts), hold Jesuit book collections from Braniewo/Braunsberg (Warmia, Kingdom of Poland). Do you know how can I view those books online (below some old prints within Bavarian State Library)?
- "Roze taiemnic niebieskich pasterska̧ praca̧ kwitna̧ce" (Krzysztof Andrzej Jan Szembek, 1740)
- "Zebranie kazan na Wielka̧ noc" (Stanisław Szembek, 1726)
- "Niebieska podskarbini ziemskych łask z wszechmocności boskiey" (Józef Szembek, 1729)
- "Kazanie na dzien Ignacego swietego" (Andrzej Chryzostom Załuski, 1700)
- "Wybor nabozenstwa z roznych ksia̧zek" (1742)
- "Kazania niektore Jasnie Wielmoznego" (Jan Franciszek Kurdwanowski, 1724)
- "Wybor nabozenstwa z roznych ksia̧zek wyietego dla duchownego pozytku" (1742)
- "Manipulus quadruplex ... Principis Joannis Adalberti ... Poloniarum Regis" (1622)
- "Imagines principum, regumque Poloniae politicis dogmatibus" (Karol Bartołt, 1721)

The Collegium Hosianum and Jesuit church in Braniewo/Braunsberg, Warmia (17th century)

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Old February 10th, 2014, 01:00 PM   #1427
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You could search in some digital collections. Many old prints have already been digitized. "Zebranie kazan na Wielka̧ noc" (Stanisław Szembek, 1726) for example I found in the OPAC of bavarian state library but it is not possible to read it online. But the SLUB (Saxon State and University Library Dresden, in german: Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden) does have an examplar too and it is online. click .
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Old February 10th, 2014, 01:08 PM   #1428
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Thank you for quick reply. All the titles above I have found through OPAC, but as you wrote, it is not possible to view those old prints online. "Promptuarium statutorum omnium et constitutionum regni Poloniae" (1604), "Vitae Episcoporum Posnaniensium" (1604), "Imagines principum, regumque Poloniae politicis dogmatibus", "Uwagi Chrzescianskie", "Zebranie kazan na Wielka̧ noc", etc. can be found in a digitised form via MDZ, Polona and SLUB.

Some books published by Collegium Hosianum in Braniewo/Braunsberg, Warmia...







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Old February 10th, 2014, 01:28 PM   #1429
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nice thread
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Old February 10th, 2014, 02:32 PM   #1430
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Roman Catholic church in Bartołty Wielkie/Groß Bartelsdorf, Warmia (church was consecrated by Marcin Kromer in 1582, destroyed by fire in 1620, rebuilt church consecrated by Andrzej Załuski in 1702, brick-built tower constructed in the 19th century)






Interior:
- Baroque main altar (~1700)
- Renaissance tombstone of Michał Lubieński (1624)
- Rococo pulpit

Former Protestant, now Roman Catholic Saint John the Evangelist and Our Lady of Częstochowa church in Bartoszyce/Bartenstein (renovation by Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland has been scheduled for 2014), former Ducal Prussia/Kingdom of Prussia






Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia


* Bartoszyce lies just 16 km away from the Poland-Russia border crossing in Bezledy.
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Old February 11th, 2014, 12:50 PM   #1431
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Olsztyn/Allenstein, Warmia


Reconstruction of ceiling paintings (1690-1730) in Saint Lawrence church in Olsztyn/Allenstein, Warmia




Source: http://olsztyn.gazeta.pl/olsztyn/1,3..._ZDJECIA_.html
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Old February 11th, 2014, 08:10 PM   #1432
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Tower of Memel/Klaipėda Johanniskirche which was demolished after WWII.



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>>MY PHOTOS FROM KLAIPĖDA (MEMEL)
>>> OLD LITHUANIA



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Old February 13th, 2014, 11:33 AM   #1433
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Well, if you liked post #1024, more books published in Königsberg...




It would be nice if the following old prints within Bavarian State Library have been available online.
- "Gratvlatio, quam ante biennium et quod excurrit Vladislao IV in Poloniae regem electo, in aeternitatis aede" (1634)
- "Ad panegyrin academicam, qva ... serenissimo ... Johanni Casimiro, regi electo Poloniae" (1649)
- "Ad panegyrin solennem, qva immortali honori ... invictissimi ... Vladislai IV Poloniae regis, Magni Dvcis Litvaniae" (1649)

Btw, it is so difficult to read Gothic font that has been used by most of the printing offices of the Duchy of Prussia.
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Old February 14th, 2014, 04:56 AM   #1434
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Depeched View Post
[center]Tower of Memel/Klaipėda Johanniskirche which was demolished after WWII.
Any chances for reconstruction?
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Old February 14th, 2014, 07:37 AM   #1435
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RS_UK-PL View Post
The reasons why Polish part of East Prussia looks better...

First of all, about 160.000 Polish-speaking Masurians, some Warmiaks and other groups (like Old Believers) stayed within new borders of Poland after WW2. It means that about 200.000 people cared about their living space for at least 10 years after WW2. The emigration to West Germany began after 1956 and was continued in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, but there are still small groups of former inhabitants living in Poland.

Secondly, in 1952, the Protestant Masurian Diocese consisted of 80 parishes with well over 100 churches. All those churches were well looked after. In the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s many churches have been purchased or repossessed from Masurians (who were emigrating to West Germany) by Roman Catholics, but it didn't mean demolition of interiors/exteriors. Btw, there are 15 parishes with about 50 churches and chapels in Protestant Masurian Diocese today.

Thirdly, almost all Roman Catholic churches irrespective of previous history were protected.

Finally, almost all historic monuments (castles, palaces, roadside shrines, museums, etc.) related to Polish history or culture were renovated or rebuilt.
Very instructive and interesting. Thanks for this information.
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Old February 14th, 2014, 11:42 AM   #1436
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mruczek View Post
Any chances for reconstruction?
There are rumours about possible reconstruction.
Also, Klaipėda castle is in the line

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Old February 14th, 2014, 12:09 PM   #1437
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Some news from Kaliningrad region.

There are also plans to reconstruct Kant's house in the former village Judschen. The owners of the house agreed to sell the house to the authorities. So according to the plans there should be a museum and some recreation area.


Schmiedebrücke reconstruction project was presented this week in Kaliningrad.

According to the project the new Schmiedebrücke should be raised by 20 centimeters so ships could pass under the bridge. The house near the bridge and some riverwalk fragments should also be reconstructed.
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Old February 14th, 2014, 01:40 PM   #1438
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Prossen/Prosna (Poland)
The manor was built in 1376 by Grandmaster Winrich von Kniprode. Since 1490 it was owned by the counts of Eulenburg, which lived in this area since 1430 and until 1945, when they were expelled. Today the family lives all over the world.

The manor was rebuilt in 1610 and around 1860. The tower was added in 1875. It survived WW2 almost undamaged, was later used by a local agricultural cooperative and fell into ruin, just like the park, which is mostly overgrown. In 1997 it was privatised.
The manor was the place of a quite famous legend about a dwarf wedding, which was used by Goethe in one of his ballades. A ring, that was connected to the legend, was shown there until 1945.










The former park



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Old February 14th, 2014, 07:31 PM   #1439
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Das Königsberger Schloss / The Königsberg Castle

Rare pictures of the interior of the Königsberg Castle.

source: forum-kenig.ru

















































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Old February 17th, 2014, 11:31 AM   #1440
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^ Lovely Renaissance portal and rich interiors.

In addition to posts #1010 and #1006...Braniewo/Braunsberg, Warmia




The Old Town is slowly filled with houses in so-called "retroversion" style.










I really hope that Baroque Town Hall and Stone House (below) will be faithfully reconstructed.


* Braniewo lies just 7 km away from the Poland-Russia border crossing in Gronowo.

New developments in Dobre Miasto/Guttstadt, Warmia


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