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Old August 31st, 2012, 03:03 PM   #1
Rocky031
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Osijek-heart of Slavonija

In this thread I will post some photos I took of my hometown

---

Osijek is fourth largest city in Croatia,located on Drava river in Slavonija Region.
Population of the city is around 114000 people.Osijek has most parks and greenery in Croatia.Total area of parks in Osijek is 394.000 m˛.




The first settlement was founded during the Roman Empire,and the city was called Mursa.In front of the walls of Mursa started a battle between East and West Roman Empire in which more then 60000 people were killed.
After their migration, the Croats made a settlement near the ruins of Mursa, giving it its present name, Osijek.

The earliest mentions of Osijek date to 1196. The city was damaged by the Ottoman conquerors on 8 August 1526. The Turks rebuilt it in oriental style and it was mentioned in the Turkish census of 1579. In 1566, Suleiman the Magnificent built a famous, 8 kilometer-long wooden bridge of boats in Osijek, considered to be one of the wonders of the world.The town was officially promoted to a city by the end of the 17th century.

Osijek was restored to western rule on 29 September 1687 when the Turks were ousted and the city was occupied by the Habsburg Empire.Between 1712 and 1721, the Austrian authorities built a new fortress (authored by the architect Maximilian de Gosseau) known as Tvrđa.The Gornji Grad (Upper Town) was founded in 1692 and Donji Grad (Lower Town) followed on 1698. Tvrđa, Gornji, and Donji grad continued as separate municipalities until 1786.

The Habsburg empire also facilitated the migration and settlement of German immigrants into the town and region.
In 1809, Osijek was granted the title of a Free Royal City and during the early 19th century it was the largest city in Croatia.



(First photo is Kuhačeva street in Tvrđa,longest street in the fortress,and the second photo is showing 8 art nouveau buildings in European avenue,it is longest line of buildings that type in Croatia)

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Old August 31st, 2012, 03:09 PM   #2
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Tvrđa-Vodena vrata / Water gates
Water gates are located in the fortress,they are last remaining gates.During the 1920. started demolition of the fortress walls,most of the walls were destroyed,only the ones that are next to river survived demolition.There were 4 gates,each gate on different side of the fortress.It got its name because they are located next to Drava river.

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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:18 PM   #3
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Tvrđa at sunset



View on Gornji grad (Upper town) from left side of Drava river (Osijek is located on higher right side of river).On the picture you can see tallest object in the city,cathedral of st.Peter and Paul (it has around 96-98 meters and its the tallest building outside of capital city Zagreb),and once second tallest building in the city,Hotel Osijek (61 meters),located on famous Promenade.

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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:20 PM   #4
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Beautiful, very nice shots from Slovenia; please post more
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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:21 PM   #5
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Tvrđa main square of Holy Trinity (view on the west)

Holy Trinity Square is closed on the north by the palace of the Military Command, on the west by the Main Guard building and on the east by the Magistrate building (presently Museum of Slavonia). In the middle of the square there is a monument to the plague which was erected in 1729 by general Maximilian Petras' widow. (biggest baroque monument in Croatia)



View on the Main Guard building.The arrow on top of the tower is directed to Vienna,once a capital of Habsburg Empire

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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:24 PM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by christos-greece View Post
Beautiful, very nice shots from Slovenia; please post more
Country: Croatia
Region: Slavonija





Few old lamps and details in Tvrđa



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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:40 PM   #7
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Few more photos of Main Guard building







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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:43 PM   #8
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Economy high school in Tvrđa,architect is Herman Bolle,the same architect that built cathedral in Zagreb.



Very common thing to find storks in Osijek since city is located next to one of the biggest swamps in Europe-Kopački Rit.

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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:45 PM   #9
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Church of st.Michael in Tvrđa





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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:52 PM   #10
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Great photos Rocky, just keep with photos of Osijek.
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Old August 31st, 2012, 08:54 PM   #11
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Great thread and beautiful city, waiting for more pics .

What's the current status of Tvrđa, are people living there or are there museums, restaurants, some business, it would be nice to revive it a bit or only in pics it looks a bit deserted?
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Old August 31st, 2012, 11:46 PM   #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Belgrader View Post

What's the current status of Tvrđa, are people living there or are there museums, restaurants, some business, it would be nice to revive it a bit or only in pics it looks a bit deserted?
In Tvrđa there are 4 high schools,2 bigger museums that have around 5-6 buildings,few restaurants,bars and clubs,institutions,and there are few buildings where people live.
Well it looks deserted because it was to damn hot or cold and pictures were taken on Sunday when there is almost no one there.On every other day at almost any time you will see at least 30 people on main square.I don't need to tell you that Tvrđa is the center of night life in Osijek,in one Saturday usuallythere are more then 2000 people in Tvrđa at that moment.It is a lot since Tvrđa is quite small part of the city.
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Old August 31st, 2012, 11:56 PM   #13
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National archive in Tvrđa



Most Mladosti / Bridge of Youth

"Pedestrian bridge in Osijek with its span of 210 meters was the longest pedestrian bridge in the world at the time when it was built.It was the biggest suspension bridge in Europe."

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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:00 AM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by christos-greece View Post
Beautiful, very nice shots from Slovenia; please post more
Slovenia? No sir, Osijek is a city located in the Eastern part of Croatia in a region called SLAVONIA, it has nothing to do with the country name of Slovenia.
It was established under the Roman emperor Hadrian , Colonia Aelia Mursa,
and has been ruled by different Empires (Austrian, Turkish).
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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:07 AM   #15
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Cathedral of st. Peter and Paul
Cathedral was finished in 1898. on location of older baroque church of st. Peter and Paul.In the time when it was built it was the tallest building in Croatia,until Zagreb cathedral was finished.It is 96-98 meters tall,and in its construction more then 2 million bricks where used.Although it was finished in 1898. it didn't get its interior painted till begging of 1930.

Old church:

[IMG]http://i48.************/33pghep.jpg[/IMG]

In the world war 2 it got few hits by Russian artillery,but most of the damage that can be seen today is from Croatian war for independence (1991-1995).In 1991 and 1992 more then 90 bombs were fired at the cathedral although it was marked as a cultural heritage.



Cathedral and the capuchin church

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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:20 AM   #16
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Upper town

Korzo

Almost every city in ex Yugoslavija had this one street in city center that has lots of banks,bars,stores etc.This street is actually called Kapucinska / Capuchin .



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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:29 AM   #17
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Osijek main square

Its square of Ante Starčević.It is one of few cities that has square in shape of triangle.On the square there are few important buildings : Townhouse,palace Prandau-Normann (royal family from city Valpovo near Osijek),palace of First Croatian Savings.

Townhouse and cathedral



Palace of First Croatian Savings

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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:30 AM   #18
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Few more photos





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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:36 AM   #19
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Osijek is the first city in south-east Europe that got tram.The first tram dates back to 1884.The first tram line was going from Lower town,through Tvrđa,and ending in Upper town.Electric tram came later in 1926.In the Jugoslavija most of the cities lost their trams so only Zagreb,Sarajevo,Belgrade and Osijek have trams that are driving.

This picture show a tram that goes to second tram line Mačkamama-Bikara-Square of Ante Starčević





Tram that is driving first tram line Zeleno Polje-Višnjevac.Picture taken in center of Lower town


Last edited by Rocky031; September 1st, 2012 at 12:16 PM.
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Old September 1st, 2012, 12:12 PM   #20
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beautiful Osijek, great job for the pics..
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