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Old May 21st, 2013, 09:02 PM   #421
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Lwów




Wały Hetmańskie


Jan III Sobieski's Monument and Grand Theatre


Jan III Sobieski's Palace


Union of Lublin Mound and Monument of Adam Mickiewicz


Monuments of Franciszek Jan Smolka, Jan Kiliński, Aleksander Fredro and Agenor Gołuchowski




* Other monuments in Lwow were dedicated to Bartosz Głowacki, Stanisław Jabłonowski, Kornel Ujejski, Teofil Wiśniowski, and many more...
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Old May 21st, 2013, 09:11 PM   #422
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Lwów

Jan Kazimierz University in Lwów


Bernardyński Square


Halicki Square


Akademicka Street




Market Square




Some Catholic churches








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Old May 21st, 2013, 09:50 PM   #423
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Warsaw












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Old May 21st, 2013, 09:52 PM   #424
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Warsaw






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Old May 21st, 2013, 10:09 PM   #425
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Wilno












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Old May 22nd, 2013, 09:53 AM   #426
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Krakow


Wolne Miasto Gdansk (ethnically mostly German, however economically dependent and represented abroad by Poland)
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Old May 22nd, 2013, 10:32 AM   #427
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Thanks for sharing these photos. Very handy!
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Old May 22nd, 2013, 08:27 PM   #428
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Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów












Some random people in Lwów...




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Old May 25th, 2013, 01:17 AM   #429
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Rossa Cemetery in Wilno






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Old May 25th, 2013, 10:52 PM   #430
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Polish pavilion at World Fair of 1939 in New York

Monument of King Władysław Jagiełło


Science Hall


Polish Aviation exhibition


PKP exhibition


Polish pavilion and menu in Polish Restaurant
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Old May 27th, 2013, 03:42 AM   #431
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That Jagiello monument is now in Central Park,NYC.

image hosted on flickr

http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2727/4...69c929f8_z.jpg
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Old May 27th, 2013, 11:43 AM   #432
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Other equestrian statues of Polish kings, monuments of Wladyslaw Jagiello in Krakow and Jan III Sobieski in Warsaw.


Monuments of Prince Jozef Poniatowski in Warsaw, Jozef Pilsudski in Katowice (it was commissioned in the 1930s)


and Tadeusz Kosciuszko in Krakow.
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Old May 28th, 2013, 11:15 PM   #433
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Poznań






Monument of Adam Mickiewicz


* The oldest monument of this Polish poet was erected by Władysław Oleszczyński in Poznań in 1857

Town Hall and Armoury


Monument of 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment and charming street in the Old Town


Some Baroque Catholic churches
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Old May 29th, 2013, 11:50 PM   #434
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Poles from East Prussia in Grudziądz


Poles from East Prussia in a trip to Częstochowa


* The southern part of East Prussia in Germany was marked as an ethnically Polish area with a number of Poles estimated in the interwar period at 300,000-350,000.

Polish children from Opole Silesia going on a summer holiday to Poland


Poles from Opole Silesia in Częstochowa


* The Opole Silesia in Germany was inhabited by 550,000-850,000 Poles.
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Old May 30th, 2013, 08:46 PM   #435
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Polish pavilion at World Fair of 1937 in Paris


Interiors exhibition




Statues of famous Poles (Bolesław Chrobry, Władysław Jagiełło, Mikołaj Kopernik, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Adam Mickiewicz, Fryderyk Chopin, Józef Piłsudski)


PKP (Polish State Railways) class Pm36


* This project won a gold medal at the 1937 International Exposition of Art and Technology in Paris.
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Old June 1st, 2013, 12:29 PM   #436
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this time KonstantinasŠirvydas is right. the fact that he was the King of Poland doesn't make him a Pole. as with the kings of the Vasa dynasty or Stephen Bįthory who hardly spoke Polish. BTW, "a Pole" or "Lithuanian" (as understood today) in fact are modern concepts and shouldn't be literally transposed to the Middle Ages.
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Old June 1st, 2013, 12:32 PM   #437
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Gatsby View Post
this time KonstantinasŠirvydas is right. the fact that he was the King of Poland doesn't make him a Pole. as with the kings of the Vasa dynasty or Stephen Bįthory who hardly spoke Polish. BTW, "a Pole" is a modern concept and shouldn't be literally transposed to the Middle Ages.
The major problem is, that we need two therms. One could be for ethnic Poles (English man, ethnic Russian - russkiy), the other - to name the people, who somehow belonged to Polish culture, history, etc., but were not ethnic Poles (compare to British man or inhabitant of Russia of any nationality - rossiyanin).
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Old June 1st, 2013, 02:54 PM   #438
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And on top of that, Jagiełło's mother was Ruthenian Uliana of Tver, so he resembled the ethnic & cultural diversity of the then Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
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Old June 1st, 2013, 06:52 PM   #439
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Statues from the 18th century in Żółkiew (Stanisław Daniłowicz, Karol Radziwiłł, Hieronim Radziwiłł, Stanisław Żółkiewski, Jan III Sobieski, Jakub Sobieski)






* pre-WW1 photos
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Old June 1st, 2013, 08:32 PM   #440
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Gatsby View Post
this time KonstantinasŠirvydas is right. the fact that he was the King of Poland doesn't make him a Pole. as with the kings of the Vasa dynasty or Stephen Bįthory who hardly spoke Polish. BTW, "a Pole" or "Lithuanian" (as understood today) in fact are modern concepts and shouldn't be literally transposed to the Middle Ages.
Quote:
Originally Posted by katsuma View Post
And on top of that, Jagiełło's mother was Ruthenian Uliana of Tver, so he resembled the ethnic & cultural diversity of the then Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
On the other hand, he was a pagan duke before became a King of Poland. So it is clear what was his cultural background. Particularly knowing baltic pre-christian religion/mythology/live-style/mindset and understanding that it was really strong thing..
His father was called "Devillll", "fire worshiper" and so on, remained a pagan despitethe fact that he marred christian women.
All than pagan stuff is quite interesting. More than 100 year we did not accept christianity (and someone even until XX cent...).

I can partly agree. Lithuanians in Middle Ages actually meaned the same as know. Transformation of definition/canotation (as citizenship/common name) was a result of Renaissance culture. When the state was stable and integrated. More or less. You can find something like that:

Mindowe, dei gratia rex Lettowiae

Grand Duke Treniota (XIII century). From popes latters:
Trinota, filius regis Lethowinorum

"Gedeminne Dei gratia Letwinorum et multorum Ruthenorum rex"
(
"Gediminas, by the grace of God, of the Lithuanians and many Rus'ians, king")

Witowdus Dei gratia dux Lithuaniae dominus Trocensis, Luszensis;

Jogaila in the end of XIV cent and in XV cent. after unsuccessful baptism, confirmed that lithuanians are New Christions (like Jogaila was);
Vytautas did the same.

1283, Peter von Dusburg, Chronicon terrae Prussiae:

In Lithuanian:
„1283 viešpaties metais, kai nuo karų su prūsų gentimis pradžios prabėgo jau 53 metai ir visos šios žemės giminės jau buvo nukariautos ir išvaikytos, žodžiu, kai čia nebeliko nė vieno, kuris nebūtų nuolankiai paklusęs šventajai Romos bažnyčiai, Teutonų ordino broliai šitaip pradėjo karą su ta galinga, kietasprande ir kariauti pratusia tauta, kuri gyveno Prūsijos žemės kaimynystėje, anapus Nemuno, Lietuvos žemėje.“

English Google Translation:

"Lord in 1283, when the war with the Prussian tribe has spent 53 years and all the tribes of the earth has already been defeated and dispersed, a word which here had no one who would not humble obedience to the Holy Roman Church, the Order of Teutonic brothers thus began the war with the powerful, stubborn and accustomed to fight the people who lived in the land in the neighborhood Prussia, across the Nemunas, Lithuania. "

As you can see, lith and rus were distingushed: we were pagan=lithuanians; ruthenians - christians;
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