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Old March 7th, 2015, 07:41 PM   #941
Vaner
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Here is a piece of more recent material - unfortunately in Polish, but still might be interesting.

Józef Zwisłocki, currently living in Syracuse, grandson of the II Republic's last president, Ignacy Mościcki, has decided to donate some of the last surviving documents from the family archives to the Polish state.

The documents contain, among the other things, Mościcki's informal will in which the president requests that, after his wife's death, all of his documents and possessions be transferred to the Warsaw royal castle, his former official seat. This disposition has never been enforced: the President died in exile, and the castle itself did not survive the war and was only reconstruted in the 1970s. According to what Zwisłocki says, most of the president's papers are now held in the Jasna Góra monastery in Częstochowa.

Zwisłocki expresses hope that the documents donated by him, along with the rest of the presidential archives, will be finally transferred to the castle and made available to the public.



Not to make this post totally devoid of historical material, a few newsreels featuring the president himself:

On visit to Estonia in 1930 (the last occasion on which the Polish head of state made an official travel by sea):



Receiving Anthony Eden in Warsaw, April 1935:



Chasing the stag with his hunting buddy, Hermann:



And one of his last public speeches, announcing the beginning of hostilities with Germany on September 1, 1939. 30 days later, on September 30, he would resign in favour of Władysław Raczkiewicz, who thus became the II Republic's first president-in-exile:

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Old March 7th, 2015, 08:12 PM   #942
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Czaykowski palace in Kamionka Wołoska



Moszków - Plater-Zyberków palace



Narol - Palace Łosiów.



Rudzińskich palace, Osiek



Szczekociny - Dembińskich palace



Balice - Radziwiłłów palace.



Jabłonna - Poniatowskich palace







Kozłówka - Zamoyski palace





Nieśwież - Radziwiłłów castle



Krasiczyn - Sapiehów castle





Jabłonowskich palace, Bursztyn k. Stanisławowa



Lanckorońskich palace, Jagielnica



Presidential castle, Wisla (1931)









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Old March 9th, 2015, 02:07 PM   #943
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3rd May - remembering the first Polish constitution of 1791

Warsaw

1927



1934



1939





Katowice

1934





Independence Day, 11 November

1928

Warsaw



1933

Lodz



Poznan





1935

Warsaw



1937

Krakow



1938

Katowice



Warsaw





100 years of Mickiewicz's 'Pan Tadeusz', Krakow, June 1934





Remembering the November uprising of 1830/1831

Warsaw

1933



1935





1937







Remembering the Battle of Warsaw of 1920, when Poland defeated the Soviets

1936

Poznan





Warsaw



Remembering the defense of Lvov against Ukrainian and Soviet forces,

Lvov

1938



Funeral of the Polish poet Juliusz Słowacki (1809-1849) in 1927, with his body returning to a free Poland (Krakow) from Montmartre in Paris













Funeral of Pilsudski in Warsaw & Krakow, 1935



















Poznan



The funeral of the heart of Pilsudski in Wilno (1936), buried next to his mother



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Old March 12th, 2015, 02:59 AM   #944
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Poznan

Old Market Square (1934)







Town hall inside (1925)



Collegium Minus



Grand Theater



The House of the Polish Soldier (in the war the Gestapo was based here. My grand-grandfather was held there too for a little time)





Private school



Trade school (1929)



State archives (1934)



Poznan expo (1929)





Poznan expo (1935)



Workers housing



Electric plant (1929)



Elderly home (1935)



European Hotel (1934)



Fara



Cathedral (1925)



(1934)



Synagogue





Harbour (1925)



(1929)



(1935)



Old Market





Freedom Square (30's)

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Old March 16th, 2015, 03:44 PM   #945
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Gdynia and Gdańsk - ports within Poland's customs territory (1935)









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Old May 10th, 2015, 05:04 AM   #946
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Not sure where to share this but I found this by chance on Facebook. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin 1945. Looks like a still from film footage. Anyways, you see the Soviet flag and a Polish flag. I read that there were orders to remove the Polish flag to give the Soviet Russians all the glory. The soldier who put it up was apparently killed and some film footage was re-shot with only Soviet flags. It's important to share this with our western friends because this is the first time I've seen this. I learn more online than in school.





https://www.facebook.com/groups/455233401265759/
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Old May 10th, 2015, 12:14 PM   #947
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rychlik View Post
Not sure where to share this but I found this by chance on Facebook. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin 1945. Looks like a still from film footage. Anyways, you see the Soviet flag and a Polish flag. I read that there were orders to remove the Polish flag to give the Soviet Russians all the glory. The soldier who put it up was apparently killed and some film footage was re-shot with only Soviet flags. (...) [/IMG]
No, he wasn't, but it was close. And you refer to the incident of Siegessaule, not Brandenburg Gate. And while Polish troops fought their way to Siegessaule (through large part of Charlottenburg and Tiergarden area), they didn't fight near the Reichstag or Brndbrg Gate. And it is of extreme irony of history that Polish veterans, who lived after war in Communist Poland, couldn't visit place of their fight, because it was all in the West Berlin, which was off limits

Still, I don't now, what does it have to do with interbellum. "Interbellum" is between the wars, excluding them
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Old May 10th, 2015, 05:00 PM   #948
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Amazing how much of the truth has been manipulated post war to serve Soviet interests and to appease the guilt of the allies who despicably abandoned us. They owe us a great deal.
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old May 11th, 2015, 05:00 AM   #949
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Still, I don't now, what does it have to do with interbellum. "Interbellum" is between the wars, excluding them

I know. I need an audience.
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Old June 1st, 2015, 02:57 AM   #950
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There is a small anniversary today that it might be nice to recall. June 1, 1928 saw the creation of the Centre for Cavalry Training (Centrum Wyszkolenia Kawalerii) in Grudziadz, the II Republic's legendary cavalry academy which inherited the traditions of some of the older establishments of this type which had existed in the city of Grudziadz since the 19th century. Virtually all of the officers trained at CWK over the decade that followed saw action during the September campaign of 1939.

This short newsreel from 1938 offers a rare glimpse of CWK's daily operations:



The CWK itself:


(fotopolska.eu)

Jubilee celebrations in 1936:


(Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe)

CWK badge:


(grawerapanasiuk.pl)
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Old June 19th, 2015, 10:42 PM   #951
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rychlik View Post
Not sure where to share this but I found this by chance on Facebook. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin 1945. Looks like a still from film footage. Anyways, you see the Soviet flag and a Polish flag. I read that there were orders to remove the Polish flag to give the Soviet Russians all the glory. The soldier who put it up was apparently killed and some film footage was re-shot with only Soviet flags. It's important to share this with our western friends because this is the first time I've seen this. I learn more online than in school.





https://www.facebook.com/groups/455233401265759/
This is scene from Polish B&W TV series "Czterej pancerni i pies" (1965-70), ep. 20 "Brama". It's just fake Brandenburg gate, built (with other Berlin ruins) in Aleksandrów Łódzki airfield for this series and other WWII themed movie.
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Old June 19th, 2015, 11:55 PM   #952
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90 years of Polish Radio

1 February 1925 marks ninety years since Poland's first radio broadcast, seven years after the country regained its independence in the wake of World War I.

The first programme was emitted by the Polish Radiotechnical Society from their makeshift studio in a Warsaw suburb.

The official founding of Polish Radio was on 18 August 1925.

English language broadcasts started as early as 1936. Today's English Section, renamed Radio Poland in recent months, continues this tradition. Meanwhile, since April 1927, the historic bugle call from Kraków's St. Mary's Basilica has been played daily at noon on Programme I of Polish Radio, excepting the Nazi German occupation of World War II, when the radio went underground.

Before the Second World War, Polish Radio operated one national channel – broadcast from 1931 from one of Europe's most powerful longwave transmitters, situated at Raszyn just outside Warsaw and destroyed in 1939 due to invasion of German Army – and nine regional stations:

Kraków from 15 February 1927
Poznań from 24 April 1927
Katowice from 4 December 1927
Wilno from 15 January 1928
Lwów from 15 January 1930
Łódź from 2 February 1930
Toruń from 15 January 1935
Warszawa II from 1 March 1937
Baranowicze from 1 July 1938
A tenth regional station was planned for Łuck, but the outbreak of war meant that it never opened.



Polish radio interval signal 1939


This is the last broadcast of Polish Radio in Warsaw on the 28th September 1939. In the brief communique the speaker announces that this is the final transmission since Nazi army has entered Warsaw. He passes greetings to Polish soldiers who are still fighting the Germans at the Hel peninsula, "and all those still fighing, wherever they may be". He finishes by saying Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła! (“Poland has not perished yet”-- which are the first words of Polish national anthem) and Niech żyje Polska! (Long live Poland!). The final sounds are that of Mazurek Dąbrowskiego – the national anthem.


The last live music broadcast of the Polish Radio was a performance by Władysław Szpilman (whose life is portrayed in Polański’s Oscar-winning movie, The Pianist). On the 23rd September 1939 he was forced to stop playing because the Germans began bombarding the radio building. When Szpilman resumed his job at the Polish Radio in 1945, his first performance was that of the interrupted piece by Chopin, Nocturne in C sharp minor.

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Old August 27th, 2015, 12:34 PM   #953
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Map of Poland (drawn by Henryk Arctowski in March 1920)

*Click on map to view larger version

At that time, cities such as Kamieniec Podolski (below) and Minsk were under Polish administration (till the Soviets pushed the Polish Army far west later that same year), Poland also had a slim chance of acquiring plebiscite areas.
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Kamieniec Podolski - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine

Drawing of Kamieniec Podolski fortifications (1684)



Kamieniec Podolski (ca.1914)
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Old December 4th, 2015, 01:53 PM   #954
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Old December 4th, 2015, 02:08 PM   #955
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Old December 4th, 2015, 02:10 PM   #956
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Old December 4th, 2015, 02:14 PM   #957
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Old December 4th, 2015, 02:15 PM   #958
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