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Old October 30th, 2012, 04:50 PM   #1
buho
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Tarragona, roman capital of Spain

I was in Tarragona for just a day in august, but I visited the most I could.



Beside the mediterranean sea, Tarragona was the Iberian most important city in the emperor August ages, so most of the north part of the Iberian Peninsule was known as the Tarraconensis province, due to Tarraco (nowadays Tarragona). Since 2000, the main roman monuments are World Heritage of UNESCO.

The first place I visited was the arc of Bará, 20 km away from the city centre. Was built in the Via Augusta, it's a big triumpg arc buil in the year 13 b.C.



The access to the monument is really disappointing, there is not a path, you need to stop the car and you can't get closer to the arc... The old Via Augusta now is the N-340, one of the longest and most used roads.







There is an inscription that explains it was built by Lucio Licinio Sura during the emperor August ages.



The next point in the maps is the torre de los Escipiones (Escipiones tower), in the Via Augusta too.



In this case you can get closer to the monument, but you have to cross the road. It's a funerary memorial built at the middle 1st century a.C., 6 km away from Tarragona city centre.



This was the original shape, covered by a pyramid.



There are just a few examples in the Iberian Peninsule of roman funerary monuments...



The human reliefs at both sides, are representing the god Atis.



He appears twice because he's the symbol of death and resurrection.



In the outskirts of Tarragona there are some other important roman monuments I didn't see, as an example, the roman quarry of el Medol, 9 km away from Tarragona.



Pic by amadalvarez from Wikipedia -> http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...na_0460-01.jpg

And the most important, the villa-mausoleum of Centcelles, in Constantí, 7 km away from Tarragona.



Pic by joanbanjo from Wikipedia -> http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...Centcelles.jpg

It was a 1st century villa, nowadays only ruins, and the 4th century mausoleum. At the pic, the baths.



Pic by joanbanjo from Wikipedia -> http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...es,_termes.jpg

The mausoleum is covered with a dome that was completely painted with haunting scenes and from the Old Testament.



Pic by http://arqueolugares.blogspot.com.es...nstanti-t.html



Pic by joanbanjo from Wikipedia -> http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...Centcelles.jpg



Foto de www20.gencat.cat

Detail of a lion.



Another vila is in Altafulla, villa dels Munts, 10 km away from Tarragona.



Pic from www.arqueotur.org

To be continue...
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Old October 30th, 2012, 06:06 PM   #2
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Let's continue! Rambla Nova is the main street of the city, The castellers monument.



Typical tradition in Catalunya.



Centenari fountain made in 1954.







Memorial dedicated to the heroes of the Independence war, the war against the french in 1808-1812.



In a parallel street, the city market.



Really beautiful, a modernist market built in 1915. It's being restored.









In the same square, a 1919 modernist little building.





Teresianas convent, built in 1922-1926 by a Gaudí disciple.



Another beatiful building, nowadays a library.



At the end of the Rambla, the Roger de Lluria memorial. Made in 1887, he was a medieval admiral of the Aragón navy, although he was italian.





Mediterranean balcony.





To be continue...
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Old October 30th, 2012, 09:40 PM   #3
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I've only visited Tarragona itself and the Roman remains in the town. Didn't know there was so much to discover in the outskirts.
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Old October 31st, 2012, 09:41 PM   #4
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Yes, and the best of the outskirts will be in the last thread!
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Old October 31st, 2012, 10:05 PM   #5
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Okay, I have patience.
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Old November 1st, 2012, 12:09 AM   #6
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molto bella
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Old November 1st, 2012, 01:01 AM   #7
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Grazie mille amico! And stay tuned, Benonio!

A sun clock close to the sea.



And that's maybe the most iconic monument in Tarragona, the roman amphitheatre.





It was built in the late 2nd century, and its capacity was 15.000 people. It was made to host the gladiators fights.







The street in the middle was underground, the gladiators had their vestries there, the lions cages... there is a medieval church too built on the arena.



That's the church.



The colossal entry gate.





To be continue...
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Old November 1st, 2012, 01:28 AM   #8
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Yep, I remember the amphitheater.
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Old November 1st, 2012, 11:46 PM   #9
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Probably the most famous monument in Tgn
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Old November 1st, 2012, 11:54 PM   #10
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Those Paleochristian mosaics are a marvel, as well as the other Roman monuments!
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Old November 2nd, 2012, 04:29 PM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by buho View Post
Probably the most famous monument in Tgn
Allthough I liked the city center with the old cathedral even more.
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Old November 2nd, 2012, 06:00 PM   #12
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Thanks Primeval! And yes Benonie, the gothic part of the city is really nice.

From the amphitheatre you can see the Pretorio tower.



The tower and the National Archeollogy Museum of Tarragona.



The next point in the map is the roman circus, envolved by a medieval wall.





Pretorio tower. When I read it was a roman tower I thougt... yeah, maybe there was once a roman tower, but this is not. Gothic windows... but I had a surprise.



The circus isn't well preserved, but however is one of the best preserved roman circus...



The stands.



The circus had this shape, made for the quadrigas races, Benhur style. It was 325 metres long and hosted 25.000 people.



Medieval tower.







But the unique aspect about the Tarraco circus is the underground galleries.







Pretorio tower.





It is said Poncio Pilato was born in this tower, because his father was a Tarraconense governor.



Outside there is nothing roman in the tower, but inside... Those big ashlars are roman.



The window is gothic, 14th century, when the tower was a kings house of the Aragón monarchy.



A model of the roman city.



The circus from the tower.



More roman walls...





Another part of the circus.



To be continue...
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Old November 2nd, 2012, 07:49 PM   #13
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Very beautyful, the first position I frequented was the 20 km away from the town center. Was designed in the Via Augusta,
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Old November 3rd, 2012, 01:47 AM   #14
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Amazing historical sites! Thanks for posting it!
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Old November 3rd, 2012, 07:58 AM   #15
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very nice and informative thread on Tarragona....thanks.
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Old November 4th, 2012, 11:01 AM   #16
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Thanks to all! I'll continue tomorrow.
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Old November 4th, 2012, 11:54 AM   #17
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Interesting and very nice photos; well done and thanks
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Old November 5th, 2012, 05:27 PM   #18
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Thanks christos!

The National Archeollogic Museum of Tarragona has quite valious pieces of roman art. I didn't get in because i had no time...





Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es



Foto de dmj1962 en http://www.qype.es

"El Negret" (the "blackie"), a lamp with the shape of a black slave child.



Wall painting with a peacock.

[IMG]http://i50.************/23tqngn.jpg[/IMG]

Foto de Ophelia2 -> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pi...b_pa%C3%B3.JPG

Medusa mosaic.



Foto de Ophelia2 -> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mo...la_Medusa2.JPG

Antinoo, Adriano's favourite slave.



Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es

Júpiter-Amón.



Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es

Fishes mosaic, there are 47 different species in it.



Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es/

Articulated doll made of ivory, found in a 5 years old girl tomb.



Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es/

Balance with the shape of Diana, it weighs 38 kilos and it was found at the harbour.




Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es/

Paleochristian sarcophagus with lions haunting gazelles.



Foto de http://www.españaescultura.es/

Anchor of a ship.




Foto de dmj1962 en http://www.qype.es

In the Pretorio tower there is also the Hipolito sarcophagus, 3th century.

[IMG]http://i46.************/2ebbxg2.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i47.************/oabvye.jpg[/IMG]

To be continue...
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Old November 5th, 2012, 06:28 PM   #19
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Little square next to the Pretorio and the museum.



Ruins of the provincial forum of Tarraco.





The Font square, with the town hall.



19th century.



Inside there is the tomb of Jaime I the Conqueror, a modernist design by Domenech y Montaner.



Foto de georg-hessen, de Wikipedia -> http://ca.wikipedia.org

Very nice streets surrounding the cathedral, a real gothic neighborhood.



Main facade of the cathedral and gothic buildings of the Seu square.





In the wall of the cathedral there is a paleochristian sarcophagus made in 400 a.C., known as the Bethesda sarcophagus.



Inside, a pure gothic building.



The old Santa Tecla hospital, next to the cathedral.



It's romanic, 12th century.





An apse of the cathedral.



This is the entry to the cloister, the part of the cathedral I liked the most.





It was made at the late 12th century.



[IMG]http://i47.************/mayy5g.jpg[/IMG]





To be continue...
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Old November 5th, 2012, 07:05 PM   #20
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And the updates are very nice too
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