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Old November 22nd, 2012, 04:10 PM   #1
urix99
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WEST SUMATERA | The Majestic Province in Indonesia | Visit Indonesia 2014 | 4Th

West Sumatera Beautifull Galleries

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West Sumatra | The land of Harmony


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West Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Barat, abbreviated to Sumbar) is a province of Indonesia. It lies on the west coast of the island Sumatra. It borders the provinces of North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) to the north, Riau and Jambi to the east, and Bengkulu to the southeast. It includes the Mentawai Islands off the coast. The capital of the province is Padang.




History

The history of West Sumatra is related to the history of the Minangkabau people. Archaeological evidence indicates that the area surrounding the Limapuluh Koto regency forms the first area inhabited by the Minangkabau. Limapuluh Koto regency covers a number of large rivers which meet at the eastern part of the Sumatran coastline and provided sailing transportation until the end of the last century. The Minangkabau ancestors were believed to have arrived via this route. They sailed from Asia (Indo-China) via the South China Sea, crossing the Malacca Strait and later settled along the Kampar, Siak and Indragiri (or Kuantan) rivers. Some lived and developed their culture and traits around the Limapuluh Koto regency.



The integration with migrants in the ensuing periods introduced cultural changes and an increase in population. Their settlement area gradually became diminished and eventually they spread to other parts of West Sumatra. A portion of them went to the Agam regency while others went to the now Tanah Datar regency. From those areas onward, further spread of the population occurred north of the Agam regency, in particular, the Lubuk Sikaping. Rao and Ophir districts. Most of them settled in the western area such as the coastline and some in the southern parts in Solok, Selayo and the surrounding areas of Muara and Sijunjung.

The history of the West Sumatra Province became more accessible at the time of the rule by Adityawarman. This ruler left considerable amount of evidence of himself, although he did not proclaim that he was the Minangkabau King. Adityawarman ruled Pagaruyung, a region believed by the Minangkabau to be the center of its culture. Adityawarman was the most important figure in Minangkabau history. Apart from introducing a government system by a ruling monarch, he also contributed significantly to the Minangkabau world. His most important contribution was the spread of Buddhism. This religion had a very strong influence in the Minangkabau life. The evidence of such influence found in West Sumatra today includes names such as Saruaso, Pariangan, Padang Barhalo, Candi, Biaro, Sumpur and Selo.

Since the death of Adityawarman in the middle of the 17th century the history of West Sumatra seems more complex. During that time, the connection of West Sumatra with the outside world, in particular, Aceh, became more intense. West Sumatra at that time was the political dominion of Aceh which also monopolized the economy of the area. Coupled with the intensive connection Islam entered into West Sumatra. The new faith eventually became fundamental to the social and cultural way of life in the region. Sheik Burhanuddin was regarded as the first preacher of Islam in West Sumatra. Prior to expanding the faith in the region, he was studying in Aceh.

The dominating influence of Aceh’s politics and economy did not make the people of West Sumatra happy. Ultimately, the growing dissatisfaction gave way to the acceptance of the Dutch although the presence of them also opened up a new chapter in the history of West Sumatra. The arrival of the Dutch in the region caused them to enter the era of colonialism in the very of essence of its meaning.

The first westerner to reach West Sumatra was the French explorer Jean Parmentier in 1529. However, the westerners who came for economic and political reasons were the Dutch. The Dutch commercial fleet was seen along the southern coast of West Sumatra between 1595–1598. Apart from the Dutch, other European nationalities also came to the region such as the Portuguese and the English.


Geography

West Sumatra lies in the middle of the western coast of Sumatra, and has an area of 42,130.82 kmē. Geographic features include plains, mountainous volcanic highlands formed by the Barisan mountain range that runs from north-west to south-east, and an offshore island archipelago called the Mentawai Islands. The West Sumatran coastline faces the Indian Ocean and stretches 375 km from North Sumatra province in the north-west to Bengkulu in the south-east. The lakes of West Sumatra include: Maninjau (99.5 kmē), Singkarak (130.1 kmē), Diatas (31.5 kmē), Dibawah (14.0 kmē), Talang (5.0 kmē). The rivers of West Sumatra include: Kuranji, Anai, Ombilin, Suliki, Agam, Sinamar, Arau. The mountains & volcanoes of West Sumatra include: Marapi (2,891 m), Sago (2,271 m), Singgalang (2,877 m), Talakmau (2,912 m), Talang (2,572 m), Tandikat (2,438 m).


















by ori http://arantan.wordpress.com/2012/04...dwidth-killer/

repost foto

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Old November 22nd, 2012, 04:29 PM   #2
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Rate for padang banner, 30 august 2013





Daftar Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Sumatera Barat


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Old November 22nd, 2012, 04:33 PM   #3
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ganti nama ya..?
atau tharead baru..?
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Old November 22nd, 2012, 04:34 PM   #4
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Kepada "Dunsanak" di mana saja berada pengunjung tharead ini.

Quote:
Jangan lupa saksikan ritual yang sudah di gelar sejak ratusan tahun silam di kota Pariaman mengenang tewasnya cucu nabi Muhammad SAW Hasan,Hosen di syiah Karbala dalam acara Hoyak Tabuik.

Pesta budaya Tabuik adalah rangkaian dari ritual demi ritual yang berlansung pada 1-10 Muharam di kota Pariaman, di Iran untuk memperingati tewasnya cucu nabi Muhammad SAW ini di gelar dengan ritual yang bernama Ta'ziah.

Di kota Pariaman rangkaian Prosesi Tabuik di peringati dengan duka cita. duka karena terbunuhnya Hasan,Hosen di padang karbala, suasana duka tercermin pada ritual 'Maatam" di mana pada prosesi ini beberapa orang anak tabuik meratap sambil mengelilingi Daraga tempat penyimpanan jasad Hasan,Hosen yang di lambangkan dengan seonggok tanah yang terletak dalam periuk tanah bertungkuskan kain putih.

Suka karena datangnya Buraq sejenis kuda terbang yang turun dari langit membawa peti yang menyimpan jasad Hasan,Hosen dan membawanya terbang ke atas langit menghadap tuhan, prosesi ini tercermin dalam ritual Hoyak tabuik yang menampilkan semangat kegotongroyongan mengusung, menghoyak jasad Hasan,Hosein serta melarungnya ke laut, peti jasad Hasan,Hosen itu di lambangkan dalam bentuk Tabuik yang mempunyai tinggi sampai 15 meter yang terbuat dari Kayu, Bambu, dan rottan yang dihias dengan sangat menarik, prosesi ini di riuhkan dengan suara musik perkusi Gandang-Tasa yang sangat membakar semangat anak Tabuik untuk menghoyak Tabuik.

Pada puncak acara ritual Tabuik yang pada tahun ini jatuh pada tanggal 25 November besok, kota pariaman biasanya di penuhi lautan manusia yang berkumpul di lokasi pusat kota pariaman sampai pantai Gandoriah, di perkirakan pada saetiap puncak acara ini lokasi pusat kota pariaman di padati ratusan ribu manusia, bahkan pemko pariaman pernah melansir jumlah orang yang datang dan berkumpul pada acara hoyak tabuik mencapai angka 250 ribu orang, jumlah yang sangat fantastis untuk kota pariaman yang berpenduduk hanya 80 ribuan jiwa.

Tabuik sering juga di hoyak di kota2 besar di indonesia yang di selenggarrakan PKDP (persatuan keluarga daerah pariaman) seperti kota Pekanbaru, Palembang, Jakarta Dll.
bahkan Tabuik Pariaman pernah di bawa ke Amerika mewakili kebudayaan Indonesia pada "Cherry blossom festival" agenda tahunan kota Washington DC yang menampilkan perwakilan atraksi budaya negara2 dari seluruh dunia.


http://niadilova.blogdetik.com/index.php/archives/543

Tabuk di Washington DC




Tabuik di Pariaman



http://bbaattiikk.blogspot.com/2012/...era-barat.html
..
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Old November 22nd, 2012, 04:43 PM   #5
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thread baru bg sherif,

tabuik pariaman belum digelar ya,
mudahan rame photografer yg datan nanti,jd yg dirantau bs menikmati lewat foto2nya
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Old November 23rd, 2012, 06:29 AM   #6
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old foto

danau maninjau

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by http://www.flickr.com/photos/pra-yudi/
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Old November 23rd, 2012, 06:34 AM   #7
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video udara lembah harau

paragliding maninjau
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Old November 23rd, 2012, 06:37 AM   #8
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cultural of tanah datar
Pacu Jawi

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http://www.flickr.com/photos/neloqua...7629097861036/


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Old November 23rd, 2012, 06:38 AM   #9
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Morning at Agam Residence, near Bukittingi town. A view from Puncak Lawang.

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Old November 23rd, 2012, 07:00 AM   #10
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BY Nofrins N.

Daerah Pintu Kaporo


by EJK
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Old November 23rd, 2012, 07:53 AM   #12
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maninjau


http://www.faceofindonesia.com/Sumatra-Barat


http://www.faceofindonesia.com/photo...7/p1208866.jpg

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Old November 23rd, 2012, 12:58 PM   #13
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danau dibawah

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http://www.flickr.com/photos/24421933@N02/4701206633/
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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:36 AM   #14
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Sumbar Paling Sering Dikunjungi Wisatawan
Sabtu, 24 November 2012 - 09:25:55 WIB

JAKARTA, SO--Ternyata, dari 33 Provinsi yang ada di Indonesia, belum termasuk pronvinsi pemekaran baru. Sumbar menjadi tempat paling sering dikunjungi wisatawan mancanegara maupun wisatawan nusantara, mengalahkan Bali dan daerah favorit lainnya.
http://www.sumbaronline.com/berita-1...wisatawan.html

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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:38 AM   #15
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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:39 AM   #16
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Echo Homestay, Lembah Harau










http://www.lembahecho.com/

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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:48 AM   #17
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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:49 AM   #18
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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:50 AM   #19
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Old November 24th, 2012, 04:52 AM   #20
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Air Terjun Timbulun Painan

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