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Old April 16th, 2015, 09:56 PM   #161
Maria_Helena JF
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Architectural plans rejected for the construction of Brasilia:



Straight shaft - second place in the competition





The city would be composed of three main cores. The biggest would be used to homes, all close to the lake. In the center of this nucleus would be the government buildings, surrounded by a unique housing sector for civil servants. The intermediate core would house all the commercial area of the city. The third core, would be used to lower social classes. The houses would be distributed as follows: 12% of homes, 57% of three-story buildings and 31% of 12-story buildings.


Mini-cities - third place:







The brothers Maurice, Marcelo and Milton Roberto (Roberto MMM) devised a divided capital in seven urban units, like neighborhoods or small towns. These hexagonal mini-cities would be autonomous - with church, school, business, hospital, parks, cultural centers, workplaces and in the middle, a government department. Each unit would have 2400 meters in diameter and behave 72,000 people. The project included the natural increase to ten and a maximum of 14 units, allowing the population of the area grew to more than 1 million inhabitants. The residents occupy, plus the inner city, rural districts and "isolated establishments".

Super-buildings of 80 floors - fourth place








The City would have 18 super blocks 300 feet high, 400 long and 18 wide. In the middle of each block would be a space for ventilation. The structure of the buildings would be steel. Within each superblock would be a complex system of internal streets for pedestrians and vehicular (bus only circulate on the ground floor, between the stilts). In the four internal streets would squares and community facilities such as health center, kindergarten, laundry, key chains, coffee shop and other shops. The access would be made by 24 high-speed elevators with capacity for 28 passengers. To arrive at the apartment, the resident would one of these elevators to the internal street and there'd take one for the building.


Winning project - Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa




Construction of Brasilia in the 60s:






The city today:


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Old April 16th, 2015, 10:16 PM   #162
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Agache Plan - Rio de Janeiro:

Plan Agache is the popular name of urban renewal plan for the city of Rio de Janeiro drafted at the end of the 1920s, by Alfred Agache, at the request of then Mayor Antonio Prado Júnior.1

Although it was not effectively implemented, the Plan has opened new perspectives for urban planning in Brazil and led to the creation of the Department of Urban Planning of the City.







[img][/img]







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Old April 16th, 2015, 11:13 PM   #163
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The Agache Plan began to be built, but then it was forgotten. However, the plan influenced urban development in Rio and several buildings in the city:











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Old April 17th, 2015, 12:52 AM   #164
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Protects in São Paulo:


Viaduto do Chá:


Original project:


Today:


Luz Station:


Project:


Today:


Ibirapuera Park:


Original project:


Today:


Urbanization of the Tietê River:

Original project:


Today


Copan Building:


Project:


Today:
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Old April 17th, 2015, 01:02 AM   #165
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Projects for the Brazilian Congress:


1894:


1915:


1955:


Today (1960):
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Old April 17th, 2015, 01:30 AM   #166
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Niemeyer project to the Maracana stadium:




Today:

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Old May 29th, 2015, 03:49 PM   #167
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Nice post showing Detroit's never-built skyscrapers:

http://www.urbanplanet.org/forums/in...othic/?p=30604
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Old September 7th, 2015, 02:16 AM   #168
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Medici Tower, New York.

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Old September 8th, 2015, 07:07 PM   #169
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edit
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Old September 26th, 2015, 12:10 AM   #170
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Not really anything extraordinary, but here is the Norwegian architect Paul Dues proposal for a building next to Victoria Terrasse here in Oslo from 1915.



The plot ended up being rebuilt in the early '30s instead, resulting in it looking like this:
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Old September 29th, 2015, 03:18 AM   #171
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Cenotaph for Sir Isaac Newton by Étienne-Louis Boullée (1784)
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Old September 30th, 2015, 07:20 PM   #172
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Nicee
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Old October 1st, 2015, 06:23 PM   #173
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Does anybody know how tall that sphere would've been?
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Old October 9th, 2015, 04:29 PM   #174
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Janic View Post
Does anybody know how tall that sphere would've been?
150m according to wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89...s_Boull%C3%A9e
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Old October 28th, 2015, 06:57 PM   #175
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Skyscraper in Zaryadye, Moscow, Russia

It was supposed to be the 8th Stalin's skyscraper of the Soviet capital.

The project was initiated in 1947 according to which this 32 storey building was supposed to be 275 meters tall. The construction began but the scraper was never erected.
After Stalin's death in 1953 it was suspended at the 10th level and finally cancelled two years later, all metalwork disassembled and reused in other projects...



From Red Square



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Old October 29th, 2015, 10:57 AM   #176
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There is a big building site in this place today. What is this ????


https://www.google.fr/maps/place/Mos...57cf4c!6m1!1e1
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Old October 30th, 2015, 10:53 AM   #177
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dober_86 View Post
Skyscraper in Zaryadye, Moscow, Russia


By the way, the buildings on the left (on the spot of the GUM department store and nearby quarters) were never built as well. Luckily.
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Old October 30th, 2015, 11:03 AM   #178
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Quote:
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There is a big building site in this place today. What is this ????
Since 1967 till 2006 there was a big and notoriously ugly hotel called Russia on this spot. The purpose of its erection was partially to fill the foundation left of that planned highrise. Then it was demolished and for 6 years the spot remained empty while discussions about it possible using were on. Finally a decision (rather wise one, I'd say) was made to create a new city park here, and this is what is under construction currently.
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Old October 30th, 2015, 04:47 PM   #179
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Quote:
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By the way, the buildings on the left (on the spot of the GUM department store and nearby quarters) were never built as well. Luckily.
Nice remark! So much of Stalin's Moscow remained solely on paper, and luckily indeed, in most cases.
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Old October 31st, 2015, 10:26 PM   #180
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Very interesting to compare the plans for Rio in the early twentieth century with what was implemented in Brasilia in the 1960s. Has there been any study on how one informed the other?
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