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Old January 27th, 2013, 11:23 PM   #1
Depeched
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City (Town) Halls (Architecture) in Europe till 1940

Year 1940 mean decade (before WWII)

Description about city hall:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seat_of_local_government

Would be intresting to see everything about city halls in Europe, from interior till facade, plans.

Firstly, I will start with Kaunas city hall, Lithuania

Quote:
The construction of Kaunas town hall started in 1542. At first it was a one-storey building with not daubed facade and vaulting cellars. In the 16th century the first floor was build and the eight storey tower was built in the east of the building. The ground floor was adjusted for trading and prison guards, the first floor - for trial, magistrate, treasure, archive and office. Cellars were used to store the goods. The cellars of the tower were used as a prison.
In the year 1638 the renaissance reconstruction was made. In the year 1771 -1775 the second reconstruction was made by architect J. Matekeris. He rebuilt the part of building, which was demolished in the 17th century, replanned the premises and added additional floor to the tower. He decorated the town hall with baroque and classicism style decorations, rebuilt the pediment and erected there the sculptures of Grand Dukes of Lithuania (they survived only until the 19th century).
In the year 1824 the town hall was used as the premises of the orthodox church and later - ammunition storage.
In the year 1836 the town hall was reconstructed again. The residence for Russian czars was made there.
From the year 1862 and 1869 there was The Kaunas town club, Russian club, firemen office and Russian theatre.
In the year 1869 Kaunas municipality was established in the Town hall. In the year 1944 it was replaced by the archive and in the year 1951 the archive was replaced by Kaunas technical institute.
In 1973 the Wedding Hall (marriage registration office) was opened in the ground and first floor of Town hall. The cellars were used by a Ceramics museum. The same year reconstruction damaged the building a lot.
In the year 2005 the last reconstruction was made, some of damage was eliminated and the Town hall was painted this time not with white color, but with ivory.
Kaunas Town hall is called "The white swan". Today it is used for the wedding ceremonies, official welcome of city guests, signing of agreements and official events
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Town_Hall,_Kaunas



Photo source: http://www.efoto.lt/node/498898



http://www.efoto.lt/node/489496


http://www.efoto.lt/node/376709


http://www.efoto.lt/node/31804
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>> MY PHOTO THREAD ABOUT LITHUANIA
>>MY PHOTOS FROM KLAIPĖDA (MEMEL)
>>> OLD LITHUANIA




Last edited by Depeched; January 27th, 2013 at 11:32 PM.
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Old January 28th, 2013, 03:30 AM   #2
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The architecture of Lithuania is very interesting. It looks a little bit like Scandinavia and a little bit like Russia and a little but like the Baltic German cities (I think of Lübeck) but also it is unique. Very nice.
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Old February 19th, 2013, 12:24 AM   #3
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More my own photos from Kaunas







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>>MY PHOTOS FROM KLAIPĖDA (MEMEL)
>>> OLD LITHUANIA



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Old February 19th, 2013, 12:51 AM   #4
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Nice buildings.
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Old February 19th, 2013, 01:04 AM   #5
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This is my favourite town hall in all of Europe:

Leuven Town Hall in Belgium, completed in 1469 in the Brabantine Gothic Style. It narrowly escaped destruction in World War One and World War Two.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leuven_Town_Hall

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Old February 20th, 2013, 06:21 AM   #6
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Wow, incredible-looking building. One of my favourites for sure.
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Old February 20th, 2013, 09:24 AM   #7
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Hildesheim

It was built in the 13th century, heavyly damaged in WWII and not completely reconstructed later.

image hosted on flickr
rathaus_hildesheim_tonemapped von Jan-Marc auf Flickr



http://www.geschichteinchronologie.c...euersturm.html



http://www.artflakes.com/de/products...ash-photochrom
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Old February 20th, 2013, 05:33 PM   #8
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Rotterdam, Architect prof. dr. Henri Evers (1914-1920)
image hosted on flickr


Delft, Hendrick de Keyser in 1618-1620, built around an older building called "het Steen" which dates back to 1400.

image hosted on flickr
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Old February 20th, 2013, 06:20 PM   #9
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Wroclaw town hall - Poland



Wroclaw's splendid Gothic Town Hall (built 1276-1600) is the cynosure of the Market Square, and for centuries the most important building in the city. It was under the Town Hall's vaulted ceiling and sculpted pillars that the Wroclaw's political big wigs debated difficult decisions through the ages, and guests of honour were received. Today the building has lost its political functions and tourists are allowed to ogle at the splendid interiors of rooms such as the Burgher's Hall and the Great Hall, visit the Museum of City Art or sample some finely fermented hops at the famous cellar bar, Piwnica Swidnicka.


http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/32640799.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/84/84339.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/84/84338.jpg

Interiors:


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/302/302155.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/302/302047.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/376/376197.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/377/377406.jpg

Underneath the Town hall
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Last edited by Oslo2022; February 24th, 2013 at 04:25 PM.
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Old February 20th, 2013, 07:58 PM   #10
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Gdansk town hall (main town) - Poland



The town hall is a Gothic-Renaissance building, located at the corner of Długa Street and Długi Targ, dominating the panorama of the Royal Route – the most representative route of the listed part of the city.

The origins of the Town Hall, which from the very beginning was the seat of the authorities of the main Gdańsk area, from the 14th century referred to as the Main City, go back to the early Middle Ages. From the mid 15th century it became the centre of power for the entire area located on the Motława river. It served this function for a few centuries, and throughout this time was the main municipal building.

The exact date of the creation of the building is unknown. According to 17th century Gdansk chronicler, Stephan Graua, the construction of the Town Hall was started in the spring of 1327 and completed in December 1336. The Gdańsk chronicler did not however provide the source of this information. In the 14th century the Town Hall was probably a small one-storey building constructed as a frame structure from bricks and wood.

The Gdańsk merchants were becoming increasingly rich on trade and strived to accentuate the city’s position by giving appropriate splendour to the interior of the Town Hall. At the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century, this interior was decorated by artists of the golden age of Gdańsk arts, including such masters as: Izaak van den Block, Hans Vredeman de Vries, Willem van der Meer, Anton Moeller and Szymon Herle. Overall administration of the works was managed by Dutchman, Anton van Obberghen, who at the time held the position of town builder.

The first floor became the most representative storey. It accommodated the most important rooms of the Town Hall – the Great Council Hall, also called the Red Hall, and the Great Wety Hall, from the 19th century called the White Hall. Beautiful rooms were also created inside the annex, to which two wings (northern and eastern) were added in the 16th century, which include the Small Council Hall (also called the Winter Hall) and the Small Wety Court Hall (the Fireplace Hall). The annex and the side wings formed a rectangular internal courtyard.

The seizure of Gdańsk by Prussia under the second partition of Poland brought about changes to the city’s government system. This was also reflected in the new functional layout of the Town Hall, as in the creation of the Mayor’s office in the former Town Cash Office Hall.

This valuable monument was badly damaged during World War II. In March 1945 fire destroyed the cupola of the tower, while the wooden ceilings and the walls were damaged by bombs and gun fire. The saved fragments of the walls were so weak that even an ordinary storm could be disastrous. According to preliminary arrangements, the building was not fit for reconstruction and was classified for demolition. However in the end the building survived.

Reconstruction of the town hall, started in 1946, was a difficult project and is regarded as one of the outstanding Polish post-war conservation achievements. After extensive bricklaying-conservation work, on 2 April 1970, the reconstructed town hall was commissioned to accommodate the Gdańsk Historical Museum, which since 2000 has been the Gdańsk History Museum.


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/119/119858.jpg


http://www.polskaniezwykla.pl/pictur...nal/282278.jpg

Main entrance:

http://fotopolska.eu/foto/312/312031.jpg

Interiors:


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/308/308190.jpg


http://www.elmarco.pl/cms/pliki/real...20(Medium).jpg

The great hall:


http://www.mhmg.gda.pl/img/administracja/wsw1.jpg


http://www.mhmg.gda.pl/img/administracja/wsw2.jpg

The red hall:


http://ibedeker.pl/wp-content/upload...ala-Rady_3.jpg


http://x.garnek.pl/ga9060/17b297bb6e...a_czerwona.jpg
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Last edited by Oslo2022; February 24th, 2013 at 04:24 PM.
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Old February 22nd, 2013, 08:49 PM   #11
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Administrative Palace (Arad City Hall) ,Arad ,Romania


source:wikimedia


source:wikimedia


source:photoexplores
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Old February 24th, 2013, 02:41 AM   #12
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The Guildhall
Exeter, Devon, England


This is believed to be the oldest civic building in England still being used for its original purpose, as a court room and a meeting place for the city council. It was started c1160, rebuilt in 1330 and most of the present structure is from the mid-15th century, although the underground prison is 14th century. The Renaissance portico, with the mayor's parlour above, was added in 1593. The very fine medieval roof, one of a number in Exeter of a similar design, was probably installed between 1467 and 1469. The panelling is 16th century but was heavily restored by the Victorians. The city regalia, including the sword presented to the city by Henry VII, is on display inside. It's a Grade I listed building of national importance.

Source: Photos I took

image hosted on flickr

Guildhall_portico by demolition_exeter, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

PA241522 by demolition_exeter, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

PA271704 by demolition_exeter, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Guildhall_interior_east by demolition_exeter, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

PA271699 by demolition_exeter, on Flickr

Last edited by wolfpaw; February 25th, 2013 at 11:32 PM.
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Old February 24th, 2013, 04:17 PM   #13
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Renaissance town hall in Poznan - Poland



Formerly seat of the city council, one of the most valuable Renaissance architecture monuments in central Europe. Built between 1550 and 1567 in the Renaissance style by the Italian architect Giovanni Batista Quadro of Lugano.

In 1945 the town hall suffered serious damage: the cupola of the tower came down and the top two floors were completely burnt. The most valuable interiors on the first floor were saved from fire by the city custodian, Józef Jóźwiak. During the reconstruction, which lasted until 1954, the extra storey added at the beginning of the century was demolished. In 1994 the work on general renovation of the town hall was started.

The town hall elevations are consistent in their Renaissance character. The only evidence of the building's Gothic past is the brick fragment of the tower dating back to the early 16th century. The classicist cupola was restored to its form from the end of the 18th century. Perched on its top is an original eagle from 1783. It is 1.8 metres high and has a wingspan of 2 metres.

But the building's most attractive feature is its front elevation with its colonnaded three - storey loggia and the three turrets above it. The medallions between the first and the second floor portray heads of wise men and heroes of antiquity. The attic storey features heads of the Polish kings from the Jagiellonian dynasty. Pictures of the kings from the Piast dynasty, designed by Zbigniew Bednarowicz, started to be posted below the side turrets.

In the centre turret, under the clock, there is a cartouche with the initials of king Stanislaus Augustus. Right above the clock there is a small ledge where every day at noon a pair of billy goats appears.







Bunny Goats: The city symbol








Interiors:











Coat of arms of the city.


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Last edited by Oslo2022; February 24th, 2013 at 04:24 PM.
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Old February 24th, 2013, 04:48 PM   #14
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Torun - Poland



Located in the centre of the Old City Market Square, the monumental Old City Town Hall is one of the biggest and most magnificent buildings of its kind in Europe. It is a monument to Toruń's glory as the former trade empire of Hansa. It was built under the privilege of the Teutonic Grand Master Conrad von Wallenrode in the late 14th century, i.e. when the medieval Old City of Toruń was at the peak of its prosperity.

The Old City Hall performed two functions: the ground floor housed merchant halls (the Cloth Hall, the so-called bread benches, City Scales, and the Judical Hall), whereas the first floor was occupied by the municipal authorities (the Council Hall, since the sixteenth century referred to as the Senate Hall, the Tribute Office, the Wet Office, the Chancellery, the Kamlaria Office (the Town Coffers Room), etc).

Initially, from the second half of the thirteenth century, the place had been occupied by a number of separate structures arranged in the form of a similar quadrangle.

Beautifully decorated with typically Gothic ornamentation, the tower is the oldest part of the present-day building. Dating from 1274, it was elevated to its present-day height of 40 metres in 1385. It was modelled on belfries built in Flanders – a combination of tower with market halls, which also served as watchtowers - because Toruń established close trade links with some of the cities in Flanders (mainly with Bruges, Ghent and Ypres) as early as the mid-thirteenth century.
The tower housed archives, armour and valuables, and it also functioned as prison.
In approximately 1430, it was crowned by a pointed helmet – a spire, at the top of which a golden crown was hung – a symbol of Toruń’s sovereignty and royal privileges. It was irretrievably damaged during the Swedish siege in 1703. Thus, it symbolizes the beginning of the end of Toruń’s greatest glory and power.

The years 1603-4, which marked another period of prosperity for the city, saw the reconstruction of the Old City Town Hall under an outstanding Flemish architect, Anton van Obberghen. The Gothic forms were overlaid with the new, Mannerist elements. Thus, while retaining the Gothic pointed blind windows on the facades, an additional storey was added to the building, as were the Mannerist sandstone corner turrets and beautiful gables on the axes of each façade (the gables were destroyed in 1703). Inside, the halls were also redecorated and enriched. Exquisite interiors, decorated by superb artists (to a considerable extent also destroyed in 1703), were testimony to Toruń’s affluence and power.

In the Grand Hall, in 1645, the famous Colloquium Charitativum was held, as were three sessions of the Polish Sejm (Diet; in 1519/20, 1576, and 1626). The Old City Hall was also the place for political negotiations and meetings involving the monarchs.


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/339/339605.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/340/340167.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/237/237505.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/242/242292.jpg

Courtyard:


http://www.akademiawojazer.pl/galeri..._w_toruniu.jpg


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...ziedziniec.JPG


http://www.bank-zdjec.com/foto5/30022_b.jpg


http://gdziebylec.pl/img/obiekty/226...jski_7_jpg.jpg

Interiors:


http://www.tripsoverpoland.eu/blog/w..._Torun_583.jpg


http://www.turystyka.torun.pl/upload...0krolewska.gif


http://www.turystyka.torun.pl/upload...nice070113.png


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/287/287550.jpg


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi..._gdanska_2.jpg
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Old February 25th, 2013, 01:49 AM   #15
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Very nice city halls, I hope you will add also city halls from smaller towns.

Here is reconstruction of city hall in Lithuania, Merkinė.
City hall was built in XVI c., demolished by Russia Empire administration in 1885.


My own work
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Last edited by Depeched; February 26th, 2013 at 04:52 PM.
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Old February 25th, 2013, 06:54 PM   #16
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Paris city hall (Hôtel de ville de Paris), Paris, France - Largest city hall in Europe


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...ia_Commons.jpg

Last edited by skyscraperus; March 2nd, 2013 at 01:11 PM.
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Old February 25th, 2013, 06:54 PM   #17
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New city hall Leipzig/Germany (1899-1905) :

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Old February 25th, 2013, 07:08 PM   #18
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Florence city hall, Florence, Italy
(Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo della Signoria, Palazzo Ducale, Palazzo dei Priori, Palazzo del Popolo)

One of the oldest city hall on the world (1299-1314)


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...lVecchio05.JPG

Painting from 1498

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...arola_1498.jpg

Fresco from 1630

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...-_WGA23960.jpg

Photo from 1881

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...zo_Vecchio.jpg

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Old February 25th, 2013, 09:42 PM   #19
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Wonderful pics and info guys, but some of you are not souring. Please source your photos! I don't want to have to remove
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Old February 26th, 2013, 12:21 AM   #20
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Siena city hall, Siena, Italy

One of the oldest city hall on the world (1297-1344)


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...alPubblico.JPG


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...0px-Siena5.jpg

Drawing from 1578

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...ampo_c1578.jpg
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