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Old February 5th, 2013, 12:34 AM   #1
Vozdoo
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Did Different Countries Architecture Influence Each Other?

Hello,

I have often wondered if different countries influenced each other's architecture styles.

Did the same architectural styles spread as a result of influence from the outside or did they come about separately? Let us imagine that two countries shared an architecture style, did this come about due to the influence of one over the other or did they develop in complete isolation from each other even if they were of the same style?

I heard that Gothic architecture developed at the same time both in France and in England. However did these developments take place separate from each other or did they influence each other?

Furthermore, was the Gothic architecture which appeared in Germany and Poland, even as far away as Romania, inspired by this Gothic architecture which appeared in England and France?
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Old February 5th, 2013, 02:34 AM   #2
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Yes they did. Scholars and architects often travelled around and excanged remarks and technical aspects with each other. So it is entirelly plausible for a certain architectural style to appear simultaneously in two countries. And it is also true that some countries are inspired by other's architecture.

I can give you a couple of examples:

Gothic architecture, appeared in Central Europe, then it started being adopted in Southern Europe too. Southern European country Portugal was influenced by this style, creating it's own variant "Portuguese Gothic" as many other countries did. Later Portuguese sailors went on to start the age of discoveries, when the Portuguese got to, say, Thailand or China, they built buildings with "portuguese gothic" aspects, but also incorporating very defined local traces, creating "thai portuguese gothic", and so, just like that architecture keeps evolving!

Other example is Chinese influences in Japan. While China has contributed with enormous cultural wealth to Japan, from language, religion, food, and also architecture, the Japanese have fully incorporated in their national "styles" and made it thoroughly Japanese.

Examples:
Thai-Portuguese-Gothic Church, Igreja do Santo Rosário (Kalawar), Bangkok:
image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr


Chinese-Japanese-Malay-Portuguese-Gothic Church, São Paulo facade, Macau:


Japanese shrine with heavy Chinese and stylistic influences, Heian Shrine, Kyoto:
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Old February 5th, 2013, 03:11 AM   #3
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No, all cultures and countries independently developed their own unique architecture.
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Old February 5th, 2013, 03:23 AM   #4
Vozdoo
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Quote:
Originally Posted by johnny_machine View Post
Yes they did. Scholars and architects often travelled around and excanged remarks and technical aspects with each other. So it is entirelly plausible for a certain architectural style to appear simultaneously in two countries. And it is also true that some countries are inspired by other's architecture.

I can give you a couple of examples:

Gothic architecture, appeared in Central Europe, then it started being adopted in Southern Europe too. Southern European country Portugal was influenced by this style, creating it's own variant "Portuguese Gothic" as many other countries did. Later Portuguese sailors went on to start the age of discoveries, when the Portuguese got to, say, Thailand or China, they built buildings with "portuguese gothic" aspects, but also incorporating very defined local traces, creating "thai portuguese gothic", and so, just like that architecture keeps evolving!

Other example is Chinese influences in Japan. While China has contributed with enormous cultural wealth to Japan, from language, religion, food, and also architecture, the Japanese have fully incorporated in their national "styles" and made it thoroughly Japanese.

Examples:
Thai-Portuguese-Gothic Church, Igreja do Santo Rosário (Kalawar), Bangkok:
image hosted on flickr

image hosted on flickr


Chinese-Japanese-Malay-Portuguese-Gothic Church, São Paulo facade, Macau:


Japanese shrine with heavy Chinese and stylistic influences, Heian Shrine, Kyoto:
Thank you very much for explaining. So we can say that there were definite cases of influence? I hear St. Petersburg was designed by many European architects.

Quote:
Originally Posted by UmarPK View Post
No, all cultures and countries independently developed their own unique architecture.
So they did not influence each other at all?
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Old February 5th, 2013, 06:24 AM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Vozdoo View Post
Thank you very much for explaining. So we can say that there were definite cases of influence? I hear St. Petersburg was designed by many European architects.



So they did not influence each other at all?

Ask yourself this did the Romans influence other cultures with their architecture? Do you find Roman architecture in other countries today?
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Old February 5th, 2013, 06:26 AM   #6
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Isn't art deco originally French?
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Old February 5th, 2013, 06:32 AM   #7
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Quote:
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Isn't art deco originally French?
Correct
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Old February 5th, 2013, 12:30 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by UmarPK View Post
Ask yourself this did the Romans influence other cultures with their architecture? Do you find Roman architecture in other countries today?
Yes you do. You will find their columns around Europe. Classicism was inspired by Greek and Roman styles and of course Neo-Classicism is as well.

So we can conclude that there was an influence?
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Old February 5th, 2013, 01:59 PM   #9
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There are elements in all area's of architecture and design that are taken from other cultures. In order to develop creativity it has to be shared collectively. The pool of information is constantly dipped in to from the constructions of others. Inspiration has to come from somewhere and more often than not it will be found in elements of others work.
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Old February 5th, 2013, 11:07 PM   #10
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Interesting.
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Old February 6th, 2013, 01:19 AM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PURE architecture View Post
There are elements in all area's of architecture and design that are taken from other cultures. In order to develop creativity it has to be shared collectively. The pool of information is constantly dipped in to from the constructions of others. Inspiration has to come from somewhere and more often than not it will be found in elements of others work.
I see. In this case why is there doubt among some people as to whether or not this occurred?
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Old February 7th, 2013, 12:59 AM   #12
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Of course but each region also had their own unique architecture too.
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Old February 8th, 2013, 05:08 AM   #13
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In fact it is harder to find architectural styles that weren't transnational... Mostly because artistic movements reflect cultures rather than countries, and with the relative exception of the "century of nations" cultures were vaster and more fluid than countries, which they transcended.
One architectural style that seems unique to me (had no apparent direct influences and did not spread out, remaining specific to the place of origin) is medieval Russian church architecture.
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Old February 9th, 2013, 09:25 AM   #14
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Well duh. Like everything else.
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Old February 10th, 2013, 03:29 PM   #15
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modernism is sourced from Japanese and Moroccan aesthetics, as studied by the early modernists such as Le Courbousier. Hence why it's called the International Style. In Japan and North Africa modernism looks strangely homegrown.


1624 Katsura Palace, devoted to a monk's lifestyle of simplicity and zen and foregoing the glittering luxuries of royalty





[img]http://t2.************/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTRfC6R77QeGHZFlfpY2GghjnMxbdp0M0ceYHLsjYMZq-OKKbjyeQ[/img]


Medieval Morocco












[img]http://us.*****.com/400wm/400/400/psynovec/psynovec1204/psynovec120400017/13286362-moroccan-architecture-traditional-design--wall-closeup.jpg[/img] [img]http://static5.*************.com/1014097/511/i/450/dep_5114475-Moroccan-architecture-in-Mopti-Dogon-Land.jpg[/img]
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Old February 18th, 2013, 11:16 AM   #16
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indian..southeast asian, olmecs mayans..just search their connection..
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