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Old May 15th, 2013, 04:21 PM   #181
Oslo2022
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rombi View Post
That was really fascinating area.
There is more to come
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Old May 15th, 2013, 11:43 PM   #182
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Mariensztadt

The historical neighbourhood dates from the 18th century, when local nobleman Eustachy Potocki married Maria Kątska and received the parcel of land as part of Kątska's dowry. He established a jurydyka and named the town Maryenstadt after his wife, adding the German suffix stadt to please the Saxon king of Poland. After World War II, the spelling was changed to Mariensztat, but this did not change the pronunciation.

The neighbourhood was razed to the ground during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. Reconstruction work began in 1948, involving a complete redesign of the street plan and architectural appearance of the area.

Mariensztadt is visible above the Royal castle.

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...zamkowy_06.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...ariensztat.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...rodlowa_01.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...ensztat_01.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...ensztat_04.jpg

Food market in Mariensztadt (northern side)

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/b...old/boczna.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...ensztat_09.jpg

Next post: Wisla - Vistula
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Old May 19th, 2013, 01:38 PM   #183
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Wisła - The Vistula river

One of President Starzynskis dreams was to connect rest of Warsaw to the Vistula which since the construction of the Kierbedz bridge had lost its prominence. In fact, the boroughs (Powisle, Praga North and South) bordering to the waterfront were in fact the poorest in whole of Warsaw and was one of the reasons that the area was more or less only used for industry and transport purposes.

In 1934, when Starzynski took over as President of Warsaw he quickly wanted to transform Warsaw into one of Europes leading cities. He launched and was the superviser of several projects of incredible size, such as: The new Warszawa glowna station, The super modern Marshal Pilsudski borough, The Warsaw Goclaw international airport (construction started in 1939), Warsaw Metro and finally the new Exhibition borough in Southern Praga.

But the greatest obsession of Starzynskis presidency was to connect left bank Warsaw to the Vistula-river (The right bank was more accessible and attractive with it natural sandy river-beaches). He set immediately to construct a new river-promenade which would become known as Nadbrzeze Gdanskie (stretching from the Warszawa Gdanska railway station to the Poniatowski bridge).

The promenade was completed in 1938 and inaugurated with the unveiling of a new statue of the fighting Mermaid - The city symbol since medieval times.

The Promenade survided the bombing and planned destruction of Warsaw, but was highly neglected in the decades after the war and more or less forgotten by the city authorities. The modernization of the river-promenade was first begun in 2012 and the first stretch is expected to be completed within the end of next year.


https://imageshack.us/scaled/large/8...130410kl16.png


https://imageshack.us/scaled/large/5...130410kl16.png


https://imageshack.us/scaled/large/2...130410kl16.png


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/284/284868.jpg

"Beach" on right bank side of the Vistula

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/291/291432.jpg

River-tram

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/126/126829.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/262/262844.jpg

Vistula promenade

https://imageshack.us/scaled/large/8...130410kl16.png


http://redir.atmcdn.pl/scale/o2/tvn/...=1024&dsth=768


http://dcs-212-91-8-229.atmcdn.pl/sc...=1024&dsth=768

The Warsaw mermaid

http://img.national-geographic.pl/im...b974e56ed0.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/w...syrenka_01.jpg

Next post: Ulica Karowa - Karowa street
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Old May 19th, 2013, 01:49 PM   #184
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Beautiful photos
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Old May 19th, 2013, 11:28 PM   #185
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I am so happy the river side is finally being revitalized. The stretch will be about 2 kilometers?
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Old May 20th, 2013, 01:54 AM   #186
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rychlik View Post
I am so happy the river side is finally being revitalized. The stretch will be about 2 kilometers?
Correct, but it will take some time until the whole promenade is fully revitalized (the current president can not be compared to Starzynski when it comes to efficiency).


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/9b/7a/b9/z121...ncieTak-ma.jpg
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Old May 20th, 2013, 02:52 PM   #187
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The Warsaw mermaids


The Mermaid has featured in Warsaw’s coat of arms for many
centuries. Warsaw’s first coat of arms, which dates back to the early 15th century, depicted a half-human, half-bird creature carrying a sword and
a shield. Its body was covered with scales. Over the years, it was
gradually turning into a female, though it still looked like a winged
monster with finned legs. It was only in the 18th century that it
was replaced by a shapely half-woman half-fish. The current coat of
arms was officially approved in 1938.

Between 1811 and 1915, when Poland was partitioned,
Warsaw’s emblem was officially banned. Yet the Varsovians
increasingly started to place mermaid images in various parts of the
city. As a result, Warsaw now boasts a great number of these images
displayed in gates, balconies, stained glass windows, on facades,
street lamps, neon signs, signboards, and institutional logos.

The Warsaw Mermaid also features in many statues, sculptures and
reliefs. The Varsovians are emotionally attached to them, which
is even reflected in the Polish language. After all, in mythology
and literature these half-female, half-fish creatures are depicted
as mermaids while the symbol of Warsaw in Polish is referred to
by means of the diminutive syrenka (little mermaid).

Pre-war statues of the Warsaw mermaid

Old town market square
The statue was made by sculptor Konstanty Hegel and is now
over 150 years old. For the first 70 years it stood on the square
but later it changed its venue several times, which is why it was
dubbed a walking statue. The Mermaid Statue returned to its
original location but, sadly, was destroyed many times by vandals.
As a result, having been replaced by a copy, the restored statue
was moved to the nearby Historical Museum of Warsaw, which is
housed in 11 historical buildings in the Old Town Square.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/r...syrenka_02.jpg

Vistula promenade
According to the original design, the 20-meter statue was to be
made of glass and placed on a pillar submerged in the Vistula river
midway between its banks. Due to technical problems, that idea
was abandoned and the statue was eventually made of bronze.
It was designed by outstanding Polish sculptor Ludwika Nitschowa
and unveiled in 1939. Nitchsowa’s model for the mermaid was
Krystyna Krahelska – a girl scout and poet. Krahelska died on the
second day of the uprising, which earned her a legendary status.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/w...ld/syrenka.jpg

On Markiewicz Viaduct

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...rszawa_008.jpg
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Old May 20th, 2013, 03:15 PM   #188
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Ulica Karowa - Karowa street

The street is most famous for the Markiewicz viaduct.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/k.../karowa_04.jpg

The Markiewicz Viaduct

This neo-Renaissance construction linked and still links two parts of the city that are very different from each other: the beautifully renovated, historical Krakowskie Przedmieście and the calm, green Powiśle.

The viaduct was opened in 1905. Before it was built, the Warsaw slope did not have the most attractive look – this is where rubbish was disposed of and also where the city wastewater treatment plant was located. The viaduct was supposed to be the first landmark of a new, wealthy residential district with luxury tenement houses, broad avenues and a river boulevard – however, the plans were thwarted by WWII.

It is decorated with sculptures done by Jan Woydyga: a young mermaid – the city symbol, a woman wearing a crown – the symbol of Warsaw and a man with a dishevelled beard – the symbol of the Vistula.


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/310/310672.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/18/18345.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/176/176404.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/209/209176.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/119/119056.jpg

Next post: Hotel Bristol
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Old May 20th, 2013, 03:40 PM   #189
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Hotel Brisol

The Hotel Bristol was constructed from 1899-1900 on the site of the Tarnowski Palace by a company whose partners included Polish pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski. A competition was held for the design of the building, and architects Thaddeus Stryjeriski and Francis Mączyński won with their Art Nouveau design. However the builders decided to change the style to a Neo-Renaissance design, and brought in architect Władysław Marconi to design the final hotel. Some of its interiors were designed by the noted Viennese architect Otto Wagner. The cornerstone was laid on April 22, 1899 and the hotel was dedicated on November 17, 1901 and opened on November 19, 1901.

Elegant cafe in the Bristol designed by Otto Wagner, 1901
After Poland gained its independence in 1919, Padereweski became the Prime Minister and held the first session of his government at his hotel. Paderewski and his partners sold their shares in the hotel in 1928 to a local bank, which renovated the hotel in 1934 with modern interiors by designer Antoni Jawornicki.

Upon the German invasion in 1939, the hotel was made into the headquarters of the Chief of the Warsaw District. It miraculously survived the war relatively unscathed, standing nearly alone among the rubble of its neighborhood. Following the war, the hotel was renovated and reopened in 1945.


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/123/123384.jpg


http://www.polskieradio.pl/b2b848e5-...559c2f595.file


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/321/321409.jpg

Next post: Hotel Europejski
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Old May 20th, 2013, 03:58 PM   #190
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Hotel Europejski

The hotel originally opened on January 1, 1857. Designed by Enrico Marconi, it was one of the most luxurious hotels in the Russian Empire. It was expanded in 1907 to designs by Czeslaw Przybylski. In 1921, the hotel's owners took on partners to form the company Hotel Europejski Spłka Akcyjna (HESA).

The hotel was almost completely destroyed during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. In 1945, after the liberation of Warsaw, the original owners received permission from the government to rebuild the hotel and set up a cafe in the remaining portion of the building. However before they could rebuild, the hotel was seized by the government in 1948. The building was rebuilt from 1949-1951 to designs by Bohdan Pniewski with a recreation of the historic facade and a modern interior, serving as the Military Political Academy (Akademia Wojskowa Polityczna) from 1951-1954 and then as offices for the Ministry of Transport.

The building was transferred to the Orbis state tourist company in 1959 and converted back to a hotel, reopening to guests on July 2, 1962 as the Orbis Hotel Europejski. In 1965, The Golden Gate Quartet performed their only concert in Poland here.
After the fall of communism, in 1993, the heirs of the hotel's original owners sued to regain the hotel from the state-run Orbis Hotels chain. The case took 12 years, as Orbis claimed they had constructed the current building and invested a great deal of money in it.

Reconstruction of the pre-war interiors is set to begin in early 2013 and the hotel will reopen in 2015 with 100 hotel rooms managed by Raffles Hotels & Resorts and 6,500 m of Class A office space.


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/9/9444.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/15/15552.jpg




Interiors


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/337/337975.jpg

The exclusive Lourse cafe:

http://fotopolska.eu/foto/337/337976.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/337/337973.jpg


http://fotopolska.eu/foto/337/337974.jpg
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Old May 21st, 2013, 06:46 PM   #191
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stunning interiors! it was nothing like that when I stayed there in 1996. Hope the original is restored.
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old May 24th, 2013, 10:08 PM   #192
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Ulica Graniczna - Graniczna (Border) street

The street name dates back to XVII century and before WWII it runed from the Western entrance of the Saxon Gardens to Grzybowski square. The street was during WWII de facto the main border between the Jewish Ghetto and the rest of Warsaw (Chlodna street as one of the most important transit streets in pre-war Warsaw was excluded from the ghetto). In 1948 the street stared in the renowned polish film about the Ghetto Uprising "Ulica Graniczna" (Border street).


http://naszastolica.waw.pl/images/fo...udniowy-31.jpg


http://www.studiop2.pl/starawarszawa...a_brama_02.jpg


http://oknonamiasto.blox.pl/resource/graniczna4.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/g.../graniczna.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/g...aniczna_03.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/g...aniczna_05.jpg

Next post: Plac Grzybowski - Grzybowski square
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Old May 25th, 2013, 01:57 AM   #193
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Indeed those interiors were very classy. Very happy to read they'll be restored.
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Old May 25th, 2013, 02:08 AM   #194
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rychlik View Post
Indeed those interiors were very classy. Very happy to read they'll be restored.
It will be interesting to see, but as we have experienced in other cases many obstacles can be set in the way to stop the reconstruction from happening (city conservator, profits, need for extra more profitable office and lobby spaces etc.)
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Old May 25th, 2013, 02:20 AM   #195
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Plac Grzybowski - Grzybowski square

The history of the square dates back to the XVII century but it took until the end of the XIX century before the square became one of the most important in Warsaw with the "Kosciol Wszystkich swietych - All saints church" at its centerpiece.

Built in the years 1861-1893 and designed by Henryk Marconi, one of the greatest architects of the time. It is the largest church in Warsaw, and can accommodate up to 3,500 people. The neo-Renaissance church is reminiscent of the Church of St. Justine of Padua. During the Nazi occupation, the church found itself in the Jewish Ghetto, and served the Christians of Jewish origin.

Although there was considerable damage in 1939 (the ceiling collapsed, and the bells melted) the rectory of the church was a shelter for many Jewish families, including Professor Hirszfeld, the famous immunologist, and the Zamenhof family. After the war, thanks to the financial support of Jews, the church was completely rebuilt. Inside there is an altar from 1880 and an iron-cut pulpit from 1889, the work of Apoloniusz Nieniewski and Jzef Pius Dziekoński. Also interesting is the chapel of Our Lady of Częstochowa from 1875.

The Grzybowski square is the one of the only squares in todays Warsaw that has remained its original pre-war proportions and is carefully maintained (in contrast to Theater Square, Bank square, Former Napoleon Square etc.)


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/g...ybowski_05.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/119/119054.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/g...ki_kosciol.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/252/252545.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/21/21447.jpg


http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-P-2724-7.jpg

Next post: Ulica Twarda - Twarda street
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Old May 30th, 2013, 11:52 AM   #196
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Ulica Twarda - Twarda street

One of the longer, but sadly one of the least photographed streets of pre-war Warsaw. In order to present the available images I can not avoid to post some images from the period 1939-1944.

The street dates back to the XVII century and was officially given it currents name in 1770. The length of the street has remained unchanged since then and its main purpose of a short-cut to the main artery "Jerusalem avenue" and the suburbs.

More or less the entire street was leveled in stages: bombing of Warsaw in 1939, the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and finally the 1944 Warsaw Uprising with the Nazi-German planned destruction that followed.

After the war the street lost its prominence (from one of the most important streets in this part of Warsaw to became a small local street) due to the fact that it was efficiently cut in two parts by the construction of the North-South artery road in the 1950s (current John Paul II avenue). The trams did not return to the street after the war and the final bus-line was cut from this street in 1995.


http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-3odo7PuV-B....43.32.png.jpg


http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-eWVydvEPp2....44.09.png.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/119/119249.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/t...old/twarda.jpg

Next post: Bonus album
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Old May 30th, 2013, 09:52 PM   #197
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Warsaw. It's a truly fascinating city.
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Old June 2nd, 2013, 12:11 AM   #198
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Hi

I am immensely grateful to everyone for posting these amazing photos. I am just blown away by them! I am English but my father was Polish and I have walked around Warsaw many times between 1973 and 2008.

I need to find out a few details of a few places for a biography I am writing and wonder if you can help me? The subject of my biog lived in Muranowska Street in 1886 and worked in two hospitals.

I have read every page of the thread on Warsaw and have learned a few things about these areas but as you seem to know so much maybe you can help me?

1. Where was the Szpital Kliniczny Dzieciątka Jezus before it was moved in 1901?

2. Were there army barracks in Muranowska?

3. As far as I can work out, from studying new and old maps till my brain hurts, the current Muranowska Street is not in the same place as the old one.


4. Are there any photos of the original Szpital Kliniczny Dzieciątka Jezus pre 1901?

5. Any photos of the Szpital Praski? I saw a few photos on that thread of the iron bridge... I wonder if that is the hospital in the foreground on the left.

6. Is the Szpital Praski still the same building in the same site as it was in 1886?

7. What is the name of the big railway station next to Plac Broni, on the north side of Stawki Street in Muranow?

8. Are there any sites that I can find a really good detailed street plan circa 1870-1900?

If you can help at all I would be very happy!

Helena

Last edited by HelenaWojtczak; June 2nd, 2013 at 12:18 AM.
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Old June 2nd, 2013, 12:35 AM   #199
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Bonus, A great Facebook-album of Pre-war Warsaw in the 1930s: Paris of the north (Part 1)

More can be found here:
https://www.facebook.com/WarszawaPrzedwojenna

Theatre square

https://fbcdn-sphotos-c-a.akamaihd.n...95589308_o.jpg

Jablonowski palace - City hall

https://fbcdn-sphotos-h-a.akamaihd.n...81743329_o.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.n...37600126_o.jpg

Teatr Wielki - National Opera

https://fbcdn-sphotos-d-a.akamaihd.n...21274286_o.jpg

Bruhl Palace and Wierzbowa street

https://fbcdn-sphotos-f-a.akamaihd.n...65147945_o.jpg

Saxon palace and Poniatowski statue

https://fbcdn-sphotos-c-a.akamaihd.n...99136921_o.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-a-a.akamaihd.n...88867689_o.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-d-a.akamaihd.n...12169896_n.jpg

Next post: Bonus. Paris of the north (Part 2)
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Old June 2nd, 2013, 12:41 AM   #200
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Bonus: Paris of the north (Part 2)

Krakowskie przedmiescie

https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.n...53867243_n.jpg

Plac zamkowy - Castle square

https://fbcdn-sphotos-f-a.akamaihd.n...41092159_o.jpg

Royal castle

https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.n...77501229_o.jpg

Marszalkowska street

https://fbcdn-sphotos-f-a.akamaihd.n...00477733_o.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.n...35708112_o.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-g-a.akamaihd.n...98929904_n.jpg

Insurance house Russia

https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.n...70042685_n.jpg

Next post: Bonus: Paris of the north (Part 3)
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