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Old March 16th, 2013, 08:57 PM   #101
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Thank-you for your responses.
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Old March 16th, 2013, 09:07 PM   #102
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Pole Mokotowskie - Mokotow field

Located between Warsaw's Mokotów district and the city center, the park is one of the largest in Warsaw. Until World War II, a major part was occupied by an airfield and the Warsaw Polytechnic aircraft works.

Pole Mokotowskie was also, until 1934, the site of Warsaw Airport and, until 1939, of the Warsaw Horse Racing Track.

Warsaw horse racing track

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/p...wyscigi_12.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/129/129650.jpg


http://naszastolica.blox.pl/resource...okotowskim.jpg


http://kultura.fashionmedia.pl/wp-co...927-r.-APW.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/201/201612.jpg

The planned, but never carried out urban prospects for the representative Marshal Pilsudski borough


http://naszastolica.blox.pl/resource...ewski_1938.jpg


http://m20.waw.pl/engine/wp-content/...2/aleja5nh.jpg

One of the proposed buildings appeared to be quite similar to the current Palace of science and culture.

http://hej-kto-polak.pl/wp/wp-conten...III-1936-r.jpg

Next post: Pre-war Warsaw´s airfields
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Old March 16th, 2013, 09:28 PM   #103
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Beautiful, beautiful and beautiful
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Old March 16th, 2013, 10:00 PM   #104
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Pre-war Warsaw´s airfields

Okecie, Warsaw Airport since 1934

In 1924, when urban development around Warsaw's aerodrome at Mokotów Fields (Pole Mokotowskie) began affecting air traffic, the Ministry of Railways purchased land near the village of Okęcie to construct a new airport. On 29 April 1934 Polish president Ignacy Mościcki opened the Central Airport (Okęcie), which from then on took over the handling of all traffic from the former civilian aerodrome at Pole Mokotowskie. In the weeks after its opening, a journalist from the magazine 'Flight and Air Defence of Poland' reported the following: 'In a large pastel-coloured hall, we see a ticket office, a customs post, telegraph and post office, police station and a kiosk with various newspapers etc... On the first (upper) floor, there is a restaurant and viewing terrace, from where one can see the entire territory of the airport.

Finished in 1933, the new modernist premises of the Warsaw airport cost the State Treasury around 10 million Zloty. The new complex included three hangars, exhibition space, garages, and of course a large, modern terminal building with a concrete taxiway complete with stands for a number of aircraft. Warsaw thus received an airport befitting of any European capital city. In its first year of operation Okęcie served around 10 750 passengers. After the aerodrome's civilian buildings were finished, the military potential of the site began to be developed, with a Polish Air Force base opening soon after; later followed the buildings of the Aviation Institute, PZL aircraft-building plant and other pieces of aviation infrastructure.

As air traffic and the number of aircraft movements grew greatly year on year, the authorities identified the need to develop a new system for air traffic navigation and control. The state, as a result, marked a number of air corridors for use by civil airlines, whilst radio stations were established to regulate such traffic and divert it away from sensitive and restricted areas. By 1938 the airport was equipped with 16 immigration checkpoints for passengers both departing and arriving on international flights. These posts were then manned by the Polish Border Guard. By 1937 the airport had also received new radio navigation equipment and was using Lorenz beam technology to assure the safety of landings and approaches over Warsaw during periods of poor visibility or bad weather. On the eve of the Second World War, Okęcie airport was connected by regular scheduled flights with 6 domestic and 17 foreign airports, among which were Tel-Aviv (then in Palestine) and Beirut in the Lebanon; there were also plans to soon begin transatlantic service to the United States.

During World War II, Okęcie was often used as a battleground between the German Army and Polish resistance and was almost completely destroyed. From the very first day of the war in Poland, Okęcie became a target for bombing by the German Luftwaffe. Later, once Warsaw was occupied by the German army, the airport became the base for two German aviation schools and a Junkers aircraft repair works.

During this period the airport also received its first concrete runway and taxiways; these were left undamaged until the very final days of the war, despite numerous attacks by both the Home Army and Soviet military, however, with the German withdrawal from the city, both Okęcie's remaining buildings and ground infrastructure (including the runway) were intentionally destroyed in order to deny their use to the advancing Soviets and Polish First Army.


http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-U-7243-1.jpg

Air trafficking tower and command centre

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-W-1599-4.jpg

Terminal building

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-G-4103-8.jpg


http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-rj3vGqtlMV...tpc_22394u.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/334/334942.jpg

Mokotow airfield, Warsaw´s main airport until 1934

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/374/374461.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/309/309375.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/257/257872.jpg

Planned airport Warsaw Goclaw

https://fbcdn-sphotos-h-a.akamaihd.n...77859242_n.jpg

Next post: Plac Unii Lubelskiej - Union of Lublin square
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Old March 16th, 2013, 10:12 PM   #105
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dexter2 View Post
Actually Łódź does have an old town (Łódź dates back to beginning of XV century), but back then it was small town with only wooden buildings.
In XIX century they were demolished and some of them replaced. So our old town was actually totally new
During German occupation Getto Łódzkie was located there and when germans were escaping they demolished most of it.

Now: https://maps.google.pl/maps?q=lodz,+...,8.14,,0,-1.47

But this topics not about Łódź, sorry for that
Thanks for the clarification, I was looking at the Lodz Ghetto last night on Google Earth. Is it worth visiting this area, any signs of old town at all?

Sorry for OT
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old March 17th, 2013, 02:56 AM   #106
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Plac Unii Lubelskiej - Union of Lublin square

Union of Lublin square was formerly located on the outskirts of the city, and until the end of the XIX century not urbanized - an increase of interest in the square took place at the beginning of the twentieth century - several multi-storey square houses were built: among them Kacperskich house located at Bagatela street No. 14 and No. 15

On November 11, 1932 the Airman Monument (Pomnik lotnika), the work of Edward Wittig was unveiled. The monument was destroyed by the Germans in 1944. The reconstructed monument was located in a different street. During World War II the square was a part of the German area, saving most of the squares buildings from destruction.


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/245/245215.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/17/17023.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/122/122452.jpg

Airman monument

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/unii/old/unii_06.jpg

Next post: Aleja Szucha - Szucha avenue
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Old March 17th, 2013, 02:00 PM   #107
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Aleja Szucha - Szucha avenue

Gestapo Headquarters – 25 Szucha Avenue, Warsaw

The Gestapo Head Quarters at 25 Szucha Avenue was one of the most feared buildings in Warsaw, its very name one that provoked fear and dread amongst the population of Warsaw.

In the basement or on the upper floors of this building prisoners were beaten up and abused, by Gestapo men, and suspects were placed blood stained in isolated cells, or collective cells, the latter which were called “trams” by the prisoners.

Many Poles lost their lives in this gloomy institution of terror, bodies of murdered and dying people littered the corridors, thrown there by Gestapo thugs.

Jozef Garlinski, a member of the Home Army - Polish Underground recalled his arrest after climbing off a tram, on 20 April 1943.

“ Suddenly I was conscious of someone behind me. Then I heard footsteps. As I turned my head, I heard – “Halt! Hande Hoch! Two young men rushed towards me, the dark metal of revolvers in their right hands”.

We went down Litewska Street. A man came out of a gateway and followed us at a convenient distance. We had crossed the frontier into the undisputed territory of the Germans.

We turned left and again left and entered a building up several steps. We were in Gestapo headquarters.

In the dark anteroom the windows of the spacious inquiry office sparkled and inside a sleepy NCO on guard sat by the telephones. The man escorting me said a few words to him and pointed to the stairs on the left, leading down to the cellars.

We went up to the iron bars and my guard rang a bell. Keys rattled and a dishevelled NCO in bedroom slippers opened them. My guard whispered a few words and quickly withdrew. The bars grated open then shut.

The NCO gave me a bored look of dislike. Komm.

We turned left along a pale narrow corridor, rather poorly lit. The left- hand wall consisted of iron gratings, which formed the doors of four windowless cells. This must be the famous tramcar I thought.

I knew the Gestapo building fairly well from the numerous reports I received.

Beyond the last cell was a small room with a typewriter and a large wireless set. I felt myself growing tense”.

After an initial interrogation Garlinski was led to the tramcars.

“ I sat down quickly on a bench with my face to the wall. This was the cell ‘mit musik’ it was only separated by a wall from the room with the wireless. The bench made out of narrow boards was small and uncomfortable. But we had to sit still for behind our backs, on the other side of the bars, a guard paced up and down, observing us constantly. Anyone who attracted his attention was led out to do ‘gymnastics’ from which he returned breathless and with reddened cheeks.

At last the little room with the radio came to life too. A cheerful tune rang out, mingled with the noise of the typewriter. Names began to be called out. The cell ‘mit musik’ became quiet. In the little room next to it the radio was turned off and the occupants got down to work.

One could hear curt questions, the murmur of low answers and again and again, the sound of blows, after which came a shriek, often a women’s sob, clutching at our hearts and impeding our breathing”.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s.../szucha_25.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/232/232724.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/13/13263.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/12/12878.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/171/171391.jpg

Soldier casino

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/18/18570.jpg

Next post: Ulica Chopina - Chopin street
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Old March 17th, 2013, 05:08 PM   #108
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Weren't they supposed to be pre-war images?
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Old March 17th, 2013, 07:53 PM   #109
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mruczek View Post
Weren't they supposed to be pre-war images?
Four out of six images are pre-war

The soldier home was built for german soldiers during WWI
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Old March 17th, 2013, 10:42 PM   #110
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Ulica Fryderyka Chopina - Frederic Chopin street

At the turn of the century Chopin street was surrounded by comfortable houses with eclectic decoration of facades. Within the Swiss Valley ornate palace issued the Warsaw Society of figure skating. In 1896, on chopin street no. 13 a villa was raised after Frederick Dietrich project, with the participation of entrepreneurs such as Adolf Schmidt, also known for creating Dowcip street. Opposite, probably designed by Edward Goldberg metropolitan erected two buildings, one of which was decorated with elements of neo-Gothic motifs Rococo, and the other received a decoration in the spirit of the English Gothic Revival. In the period 1899-1902 the number 2 built villa of Count Zygmunt Rzyszczewskiego. Was designed by François Arveuf; villa destroyed during the war it was rebuilt in a different form. In the years 1903 - 1904 under the number 1, at the corner of a house built Ujazdowskie Avenue Maurice Spokornego, in which he bought from the Warsaw Society of figure skating.

This building, designed by David Lande, was one of the greatest works of Art Nouveau architecture in Poland. Its facades decorated with delicate detail, and from the Avenue Ujazdowskie further allegorical sculptures Fame and Knowledge by Stanislaus Roman Lewandowski.

In the same building after 1910 lived and worked the prominent polish architect Czeslaw Przybylski. Chopin Street was inhabited by affluent residents, often from high society circles.

During the bombing of in 1939 most of the buildings burned down, also the fall of the Warsaw Uprising brought severe damage to the rest of the buildings in late 1944.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/u...skie_19_03.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/125/125741.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/125/125730.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/19/19487.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/388/388084.jpg

Next post: Sejm - The polish parliament
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Old March 19th, 2013, 02:33 AM   #111
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Sejm i senat - The polish parliament (Lower and upper house)



After the First World War and re-establishment of Polish independence, the convocation of parliament, under the democratic electoral law of 1918, became an enduring symbol of the new state's wish to demonstrate and establish continuity with the 300 year Polish parliamentary traditions established before the time of the partitions. Maciej Rataj emphatically paid tribute to this with the phrase: "There is Poland there, and so is the Sejm.

During the interwar period of Poland's independence, the first Legislative Sejm of 1919, a Constituent Assembly, passed the Small Constitution of 1919, which introduced a parliamentary-republic system and proclaimed the principle of the Sejm’s sovereignty. This was then strengthened, in 1921, by the March Constitution, one of the most democratic European constitutions enacted after the end of World War I. The constitution established a political system which was based on Montesquieu's doctrine of separation of powers, and which restored the bicameral Sejm consisting of a lower house (to which alone the name of Sejm was from then on applied) and an upper house, the 'Senate'. In 1919 Roza Pomerantz-Meltzer, a member of the Zionist party, became the first woman ever elected to the Sejm.

The legal content of the March Constitution allowed for Sejm supremacy in the system of state institutions at the expense of the executive powers, thus creating a parliamentary republic out of the Polish state. An attempt to strengthen executive powers in 1926 (through the August Amendment) proved too limited and largely failed in helping avoid legislative grid-lock which had ensued as a result of too-great parliamentary power in a state which had numerus diametrically-opposed political parties sitting in its legislature. In 1935, the parliamentary republic was weakened further when, by way of, Józef Piłsudski's May Coup, the president was forced to sign the April Constitution of 1935, an act through which the head of state assumed the dominant position in legislating for the state and the Senate increased its power at the expense of the Sejm.

On 2 September 1939, the Sejm held its final pre-war session, during which it declared Poland's readiness to defend itself against invading German forces. On 2 November 1939, the President dissolved the Sejm and the Senate, which were then, according to plan, to resume their activity within two months after the end of the Second World War; this, however, never happened. During wartime the National Council (1939–1945) was established to represent the legislature as part of the Polish Government in Exile. Whilst meantime, in Nazi-occupied Poland, the Council of National Unity was set up; this body functioned from 1944 to 1945 as the parliament of the Polish Underground State.


https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.n...74519862_o.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/170/170907.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/123/123454.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/291/291472.jpg

Interiors

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/135/135800.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/252/252171.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/122/122441.jpg


http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-A-1207.jpg

Senate building

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-A-1215-1.jpg

Interiors

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/122/122440.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/240/240220.jpg

Next post: Ulica Bracka - Bracka street
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Old March 19th, 2013, 10:06 PM   #112
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Excellent thread!
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Old March 20th, 2013, 12:24 AM   #113
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Ulica Bracka - Bracka street

The street was regulated probably around 1770 and was named Bracka (evidence already in 1643), with reference to the large number of religious properties located next to the street. Buildings along the street were at this time mostly made of wood.

The first tenement building along the street was the Gołaszewskich house (no. 11/13), designed by Antonio Corazzi, and built in 1834. A few more tenements were shortly after built on the corner of the Nowgrodzka and Widok street. After 1875 the street became a construction boom street and a large number of even five-storey buildings were built. Due to this boom and the streets sentral location it soon became one of pre-war Warsaw´s financial centres, and representative buildings, such as department store Jabłkowskich Brothers (No. 25) and Insurance Company building, "Zgoda" (No. 13) were therefor located in this area.

In 1939, several tenements burned down due to German bombing, and in 1941 the Nazis introduced changed the name of the street to "Ordenstrasse". During the Warsaw Uprising in some areas of ​​the street, and especially at the corner of Jerusalem Avenue, heavy fighting took place. Most of the building were partially destroyed in the fighting, but others were in rather good condition in 1945 - the most damaged buildings were demolished shortly after the end of WWII in 1946.

Overview

https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.n...86167632_o.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/131/131398.jpg


http://img14.imageshack.us/img14/461...2834701717.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/86/86871.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/221/221537.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/314/314583.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/288/288686.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/257/257602.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/27/27078.jpg

Next post: Ulica Szpitalna - Szpitalna/Hospital street
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Old March 21st, 2013, 11:56 PM   #114
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Ulica Szpitalna - Szpitalna/Hospital street


http://www.cotubylo.pl/wp-content/up...012/10/02d.jpg


https://fbcdn-sphotos-h-a.akamaihd.n...40995028_o.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...pitalna_02.jpg


http://img10.imageshack.us/img10/601...130321kl22.png


http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-U-6860.jpg

Next post: Plac napoleona - Napoleon square
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Old March 23rd, 2013, 09:29 PM   #115
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Plac Napoleona - Napoleon square

Plac Powstańców Warszawy (Warsaw Uprising Square; formerly "Plac Napoleona" — Napoleon Square) is a square in the central Warsaw district of Śródmieście. Located at the junction of ulica Świętokrzyska (Holy Cross Street) and ulica Szpitalna (Hospital Street), and near Nowy Świat (New World Street), it is one of Warsaw's central squares.

The transformation of the square took place in the years after 1901, when the Infant Jesus Hospital was moved to Nowogrodzka street, and the area on the west side of the square was parceled out and built over by tenement houses. In the years 1912-1916 Warsaw main new Main Post Office building was built after architect Anthony Jablonski-Jasienczyk project.

One hundred years after the death of Napoleon Bonaparte Plac Warecki - Warecki square was renamed "Napoleon's Square". On this occasion, there a bust of the emperor was built and placed on the square. In the years 1931-1933 the first Warsaw highrise "Prudential" was built and namned after the name of the famous English insurance company. Between 1933 and 1939, "Napoleon square" quikly grew to became one of the most important squares in pre-war Warsaw.

During the September campaign 1939, several houses around the square were bombed and destroyed. On September 18, 1939 the Prudential building was hit by bombs but avoided destruction.

During the Warsaw Uprising the square was the site of the greatest early victories in the first stage of the Uprising. On 1 August 1944, fighting in the square broke out at 16:00, one hour before the outbreak of the Warsaw uprising. The Prudential building was captured the same day, and after a heavy battle on August 2, the Main Post Office Building was also controlled by the Armia Krajowa (Home Army). Prudential remained in Polish hands until the surrender in early october 1944, but as an important and distinctive point it was hit several times by mortars and bombs. The rest of the buildings in the square (including the main Post office) were burned down and destroyed during the Nazi-German planned destruction of Warsaw 1944-1945.

It was due to the square´s importance during the Warsaw Uprising that the square was renamned to Warsaw Uprisers square in 1946.


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...ld/wno_126.jpg

As seen from Szpitalna/Hospital street

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...poleona_03.jpg


http://www.banwar1944.eu/doc/48/dzieci30-45-scan_16.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/10/10405.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/201/201959.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/120/120071.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/14/14128.jpg

Napoleon statue

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n.../pomnik_04.jpg

Napoleon square no 1

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...leona_1_01.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...leona_1_02.jpg

Main post office - Poczta Główna

http://audiovis.nac.gov.pl/obraz/894...5708108e004a2/


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/181/181093.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/23/23103.jpg

Old post building (still in use in 1939)

http://www.studiop2.pl/starawarszawa...warecki_05.jpg

Next post: Gmach Prudentialu - Prudential building
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Old March 24th, 2013, 06:16 AM   #116
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http://fotopolska.eu/Warszawa/b7751,...blubienca.html
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Old March 24th, 2013, 06:27 AM   #117
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http://fotopolska.eu/Warszawa/u75685...edmiescie.html
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Old March 24th, 2013, 06:29 AM   #118
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Royal Route
1860-1880's we think.

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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:13 PM   #119
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Gmach Prudentialu - Prudential building

Prudential is a Warsaw skyscraper built between 1931 and 1934 in the Art Deco style as the base for British Prudential Insurance. It is located on the Warsaw Uprising Square (Napoleon square) along Świętokrzyska Street.

At the time of construction it was the second tallest European skyscraper with eighteen storeys (66 m). Built using a steel framework it was the tallest building in Warsaw until the Palace of Culture and Science was constructed. The building, designed by Marcin Weinfeld, included office space on lower storeys and luxurious apartments further up. The steel framework, innovative at the time, was designed by Stefan Bryła and Wenczesław Poniż. Construction started in 1931 and used up over 2 million bricks, 2 thousand tonnes of concrete and 1500 tonnes of steel.

In 1939 a large antenna was constructed on the roof by professor Janusz Groszkowski, who started the first television broadcasts in Europe from that facility. The Prudential building soon became a symbol of modern Warsaw and was featured in numerous contemporary films and advertisements.

The Prudential was heavily damaged during World War II, particularly during the Warsaw Uprising when it was hit by approximately 1,000 artillery shells, including a single hit by 2-tonne Karl-Gerät mortar shell, leaving only the steel framework. The artillery damage bent the construction sideways, but it survived the war and was featured on numerous anti-war posters.

The building was rebuilt after the war as a hotel, and its style was changed from early modern to socialist-realist. The author of the new design was again Marcin Weinfeld, who adapted the building to its' new role as a hotel. The "Hotel Warszawa" was opened in 1954 and included 375 beds, a large restaurant, a café and a night club.

Since 2010, the building has been closed down for refurbishment. The facade is to be returned to its' pre-war art deco form, while the interior is to house a luxurious four-star hotel.


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/36/1f/c9/z13180726Q.jpg

Under construction in 1932:

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-G-6356-1.jpg

1934-1939:

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-G-6357.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...leona_9_01.jpg

Interiors:

http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/1/9993/z9993301X.jpg


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/5/9993/z9993295X.jpg


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/3/9993/z9993293X.jpg

View over Warsaw from the top of the building

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-U-6592-2.jpg

Next post: Ulica Jasna - Jasna street
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Last edited by Oslo2022; March 24th, 2013 at 08:15 PM.
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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:15 PM   #120
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Is that project ever going to be completed? Seems like work is going at a snail's pace.
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