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Old March 31st, 2013, 09:03 PM   #141
Oslo2022
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Ulica Mazowiecka - Mazowiecka street

The street originates from the old north-south route along the Ramparts of King Sigismund, so the "street" certainly existed in the seventeenth century, a few years later was connecting the Saxon Palace courtyard with the Grzybowa-Ujazdów route. The regulation of the street was conducted in 1725. The street was given received its current name around 1770 in reference to the fact that the street was that the street went along the Governor of Mazowiecki´s palace.

During the second half of the 19th century the street . During the Interbellum the street was considered quiet and very livable, this might explain why the street was inhabited by artists, including Julian Tuwim (Mazowiecka No. 7) and Louis Sempoliński (Mazowiecka No. 10), but at the same time, the street was also an important point on the entertainment life of Warsaw - at Mazowiecka No. 12 a popular cafe, "Mala Ziemiańska".

Beginning from the Kronenberg palace (Krolewska street):


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/111/111710.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/98/98188.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...cka/old/74.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...owiecka_01.jpg


http://i1190.photobucket.com/albums/...g?t=1365954250

Napoleon square, Swietokrzyska street

http://www.studiop2.pl/starawarszawa...warecki_04.jpg

After 1925:

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...a/old/83_1.jpg


http://www.studiop2.pl/starawarszawa...warecki_03.jpg

Next post: Ulica Swietokrzyska - Swietokrzyska street
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Old April 1st, 2013, 03:26 AM   #142
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Oslo2022 View Post
Hm, then the information at Warszawa1939.pl must be wrong:
"Przebudowa: w latach 1946-47 według projektu Smogorzewskiego i Karpińskiego kamienica została obniżona, zmieniono jej układ okien a cała dekoracja elewacji została usunięta."
It's not wrong. It's simply incomplete, it does not mention the fact that the building was crippled during the war. And the information regarding the reasons of lowering are available, for example, in Z. Stępiński's book "Seven squares of Warsaw".

I wouldn't blame R. Mączewski though (the owner of the www.warszawa1939.pl portal) - he is doing great job anyway.
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Old April 4th, 2013, 12:01 AM   #143
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Ulica Swietokrzyska - Swietokrzyska street

The street name, confirmed officially in 1770, comes indirectly from the church Swietego Krzyza. Missionary priests working there in the eighteenth century, founded near the present street called Świętokrzyski Czackiego farm, which ran the cart-road - Holy Cross street today.

Before 1939, Swietokrzyska was a narrow downtown street full of antiquity shops, beautiful tenements and modern office buildings and ended at Nowy Swiat street (New World). During the reconstruction of Warsaw it decided to extend the street and from its current ending place with Nowy Swiat street to the Copernicus street, towards the Vistula. From the west, the street was extended in the direction of Wola (borough), making it thus a major artery road.

As seen from Nowy Swiat street

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...krzyska_01.jpg

Same place October 1939 (Almost no pre-war images can be found on this stretch (Nowy Swiat street - Mazowiecka street)

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/7/7244.jpg

1940-1944

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/239/239048.jpg

As seen from Napoleon square:

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...krzyska_08.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/251/251977.jpg

Moving further west:

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...rzyska_011.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...rzyska_010.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/69/69039.jpg


http://images4.wikia.nocookie.net/__...Skanuj0012.jpg

Crossing with Marszalkowska street

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...old/ryc_59.jpg

End of the street (next to Zielna street)

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/s...krzyska_07.jpg

Next post: Ulica Zielna i Próżna - Zielna and Próżna street
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Old April 4th, 2013, 05:00 AM   #144
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Oslo2022 View Post
Ulica Mazowiecka - Mazowiecka street

The street originates from the old north-south route along the Ramparts of King Sigismund, so the "street" certainly existed in the seventeenth century, a few years later was connecting the Saxon Palace courtyard with the Grzybowa-Ujazdów route. The regulation of the street was conducted in 1725. The street was given received its current name around 1770 in reference to the fact that the street was that the street went along the Governor of Mazowiecki´s palace.

During the second half of the 19th century the street . During the Interbellum the street was considered quiet and very livable, this might explain why the street was inhabited by artists, including Julian Tuwim (Mazowiecka No. 7) and Louis Sempoliński (Mazowiecka No. 10), but at the same time, the street was also an important point on the entertainment life of Warsaw - at Mazowiecka No. 12 a popular cafe, "Mala Ziemiańska".

After 1925:

http://www.studiop2.pl/starawarszawa...warecki_03.jpg

Next post: Ulica Swietokrzyska - Swietokrzyska street
I love these squares with handsome commercial and residential buildings and a small park with greenery. A glimpse of a civilized age.
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Old April 5th, 2013, 12:09 AM   #145
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You've really done some sleuthing Oslo2022 Have you managed to find anything on Ordynacka Street in your travels? My grandfather was born at 10 Ordynacka. Thanks
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old April 5th, 2013, 01:08 AM   #146
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You've really done some sleuthing Oslo2022 Have you managed to find anything on Ordynacka Street in your travels? My grandfather was born at 10 Ordynacka. Thanks
Only this:

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/o...dynacka_01.jpg

Ordynacka 10/ Kopernika 21

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/k...pernika_21.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/k...pernika_06.jpg
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Old April 5th, 2013, 07:15 AM   #147
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thank you Oslo2022, I have the first pic but not the second, nice to see more of the street
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present

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Old April 5th, 2013, 06:14 PM   #148
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Ulica Zielna i Próżna - Zielna and Próżna street

The street was established in the mid-eighteenth century, the border drawn on Bielino jurisdiction offices - in the midst of its gardens. This explains its original name - Zielnona (Green), during the official naming in 1770 Zielna was distorted, probably due to the existence of Zielona street at Żoliborz (today this street does not exist, a street in the Mokotów district now bears the name).

Initially, the street ran all the way from Chmielna street to the Krolewska (Royal) street, the streets pattern remanged unchanged until the Second World War. Some houses were destroyed in 1939, the western frontage of the street temporarily became part of the ghetto. Further destruction of the Warsaw Uprising brought about, in particular, struggle to paste.

Prozna street (Ghetto wall, seen from Zielna street)

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/p...old/prozna.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z.../zielna_04.jpg


http://img405.imageshack.us/img405/2601/52166762.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/171/171096.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...zielna_010.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...old/zielna.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z.../zielna_06.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z.../zielna_08.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/c...hmielna_05.jpg

Next post: Metro plans in pre-war Warsaw
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Old April 5th, 2013, 11:34 PM   #149
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Was there any reconstruction during the subsequent German occupation of Warsaw of the damages inflicted to the city during the campaign of Set/Oct 1939?
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Old April 6th, 2013, 01:32 AM   #150
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Was there any reconstruction during the subsequent German occupation of Warsaw of the damages inflicted to the city during the campaign of Set/Oct 1939?
Only partly damaged buildings which were later used by German authorities were renovated/reconstructed between 1939-1942. Examples: Bruhl Palace and Saxon Palace (Bombed september 1939 - renovated 1940-1941), Warszawa Glowna station (Under construction in 1939, bombed in september "completed" 1940-1944). Other buildings that were partly renovated after bombings: the Prudential building and some tenements in the Old town district.
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Old April 6th, 2013, 01:35 AM   #151
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Was there any reconstruction during the subsequent German occupation of Warsaw of the damages inflicted to the city during the campaign of Set/Oct 1939?
There were some provisional repairs in cases of slightly damaged buildings and dismantling of severely damaged structures.

Unfortunately, the occupation hasn't resulted in any new investments.
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Old April 6th, 2013, 04:35 PM   #152
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Metro plans in pre-war Warsaw



Plans to build an underground rail system in Warsaw date as far back as 1918, when the idea was first floated in reaction to Warsaw regaining its status as Poland's capital city. An underground railway system was expected to solve the transport difficulties of the densely built city centre. Proper preliminary planning and boring work were initiated by the Warsaw Tramway Authority in 1925, with construction expected to start in the late 1920s.

The Great Depression buried those plans as Poland and the world was gripped by hardship. In 1934, with the election of a new mayor of Warsaw, Stefan Starzyński, work was to resume on the metro. The mayor dusted off the plans from the mid-1920s, and with some minor adjustments, construction of the metro was planned to start by the late 1930s, with a projected finishing date of the first of two projected lines scheduled for the mid-1940s.

By then, the subway network was to consist of two lines. The line (North-South line, 4.6 mi (7.4 km) long), followed most of today's route and was to link the southernmost borough of Mokotów with the city centre and the northern borough of Żoliborz. This line was to be connected with the newly constructed Warszawa Główna railway station and the railway tunnel crossing the city from west to the east.

The line 2 (East-West, 6,3 km or 4 mi (6.4 km) long) was to start beneath the westernmost borough of Wola, proceed along the Chłodna street to the pivotal station beneath the Saxon Sq. and then further eastwards to the Vistula river escarpment. There, the line was to go overground, cross the river through a newly built bridge and proceed to the easternmost railway station of Warszawa Wschodnia.

Altogether, in 35 years, 7 lines were to be built. The works finally started in 1938, but World War II brought an end to the ambitious undertaking. The short trace tunnels made in 1938 serve as a wine cellar today.

The city suffered heavily during World War II. Although the majority of pre-war projects perished during the war, most of the engineers behind their creation survived the war and returned to their city to take part in its rebirth. However, the new Communist authorities of Poland envisioned a city completely different from what it used to be before the war.

First stage: Two lines (plans from 1938)

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...938_Phase1.png

Planned full metro network (1975)

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...8-1973.svg.png


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/m...d/metro_01.jpg

Metro line under Krakowskie Przedmiescie street

http://img357.imageshack.us/img357/2874/krak2mw.jpg

Marshal Pilsudski square (Metro station and road tunnel)

http://www.kolejkamarecka.pun.pl/_fo...1253307251.jpg

Preperation for construction of the first line at Marszalkowska-Swietokrzyska crossing, february 1939

http://img372.imageshack.us/img372/7394/odwierty7oh.jpg

Bonus: Public transportation in pre-war Warsaw



http://www.komorow.pl/sites/default/...history/15.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/n...d/wkd_nowo.jpg


http://imcdb.org/i360890.jpg

Pre-war tramlines in Warsaw

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...e_1939.svg.png

Next post: Aleje Jerozolimskie - Jerusalem avenue
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Old April 6th, 2013, 08:42 PM   #153
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Old April 6th, 2013, 09:11 PM   #154
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How many lines are currently planned for Warsaw?
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Old April 7th, 2013, 01:51 AM   #155
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Thanks, Oslo and Mruczek for your answers!
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Old April 8th, 2013, 09:32 PM   #156
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Aleje Jerozolimskie - Jerusalem avenues (Part 1)

Aleje Jerozolimskie (literally Jerusalem Avenues) is one of the principal streets of the city of Warsaw in Poland. It runs through the City Centre along the East-West axis, linking the western borough of Wola with the bridge on the Vistula River and the borough of Praga on the other side of the river.

The name of the street comes from a small village erected in 1774 by August Sułkowski for the Jewish settlers in Mazovia. The name of the village was Nowa Jerozolima (New Jerusalem), and the road to Warsaw was named Aleja Jerozolimska (singular, as opposed to the modern name, which is plural). Although the village was abandoned shortly after its foundation, and most of the Jews eventually moved to the city itself, the name stuck and is used ever since.

It was there that the first railway station in Warsaw was built. In late 19th century the easternmost part of it became one of the most representative—and the most expensive—areas of the ever-growing city. In early 20th century, and especially after Poland regained her independence in 1918, the street was extended westwards, and the borough of Wola eventually incorporated into the city.

Most of the houses along the avenue, including priceless examples of art nouveau and modernist architecture, were destroyed in the aftermath of the Warsaw Uprising. After World War II the communist authorities demolished the remaining buildings, and the northern side of the street is currently dominated by the gigantic Palace of Culture and Science and the Warszawa Centralna railway station. The only surviving part of the pre-war architecture is located to the south of the street.

Widest street on this photograph is Aleje Jerozolimskie/Jerusalem avenues. PS: This image was taken during the Warsaw uprising August 12. 1944

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_37-1722a-1.jpg

New post terminal
Visualizations

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...azna_21_10.jpg


http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...azna_21_02.jpg

"Completed" during the war

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/z...azna_21_07.jpg

Rostowski´s tenement

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/j...limskie_93.jpg

Geographical institute of the polish army

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/j.../old/wig07.jpg

Mikolaj Szelechow tenement

http://www.warszawa1939.pl/zdjecia/j...limskie_79.jpg

"Warszawa glowna railway station"

http://www.info-pc.home.pl/Whatfor/b...sawWW2_120.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/283/283198.jpg


http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-R-432-9.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/288/288979.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/170/170575.jpg

Hotel Polonia

http://fotopolska.eu/foto/261/261933.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/216/216502.jpg

Marszalkowska - Jersusalem avenues crossing

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-zXWt2A8o11...C_1-U-6683.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/16/16343.jpg

Next post: Aleje Jerozolimskie - Jerusalem avenues (Part 2)
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Old April 9th, 2013, 12:10 AM   #157
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Most of the houses along the avenue, including priceless examples of art nouveau and modernist architecture, were destroyed in the aftermath of the Warsaw Uprising. After World War II the communist authorities demolished the remaining buildings, and the northern side of the street is currently dominated by the gigantic Palace of Culture and Science and the Warszawa Centralna railway station. The only surviving part of the pre-war architecture is located to the south of the street.
Communist authorities didn't demolish buildings from the northern side of the street because there have never been any buildings on the northern side of the street. From Marszałkowska to Towarowa, over 2 kilometres, only the southern side of Avenues were ever filled with buildings. The northern side was the property of Warsaw-Vienna Railway Co. and thus was cramped with tracks, magazines, technical equipment and the railway buildings. The Vienna Railway Station (dismantled mostly before 1933), the Main Station (u/c in 1939) and the Post Railway Station (u/c in 1939) were only large structures on this side of the street. In 1945 they were all reduced to smouldering rubble.

Btw, this one-sided peculiarity is clearly visible on the very photographs you've shown.

The today's annoying emptiness on the norhern side was created as the result of the decision to dig a tunnel and put the Diameter Line underground. The underground connection was created in 1919-33, but only after the war it was decided to move all the infrastructure from level 0 to level -1 or -2.

Of course one can ask, why nobody built anything on top of the tunnel after moving the infrastructure downstairs. And the answer is: MEH.
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Old April 9th, 2013, 12:48 AM   #158
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How densely built-up area...astonishing.
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Old April 9th, 2013, 05:17 PM   #159
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Aleje Jerozolimskie - Jerusalem avenues (Part 2)

Moving on from the crossing of Jerzolimska and Marszalkowska


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/14/14803.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/16/16326.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/14/14375.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/21/21160.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/245/245864.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/10/10562.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/217/217297.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/13/13408.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/162/162914.jpg

Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego (Completed in 1935, today this is the only bank in Poland fully owned by the state)

http://img.audiovis.nac.gov.pl/PIC/PIC_1-G-6240.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/176/176333.jpg

Nowy Swiat - Aleje Jerozolimskie crossing

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/308/308062.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/13/13894.jpg

Next post: Muzeum narodowe - National museum
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Old April 10th, 2013, 07:28 PM   #160
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Muzeum Narodowe - National museum

The National Museum in Warsaw was established on 20 May 1862, as the "Museum of Fine Arts, Warsaw", and in 1916 renamed "National Museum, Warsaw" (with the inclusion of collections from museums and cultural institutions such as the Society of Care for Relics of the Past, the Museum of Antiquity at Warsaw University, the Museum of the Society for Encouragement of the Fine Arts, and the Museum of Industry and Agriculture).

The collection is housed in the building at Jerusalem Avenues which was developed between 1927 and 1938 (earlier the museum had been located at ulica Podwale 15). In 1932 an exhibition of decorative art was opened in the two earlier erected wings of the building. A new building was inaugurated on 18 June 1938. From 1935 the museum director was Stanisław Lorentz.

During the invasion of Poland the building was damaged and after the Siege of Warsaw the collection was looted by the Gestapo led by Nazi historian Dagobert Frey, who prepared a meticulous list of the most valuable artwork already in 1937 on his official visits from Germany.

The Gestapo headquarters presented the Rembrandt as gift to Hans Frank in occupied Kraków and packed everything else to be shipped to Berlin. After the war the Polish Government, under the supervision of Prof Lorentz, retrieved many of the works seized by the Germans. But still more than 5.000 artefacts are missing.

Project from 1926


Under construction (1928)

http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/19/19420.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/273/273743.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/16/16504.jpg


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...iew_of_NMW.jpg


http://img255.imageshack.us/img255/2...130410kl17.png

Interiors

Entrance hall:

http://img198.imageshack.us/img198/1...130410kl16.png

Main hall and stairs

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...Stairs_NMW.jpg

Pilsudski exhibition

http://audiovis.nac.gov.pl/obraz/164...ab40c4ecc0e75/

Some of the many gallery halls

http://img21.imageshack.us/img21/136...130410kl16.png


http://audiovis.nac.gov.pl/obraz/163...ab40c4ecc0e75/


http://audiovis.nac.gov.pl/obraz/163...ab40c4ecc0e75/

Next post: "Warszawa wczoraj, dziś i jutro - Warsaw of yesterday, today and tomorrow" (1938 exhibition in the National Museum)
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Last edited by Oslo2022; April 10th, 2013 at 07:38 PM.
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