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Old March 5th, 2013, 05:54 AM   #1
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Kentucky County Seats

Kentucky County Seats: Paris

On a rainy morning, I ventured to southward to photograph one of the Commonwealth's most underrated county seats. Paris, located in Bourbon County northeast of Lexington, is known for its "horses, history and hospitality," and is surrounded by storied horse farms and thousands of acres of fertile land.

The city was settled near Doyle Spring long Stoner Fork of the Licking River in 1775 and was officially chartered in 1789 as Hopewell, most likely named after Hopewell, New Jersey, hometown of Lawrence Protzman who was the proprietor of the land on which the town was founded upon. James Garrard, the Bourbon County Representative on the Virginia Legislature, petitioned to change the town name to Paris in 1790 after the French city as tribute to the gratitude towards the French for their assistance during the Revolutionary War. Bourbon County was named for the Bourbon line of kings in France.

In 1792, Kentucky was admitted to the Union and the first post office in Hopewell was referred to as Bourbonton and Bourbon Courthouse. It was not until 1862 that Paris was formally chartered by the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The city grew in the early 1900s, namely because of burley and hemp, major cash crops for the state. Hemp and cotton factories were located in the city that manufactured rope and cloth, and mammoth warehouses stored crops for sale on the market.

But Paris became a sleepy bedroom community of Lexington in later years, divided by the dangerous Paris Pike that carries US 27 and US 68 between the two cities. The 12 mile, two-lane roadway was rebuilt in the early 2000s in one of the most context sensitive projects ever undertaken by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. The now-four-lane highway is considered one of the most scenic routes in the United States, and the roadway was carefully integrated around historic dry-laid stone walls, century-old Burr Oaks and amongst manicured horse farms. Restrictive zoning in the county limited development outside of Paris.

But its Main Street languished for years and was regarded as a city that was the "least changed" of any central Kentucky community. Downtown storefronts were altered with facade renovations, and many buildings were vacant or underutilized. But an investment in a new streetscape, including period light fixtures, bike lanes and refreshed sidewalks have improved the general appearance Tax incentives and abatements have driven renovation and restoration projects throughout.

It is aided by the Downtown Paris Historic District that is comprised of 319 buildings within the Courthouse Square, business district, several warehouses and a residential neighborhood. It includes building stock from the 1700s to the Great Depression-era, as well as numerous High Victorian-era commercial and residential structures.

Below: The Bourbon County Welfare Building, at 24 Bank Row, was constructed in 1939 in a restrained Art Moderne style and faced with dark-red brick and limestone Moderne-styled ribbed entrance surrounds. It was built under the administration of County Judge George Batterton under the Works Progress Administration to house the county jail and human services programs.

Below: A glimpse of Ardery Place. The brick structures on the left were constructed in the 1830s and underwent facade reconstruction in the 1980s. Duncan Tavern, 323 High Street, is the focal point of Ardery Place and was constructed in 1788 of locally-quarried limestone in the Georgian/Federal style. It was one of Paris' first hostelries and was a popular stopping place along the Lexington - Maysville Turnpike. It was later used as a boarding house and slum, and restored in the 1940s by the Kentucky chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution under the leadership of local resident Julia Ardery.

Below: The Deposit Bank of Paris Building at the end of Ardery Place was constructed in 1859, seven years after the bank was formed. In the mid-1880s, the Italianate-style building was renovated to serve as a residence for the Frank family. In 1922, it was converted into a memorial for those Bourbon County residents who perished in World War I and was abandoned in the 1980s. It was sold to new owners in 1988 and has not been used since.

Below: The 200 block of Main Street has seen better days. From left to right:

210 Main Street was constructed in the 1870s and is a three-story Italianate with storefront modernizations. It served as a saloon, barber shop and furniture warehouse.

214-216 Main Street was constructed in the 1860s, and served as a bank in 1886.

220 Main Street was constructed in the 1930s.

224 Main Street was constructed in the 1930s, and contained a black Vitrolite bulkhead. It was home to the Ford Hardware Store, one of the oldest continuously operated businesses in downtown. 220 and 224 replaced Victorian-era structures.

226-30 Main Street was constructed in 1904-05 and housed the hardware business of James S. Wilson and brothers who dealt in tobacco, seed, farm implements, coal and horse-drawn vehicles. The corner storefront was used by George Alexander Bank, a small, private financial institution. A fraternal hall and offices were once located on the upper floors.

W.E. Simms Building at 302 Main Street was constructed in 1885 in the Queen Anne architectural style. It featured EAstlake-inspired ornamentation.

The gap to the right was home to Sam Cummins Chevrolet, a 1960s flat-roofed commercial structure. It was replaced with the Bourbon County Judicial Center.

Below: The Deposit Bank of Paris block at Main and East 4th streets was constructed in 1884 in the High Victorian architectural style for $20,000. The original cast-iron storefronts were replaced around 1912 by the present Beaux Arts Classical limestone facade. In 1914, the bank acquired People's Bank and became known as the People's Deposit Bank.

Below: The design of the Agricultural Bank Building, 335-39 Main Street, was inspired by northern European architecture. Constructed in 1899 for the Agricultural Bank of Paris, the structure was faced with golden-brown pressed Roman brick, ornamented with golden sandstone and terra-cotta plaques. The first story was altered in the early 1980s with a Neo-Colonial facade, although this was later removed.

Below: The 400 block of Main Street.

Below: The Bourbon Bank Building at Main and 5th streets was constructed in 1898 in the Romanesque Revival architectural style. The structure featured press brick and ornamented with rock faces and carved sandstone. The bank was organized only two years prior and remained at the corner until it merged with the Agricultural Bank in 1915.

Below: The 500 block of Main Street. Varden's Bistro was originally a late-19th century commercial structure that was badly damaged in a fire in 1987. The upper stories were removed and the lower level was modernized. The Varden Building to the left, at 509 Main Street, was constructed in 1891 for druggist George A. Varden and was home to his pharmacy for 60 years. Its upper floors served as an annex to the adjacent Fordham Hotel (now demolished) and to the Masons as a lodge hall.

Below: The Baldwin Hotel, at 519 Main Street, was constructed in the 1930s in the Art Moderne style and replaced the Windsor Hotel that was destroyed by a fire. During the late 19th century, the Fordham Hotel occupied the site.

Below: The Hinton Block, constructed at the corner of Main and 6th streets, was constructed in 1891 to house the furniture business of J.T. Hinton. After Hinton's retirement, the business remained in the family until 1945. It was later home to several other furniture stores. The Queen Anne and Romanesque Revival-styled building had some unfortunate alterations, such as the removal of the turret, but has most of the press brick, rock-faced sandstone and carved terra cotta remained intact.

Below: A view down the 600 block of Main Street. The J. J. Newberry Store, at 627 Main Street, was constructed in the 1920s. The southern half of the store burned in the 1940s and was subsequently rebuilt.

Below: The most interesting building in this frame is the former J. C. Penny store at 610 Main Street. Completed in 1920 for a local department store, it became a J. C. Penny Store in 1926. The one-story structure was faced with polychrome glazed tile and a molded terra cotta cornice with an Art Deco press tin ceiling inside.

Below: A view of the 700 block of Main Street.

<i>Below</i>: The 800 block of Main Street is a bit more devoid of activity, but still contains historic stock.

The <a title="Bourbon County Courthouse" href="http://urbanup.net/cities/kentucky/paris-kentucky/bourbon-county-courthouse/">Bourbon County Courthouse</a> is ringed by Main, High and Bank Row streets and Ardery Place. The first courts were held in various residences from 1786 until a permanent, wood-framed structure was completed in October 1787. A larger building was ordered in February 1797 and was completed in 1799, and was described as a building that "rivaled the great stone temple of justice in Lexington." The stone foundation was finished by Thomas Metcalf, a stone mason who later became the tenth governor of the state. His older brother, John Metcalf, built the superstructure. The box cupola was removed in 1816 and replaced with a steel spire forged by Aquilla Talbott with a bell that was purchased by Hugh Brent, Esq. for $50 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The bell was formerly used on a ship and bore the date of 1730.

The courthouse burned in 1873 and almost immediately was replaced with one designed by A. C. Nash of Cincinnati, Ohio. The brick used in the building was produced in the county and the stone came from a quarry in Cane Ridge. After burning, the fourth courthouse was built from 1902 to 1905 and despite two fires, its court records have remained intact.

Stay tuned for a trip to Maysville!
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Old March 5th, 2013, 05:55 AM   #2
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Previous 3: Brooksville, Mt. Olivet, Flemingsburg. I'll be keeping the future county seat posts in this thread.
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Old March 5th, 2013, 08:10 AM   #3
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Great details in your picz, love the process to bring rich colors out

no KFC? Just wondering...
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Old March 5th, 2013, 05:09 PM   #4
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On the bypass (I'd rather go to Zaxby's or Raising Cane's any day.)
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Old March 5th, 2013, 07:35 PM   #5
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Paris of Kentucky its amazing, really very nice
Urban Showcase: Athens Kalamata Trikala Thessaloniki
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General photography: Castles of France - Chateau de France and, since May of '08: Greece!
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Old March 7th, 2013, 09:58 PM   #6
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Kentucky County Seats: Maysville

Kentucky County Seats: Maysville

Maysville, Kentucky is a city that I have long wanted to share. Located along the broad Ohio River between Cincinnati and Portsmouth, Ohio, the town is snuggled amongst the steep hills and deep hollows and whose history is as old as the commonwealth it resides in.

The region was first surveyed in March 1751 by Christopher Gist and a boy via horseback. Several companies of adventurers and explorers descended upon the area two decades later and the earliest European-American settlement was by frontiersman Simon Kenton in 1775 who was forced out soon after by the western fringe battles of the American Revolution. Kenton returned in 1784 and constructed a blockhouse at Drennon Springs,founding Kenton’s Station three miles inland. Kenton met other settlers along the Ohio River, and escorted them inland to his frontier fort.

Two years later, Kenton’s Station was established by an act of the Virginia General Assembly as Washington. By this time, John May had acquired the land along the Ohio River, and Edward and John Waller and George Lewis founded Limestone. Daniel Boone established a trading post and tavern at the new town and in 1787, the Limestone was incorporated as Maysville.

The first newspaper to be published in Kentucky, or at any point west of Pittsburgh, was in Maysville: the*Kentucky Gazette*was founded by Fielding Bradford in August 1787 while awaiting a wagon to transport printing material to Lexington.

In 1788, Mason County, named after George Mason, a distinguished statesman from Virginia, was organized with Washington being named the county seat. In comparison to Maysville, Washington was a well developed town, but with the conclusion of the Northwest Indian War in 1795, the*likelihood*of future Indian attacks was much reduced and Maysville began to prosper. Zane’s Trace, a roadway from*<url=http://urbanup.net/cities/west-virginia/wheeling-west-virginia/]Wheeling, Virginia[/url]*to Aberdeen was completed in 1797 and added to the ferry traffic across the Ohio. Maysville had become one of two principal ports in Kentucky just ten years later. With the advent of the steamboat, the city had became a popular stop.

By the 1830s, Maysville boasted a*sizable*population. Washington, on the other hand, was declining due to a fire in 1825 and a series of deadly cholera*epidemics. A proposal to move the county seat from Washington to Maysville was hotly contested but ultimately*occurred*by a small margin in 1848. In a show of gratitude, the city donated its city hall, completed just two years prior, to the county for a court house.

Because of Maysville's age, the valley is chock full of historical residences and commercial stock. The tour begins on 3rd Street.

Below:*Residences along 3rd Street between Sutton and Limestone streets.

Below:*The George Cox-Russell House was constructed in 1888 in the American Romanesque style.

Below:*The Cox-Hord House was designed by Cincinnati architect, Edwin Anderson, and constructed in 1880 for $49,000. The Victorian Gothic, Italianate and Victorian Romanesque-styled residence was built for Andrew Cox and his wife, Mary Thomas Cox, daughter of a local distiller. It was sold to Milton Russell, a wholesaler, and then to Ferdinand Hechinger for his daughter, Rebekah H. Hord. Hord was the first elected female mayor of Kentucky.

Below:*The Martin House was erected prior to 1810 of partial log construction. The owner donated the land for the nearby Baptist Church on Market Street. The attached residence to the right was the Rev. Edgar House and was constructed in the 1820s as a house and school for the Presbyterian minister John T. Edgar.

Below: The Flarity House was constructed in 1850 and was home at some point to Dr. John Shackleford, an early physician.

Below: The Brisbois House was built by Isaiah Wilson in 1821-1824.

Below: The January-Duke House was constructed in 1838 and features impressive dentil molding, functional shutters, a Doric portico and is surrounded by a black iron fence.

Below: The Russell Theatre, at 9-13 East 3rd Street, was designed for J. Barbour Russell, Sr. by the firm of Frankel &amp; Curtis of Lexington, Kentucky in the*California-Spanish mission architectural style. The venue, opened on December 4, 1930,*was an atmospheric theater and featured a large rainbow that would light up before and after each movie.

The venue was the site of Rosemary Clooney’s premiere film,*The Stars Are Singing, in 1935.

A restoration project on the Russell Theatre began in 2008.

Below: The Russell Building at 234 Market Street and East 3rd Street was constructed in 1892 for a large general merchandizing house.

Below: Construction started on the residence of William B. Phillips in 1825 but owing to a lack of funds, work stopped. Phillips ventured down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans where he gambled for two years, raising enough money to finish the residence. Phillips was Mason County's state legislature in 1820 and Maysville's second mayor, and was among those who welcomed General Lafayette during his 1825 visit to the city.

In 1850, the house was sold to wholesaler John Armstrong. In the late-19th century, it was sold to Dr. John A. Reed and his family. Reed maintained his medical practice in the basement.

The 2.5-story house was built in a variety of architectural styles. The Sutton Street entrances are framed in the Federal style, while the windows are representative of Greek Revival style. The segmental dormers reflect a Georgian influence. The portico and Doric frieze are similar to Drayton Hall near Charleston, South Carolina. The Phillips' residence is currently being restored.

Below:*A residence converted offices on West 3rd Street between Sutton and Wall streets.

Below: Mechanics' Row was given that name because of the concentration of merchants' and craftsmen's homes that were located in the immediate area. These residences along 3rd Street were constructed in 1816 by Johnny Armstrong, a local merchant, and were built with a distinct New Orleans architectural flare. It was an influence brought upon by the river traffic that flowed up the*Mississippi*and Ohio rivers.

Prior to*Mechanics' Row, the lots were owned by Edmund Martin who purchased the land from John May in 1797. May was the clerk of the county and clerk of the Land Commission who was sent to Kentucky by the Virginia government in 1779 to settle disputes regarding western lands.

The house at center,*Armstead Purnell-Hargett House, was originally two stories and matched the style of its surrounding buildings. A third story was later added and to two houses on the eastern end of the row. The western three houses in the block had windows inserted into the cornice, and the three houses on the eastern end had the roofs raised and mansard dormers constructed. In addition, none of the houses had porches.

Below: The Presbyterian Church was built in 1850 after a fire had destroyed the "Old Blue Church." The upper part of the church - the present-day sanctuary, was finished in 1852.*In 1854, an explosion in a nearby powder magazine damaged the church. A hole caused in the explosion can still be seen.

Below:*The Mason County Courthouse is located at the corner of West 3rd Street and Stanley Reed Court and was designed in the Greek Revival architectural style.

The first court sessions were in 1789 at the residence of Robert Rankin in Washington. After Kentucky became a state, a courthouse was constructed out of stone by Lewis Craig. That is when the city of Maysville constructed a larger, more grand facility and used it as an enticement for the county seat to relocate.

The fight to relocate the county seat from Washington to Maysville was harsh. Despite two popular elections where the voters desired the county seat to remain as-is, Maysville held a lottery and raised $20,000, half of which was given out for prizes with the remainder used to build the courthouse. The courthouse – originally intended to be Maysville’s city hall and built in 1844, was then used as an enticement to relocate the county seat which was ultimately successful.

The clock tower, originally intended for the*Fleming County courthouse*in*Flemingsburg, was repurposed for Mason County’s building in 1850.

Below:*The adjoining Mason County Clerk’s Office was completed in 1860 on land that was purchased from merchant Johnny Armstrong.

Below:*The Mason County Judicial Center is located at West 3rd and Sutton streets and*houses a district and circuit courtroom, judges chambers, jury*deliberation*rooms, and a grand jury, circuit clerk offices and holding rooms.

Below:*Court Street features a diverse historic building stock with one intrusion at 216 Court Street, when an 1840 building was given a 1970s "colonial" facade.

Below:*St. Patrick Church was founded in 1847 at East 3rd and Limestone streets. A new church structure was dedicated on June 26, 1910.

Below:*The First Christian Church at East 3rd Street and Cherry Alley was constructed in 1877.

Below:*The First Baptist Church is located on Market Street between East 3rd and East 4th streets.

Below: A residence in need of some TLC at West 4th and Market streets.

Downtown*is generally bounded by*Wall Street to the west, Limestone Street to the east, West Third Street to the south and West Second Street to the north.

Below:*A view of West 2nd Street between Sutton and Wall streets.

Below:*Three residences at 134-136-138 West 2nd Street.

Below:*122-124 West 2nd Street is home to the Shugar Supply Company and a computer store.

Below:*The Washington Opera House at 116 West 2nd Street was constructed in 1899 and was listed on the National Register in 1975.

Below:*The First National Bank building at 100-102 West 2nd at Sutton street.

Below:*46-50 West 2nd Street.

Below:*To the right is 44 West 2nd Street and to the left is 42 West 2nd Street, which features a bowed cast-iron facade.

Below:*To the right is 40 West 2nd Street and to the right, with its bold cast-iron cornice and a date stamp of 1871, is 38 West 2nd Street.

Below:*A view of 38 West 2nd Street, constructed in 1871.

Below:*The Plaid Rabbit is a gift shop at 28 West 2nd Street.

Below:*The Bank of Maysville.

Below:*The I.O.O.F. Building at 12-16 West 2nd Street once contained a J.C. Penny's.

Below:*The architectural firm of C.C. and E.A. Weber of Cincinnati designed the moderne storefront for Montgomery Ward at 26 West 2nd Street in the late 1920s.

Below: Market Street is the heart of downtown and is comprised of small-scale urban structures from the early to mid 19th century.

Below:*The I.O.O.F. Ringgold Lodge No. 27 at 217-221 Market Street features decorative polychrome Venetian Gothic ornaments and fenestrations and was built in 1914.

Below: A collection of buildings along East 2nd Street.

Below:*Built in 1915, the J.C. Everett Company was at 33 East 2nd Street. The building was recently rehabilitated into a restaurant.

Below:*The former Maysville High School gymnasium.

Below:*Constructed in 1908, the Maysville High School at 215 Limestone was designed in the Georgian and Jacobean architectural styles. It was rehabilitated into the Maysville High School Apartments at a later date.

Below:*The Kenton Commonwealth Center is located at East 2nd and Government streets.

Below:*A telephoto view of 2nd Street through downtown.

I end with the Cox Building at 3rd and Market streets. Constructed in 1886 in the Richardson Romanesque architectural style, it was designed by Crapsey and Brown of Cincinnati and was later home to Kilgus Drug Store.

In December 2006, the city purchased the building for a mere $200,000 and planned on making improvements via $2.5 million in federal grants under the 2009 Omnibus Act. The Maysville Community and Technical College's Institute of Culinary Arts, as well as incubator business. studio and classroom space was planned for the first and second floor. The remainder would be used for meeting and banquet space for the Maysville Conference Center and open space.

But a fire on November 9, 2010 severely damaged the historic building, causing severe damage on the fourth and fifth floors and nearly ruining a Masonic mural and stained glass window. The remainder suffered heavy smoke and water damage. Two load-bearing steel beams on the third floor warped and two facades with gargoyles at the top were left freestanding. The turret was destroyed as well.

Just one day after the fire, city officials, architects, contractors and firefighters were on the scene to inspect the building. It was determined that the Cox Building was salvageable, and it was later determined that floodlights used in the attic were too close to combustable materials, causing the fire.

An city emergency ordnance for debris removal and roof replacement was hastily passed, which allowed the city to forego the lengthy process of bid procurement. Trace Creek Construction was awarded a contract for roof replacement, which took two weeks to erect new trusses and a weatherproof membrane. While the city was given permission from the Kentucky Historic Preservation Review Board*to use faux slate for the roof, it was decided that slate would be used due to its durability and authenticity.*In addition, the company who was*responsible*for the original slate roof was still in business.

Negotiations on a settlement began shortly after, but the procedure took longer than expected because of criteria mandated by the Kentucky Heritage Council and the National Parks Service - namely because of the money the city received in 2009. The fire changed the restoration scope, expanding the Cox Building project from a partial rehabilitation to a full restoration. The settlement*totaled*$7.3 million and included the restoration of the building's artwork, the installation of a sprinkler system throughout, the replacement of all plaster walls, replacement windows, pine flooring custom milled to a 7" width, a slate roof and new electrical, plumbing and HVAC systems. Trace Creek was awarded the contract.

While the city had discussed requesting a national historic designation for the building in the past, the fire made it more important than ever before to apply. The city has been working with the*Kentucky Historic Preservation Review Board to get the building added to the National Register of Historic Places.

The restored Cox*Building*was dedicated on September 7, 2012 in front of a crowd of 500. The dedication ceremony included*speeches from Mayor David Cartmell, U.S. Senator Mitch McConnell – who helped secure funding for the restoration in 2009, Secretary of Public Protection Cabinet Robert Vance*representing*Governor Steve Beshear, Secretary of Tourism, Arts and Heritage Cabinet Marcheta Sparrow and Deputy Secretary of Tourism, Arts and Heritage and acting State Historic Preservation Officer Lindy Casebier. Representatives from*Travelers Insurance and Oppenheimer Art Recovery were also on hand.*A public tour after the dedication drew*upwards*of 1,000 people.

The Cox Building is an example of when governments, organizations and good folks work together best. Thank you to everyone involved to faithfully restore a local landmark!

Below:*The photographs are pre-rehabilitation.

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Old March 7th, 2013, 11:58 PM   #7
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Very interesting, I love threads like this
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Old March 8th, 2013, 06:30 AM   #8
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Originally Posted by DanielFigFoz View Post
Very interesting, I love threads like this
Me too!
Faça parte do movimento de defesa do Patrimônio Histórico de São Paulo, entre para o Preserva São Paulo:
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Old March 8th, 2013, 06:49 AM   #9
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Amazing pics! I just love small town Kentucky. Have you been to Franklin in Southern Kentucky? A gem.

(from Panoramio)

Keep up the good work
“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's lifetime.”

-Mark Twain

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Old March 8th, 2013, 07:20 AM   #10
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I love this thread. Small town America is usually out of the limelight but there are literally thousands of towns across the country with this type of fabric. Most of our cities lost most of this type of stuff as they grew so you have to go out in the country to find it.
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Old March 21st, 2013, 06:50 AM   #11
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Kentucky County Seats: Lexington, The Horse Capital of the World

Kentucky County Seats: Lexington

Having lived in the Lexington, Kentucky*(Lexington-Fayette Urban County, LFUCG) for five years, I grew to appreciate the city that was growing at the seams.*The Horse Capital of the World*is home to not only the University of Kentucky - the commonwealth's flagship university, but also Big Ass Fans, and for a young college student, that was enough for me.

But during my time, having lived in the dormitories, suburban apartments and then in the center of the city, I watched Lexington boom. A lot of this growth was concentrated in the suburban fringes, but a surprising amount of development was proposed and constructed in and around downtown. From

It's important to note that Lexington enacted the nation's first urban growth boundary in 1958, where concentrated development could only occur within the Urban Service Area (USA). The Rural Service Area (RSA) had a minimum lot size set at 10 acres, which later increased to 40 acre minimums in 1999 after rural 10-acre subdivisions began appearing in the RSA. The subdivisions were incompatible with the exiting agricultural uses and harmed the image of Lexington's trademark - it's sprawling horse farms and scenic byways, not sprawling subdivisions and paved cul-de-sacs.

A comprehensive plan was adopted by LFUCG*in 1973 that set forth development guidelines for the city, and amended in 1980 to include Urban Activity Centers and Rural Activity Centers, the latter focusing on interstate interchange businesses such as fueling stations.

To aid the preservation of the open space further, the LFUCG*adopted the Purchase of Development Rights*(PDR) plan, which granted*LFUCG the*power*to purchase the development of exiting farms. In 2001, $40 million was allocated to the plan - $25 million in local funding and $15 million in state grants. In addition, farmers can donate their land to the city for the PDR program. The goal is to preserve 50,000 acres in the RSA, and as of 2013, 237 farms*totaling*more than 26,866 acres are now protected. PDR is now at 54% of its overall goal.

I should represent Lexington more - a backlog of years of photographs awaits. But for now, I'll start with what is most accessible and cover the highlights beginning with the former Fayette County Courthouse at 215*West Main Street. The courthouse was the fifth courthouse structure in the county and the third on the site.

Fayette County was one of the three original counties that at one point comprised the district of Kentucky. Formed in 1780 from Kentucky County, Virginia, Fayette was named in honor of General Gilbert Mortier de La Fayette, a French Marquis who provided assistance during the American Revolution. He made a notable visit to Fayette County in May 1825.

The first courts were held in a small cabin within the stockade in late 1781. A two-story courthouse constructed of logs was constructed in the following year at Main and Main Cross (Broadway) and consisted of two rooms per floor with a fireplace on each end.*A second courthouse was completed in 1788, and constructed of native stone near “Cheapside.” Cheapside was named after an open market in London, England, which during the Middle Ages, was home to fairs and markets. The new building was two-stories high with four rooms on each floor.

Levi Todd, grandfather of Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, was appointed county clerk in 1788 and had a separate office detached from the courthouse. Records of the county were kept in a 12-feet by 15-feet stone building at his home Ellerslie on Richmond Road (now occupied by the defunct*Lexington Mall). But on January 31, 1803, the office burned, destroying most of the quarter sessions and county court records. The circuit court records were held in the basement in a vault. It was believed that the fire was intentionally set to destroy land claims. Not long after, the second courthouse burned and court was held at Mt. Zion Presbyterian Church at Walnut and Short streets.

The third courthouse, along with a smaller brick building for the surveyor and county clerk and another for the sheriff and circuit clerk, was built on the same site in 1806. The new structure was three stories high and remodeled in 1814 that saw the addition of a town clock with a large bell. An effort was made in 1872 to tear down the courthouse for “a magnificent courthouse,” but it was not until 1884 that a cornerstone was laid for Fayette County’s fourth courthouse.

Built of cut stone, the fourth courthouse was designed by Thomas Boyd of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and was*two stories high with a dome. It lasted only a few years before burning on May 14, 1897. Court for the next two and one-half years was held in the Navarre Cafe building on East Main Street.

Construction on the fifth courthouse began on September 5, 1898 on the same site as the previous three. Masonic ceremonies were held by officers of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky during the laying of the cornerstone. The new building was designed by Lebman and Schmitt of Cleveland, Ohio in the Richardsonian Romanesque*architectural*style and constructed by the local firm of Howard and Clarke. The three-story building was finished at a cost of $187,181.

The exterior was constructed of rough greystone with a*beltcourse and opening frames ornamented by bands of dentils, sawteeth or colonnettes with carved capitals. The cornice was also finished with cut stone with a band of crude corbels. The entrances featured large triple gables above the main cornice, with*smaller*double dormers over the wings. The structure resembled Richardson’s late work, such as the Allegheny County Courthouse and Jail in Pittsburgh.*The interior’s centerpiece was a rotunda under the dome, which rose 105 feet above the ground floor. It featured a Y-shaped staircase that led to the corners of the well. The dome featured eight columns that supported round arches between which the ribs separated out to support the narrow lantern opening. The ring of the lantern and the surfaces of the dome supported bare orange lightbulbs. A small passageway with iron railings overlooked the rotunda, supported with elaborate corbelled cornicing with shell motives on the corbels.

The courthouse underwent renovations in 1960 and 1961, during which time a temporary courthouse was set up in the former St. Joseph Hospital on West Second Street. It underwent further renovations in 1972, during which time many of the rounded arches of the windows were squared off. The interior of the dome remained intact after the renovations, although covered with a drop ceiling and otherwise*obscured*with elevator shafts, ductwork for heating and air conditioning units, and structural supports.

By 1980, the LFUCG proposed moving all city-county facilities to a single structure, namely because of the poor maintenance of the courthouse.

In 2000, the Courthouse Square Foundation was founded by Mayor Pam Miller, which estimated that a complete renovation of the courthouse would cost $18 million, $12 million of which would go towards the restoration project and $6 million to endow a history museum and future building operations and maintenance. The project was identified as a beneficiary of the tax-increment financing (TIF) component of*Centrepointe. But as Tom Eblen, a*Herald-Leader*columnist noted, converting some of the building to commercial space would make the project eligible for new market tax credits, and combined with historic preservation tax credits, would offset renovation costs further.

In 2002, a*new courthouse*was completed and the former facilities were turned into the Lexington History Center, comprised of the Lexington History Museum, Lexington Public Safety Museum, Isaac Scott Hathaway Museum and the Kentucky Renaissance Pharmacy Museum. In a settlement to a lawsuit, LFUCG agreed to invest at least $1 million in support of the museum.*But in July 2012, the old courthouse structure was closed after deteriorating lead paint and asbestos, along with mold,*was discovered. Specifically, lead dust was identified on the floors and walls in public areas. The first, second and third floors were renovated in 2002 and 2003, and walls were painted with non-lead paint. It was speculated by city engineers that lead was pulled from the fifth floor dome by the action of the elevators moving up and down.

LFUCG received and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Brownfields Program grant to conduct an environmental assessment of the building. Preliminary assessments by three firms hired by LFUCG in 2011 indicated that it would cost a minimum of $250,000 for lead abatement and $50,000 to $100,000 to remove mold.

For comparison, the newer*Robert F. Stephens Courthouse Complex is located at the northeast corner of Main Street and 120 Limestone. Designed by Sherman-Carter-Barnhart, construction began in 2001.*The Circuit Courthouse is five-stories with a basement, 120,000 square-feet and has nine courtrooms, whereas the District Courthouse is of similar height and size but with seven courtrooms.


Cheapside, a block-long street on the west side of the original courthouse, was home to the largest slave-trading locality in the commonwealth. Regarded as one of the best slave market districts in the south, Africans were auctioned and sold in the courtyard. Cheapside later became a public market, parking lot and is now home to a farmer's market and enclosed stand.

Below: A 2009 view. 111 Cheapside, at right, is the Fayette Safety Vault and Trust Building and was designed by H.L. Rowe in the Victorian Gothic architectural style, donning New Grecian motifs and crowned with a tall gable. It was constructed in 1890-1891.

Below: A 2012 view of Cheapside with the new Fifth Third Bank Pavilion.

The Lexington Financial Center is the city's tallest building at 32-stories and is located between Vine and Main streets at South Mill.*First proposed in 1984 by the Webb Cos. as a 26-story tower across from the complimentary Vine Center, the Lexington Financial Center was a replacement for the never completed*Galleria. The Vine Center would have been a four-story office building.

Construction began in 1985 and on September 20, 1986, the trademark blue glass tube filled with argon gas on the tower’s roof was illuminated. Work was finished in December.*The Webb Cos. occupied the upper three floors of the new tower while the Bank of Lexington moved into the lower four levels.

Below: A view prior to Centrepointe.

And what about Centrepointe? I've written much about it that I just cannot reproduce my thoughts or feelings into another medium once again, but it looks like a new batch of renderings have been released. Here is a rundown of the renderings in sequential order:

Below: Version 1.

Below: Version 2.

Below: Version 3.

Below:*Renderings of a redesigned Centrepointe released in July 2011 by Jeanne Gang.

Below: Version 5.

Below:*A rendering of Centrepointe along Main Street. Four local architects designed the buildings to give it more variety and to help blend it in with the historic stock across the street. Rendering provided by EOP Architects.

Below:*EOP Architect's addition to Studio Gang's work from version 4 is the avant garde building at Vine and Limestone streets. The structure would house a Jeff Ruby's restaurant, an Urban Active gym and a roof garden. March 2012 rendering provided by EOP Architect.

Park Plaza Apartments is an apartment tower at Main and Limestone Streets*and fronts Phoenix Park. I lived here for several years and enjoyed the tower for what it was - simple, affordable downtown living. And the balcony was a nice addition!

Vine Street was given a makeover in 2011, followed by Main Street in 2012. The project included new permeable pavers for sidewalks, rain gardens and other cosmetic updates. For Vine Street, a moveable bike lane - the second in the United States after San Francisco, was installed.

The 500′s on the Main is a mixed-use development along the 500 block of West Main, across the street from Rupp Arena and adjacent to Victorian Square.

Edward Schneider of Schneider Designs announced the $15 million project on April 28, 2003, which would feature 120,000 to 125,000 square-feet of four street-level retail spaces and 69 condominiums in phase one. The second phase would add an 16 residences, 32 parking spaces and additional retail.

Initial plans for 500′s on the Main called for seven structures, the reuse of a vacant church and the renovation of an existing apartment building on West Short Street. The buildings would be interconnected with 20,000 square-feet of courtyards ringed with stores.*The first phase opened in 2007 with 42 condominiums, and the first retail tenant, the Penguin Dueling Piano Bar, followed in 2008.

Construction began on the second phase in 2007 but Schneider soon went bankrupt. Citizens National Bank of Paintsville filed suit in Fayette Circuit Court in 2010, claiming that it was owed $1.3 million for phase two of the project. MCNB Banks*of West Virginia*owned a share of the original $5.2 million mortgage. In February 2011, Citizens National took over the unfinished development, and MCNB took over the title in November.

Work began on January 18, 2012 towards completion of the exterior of the second phase and was finished in March.

Below: Phase one.

Below: Phase two under construction.

Nearby is the Lexington Opera House*at 141-145 North Broadway. It replaced an earlier Opera House at Main and Broadway that was destroyed by fire in January 1886.

After the fire,*noted theater architect Oscar Cobb of Chicago was hired to design a new theater. A contract was awarded to H.L. Rowe of Lexington by the Broadway Real Estate Company and work began in June 1886 and the new Lexington Opera House was opened on July 19, 1887.

The three-story building featured 1,250 seats with two balconies and two boxes on either side of the stage. The 596 auditorium and box seats were upholstered with Turkey morocco and velvet. Each box also came with its own hat rack, cane and umbrella holder, and springs to help people enter their seats. There was also 250 natural-gas powered lamps, 37 sets of scenery and a drop curtain. A gas chandelier in the dome was the first of its type in the United States. The cone of lights was*accidentally*inverted so that the apex was below, which improved upon its functionality and led to its adoption by the manufacturer.*In addition, the stage was equipped with an Edison light board, a complex network of trap doors to enable horses and other animals to be used during production.

A six-inch pipe from Mr. Winston’s ice factory ran chilled water into the building to help cool the inside. As a fire had claimed the last structure, the new building had standpipes with water under pressure and hose connections that could flood the stage in under one minute if a fire were to break out.

The opera house was opened with a concert by the Cincinnati Symphony and the first dramatic event was held on August 29 with the production of “Our Angel” by the Lizzie Evans Stock Company. In 1890, a production of the “Henley Regatta” required the flooding of the stage while a performance in 1893 required the use of 100 animals and a mile-long parade for the performance of “A Country Circus.” For the production of “Ben Hur,” the stage was extensively remodeled to accommodate a chariot race onstage.*The Morning Herald*noted that the new stage, which opened on February 17, 1904, was better equipped than the Broadway theater where “Ben Hur” opened.

But the introduction of the radio and motion pictures led to a decline in performances at the Opera House. The last full season was the 1920-21 season, and the last live performance was The Arabian on October 1, 1926. The building was converted into a movie house, which saw the addition of a false ceiling and the covering up of the balcony boxes with plasterboard. The*occasional*vaudeville and*burlesque*performed thereafter until 1936.

But an absent owner and competition from the Ben Ali, which had been converted into a movie house, the Strand and the Kentucky, led to a steep decline in fortunes for the Opera House. Price Coomer, who began work under owner Harry*Schwartz in 1930, purchased the building from him in 1955. Coomer invested some funds to renovate the movie house. But in 1961, the theater and the adjoining Peerless Laundry building was scheduled to be demolished as part of an urban renewal project. While Peerless was ultimately demolished, a windbreak between Peerless and the Opera House was removed. In 1968, a windstorm caused part of the false ceiling to collapse which only heightened calls from the city to demolish the theater. Another windstorm in 1973 caused the roof to collapse.

Building inspectors noted that the theater was structurally sound, despite the roof collapse, and that it would be cheaper to renovate the Opera House at a cost of $2.5 million than to construct new at a cost of $7 million. The Opera House was purchased by the city as part of the*Lexington Center*project, with financial assistance provided by The Opera House Fund, Inc. The fund was made up of*philanthropists*under the leadership of William T. Young and George and Linda Carey.

Reconstruction and renovation of the Opera House began in 1975, which included the removal of the false ceiling, the reopening of the two balconies, the restoration of the ornate plaster work above the proscenium and at the entrances and boxes, restoration to the original color scheme, and reconstruction of the stage to accommodate modern stage equipment. The Edison light board was restored, as was the “fly loft,” but only for their historical value. Modern equipment was installed for production purposes.*Work on the Opera House was completed in 1976.

Walking by the Security Trust Building at 269-275 West Short at North Mill streets, I wondered what is up with the future of this high-rise - once Lexington's tallest.

Two residences once occupied the corner lot, both built by John Springle or John Robb in 1803. The corner lot was the residence of the Honorable John Pope and the one adjacent to it for Dr. James Fishback. Senator Pope was known for his powers of oratory and later had a house designed by B.H. Latrobe elsewhere in the city. Fishback was not only a physician, but an early Baptist minister. The Pope residence was later home to Mrs. O.M. Russell, a "very large" landowner in the area, and the Fishback house was home to Dr. Joseph Boswell and his family.

The site was also known as the banking house and residence of David A. Sayre, who came to Lexington from New Jersey as a silver-plating mechanic in 1811. In 1820, he founded a private bank as a result of his friends' depositing surplus funds in his silversmith's safe. Eight*years*later, he purchased the Pope residence for his bank*and later acquired the adjoining Fishback*residence as his house. His back office was noted by W.C.P. Breckenride to have been the location of many political, economic, agricultural and transportation discussions, and Sayre, a strong Union supporter, played a major role in determining Kentucky's neutrality during the Civil War.

Ephraim D. Sayre, born in New Jersey and educated in*Louisville, joined his uncle in Lexington in 1848 as a bookkeeper for the bank. He later presided over the*transformation*of the private bank into the the Security Trust & Safety Vault Company when it was incorporated on April 9, 1886. In 1907, the name was shortened to Security Trust Company.

In 1894, the Pope house was modernized with termlike stone piers and the Fishback residence was demolished and replaced with what the*Transcript*described as "the swellest, handsomest, and most city-like structure anywhere in the South," which contained a red sandstone front facade. The building was designed by H.L. Rowe in the Richardsonian architectural style and cost $30,000. The "handsomest" building lasted only a decade, and the stone facade was relocated to another building on the east side of South Broadway between Vine and High streets where it eventually deteriorated.

In 1903, the architect of the*nearby*McClelland Building, in town to supervise the addition of an additional two stories, had been asked to prepare for plans and specifications of a five-story, fireproof office building with marble halls and two elevators for Security Trust. The proposal, by Richards, McCarty, & Bulford of Columbus, Ohio,*would contain the bank offices on the corner at ground level with offices on the floors above. A request several months later upped the number of floors to eight, perhaps because of the enlargement of the McCelland Building.

Construction on the Beaux-Arts Baroque-styled tower began in 1904 by the Hendricks Bros. Company in an unusual manner. A five story section of the building was erected at the corner of Short and Mill streets, and when the western wing was completed, the bank relocated from the*Rowe-designed building into the partially finished tower. The old bank building was then demolished and replaced with the eastern wing of the building, and then an additional three stories were added to the top of both wings. The entire building was finished in 1905.

Interior features included prismatic glass blocks in the sidewalk to partially light the basement, white enameled brick in the interior lightwell to reflect light into the center of the tower and the flexibility of office space on the upper floors.

On January 26, 2010, Biff Buckley, owner of the Security Trust Building, submitted an application for facade restoration to the Courthouse Area Design Review Board. Buckley proposed the replacement of*deteriorating*lightwell terra cotta glazed brick veneer with adhered masonry brick veneer by Laticrete, along with the fill in of the windows that had been covered with wood. The proposal also called for the repair of the roof and gutter system to correct water inflitration problems and the replacement of several windows with new bronze anodized aluminum windows to match the existing windows. The lightwell had allowed water to damage three facades on the structure. Not only had some of the glaze failed, but portions of the facade were out of plane and the lintels were corroding and expanding, contributing to further failure of the terra cotta. Limestone sills were breaking apart due to oxide jacking, where the steel had expanded due to moisture inflitration.

The Review Board disapproved the application on July 7 based on principle four of the Basic Principle of Design of the Courthouse Area, which read in part: "If the building is an historic structure, then respect its earlier character. It is important to consider the significant of their character defining features, including basic forms, materials and details when planning improvements." The materials chosen for the project also did not comply with the Design Guidelines for the Courthouse Area, which followed the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Rehabilitation of Historic Buildings.

Renovation to the facade is ongoing, but at the time of this post, I am unable to verify what work is*occurring.

The Northern Bank Building, at 249-57 West Short Street at Market, was constructed in 1889-90 by the William Bush & Company for the Northern Bank of Kentucky. It was designed in the High Victorian Gothic and New Grecian*architectural*styles by H.L. Rowe on a prominent corner behind the courthouse and at the head of Cheapside.

Originally, the three-story structure featured multiple entrances and roof treatments but unified by marked continuous horizontal treatments. The roof was steep with gables, and there were 12 bays facing Short Street and 15 facing Market, grouped into vertical pavilions with acute gables. A corner turret*rose*from a curved base that featured three curved windows.

In 1962, the Northern Bank Building was given a drastic remodeling by architect Warfield Gratz. The attic story, mansard roof, turret and some flair was replaced with a brick parapet. The windows were replaced with horizontal metal-framed glass, and the surface was sandblasted.

The building was just given a makeover with new windows, an attractive paint color and an interior gutting to become Parlay Social. A fourth floor addition is set to be constructed this year to support a rooftop bar.

Trotter’s Row was once coined for the west side of Limestone between Main and Short streets. In 1805, much of the property facing Limestone was purchased by merchants Samuel and George Trotter from John Hawkins of Scott County. It remained in the family until 1825 when the lot was sold by Mrs. Eliza Hall, widow of George Trotter, Jr. to Enoch Clark in 1834 who operated a carriage factory at the site.*Judith Clark, who could have been related to Enoch, purchased the property in 1872. It was sold again in 1876 for $2,375 to Thomas Lyons after a fire had gutted the lot, which is most likely the time when a new building was constructed in the Italianate architectural style.

During Lyon’s ownership, 109 Limestone was home to the barbership of Benjamin Franklin. Born into slavery, the property of Judge George Robertson, later Chief Justice of Kentucky, Franklin served as a volunteer youth in the United States Colored Infantry towards the end of the Civil War, as a Missouri riverboat hand and engineering, and as a companion to H.D. Newcomb, a Louisville businessman, during a European trip. Franklin later worked for Robertson as a free man before operating *his own barber shop from 1876 to 1902.

In 1887, Frederick J. Heintz operated a jewelry manufacturing and engraving business in the building, replaced a year later by Gottlieb Strohel, a shoemaker who remained there until 1890. It was then that another barber, R.G. Moore,*joined*Franklin. Rodney D. Messick was another barber who operated alongside Franklin from 1898 to 1907.*In 1905, Lyon’s building was sold to the Security Trust and Safety Vault Company, and two years later, Franklin’s operations were replaced with the Coyne Bros.’ saloon. A part of Security’s buildings became home to Thomas H. Maybrier and Carl A. Toadvine’s barber shop from 1916 to 1921, although Maybrier continued on until 1930. In later years, the building was home to a shoe repair, radio repair (1930), restaurant supply, jewelry, watch and cigar store.

109 Limestone was nearly demolished for a parking lot. The owner of the property filed suit against LFUCG for their denial in his permit, as the building fell within several historic overlays. He was eventually forced to sell the property and it has since been rehabilitated.

The*United States Post Office and Courthouse is located at 101 Barr Street*and houses the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky.

The building's construction dated to 1926, when the Public Buildings Act was passed partially to alleviate the pressing need for federal structures. Prior to its passage, Congress had provided no funding for any federal structure for over a decade. The office of the Supervising Architect of the Department of Treasury, which was*responsible*for the design of federal buildings, employed*private*architectural firms to alleviate some of the effects of the Great Depression.

The facility was designed by H.A. Churchill and John P. Gillig and was completed in 1934.*The structure, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999.

South Hill is a neighborhood and historic district south of downtown, and is bounded by South Limestone to the east, South Broadway to the west, High Street to the north and Pine Street to the south.*Despite encroachment of the University of Kentucky on its southern borders, South Hill has remained mostly intact.

Below:*Ole Hookers Bait & Tackle Bar is a restaurant known for its delicious sandwiches, and is located at 205 South Limestone in the heart of South Hill.

Below:*245 South Limestone was the residence of Samuel and Daphney Oldham, the first free African Americans to build their own home in the city. It was purchased in 2006 when the building was on the brink of demolition and meticulously restored.

Kimball House Square is a mixed-use development along South Limestone.*The first two residences in what was later known as the Kimball House were constructed in 1882 in the Victorian architecture style. Three other Victorian residences were constructed before 1906.

By the early 1900s, the original residences had been converted into a University of Kentucky sorority house. Douglas Warder purchased the sorority house in 1942 shortly before he left for service in World War II and upon returning, he acquired the remaining four adjacent houses and connected the buildings with passageways. Warder*opened the 100-room Kimball House, a boarding house and motel, in 1948. It was named for a Kentucky*congressman who lived in one of the houses at the turn of the century, and for the Palmer House in Chicago where Warder had learned the hotel business.

After the Joyland Amusement Park closed along the Paris Pike in 1960, a hotel guest purchased one of the park’s Rhesus monkeys at auction and abandoned it at the Kimball House. Warder kept the monkey in a large cage behind the hotel and acquired as many as 14 more over the years. The cage was later noted as the “monkey house” and had become a tourist attraction for children.*The Kimball House closed in 2000.

In August 2005, Kingland Cooper Commercial Real Estate announced that Kimball Square, along with other adjoining residences, would be redeveloped under the Kimball House Square project. The $12.5 million development proposal featured 36 condominiums in five rehabilitated buildings on South Limestone, three on South Upper Street and a new center structure.

As a condition for approval in the South Hill Historic District, the Board of Architectural Review insisted that the buildings be separated and that the original portions of each building remain intact. Kimball House Square was slated for completion by September 2006, but the project was extended to early 2008.

In 2007, a series of liens was filed by D.S. Baesler Consulting and Construction for approximately $196,074 each, followed by liens by other contractors over the following years.*On January 17, 2013, a foreclosure auction was held of the unsold 19 condominiums and 13 garages that netted $2.4 million for the Bank of the Bluegrass. The units were rented at the time of sale. The developer, JTM Holdings – owned by Marcum King with Darland and Cooper listed as officers, owed $4 million to the bank.

Center Court is a mixed-use development at South Upper Street, Avenue of the Champions and Bolivar Street just south of the*Short Hill*neighborhood.*Ground was broken for Center Court on September 29, 2005, the first project in the city to fall within the new mixed-use zoning ordnance. Phase one of construction included a four-floor structure along South Upper with 76 residential*condominiums*and first-floor retail with a five-story parking garage in the rear. Phase two included the completion of 80 additional residences wrapped around the garage.

University Lofts*is located at 236 Bolivar Street*and was constructed in 1899 as a Leggitt & Meyers tobacco processing plant.*In 1993, local developer Rob McGoodwin purchased the tobacco warehouse and converted into a retail center with LAzer Quest as an anchor in 1995. Lazer Quest was closed in 2003 and the complex was renovated for $5.5 million into 86 loft-style apartments.

On June 15, 2011, the University of Kentucky trustees approved a plan to move student art areas from the deteriorated 94-year-old Reynolds Building on Scott Street to the University Lofts Building on Bolivar Street. The University Lofts structure had about 100,000 square-feet of usable space, approximately the same as the Reynolds Building. The proposed acquisition budget for the project was*$6.7 million after McGoodwin had rejected an earlier offer of $6.1 million. Renovations to University Lofts would cost $8 million and include converting the structure into an open floor plan with specialized air exhaust systems, new lighting and accessible restrooms.

The University Lofts project would replace the Reynolds Building renovation, which was projected to cost $17 million.*Construction on the art studios project could begin in July 2012.

Below: A photograph from 2009, which I have not posted before.

City Courts is located at 250 South Martin Luther King Boulevard*and was developed by the South Hill Group. The 53 units were completed in mid-2006.

The Western Suburb neighborhood was formally platted in 1815, and is one of the city’s oldest suburbs with residences in the neighborhood that date to 1795. The land forming Western Suburb was part of a large tract of land belonging to Colonel John Todd, a Revolutionary War officer and Virginia legislator. John’s brother, Levi Todd, was Mary Todd Lincoln’s grandfather.

Colonel Todd was killed in 1782 in the Battle of Blue Licks, and his daughter, Mary Owen (Polly), inherited his vast real estate holdings and became the richest woman in the state. After marrying James Russell in 1799 who passed away three years later, Polly Russell began constructing a grand mansion, Glendower, at the northwest corner of Second and Jefferson streets. It later became a hotel before being demolished in 1942.

St. Paul’s Chruch is located at 501 West Short Street. Designed by Louis Pickett of Cincinnati, Ohio, the three bay, High Victorian styled building was for many years the tallest structure in the city when it was constructed from 1865-1868. It featured a 210-foot tower topped with the first church clock in the city. A rectory, designed in the Richardsonian/Queen Anne architectural style, was built in 1886, followed by a school in the Classical Revival style in 1913.

ARTEK*Lofts is a residential development along Old Georgetown Street.*Designed by K. Norman Berry Architects and developed by AU Associates, ARTEK was developed to be "different," according to AU Associates President Holly Wiedemann. The project consisted of the construction of 38 new residential units, the renovation of the historic*American Legion Nathan Caulder Post #142 headquarters into commercial space, and the reuse of the former Cunningham Funeral Home that burned several years prior. Interior finishes were contemporary and utilized steel, concrete, wood and brick.

An adjoining vacant lot was redeveloped into a new single family home and was designed by the School of Architecture at the University of Kentucky.

Below: February 2007 photograph.

Below:*September 2007 photographs.

Below: May 2008 photographs.

Looking through my several year backlog of photographs, I have quite a few more of Lexington that I have yet to share - or even edit. Look for another update soon on some University of Kentucky projects, including Pavilion A of the Chandler Hospital, general campus scenes and some new residence halls!
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Old March 21st, 2013, 06:54 AM   #12
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Nice! Lexington gets little attention on this site, completely undeserved as it is such a nice city.
“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's lifetime.”

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Old March 21st, 2013, 01:26 PM   #13
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Great images and commentary. Kentucky certainly seems to have a kind of lazy charm.

I'm always struck by cities & towns in the American interior, because it always feels as if they are just a temporary, passing construction in a sea of wilderness - such is the vastness of the American landscape.

Maysville, in particular, is delightful, with lots of character; and Lexington looks to be a thriving and developing city.
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Old March 21st, 2013, 07:42 PM   #14
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Great pcs.... Thanks for sharing
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Old March 26th, 2013, 01:13 AM   #15
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I enjoyed browsing your thread 'cause I like looking at those old heritage buildings....they should be maintained and preserved.
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Old May 8th, 2013, 11:20 PM   #16
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Kentucky County Seats: Williamsburg, Philadelphia & Monticello

Kentucky County Seats: Williamsburg

Williamsburg,*Kentucky*is the county seat of Whitley County and lies along Interstate 75 and US 25 near the Tennessee border. First known as Spring Ford after a nearby crossing over the Cumberland River, a town was established when Samuel Cox donated the land for a courthouse in 1818 at what became Whitley Courthouse, and later Williamsburgh and Williamsburg. The town prospered first around its three fresh water springs and then by coal and lumber industries.

The first Whitley County courthouse and jail were constructed not long after the county was formed. A second structure was finished in the 1880s, which was remodeled and enlarged in 1931 following a fire.*The third courthouse iteration was declared unsafe in 1969 and the facility was remodeled in 1971. It saw further additions and a renovation in 1989.

The Whitley County Judicial Center is located at 100 Main Street. Construction was authorized by the Kentucky General Assembly in 2006 and funding was granted two years later with a budget of $17.1 million. By the time groundbreaking ceremonies were held on April 24, 2009, the cost had increased to $18.9 million. The 58,728 square-foot, three-story facility was designed by Murphy & Graves of Lexington and constructed by Codell Construction of Winchester.

Construction was completed in September 2011 and was dedicated on November 2. It houses the*Circuit Court, District Court, the Office of Circuit Court Clerk and ancillary services.

Below:*A view of 3rd Street and Main Street in downtown.

View:*Main Street between 3rd and 2nd streets.

Below:*The Masonic Building, at 2nd and Main streets, was constructed in 1916.

Below:*The southeast corner of 3rd and Main streets.

Below:*Commercial buildings along Main Street between 3rd and 4th streets.

Below:*A view of Main Street between 4th and Depot streets

Below: The historic Louisville & Nashville Railroad depot.

Below:*The Farmers National Bank Building was dedicated on May 23, 1966. The two-story building, now home to Community Trust Bank, was designed by Donald B. Shelton and constructed by Y&S Construction Company.

Below:*The Williamsburg Post Office Building was designed by Louis A. Simon and constructed in 1938 at 3rd and Sycamore Street.

The University of the Cumberlands is a private, liberal-arts college*and has an enrollment of approximately 3,200 students. It is affiliated with the Kentucky Baptist Convention.

At an annual meeting of the Mount Zion Association in 1887, representatives from 18 eastern Kentucky Baptist churches discussed plans to provide a school for higher education in the mountainous parts of the state. Planning for a college began shortly after and the Williamsburg Institute was incorporated by the Kentucky state legislature on April 6, 1888 and founded on January 7, 1889.*In 1907, Williamsburg Institute purchased three buildings of the neighboring Highland College, and in 1913, the school changed its name to Cumberland College and stopped offering bachelor degrees.

The college began to offer bachelor degrees again in 1959, and on January 7, 2005, Cumberland College was renamed to University of the Cumberlands and began offering graduate and professional programs.

The university is strictly conservative and has been*marred*in controversy in recent years. In 2006, a student was forced to withdraw after revealing his sexual orientation - gay, on MySpace. He was told by university officials that they did not approve of his "lifestyle," and all of his grades were downgraded to "F." The student handbook, revised a year prior, noted that students could be removed for "participating in pre-martial sex or promoting homosexuality," although the legality of the notation was questioned as the university received funding from the Kentucky state government.*A*settlement was later reached where the student was allowed to complete his coursework and his grades were restored.

In*Bob Jones University v. United States, any university receiving public money may not discriminate, which was affirmed by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education that explictly prohibited discrimination against protected classes. Money was withheld for a new pharmacy school for the campus.

Roburn Hall was constructed in 1888 as the first building of the Williamsburg Institute. The land was purchased for $800 and the structure was constructed by J.A. Cooley. The $12,500 building served 200 students and held its first class in January 1889. It was renovated in 1928 to serve as a female dormitory and named Roburn Hall. It was extensively renovated in 1993 and was later named after Dr. E.S. Moss after*"a good friend and supporter."

The university campus has a similar architectural style dominated by cupolas, or as they refer to it as, steeples.

Below:*Siler Hall is a junior and senior male residence hall.

Below:*Boswell Campus Center

Below:*O. Wayne Rollins Athletic Center, with its many outward facing clocks tacked on.

Below:*Nicholson-Jones Building. It appears that many of these buildings were given facelifts later in their lifespan to incorporate a more traditional and*cohesive*architectural style to varying degrees of success.

The Bennett Building was constructed in 1906 at a cost of $20,000 and was known as the Reuben D. Hill Building. The name was changed to the Gray Brick Building when it was purchased by the Williamsburg Institute in 1907 from Highland College. Administrative offices were moved from Roburn Hall to the Hill Building in 1921 and were located inside until 1955. The building has been used for classroom space from 1922 to the present.

In 2000, the structure was renamed the Clyde V. and Patricia Bennett Building after "a good friend and supporter."

Below:*Dr. A. Gatliff Memorial Building

Below: The*John T. Luecker Building was dedicated on March 21, 2011 after*"a good friend and supporter." Originally used as a Williamsburg city school building, it was constructed in 1928 to replace the original school building from 1909 and destroyed by fire in 1926. An annex was constructed in 1967. In 1983, the university acquired the buildings for $700,000, and a new city school complex was constructed at Main and 10th streets.

Prior to the dedication, the buildings were known as the Andersen Building and the Andersen Annex, named for the Andersen windows installed during the renovation. It is home to the*Art, Education and Health Exercise and Sport Science departments, the Development office and the J.M. Boswell Art Gallery.

Below:*Taylor Aquatic Center

Yes, those are international clocks draping the side of the building.

Constructed in 1893 and dedicated on February 11, 1894, Johnson Hall was named after Williams James Johnson, the college's first president. It was a female dormitory during its first year and was a male hall from 1895 to 1913 before becoming a female hall. The structure also housed a cafeteria until 1958.

Johnson Hall was enlarged in 1913 thanks to a gift from Dr. Ancil Gatliff at a cost of $20,000. The structure was last renovated in 1994-95 and renamed Gillespie Hall in honor of Charles Gillespie.

Below: The President's Home.

Did you know that the university has openly*copied Monticello in Virginia? It is implied loosely. The Ward and Regina Correll Science Complex is a $20 million facility that houses the chemistry, physics, biology and math departments. The 78,000 square-foot structure was partially funded with a $1 million donation from Ward and Regina Correll of Somerset, and was opened in January 2009.

The building was designed after Thomas Jefferson's Monticello, and was noted as "a perfect example of how Cumberlands*reveres the past and honors the patriots who dreamed the dream of a United States of America, yet stands firmly facing forward into the 21st century."


The Terry & Marion Forcht Medical Wing of the new science complex was dedicated on October 15, 2009.

And what about Independence Hall?*The Edward L. Hutton Building*houses the Business Administration department.*The structure, completed in 2004, was designed to replicate Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.*The grounds surrounding Hutton include "Patriot Park," a permanent location for a World Trade Center memorial, and replicas of Thomas Jefferson, George Washington and Liberty Bell.

It's a hot mess.

The university "feels a little like Israel being surrounded by the Arabs with so many students, faculty and staff located on such a small amount of Williamsburg land." And "the campus is unsurpassed with steeples sweeping up to the glory of God. At times clouds almost seem to surround the campus."

I kid you not.
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Old May 11th, 2013, 01:33 AM   #17
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I love American towns and small cities with great collections of heritage buildings but it breaks my heart when I see some of them in disrepair or abandoned. I hope they will be restored and used again,.
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