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Old March 11th, 2013, 02:39 AM   #1
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Palaces of the Former Commonwealth

This thread is about Palaces that were built in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Any information about these castles and palaces would be greatly appreciated here are some to start off with.

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania






a castle has stood on the grounds of this palace since the 13th century. A stone one was built after a fire destroyed a wooden palace in 1419. It received its current renaissance form during the reigns of Sigismund the Old and Sigismund Augustus and was home to a huge collection of books and jewels created by the King and Grand duke. After the Deluge the Palace fell into disrepair, and was torn down by the Russians after the 3rd Partition of the Commonwealth. It has recently been faithfully rebuilt, despite much criticism by some historians (damn modernists).

Pidhirtsi Castle






The current structure was built between 1635-1640, byGuillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan, by the orders of the Hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski. During the Khmelnytskyi uprising it was sieged several times by cossacks, but was never captured. It continued to be attacked by Tatar and Turkish soldiers in the 17th century. In the 1700's it was enlarged and a church was built on the complex. During WWI it was captured by Russian soldiers, but not destroyed. It was turned into a museum during the days of the Second Polish Republic, but most of the museums collection was sent over to romania when WWII broke out most of the items were returned to Poland after the war ended, but the castle remained in soviet hands. It is currently being restored by the Lviv Gallery of arts.

Łańcut Castle





The site of the current structure was occupied by a castle built by Stanisław Lubomirski. During the 18th century the castle received its present look. Izabela Lubomirska extended the complex and remodeled the interiors. A smaller reconstruction occurred at the end of the 19th century. The castle now has a large collection of old buggies,wagons, and some early cars.

None of these photos belong to me i just found them on random sites.
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Old March 11th, 2013, 12:44 PM   #2
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interesting thread!
It's a free e-book. You can find nice reconstruction pictures how Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania evolved.
http://www.melc.lt/lt.php/virtuali/vilniaus-pilys/

Btw, in 13-14 cent. there were 3 castles in present day Cathedral square. The complex consisted of three castles: the Upper (now - ruins; callled "Gediminas castle"), the Lower (PGDL), and the Crooked Upper castle ( a large wooden residential- defensive complex on the top of Kalnų parkas; known as a Kreivasis miestas (Crooked city)).

Situation of Crooked city. It seems that in Lithaunia it was popular to "fortificate" mounds and make an entire complex of defensive-residential-administrative structures (compare Kernavė, partly Trakai) particularly if we are talking about a places which were (pagan) religious or/and political centers.



Photo by SP from ************/forumas

Reconstruction of Kernavė City. Actually this city was well preserved thanks to Nemunas river. Famous rulers - Dukes Traidenis and Vytenis (XIII-XIV cent.). Now Kernave is protected by Unesco.
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Old March 11th, 2013, 03:08 PM   #3
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Wawel Castle - Kraków, Poland (Seat of the king of the commonwealth
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland



The beginnings of the residence of Polish rulers on Wawel hill go back to an early Romanesque stone building from mid 11th century, called the palatium, whose remains are located in the northern wing of the present-day Castle. In time, the prince’s residence on the hill was expanded eastwards. Along with the cathedral it was called “the Upper Castle”, while “the Lower Castle” was a settlement consisting of courtiers’ and clergy’s houses and churches other than the cathedral.

In the 14th century the Castle was considerably expanded by Ladislas the Short, and his son Casimir the Great built an impressive Gothic residence consisting of several buildings grouped around an irregular courtyard in the eastern part of the hill. During the reign of Ladislas Jagiello, at the turn of the 15th century, a Gothic pavilion, later known as the Danish Tower, was added to the Castle. After this time the complex remained unchanged until the fire in 1499.

Around 1504, King Alexander Jagiello commissioned a German architect Eberhard and an Italian sculptor and architect Francesco the Florentine to rebuild the Gothic residence in a Renaissance fashion. The King’s brother Sigismund I (the Old) continued this enterprise from 1507. Master Francesco, the creator of the decorative stone bay window in the western wing, had erected the eastern wing of the castle, and begun the construction of the arcaded galleries before his death in 1516. Further work was conducted by Master Benedict and then by the famous Bartholomeo Berrecci (the creator of Sigismund’s Chapel in the Cathedral). After his death in 1537 the work was continued by Niccolo Castiglione and Mateo the Italian. The interior decorations were created by sculptors, wood carvers – Sebastian Tauerbach and Hans the Wood-Carver, who built the wooden ceilings, and painters who decorated the walls with friezes and painted royal portraits. The Castle’s halls and chambers gained much splendour after Sigismund I Augustus acquired magnificent Flemish tapestries.

The arcaded courtyard
The Renaissance building, preserved to this day, with its beautiful arcaded courtyard, is impressive in its monumental layout, spacious, brightly lit interiors, and magnificent use of architectural forms originating from ancient art, hitherto unknown in Poland. The building was a breakthrough in the development of architecture in Poland. In the 16th century the Castle was the seat of the Lower House (Seym) whose sessions were held in the Envoys’ Room. The sessions of the Senate were held in the Senatorial Chamber.

After the fire in 1595 a part of the Castle’s northern wing was rebuilt in the early Baroque style by Sigismund III (Vasa) who commissioned two Italian artists: the architect Giovanni Trevano and the painter Tommaso Dolabella. From the time the royal court permanently moved to Warsaw (c. 1610), the Polish monarchs resided in Wawel only periodically, mostly to attend lavish weddings, coronations and funerals. In 1702, under Swedish occupation, there was another dangerous fire in the Castle. Although later restored, it never attained its original splendour again.

After Poland lost its independence in 1796, the Austrians took over the Castle and turned it into military quarters. In the early 19th century the arcaded galleries were bricked over. After the occupying Austrian army left the Castle in 1911 and returned it to the Poles, its restoration began. This lasted half a century and restored the Castle almost to its original condition. First, the restoration was supervised by architect Zygmunt Hendel, later (from 1916 until Second World War) by his successor Adolf Szyszko-Bochusz, and then primarily by Alfred Majewski. A museum was established in the interiors with Sigismund Augustus’ tapestries, recovered from Soviet Russia, as the main exhibit. In the inter-war period the Castle was also a residence of the Head of State. In the last decade of the 20th century the entire complex – now in the care of Wawel Royal Castle Museum - State Art Collection – underwent a further thorough restoration.


http://www.wawel.krakow.pl/pl/fotoga...37d986a2ff.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/170/170281.jpg


http://www.fluidi.pl/grafiki/0166/16612_P_218222975.jpg


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/1/7935/z79354...Kosciuszki.jpg


http://www.krakow.travel/upload/obje...edra-small.jpg


http://www.tripsoverpoland.eu/blog/w...-Wawel_176.jpg


http://77design.pl/gallery/fotos/DSC_5168.JPG


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/170/170048.jpg

Coat of arms of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

http://x.garnek.pl/ga8578/f4c1942881...pospolitej.jpg

Royal courtyard

http://www.zgapa.pl/zgapedia/data_pi...e_2006_002.jpg


http://cracow.travel/upload/object/2...kady-small.jpg


http://x.garnek.pl/ga256/ec3ca6f9538...awelskiego.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/263/263567.jpg
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Old March 11th, 2013, 08:23 PM   #4
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Castle of Warsaw, one more residence of Commonwealth monarchs. Also the palace the Sejm/Seimas sessions were held. Built in late XVI c. - early XVII c.





Images from Wikipedia.
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Old March 11th, 2013, 08:28 PM   #5
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The fourth official residence of Polish-Lithuanian monarchs. Castles of Gardinas/Grodno/Hrodna. Both spoilt by the soviets.

Old Castle to the left, and the new to the right.



The original look of the new castle.

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Old March 11th, 2013, 09:44 PM   #6
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Wilanow palace - Warsaw, Poland (Royal residence of Jan III Sobieski)
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland



Wilanów Palace was built for the Polish king John III Sobieski in the last quarter of the 17th century and later was enlarged by other owners. It represents the characteristic type of baroque suburban residence built entre cour et jardin (between the entrance court and the garden). Its architecture is original - a merger of European art with old Polish building traditions. Upon its elevations and in the palace interiors antique symbols glorify the Sobieski family, especially the military triumphs of the king.

After the death of John III Sobieski in 1696, the palace was owned by his sons and later by the famous magnate families Sieniawskis, Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis, Potockis and Branicki family of the Korczak coat of arms. In 1720, the property was purchased by Polish stateswoman Elżbieta Sieniawska who enlarged the palace. Between 1730 and 1733 it was a residence of Augustus II the Strong, also a king of Poland (the palace was exchanged with him for the Blue Palace at Senatorska Street), and after his death the property came to Sieniawska's daughter Maria Zofia Czartoryska. Every owner changed the interiors of the palace, as well as the gardens and grounds, according to the current fashion and needs. In 1778 the estate was inherited by Izabela Lubomirska, called The Blue Marquise. She refurbished some of the interiors in the neoclassical style between 1792–1793 and build a corps de garde, a kitchen building and a bathroom building under the supervision of Szymon Bogumił Zug.

In the year 1805 the owner Stanisław Kostka Potocki made a museum in a part of the palace, one of the first public museums in Poland. A most notable example of the collections is Potocki's equestrian portrait made by worldwide renowned French painter Jacques-Louis David in 1781. Besides European and Oriental art, the central part of the palace displayed a commemoration of king John III Sobieski and the glorious national past. The palace was damaged by German forces in World War II, but it was not demolished after the 1944 Warsaw Uprising. After the war, the palace was renovated, and most of the collection stolen by Germany was repatriated. In 1962 it was reopened to the public.


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/3/4905/z49054...-Wilanowie.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/236/236664.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/256/256555.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/236/236662.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/236/236680.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/236/236699.jpg


http://x.garnek.pl/ga8180/6ab6d11970..._od_strony.jpg


http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/9/10709/z10709509Q.jpg


http://gfx.mmka.pl/newsph/387624/900734.3.jpg

Interiors

http://gfx.mmka.pl/newsph/421654/1131038.3.jpg


http://img689.imageshack.us/img689/1865/14493.jpg

image hosted on flickr

http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2647/...d07ed4baaf.jpg


http://i.wp.pl/a/f/jpeg/27873/lubomi...e._stozek.jpeg


http://img4.imageshack.us/img4/9899/18807.jpg


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...ining_room.JPG
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Old March 11th, 2013, 10:14 PM   #7
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Very nice thread, I have a lot info about Grand Duchy of Lithuania palaces in current Belarus, so later I will add something.
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Old March 11th, 2013, 11:00 PM   #8
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Žaludok manor. Tiesenhausen property
Grand Duchy of Lithuania


Photo by Dmitry Apalikov. Source: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/40211225
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Old March 12th, 2013, 12:33 AM   #9
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That manor looks lovely, even in ruins. Please do post more pics about palaces from Lithuania and Belarus. I don't know much about them and the sources i've used so far weren't very helpful. I should be posting some pics of palaces in southern poland soon.
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Old March 12th, 2013, 02:15 AM   #10
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Halshany (Lith. Alšėnai, Galšia) palace (castle) ruins
Grand Duchy of Lithuania

15 km from current Lithuania border.

Property of Sapieh(g)a family (XVI-XVII c.) Demolition of castle started in 1880.














Photos by by Siarhei Shvaiko: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/84301802




http://2000km.files.wordpress.com/20...nu-pilis-1.jpg
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Old March 12th, 2013, 04:26 AM   #11
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That castle looks a lot like Krasiczyn, near Przemysł.






all pics belong to their rightful owners, who ever they may be, but really if the pics are on google how am i supposed to find them.

Perhaps the castles were owned by the same family or built by the same architect, hopefully that castle is rebuilt just as beautifully as Krasiczyn.
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Old March 12th, 2013, 09:57 AM   #12
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Niasvizh Castle

A residential castle of the Radziwiłł family in Nesvizh, Belarus.



History

The estate was owned by the Radziwiłł magnate family from 1533, when it was awarded to Mikołaj Radziwiłł and his brother Jan Radziwiłł after the extinction of the Kiszka family. Since the Radziwills were one of the most important and wealthy clans of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, it was there that the Lithuanian Archive was moved in 1551. In 1586 the estate was turned into an ordynacja.
In 1582 Mikołaj Krzysztof "Sierotka" Radziwiłł, the Marshal of Lithuania, voivode of Trakai and Vilnius and castellan of Šiauliai, started the construction of an imposing square three-storey chateau. Although the works were based on a pre-existing structure of a medićval castle, the former fortifications were entirely turned into a renaissance-baroque house. Construction was completed by 1604, and they added several galleries half a century later. The château's corners were fortified with four octagonal towers.
In 1706, during the Great Northern War, Charles XII's army sacked the castle and destroyed its fortifications. Several decades later, the Radziwiłłs invited some German and Italian architects to substantially renovate and enlarge the chateau. Antoni Zaleski decorated its yellow facades with baroque stucco work. The 16th-century castle gates were also reconstructed, and the two-storey gatehouse tower was crowned with a helm. It was at this time that the three separate buildings surrounding the central courtyard were joined into a single structure.
The most important structure in Nesvizh is the Corpus Christi Church (1587 to 1603), connected with the castle by a dam over a ditch and containing coffins of 72 members of the Radziwill family, each interred in a simple coffin made of birch and marked with Trąby Coat of Arms. Designed by the Italian architect Gian Maria Bernardoni (1541 to 1605), the church is considered the first Jesuit temple patterned after Il Gesů in Rome, the first domed basilica with Baroque facade in the world and the first baroque piece of architecture in Eastern Europe.
Apart from elaborate princely sepulchres, its interior features some late baroque frescoes from 1760s and the Holy Cross altar, executed by Venetian sculptors in 1583.

In 1770 the castle was seized by Russian forces and the Radziwill family was expelled. Soon afterwards the Lithuanian Archive was transferred to Saint Petersburg (where it remains), while the majority of works of art gathered in the palace were distributed among various Russian nobles. Abandoned both by the original owners and by the Russian army, the palace gradually fell into disrepair. However, it was restored by the Radziwills and between 1881 and 1886 the castle's interiors were renovated by Prince Anton Radizwill and his French wife, Marie de Castellane. They also designed a landscape park in English style. With an area of more than one square kilometre, the park is one of the biggest such facilities in Europe.
In 1939, the Radziwiłł family was expelled from the castle by the invading Red Army. In Soviet times, the chateau was used a sanatorium, while the park gradually fell in neglect.
In 1994, the castle complex was designated the national historical and cultural reserve. Twelve years later, the castle complex was inscribed on the World Heritage List.




http://photocentra.ru/work/363913













Special thread on SSC: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=648248
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Old March 13th, 2013, 01:03 AM   #13
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Malbork castle - Malbork, Poland (One of the many royal residences of the Commonwealth after the defeat of the Teutonic order)
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, Royal Prussia



Malbork Castle is the most complete and elaborate example of the Gothic brick castle complex in the characteristic and unique style of the Teutonic Order, which evolved independently from the contemporary castles of western Europe and the Near East. The spectacular fortress represents the phenomenon of the monastic state in Prussia, founded in the 13th century and developed in the 14th century by the German communities of military monks who carried out crusades against the pagan Prussians on the south Baltic coast. The fortified monastery on the River Nogat represents the drama of Christianity in the late Middle Ages, stretched between extremes of sanctity and violence.
Over a span of two hundred years, since the 18th Century, the Malbork Castle has remained one of the major objects of European fascination with medieval history and its material remains. It also became a sign of the tendency to treat history and its monuments as instruments in the service of political ideologies.
From the 19th century onwards Malbork Castle has been the subject of restoration that contributed in an exceptional way to the development of research and conservation theory and practice. At the same time many forgotten medieval art and craft techniques were rediscovered. Extensive conservation works were carried out in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Following the severe damage that it incurred in the final stage of World War II, the castle was restored once again.


https://fbcdn-sphotos-h-a.akamaihd.n...00743843_n.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/250/250015.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/251/251524.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/15/15400.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/78/78151.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/250/250027.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/270/270152.jpg

Interiors


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/250/250320.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/319/319000.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/250/250562.jpg


http://www.fotopolska.eu/foto/250/250561.jpg


http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/uploaded...zKonwentu1.jpg


http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/uploaded...apitularz3.jpg


http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/uploaded...n_panorama.jpg


http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/uploaded...a/Kuchnia3.jpg
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Old March 13th, 2013, 01:14 AM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Depeched View Post
Žaludok manor. Tiesenhausen property
Grand Duchy of Lithuania


Photo by Dmitry Apalikov. Source: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/40211225
Magnificent and hauntingly beautiful.
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Old March 13th, 2013, 01:18 AM   #15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HotPocketPieLord View Post
That manor looks lovely, even in ruins. Please do post more pics about palaces from Lithuania and Belarus. I don't know much about them and the sources i've used so far weren't very helpful. I should be posting some pics of palaces in southern poland soon.
I completely agree. This whole thread is a series of surprises. I had no idea there were so many beautiful palaces in that region. Marvelous thread.
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“In keeping silent about evil, in burying it so deep within us that no sign of it appears on the surface, we are implanting it, and it will rise up a thousand fold in the future. When we neither punish nor reproach evildoers we are thereby ripping the foundations of justice from beneath new generations.”

“The meaning of earthly existence lies not, as we have grown used to thinking, in prospering but in the development of the soul.”
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

"We are more closely connected to the invisible than to the visible"

-Novalis

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Old March 13th, 2013, 03:36 AM   #16
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Quote:
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I completely agree. This whole thread is a series of surprises. I had no idea there were so many beautiful palaces in that region. Marvelous thread.
Everything is very simple, part of central Europe (especially current Belarus territory) was deleted by Russia Empire during XIX c.
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Old March 13th, 2013, 03:45 AM   #17
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Raudondvaris castle, Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Property of many noblemans during ages

Leonas Garbačiauskas photo





More photos:
http://www.************/forumas/showp...1&postcount=47


http://www.garbacauskas.lt/index.php...7&show=true#12
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Old March 13th, 2013, 10:59 PM   #18
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Other Tiesenhausen palace in Lithuania, Rokiškis
Grand Duchy of Lithuania






http://www.facebook.com/pages/Roki%C...89057724449824
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Old March 13th, 2013, 11:29 PM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Depeched View Post
Raudondvaris castle, Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Property of many noblemans during ages

Leonas Garbačiauskas photo

http://foto.terpe.lt/inkelti/2013031...as.lt%2010.jpg

...
An impressive castle/manor, which until WW1 had housed the extensive (private) art collection including works by Leonardo da Vinci, Rubens, Caravaggio and Jan Matejko.

Sadly, after WW1 the castle was confiscated by Lithuanian state from its owners, the Tyszkiewicz family.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raudondvaris_Castle
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Old March 14th, 2013, 12:14 AM   #20
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Originally Posted by ja.centy View Post
An impressive castle/manor, which until WW1 had housed the extensive (private) art collection including works by Leonardo da Vinci, Rubens, Caravaggio and Jan Matejko.

Sadly, after WW1 the castle was confiscated by Lithuanian state from its owners, the Tyszkiewicz family.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raudondvaris_Castle
I think worst time for this castle was WWII,



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>>MY PHOTOS FROM KLAIPĖDA (MEMEL)
>>> OLD LITHUANIA




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