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Old May 12th, 2014, 11:34 PM   #181
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excellent work, very entertaining and edifying
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ten rząd wstrząsa podstawami naszej państwowości i funkcjonowania społeczeństwa. Natomiast większość społeczeństwa śpi, nie zwraca uwagi, co się dzieje i trzeba je z tego snu obudzić - Piotr S


Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present
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Old May 12th, 2014, 11:50 PM   #182
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Well, thank you. To be honest, I didn't even scratch the surface. There were at least 1000 castles (and fortresses) and over 1500 palaces (and manors) built in the eastern parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (not including territories of today's Poland).

Also, 1646 Roman Catholic churches were located within the eastern provinces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Old May 12th, 2014, 11:54 PM   #183
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Malejowce - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The palace was built by Jan Onufry Orłowski in 1788 according to the project of Domenic Merlini. The residence included Roman Catholic chapel, library with 7,600 volumes, beautiful collection of Roman, Greek and Spanish coins. Palace in Malejowce was surrounded by impressive park.

Drawing from the 19th century






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Old May 13th, 2014, 01:28 AM   #184
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RS_UK-PL View Post
Well, thank you. To be honest, I didn't even scratch the surface. There were at least 1000 castles (and fortresses) and over 1500 palaces (and manors) built in the eastern parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (not including territories of today's Poland).
Do you know how many palaces and castles there are in today's Poland in comparison? So much of the heart of Poland, it is sadly true was to the east of us today. This is a whole civilization lost, Poland's Roman ruins. Someone really should consider a book documenting what has survived, publishing it as an encyclopedia polonica of estates and castles. very interesting project if you could get a publisher in Poland or UK onboard, shouldn't be a problem....Jaroszewski's "Book of Warsaw Palaces" comes to mind as a good template.
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Old May 13th, 2014, 02:51 PM   #185
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Urbanista1 View Post
Do you know how many palaces and castles there are in today's Poland in comparison? So much of the heart of Poland, it is sadly true was to the east of us today. This is a whole civilization lost, Poland's Roman ruins. Someone really should consider a book documenting what has survived, publishing it as an encyclopedia polonica of estates and castles. very interesting project if you could get a publisher in Poland or UK onboard, shouldn't be a problem....Jaroszewski's "Book of Warsaw Palaces" comes to mind as a good template.
It's hard to give an exact answer.

Silesia's cultural landscape has more than 2000 palaces, castles and manor houses. Castles, palaces and manors in the Greater Poland Voivodeship count more than 800 + Lesser Poland, Pomerania, Kujawy,Warmia,Mazovia, Podlachia etc.

Objects of cultural heritage in Silesia ( western and central part).


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So much of the heart of Poland, it is sadly true was to the east of us today.
Today heart of Poland is located in Łęczyca county


author: Sławomir Milejski
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre_of_Poland

Quote:
Ps. Poland had lost eastern territories but with Silesia, Pomerania and Masuria, Poland received a large number of castles, palaces, manors and beautiful towns ( despite the devastation during WW II). + 4 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Small comparison:

List of castles in Lithuania - 17
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of...s_in_Lithuania

List of castles in Belarus - 27
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_castles_in_Belarus

List of castles in Ukraine- 61
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_castles_in_Ukraine

List of castles "only" in Lower Silesia - 76
http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szablon...5%9Al%C4%85ska

All these lists are incomplete but you can see the difference between south-western part of Poland and ca. 875.000 km2 area of LT, BY and UA.
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Old May 13th, 2014, 03:08 PM   #186
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And here's not complete list of cultural heritage (~1000) only in Western Ukraine...


Distribution of cultural heritage in Ukraine


Anywho, back to the topic...

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Old May 13th, 2014, 03:17 PM   #187
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Sidorów - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The castle in Sidorów was built by Marcin Kalinowski (Kalinowa coat of arms) in the first half of the 17th century. It was destroyed during Polish–Ottoman War and rebuilt by Marcin Kalinowski 1718. The castle was largely dismantled in the 19th-20th century.



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Old May 13th, 2014, 10:29 PM   #188
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Janów - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The castle in Janów was built by Mikołaj Myszka (Korczak coat of arms) in 1410. Adam Myszka Chołoniewski converted remains of the castle (3 preserved towers) into palace and founded Roman Catholic church in the 18th century. The residence included library with about 10,000 volumes (including 37 letters by Adam Mickiewicz). The last owner of the palace, Andrzej Myszka Chołoniewski had to escape from Janów in 1921 (territory became part of the Soviet Union).

Drawing from the 19th century






An interesting article about Janów (curious part about losing identity) - link

Stefan Witwicki was born in Janów.
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Old May 14th, 2014, 11:33 AM   #189
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Urbanista1 View Post
Someone really should consider a book documenting what has survived, publishing it as an encyclopedia polonica of estates and castles.
"Dzieje rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzeczypospolitej" includes description of about 1500 palaces and manors built in the eastern parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - link
Dmytro Antoniuk described recently 470 castles, palaces and manors within today's Ukraine in a book (2 volumes) "Polish castles and residences" - link
About 1500 Roman Catholic chapels and churches (converted or destroyed during or after WW2) in today's Ukraine have been described here - link

I have no idea why 25 years after fall of Communism in Poland those places are still a taboo subject.
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Old May 14th, 2014, 06:41 PM   #190
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Strusów - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The palace was built by the Lanckoroński family in the 1780s. The residence was later a property of the Baworowski, Gołuchowski and Dunin-Borkowski families. The last owners were expelled from Strusów after WW2.



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Old May 14th, 2014, 06:53 PM   #191
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Międzyrzecz Korecki - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The palace was built by Jan Kazimierz Stecki (Radwan coat of arms) between 1773 and 1789. The Stecki family owned Międzyrzecz Korecki until 1939.

PHOTOS
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Old May 15th, 2014, 11:22 AM   #192
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Ołyka - Grand Duchy of Lithuania, since 1569 Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The first castle was built by Mikołaj Radziwiłł between 1540 and 1564. In 1640, the residence was rebuilt in Renaissance by Albrecht Stanisław Radziwiłł. He also founded Roman Catholic Church in 1635 (consecrated by Andrzej Gębicki in 1640; before WW2 Roman Catholic parish of 4820 people; pre-war photo), where members of the Radziwiłł family were buried. Since then the palace was bounded by the walls with bastions. Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł aka "Rybeńko" rebuilt Ołyka residence in Baroque between 1740 and 1760. The palace included many artifacts, paintings and library. Ołyka was owned by the Radziwiłł family since 1533 until 1939. The last owner, Edmund Ferdynand Radziwiłł like many descendants of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth nobility served in the Polish Army during WW2. He had to resettle with family in Warsaw after the war, because the area was annexed by the Soviet Union. The remains of the Radziwiłł estate in Ołyka require urgent repair.



Ołyka Palace Gate




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Old May 15th, 2014, 12:13 PM   #193
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Młynów - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The palace was built by Ludwika Chodkiewicz née Rzewuska in ca.1780. The Chodkiewicz family owned the palace until 1939. After the area was annexed by the Soviet Union, they moved to Poland.

Project of the palace




Garden


Drawing from the 19th century
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Old May 15th, 2014, 03:21 PM   #194
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Żwaniec - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The first castle was founded by Michał Buczacki in the second half of the 15th century. Since the 16th century it was owned by the Kalinowski family. The castle that has been rebuilt by Walenty Aleksander Kalinowski in the beginning of the 17th century was destroyed by Cossacks and Turks. The Lanckoroński family repaired Żwaniec, but it was demolished by the Ottoman Army in 1768. The castle was never rebuilt again and was largely dismantled in the 19th-20th century.



Drawing from the 19th century


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Old May 16th, 2014, 05:35 PM   #195
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Mariampol - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The castle in Mariampol was founded by Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski in the second half of the 17th century. Jan Kajetan Jabłonowski rebuilt the castle in the 18th century. The residence was owned by the Jabłonowski family until the 1880s. In the last years before the destruction (during WW1) the property belonged to the Błażowski family.

Reconstruction of the palace from the 17th century


After WW1

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Old May 16th, 2014, 06:49 PM   #196
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Halicz - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine

Halicz Castle was founded by King Casimir III the Great of Poland in the 14th century. The castle of Halicz starosts was remodelled by architect Francisco Corazzini in the early 17th century. It was largely destroyed by Cossacks, Turks and Tatars in the 17th century.

Reconstructed tower






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Old May 16th, 2014, 07:52 PM   #197
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Next page, please.
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Old May 17th, 2014, 12:22 AM   #198
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Mikulińce - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



Mikulińce Castle was founded by Anna Jordanowa née Sieniawska in 1550. At the beginning of the 17th century the castle became a property of the Zborowski family, and from 1637 of the Koniecpolski family. The castle was partially destroyed by Turks in the 17th, and since the 18th century it was uninhabited.

Mikulińce Castle (ca.1905)




In the second half of the 18th century a new owner of Mikulińce, Ludwika Mniszech née Potocka built a palace near the castle. She also founded Roman Catholic church in 1761, where all the owners (the Mniszech, Konopka and Rey families) of the palace until 1939 were buried.





Pulpit (with Pilawa and Mniszech coat of arms) and tombstone of Ludwika Mniszech née Potocka
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Old May 17th, 2014, 12:17 PM   #199
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Toki - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine



The castle was founded by Janusz Zbaraski in the second half of the 16th century. In 1631, it became a property of the Wiśniowiecki family. It was damaged by Cossacks in 1648 and Turks in 1675. Since then the castle belonged to the Wielhorski, Czarnecki, Matkowski, Małyński and Dzieduszycki families, but it was never fully rebuilt. In the 19th century uninhabited castle was largely dismantled.

Toki Castle in ca.1905





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Old May 17th, 2014, 01:20 PM   #200
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Rakowiec - Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, now Ukraine

Rakowiec castle was built by Dominik Wojciech Bieniawski in 1660. The castle was destroyed during Bar Confederation in 1769.

The castle in ca.1905


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