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Old December 9th, 2013, 04:22 AM   #41
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san juan de la peña, spain


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Old December 9th, 2013, 04:28 AM   #42
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panteón de san isidoro de león, spain





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Old December 10th, 2013, 02:00 PM   #43
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Catedral of Zamora, Spain



Old Cathedral of Salamanca, Spain




Collegiate of Toro (Zamora), Spain





Cathedral of Évora, Portugal



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Old December 10th, 2013, 03:47 PM   #44
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Other views of the catedral of Zamora, Spain




[IMG]http://t1.************/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTmCJzo6GBAjkzmV4Xd52u6TUALZfGLgA2VG68M69OlIqw4MOFNow[/IMG]



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Old January 14th, 2014, 03:29 PM   #45
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Milan is probably one of the most important city in Europe for romanesque architecture. It has many romanesque basilicas and churches.

The most important romanesque basilica in Milan is the world famous Saint Ambrose, considered by many art historian like G.C. Argan as the mother church of romanesque architecture.







The basilica was begun in 1088, at the earliest stage of romanesque architecture. Here we can see for the first time fully developed structural cross groined vault, that became later the symbol of romanesque (and then gothic) style for the interiors.

San Nazaro in brolo, another one of the earliest church with cross groined vault in Europe:











Sant'eustorgio, one of the largest basilicas in Milan, with more than 3000 square meters of surface:







the exteriors:





the complex:



San Simpliciano, another of the biggest churches in Milan:













The exteriors. Every romanesque big church in milan has many parts dating back to the paleochristian era. In san simpliciano you can see the paleochristian windows made in the style of ancient roman basilicas like to ones in rome or in trier:



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Old January 14th, 2014, 03:39 PM   #46
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beside those big basilicas there is a myriad of smaller romanesque churches or basilicas around the city center or outside of it.

San Babila:





San Sepolcro:



baroque interiors:



Santi Re Magi:





San Calimero basilica:





San Vincenzo al prato basilica:





ancient roman capitol:



san vincenzo in prato's romanesque crypt, the second oldest in Milan:



the apsis:



San Bernardino alle Monache:









San Giovanni in Conca crypt, the most ancient romanesque crypt in Milan:



today the original romanesque facade of San Giovanni in Conca has been reused as a facade for the central Waldesian church in Milan:

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Old January 14th, 2014, 03:42 PM   #47
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Milan's ancient romanesque churches part 3:

Santa Maria la Rossa:





Santa Maria la rossa in Crescenzago:





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Old January 14th, 2014, 11:08 PM   #48
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Milan's ancient romanesque churches part 4:

San Sigismondo little ancient romanesque church, in the area of Sant'Ambrogio basilica:







romanesque church of Santa Maria di Monzoro:









Santa Maria in Calvenzano abbey:

















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Old January 14th, 2014, 11:17 PM   #49
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Milan's ancient romanesque churches part 5:

Abbey of Mirasole:













San Lorenzo in Monluè abbey:







The chapter hall of San Lorenzo in Monluè:







San Celso little ancient romanesque church:





beside of it you'll see the Santa Maria presso San Celso basilica.

Sant'Apollinare vecchia church in Baggio district, southwest Milan:



unluckily the interiors has been rebuilt in ecleptic style:



the bell tower is original romanesque, and it is said to have ancient roman foundations. Maybe a roman fortified tower? The bell tower looks like other ancient romanesque bell towers in milan like the ones of Sant'Ambrogio basilica and the romanesque bell tower of Santa Maria presso San Satiro.



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Old January 15th, 2014, 04:29 AM   #50
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Milan romanesque architecture part 6, civil architectures:

The Broletto nuovo, ancient market in Milan's most ancient plaza:







many frescoes on the inside:



























the near Casa dei Panigarola:





Torre dei Gorani, from XI century:



Now under restoration:

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Old January 19th, 2014, 08:37 PM   #51
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Santa Maria presso San Satiro's romanesque bell tower, from the IX century:



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Old January 20th, 2014, 03:31 PM   #52
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Some other minor little romanesque churches from Milan, one of the capital of romanesque style. The reason for this peculiarity is easy to explain: Milan was the largest city of the Lombardy region, and the first romanesque style is known also as Lombard Romanesque style, so Milan and surrounding areas were the laboratory where this new language was fully developed, and then exported in Catalonia and South of France. Lots of lombard artistis crossed the fronteer to export this style so full of arches and lombard bands. The achievement of Sant'Ambrogio with its large groined vault was definitely a fashon at the time, and it became an example to imitate and develop further.

Some little lovely church:

Chiesetta di Nosedo, XIII century:







Roman tombs found beneath the little church:

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Old January 20th, 2014, 03:39 PM   #53
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Other small churches from milan, San Protaso al Lorenteggio:



image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


image hosted on flickr


San Faustino all'Ortica, now its interiors have been frescoed with mannerist style, but we can still see the romanesque round structure:









The most important piece of art of the little romanesque church, the XII century fresco:



Sant'Antonino in Segnano, end of XI century. Interiors with late renaissance frescoes, representing on the right Saint Charles Borromeo amongst Bishops and on the left the representation of the Battle of the Bicocca against spanish army:





Beneath the decorations you can still see the romanesque wooden roof and the ancient structure.

San Pietro ai Pellegrini, built in late XII century:





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Old January 22nd, 2014, 02:57 PM   #54
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...but romanesque architecture in Lombardy is not to be found only in the city centre of the municipality, there are significant examples also in Milan metropolitan area, like the historical city of Pavia, where you can find one of the oldest university of the world.

There are quite a number of Lombard romanesque basilicas, like for example San Teodoro basilica:



image hosted on flickr




San Michele basilica, this one along with Sant'Ambrogio in Milan is easy to be found in manuals about romanesque architectre as an example of early romanesque style. Notice the pointed arches, and we're in XI century! Here the empereor of the Sacred Roman Empire Frederick Barbarossa was crowned:







the main portal:







San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro basilica, here you can find the monumental tomb of the famous Saint Augustine:









the beautiful crypt:



Saint Augustine's tomb, a mastepiece of late late late late romanesque style ( this is because I don't want to tell you the truth to remain on topic, the tomb is actually in gothic style)



This one in a rural church near pavia, in Vigevano area. Santa Maria Maggiore basilica in Lomello. Built in 1025, this church between ottonian architecture and earliest lombard romanesque has arguably the oldest non-structural groined vault in Europe along with speyer dom in Germany, whose contruction began in 1030.





the most important crossed vault:



the baptistry:

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Old January 22nd, 2014, 03:31 PM   #55
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another zone in Milan metro area where you can find lots of earliest lombard romanesque monuments is in Como province.

San Galliano complex, here you can find earliest romanesque style frescoes found:



the fully romanesque frescoes, dating back to year 1007!



somewhere you can stull find some ottonian frescoes, like this one, between romanesque and ottonian:



the beautiful baptistry:



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Old January 22nd, 2014, 03:38 PM   #56
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San Pietro al Monte in Civate:









Santa Maria del Tiglio:





The most important example of romanesque architecture in Como, the Sant'Abbondio basilica:













San Fedele basilica:





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Old January 22nd, 2014, 03:46 PM   #57
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Other two churches from lombard first romanesque style around Como, north of Milan:

San Piero e Paolo Basilica in Agliate. begin of X century:





Baptistry:



San Carpoforo basilica in Como, this used to be Como's first cathedral before the actual gothic one. It has not a proper facade, but look at the gorgeous interiors:





the crypt:



and the bell tower:



the apse:

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Old January 22nd, 2014, 05:16 PM   #58
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thanks for the pics
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Old January 22nd, 2014, 06:03 PM   #59
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and thank you too for your comment!
I conclude the gallery about milanese area with the third subgenre you can find in Lombardy, the romanesque architecture in Bergamo area, some 45 km northeast of Milan.

The Santa Maria Maggiore basilica in Bergamo Alta:







Sant'Egidio in Fontanella, consacrated in year 1096:



image hosted on flickr


Interiors:









Basilica of Santa Giulia, only the apse remains:







The beautiful rotunda of San Tomè:









Abbazia di Piona:









Tempietto di Santa Croce in Bergamo, near Santa Maria Maggiore basilica:

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Old January 22nd, 2014, 07:28 PM   #60
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Lodi cathedral or "Duomo" of Lodi, located less than 30 km southwest of Milan centre.

It is one of the largest romanesque churches in Lombardy. Contruction begun in year 1158.





the huge interiors:







and the crypt:

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