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Old January 29th, 2016, 11:49 AM   #101
Slinderman
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Oman rustaq castle



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Old June 17th, 2016, 12:39 PM   #102
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Castello Sforzesco (Sforza Castle)
Milan, Italy

Built in 14th-15th century, the castle has an imposing and iconographic aspect. During the Renaissance it was the residence of Milan’s Duke Ludovico Sforza. Leonardo Da Vinci worked there as a military and civil engineer and only later as an artist. He painted the frescoed ceiling of the "Sala delle Asse" (‘room of the wooden panels’), combining a naturalist depiction with a strong symbolism.

The castle hosts a series of civic museums ranging from ancient and Egyptian art to paintings, musical instruments and 21st century furniture. The art gallery displays works by some famous Italian artists such as Mantegna, Giovanni Bellini e Antonello da Messina. Among them a real masterpiece: the ‘Pietà Rondanini’, an unfinished sculpture by Michelangelo on which he worked in the last years of his life.

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Old June 17th, 2016, 12:40 PM   #103
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Castel Nuovo (New Castle) or Maschio Angioino
Naples, Italy

The construction of Castel Nuovo began in 1279.


The castle was building on a strategic place on the Gulf of Naples. From the very beginning it was called "Castrum Novum" to distinguish it from the older city castles (Castel dell'Ovo and Castello Capuano).


The castle became a centre of culture giving hospitality to artists, doctors and men of letters among whom were Giotto, Petrarch and Boccaccio. The Castel Nuovo was used as royal residence of different dynasties that ruled Naples and its kingdom.

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Old June 17th, 2016, 12:40 PM   #104
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Castel del Monte
Andria, Italy


Castel del Monte is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy. The castle is a massive and dominating octagonal structure that sits on a small stretch of the Murge plateau in Apulia region (southern Italy).


Universally considered an example of genius medieval architecture, Castel del Monte actually unites elements of diverse styles and traditions from different epochs in history: the Romanic lines of the lions at the castle's entrance, the Gothic cornice of the towers, the Classical movement of its interior frieze, the defensive grandeur of the structure in general, the Islamic refinement of its mosaics.




Built in 1240, Castel del Monte became the permanent seat of the Court of Federico II (who became sovereign of the Kingdom of Sicily at three years of age). The monarch, nicknamed "Stupor Mundi" for his eclecticism and his enormous culture, bequeathed his own mysterious air and enigmatic legacy to the castle itself.


The mathematical and astronomical rigor of the castle's design, based on eight as a guiding number, and its position, emphatically studied so as to create symmetries of light during the winter solstice and summer equinox, have merged into a symbolism appealing to scholars for centuries, and leaving its visitors both pleased and perplexed by its nature. While the castle possesses a military look and some of the attributes, it does not feature the usual elements of military monuments from the same period, such as a wall and moat, and stables, for example.


Eight are the sides of the castle, and eight are the rooms on the ground floor as well as on the second floor; the rooms are trapezoidal, and placed in an order so as to form yet more octagons. The corners of the castle are attached to eight towers that are, of course, octagonal. It is said that inside the castle's courtyard was installed a pool of water, itself another octagon.


The solid compactness of the mixed limestone and quartz on its facades is grazed by mullioned windows (monofore on the second floor, bifore on the third, and in one case, trifore). The main entrance - in a coral-colored marble known as breccia corallina - reproduces the classic triumphal arch that frames another pointed (lancet) arch, defined as "a sort of prelude to the Renaissance".




The two interior levels are linked by spiral, counter-clockwise staircases inside the towers – another anomaly for a military fortification of its day.

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Old June 17th, 2016, 12:41 PM   #105
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Castello di Milazzo (Castle of Milazzo)
Milazzo, Italy

Impressive by its very stature, the Castle of Milazzo perfectly illustrates thousand years of the history of Sicily, the largest Mediterranean island located in southern Italy.

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The castle occupies 7 hectares on top of the ancient Borgo. The most ancient structures go back to 4000 BC, then in the 8th century BC the Greeks colonizers built on it their citadel (the Acropolis), which the Romans and Byzanthines changed into a castrum.


In 843 the Arabs built the massive central tower called Mastio and eight more towers around. In the following centuries Normans and Swabians added more buildings, the Aragonese strengthened the defensive system, and the Spaniards surrounded everything with an imposing wall circle with bulwarks, creating a walled town.

The castle was also the seat of the Sicilian Parliament in 1295.


There is one other curiosity: outside of the castle to the north side, an "insect" is designed into into the rocks: the "scarabeo" was created with black lava stone, in the form of a giant beetle, also seems one large eye. Its position and meaning is connected to the sun, since it marks the spot of sunrise on the day of the summer solstice.

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From the top of the castle it is possible to enjoy an all-round view, including the Etna (Europe's tallest active volcano) and the Aeolian islands.

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Old June 17th, 2016, 12:44 PM   #106
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Castello Scaligero (Scaliger Castle)
Sirmione, Italy


Scaliger Castle is located in Sirmione, a town situated on top of a small peninsula that juts out into the southern portion of Lake Garda (Italy's largest lake). The Scaliger Castle is consideredone of the finest examples of a medieval fortification, including a very rare fortified port.


Sirmione was once known as Garda, and had been a Veronese summer resort for the elite since the 1st century BC. The town had grown to become one the most important Roman cities in northeast Italy, Garda had been praised by several artists and poets of the time, including Catullus.


During the 4th and the 5th century AD, the town became an important fortified strongpoint for the defence of Lake Garda's southern section. A settlement had existed in the area even after the Lombard conquest and had depended directly on the King for its operation. King Desiderius's wife Ansa had founded a church and monastery in the city.

In the first half of the 13th century, Sirmione fell into the hands of the Scaliger family. The castle was built by Mastino The First della Scala, lord of Verona, around 1259 and completed in two further phases. The town continued to be an important military center until the 16th century. Until the 19th century, a garrison had remained in the castle. Sirmione had been a part of the Republic of Venice from the year 1405 till 1797. Later became a part of the Kingdom of Italy.


The Castle presents the typical Ghibelline swallowtail merlons and the curtain-walls (with three corner towers) in pebbles alternating with two horizontal bands of brick courses. The walls on the inside were finished with plaster with graffiti, simulating blocks of stone.


The Castle is surrounded by a moat and it can only be entered by two drawbridges. You can stroll on walkways around the walls and go up 146 steps to the top of the east tower, from where breathtaking views can be enjoyed. The main room houses a small museum with local finds from the Roman era and a few medieval artifacts.

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Old June 17th, 2016, 01:31 PM   #107
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Originally Posted by Slinderman View Post
Yemen Alqaahira Castle built in the 10th century





Wonderful castle in Yemen. Land of history.
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