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Old July 16th, 2013, 08:08 AM   #1
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Fountains, Statues, Monuments of Europe

Hi guys!

I created this thread so we can share our favorites european monuments, statues and fountains

Rules:

1- Only good quality
2- 4 pictures per post
3- every monument, statue or fountain MUST have information
4- every post MUST be in the center

Enjoy!
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Old July 16th, 2013, 08:23 AM   #2
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Fontaine Saint-Sulpice - Paris

The Fontaine Saint-Sulpice (also known as the Fontaine de la place Saint-Sulpice or as the Fontaine des Orateurs-Sacré) is a monumental fountain located in Place Saint-Sulpice in the 6th arrondissement of Paris. It was constructed between 1843 and 1848 by the architect Louis Visconti, who also designed he tomb of Napoleon.

The four figures on the fountain represent four French religious figures of the 17th century famous for their eloquence.

Bossuet, North, statue by Jean-Jacques Feuchère
Fénelon, East, statue by François Lanno
Fléchier, West, statue by Louis Desprez
Massillon, South, statue by Jacques-Auguste Fauginet, completed by Fouquiet after the death of Fauginet.

he fountain was commissioned by Rambuteau, the prefet of the Seine in the government of King Louis-Philippe I. Rambuteau took office in 1833 and began an amibitious program to improve the city water supply and build new fountains. He built 200 kilometers of new water mains and, more important, 1700 small fountains around Paris to supply water, so that monumental fountains could be purely decorative, and did not have to provide drinking water. The most important monumental fountains he constructed were the Fontaines de la Concorde in the Place de la Concorde (1840); the fountains of the Champs-Elysees;(1839–40) the Fontaine Molière (1841–1844); the Fontaine Cuvier (1840–1846) and the Fontaine Saint-Sulpice.

Rambuteau ordered that the theme of the fountain would be religious elequence, since the fountain was placed in front of a church and near an important seminary. Visconti prepared several different projects in March 1843 to the Conseil des batiments civil. After some modifications, the project was approved and construction took place between 1843 and 1848, and was completed in the year when the Revolution of 1848 brought down the government of Louis-Philippe. the final fountain had two distinct parts; the fountain itself, composed of three octagonal basins. The second basin was decorated with sculptures of lions made of stone from Derre, which had the coat of arms of Paris; and the third had masks which spouted water. The second part of the fountain was the religious structure; a quatrilateral edifice with four niches, with a dome, corinthian pilasters, and four niches which contained the statues of the orators.

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Old July 16th, 2013, 07:36 PM   #3
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Pallas Athene Fountain - Vienna

The Athena Fountain (German: Pallas-Athene-Brunnen) in front of the Austrian Parliament Building (on the Ringstraße boulevard in the first district Innere Stadt) was erected between 1893 and 1902 by Carl Kundmann, Josef Tautenhayn and Hugo Haerdlt, based on plans by Baron von Hansen. In the middle is a water basin and a richly decorated base.

The four figures lying at the foot of Athena are allegorical representations of the four most important rivers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They represent at the front the Danube and Inn, in the back the Elbe and Vltava (German: Moldau) rivers. On the sides little cupids ride dolphins. The statues of the Danube, Inn, and the cupids were executed by Haerdtl, those of the Elbe and Moldau by Kundmann. The female statues above represent the legislative and executive powers of the state and were executed by Tautenhayn. They are again dominated by the Goddess of Wisdom, Athena, standing on a pillar. Athena is dressed in armour with a gilded helmet, her left hand carries a spear, her right carries Nike.
text from wikipedia

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Old July 17th, 2013, 11:23 AM   #4
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Sigismund Column - Warsaw, Poland

Erected in 1644 and located in Castle Square, Warsaw, Poland.

It is one of Warsaw's most famous landmarks and one of the oldest secular monuments in northern Europe. The column and statue commemorate King Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 had moved Poland's capital from Kraków to Warsaw.

On the Corinthian column (which used to be of red marble), 8.5 m high, a sculpture of the King, 2.75-metres high, in archaistic armour is placed. Sigismund's Column now stands at 22 metres and is adorned by four eagles. The king is dressed in armor and carries a cross in one hand and wields a sword in the other.

Erected between 1643 and 1644, the column was constructed on the orders of Sigismund's son and successor, King Władysław IV Vasa. It was designed by the Italian-born architect Constantino Tencalla and the sculptor Clemente Molli, and cast by Daniel Tym.


http://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/tn_gd/G68_1.jpg

The Zygmunt's Column was modelled on the Italian columns in front of Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (erected in 1614 to designs of Carlo Maderno), and the Column of Phocas in Rome (Władysław Vasa seen both of them during his visit to Rome in 1625).

The marble column itself was renovated several times in the next few centuries, most notably in 1743, 1810, 1821 and 1828. In 1854 the monument was surrounded with a fountain featuring marble tritons sculpted by the German, August Kiss.

In 1863 the column was renovated somewhat again, but still needed work, and between 1885 and 1887 it was replaced with a new column of granite. Between 1927 and 1930, the monument was again renovated, and was restored to its original appearance when the fountain and the fence around it were removed.

On 1 September 1944, during the Warsaw Uprising, the monument was demolished by the Germans, and its bronze statue was badly damaged. After the war the statue was repaired, and in 1949 it was set up on a new column, made of granite from the Strzegom mine, a couple of metres from the original site. The original broken pieces of the column can still be seen lying next to the Royal Castle.


http://www.astrojawil.pl/foto3/wios_wwa02.jpg


http://s8.flog.pl/media/foto/7021083...a-iii-wazy.jpg

image hosted on flickr

http://farm7.staticflickr.com/6215/6...abd93947_b.jpg
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Old July 17th, 2013, 02:55 PM   #5
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Trevi Fountain - Rome, Italy

The Trevi Fountain (fontana di Trevi) is a Baroque fountain of the 18th century.

Standing 26.3 metres high and 49.15 metres wide, it's the largest Baroque fountain in the city.

The Trevi Fountain is situated at the end of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC. It brings water all the way from the Salone Springs (approx 20km from Rome) and supplies the fountains in the historic center of Rome with water.

In 1732, Pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi to create a large fountain at the Trevi Square. A previous undertaking to build the fountain after a design by Bernini was halted a century earlier after the death of Pope Urban VIII. Salvi based his theatrical masterpiece on this design. Construction of the monumental Baroque fountain was finally completed in 1762.

The central figure of the fountain, in front of a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea.

[IMG]http://superbreakblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/ROME-Trevi-Fountain-************_68867092.jpg[/IMG]
http://wallpaper-photo.ru/fr/preview...00&px=1280x960

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/aguerre...n/photostream/


By night :

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/chloefa...n/photostream/

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/gbatist...n/photostream/
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Old July 20th, 2013, 02:04 AM   #6
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Beautiful fountains, nice topic start.
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Old July 21st, 2013, 10:34 PM   #7
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Warsaw Mermaid - Warsaw, Poland

The Warsaw Mermaid, a bronze sculpture by Konstanty Hegel, has stood as the symbol of Warsaw since 1855. It stands in the very centre of Old Town Square, surrounded by a fountain.

The origin of the legendary figure is not fully known. The best-known legend, by Artur Oppman, is that long ago two of Triton's daughters set out on a journey through the depths of the oceans and seas. One of them decided to stay on the coast of Denmark and can be seen sitting at the entrance to the port of Copenhagen. The second mermaid reached the mouth of the Vistula River and plunged into its waters. She stopped to rest on a sandy beach by the village of Warszawa, where fishermen came to admire her beauty and listen to her beautiful voice.
Take this with a a grain of salt.

The mermaid is also seen as the defender of Warsaw but has been doing a horrible job.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw#Warsaw_Mermaid

image hosted on flickr
Poland 176 by Mike Rychlik, on Flickr







Even before WWII the mermaid was in a few different locations around Warsaw. After the war it was vandalized a couple of times and then finally settled once again in the Old Town in 1999.

Taken in the early 1900's.
http://www.warszawa1939.pl/index.php...k_syrenka&r3=0
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Old July 21st, 2013, 11:29 PM   #8
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Siegessäule, Berlin Victory Column


The column and statue
The column was built from 1864 to 1873 after a design by Johann Heinrich Stack to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Prusso-Danish war of 1864. The 8.3m (25ft) gilded figure at the top was added after further Prussian victories in wars against Austria and France. The figure, designed by Friedrich Drake and locally known as the 'Golden Else' represents the Goddess of Victory. It weighs a massive 35 tons.

The base is decorated with bas-reliefs of battles, while a mosaic frieze by Anton von Werner higher up the column depicts the founding of the German Empire in 1871. A number of other mosaics at the colonnaded hall portrait more battle scenes. The top of the Siegessäule has an observatory, offering great views on Berlin.

Location
The now 69 meters tall victory column originally stood at the Königsplatz (now Platz der Republik), the square in front of the Reichstag. It was moved in 1938 by the Nazi government to its current location at the Grosser Stern.


http://www.tagesspiegel.de/mediacent...-/7093000.html

image hosted on flickr

The Victory Column von Nemesis6Dreams auf Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Bisogna tornare a Berlino... von Corscri Daje Tutti! [Cristiano Corsini] auf Flickr

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Victory Is Far von Poet for Life auf Flickr
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Old July 21st, 2013, 11:40 PM   #9
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Muschelminna - Görlitz, Sachsen (Saxony)

The Muschelminna is a fountain at the Postplatz in the east german city of Görlitz on the boarder to Poland. It was built in 1887 by Robert Toberentz. The fountain got it's name from the bronze figure on the top. Muschel means shell in English and "Minna" is a colloquial and not very nice term for housmaids.
The basin, the base and the smaller figures are made of marble. During war in Summer 1942 the "Minna" was dismantled and melted down for armament production. After the war a marble bowl was placed on top of the fountain. The Minna was reconstructed in 1993 and put on the frountain again in 1994.
The fountain and the place around is currently under renovation and reconstruction.
image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/sunchil...n/photostream/

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/seepfer...n/photostream/

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/nora227...n/photostream/

During DDR times with the bowle

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...erlitz_DDR.jpg
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 12:31 AM   #10
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Bohaterom Warszawy 1939-1945 - Warsaw, Poland
Roughly translated, means Monument to the Heroes of Warsaw 1939-1945. Also called Warsaw Nike.

Just before hitting the WZ tunnel that rumbles below the old town visitors can’t fail but see a giant cast iron statue of Nike: as in the Greek Goddess of Victory, not the shoe. Standing with sword raised aloft this noble structure is actually officially named ‘Monument to the Heroes of Warsaw 1939-1945’, and remembers the thousands of locals who fought against - and died under - Nazi German rule. The statue made its debut in 1964 (designed by Marian Konieczny), originally standing on pl. Teatralny. This was before there was any official memorial to the Warsaw Uprising, and as such Nike became the favoured assembly point for Polish veterans, as well as student agitators in later years. In 1999 Pl. Teatralny underwent a well-deserved facelift and the fearsome Nike found herself forklifted over to her current spot where she stands with a watchful eye over the cars and buses that gasp to-and-fro.
http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/w...ts/Nike_19123v






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Old July 22nd, 2013, 03:59 AM   #11
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Nice, new thread!
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 04:13 AM   #12
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Arco della Pace - Milan

Peace Arch is located in Piazza Sempione, one of the sides of the Sforza Castle in Milan, Italy.

Luiggi Cagnola Napoleon commissioned the construction of a celebratory bow in 1806 but this being defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, construction was halted until 1826 when Francesco I of Austria wanted to end them and introduce certain changes since they wanted to dedicate this arch to the European Peace was achieved in 1815. The commission was entrusted to Luiggi Cagnola again until the date of his death in 1833 and was completed by Francesco and Francesco Paverelli Londono. It opened in September 1838 by Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria.

Luigi Cagnola was inspired by the typology of the three "fornication", the arched openings that are in classical buildings such as the Coliseum in Rome, although in this case was based on inspiration Severio Settimio triumphal arch, Roman Forum.

The neoclassical arch is 25 meters high and is framed by four fluted Corinthian columns at regular intervals, becoming a measure of the sides of the facade.
In the center is the tallest arch laterally flanked by two smaller ones. Both the sides and in front of the capital overlapping blocks are richly decorated with bas-reliefs depicting episodes from the entire period of the Restoration.
On the main cornice are personified the four rivers of the then kingdom of Lombardy-Veneto: the Po, the Ticino, the Adile and Tagliamento. At the top, is a bronze figure, very similar to that of the Goddess Irene located at the Brandenburg Gate, led by 4 horses and a huge inscription in front of "Sestina della Pace" (poem by peace), in a memorandum of the four victories.
This work enhances the architectural values of the French Revolution and the new civic values that rescue the meaning of ancient forms, classical, its grandeur, its balance of space and symmetry. Reminiscent of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, also ordered to build by Napoleon.

The body of the bow is Crevola Baveno granite and framed with four fluted Corinthian columns of marble Creola d'Ossola. The figures that adorn the top are bronze.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 04:27 AM   #13
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Ago, filo e nodo - Milan

Needle, Thread and Knot is located in Piazza Cadorna, near Cadorna Station in Milan, Italy.

Inaugurated in 2000, the sculpture was created by Claes Oldenburg for the architectural restoration of the railway station Cadorna and the near yard.

The big and colored needle with the thread that emerges at the opposite point of the area with the final node is the homage to the industriousness of Milan and, in particular, to the world of fashion but, as stated by the architect and designer Gae Aulenti who signed the redevelopment of Piazza Cadorna, is also a paraphrase of the snake on the arms of Milan.

The totem of steel and fiberglass eighteen meters high had been greeted with controversy at the time of installation but now it has become a characteristic feature of the panorama of the city of Milan.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 04:42 AM   #14
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Fontana dell'Elefante Liotru - Catania

The symbol of the city is Fountain of Elaphant Liotru, , assembled in 1736 by Giovanni Battista Vaccarini.

It portrays an ancient lavic stone elephant and is topped by an Egyptian obelisk from Syene. Legend has it that Vaccarini's original elephant was neuter, which the men of Catania took as an insult to their virility. To appease them, Vaccarini appropriately appended elephantine testicles to the original statue.

The Sicilian name "u Liotru" is a phonetic change of Heliodorus, a nobleman who, after trying without success to become bishop of the city, became a sorcerer and was therefore condemned to the stake. Legend has it that Heliodorus himself was the sculptor of the lava elephant and that he used to magically ride it in his fantastic travels from Catania to Constantinople. Another legend has it that Heliodorus was able to transform himself into an elephant.

The presence of an elephant in the millenary history of Catania is surely connected to both zooarcheology and popular creeds. In fact, the prehistoric fauna of Sicily from the Upper Paleolithic, included dwarf elephants.

Paleontologist Othenio Abel suggested that the presence of dwarf elephants in Sicily may be the origin of the legend of the Cyclops. Ancient Greeks, after finding the skulls of dwarf elephants, about twice the size of a human skull, with a large central nasal cavity (mistaken for a large single eye-socket) supposed that they were skulls of giants with a single eye.

The Catanian Museum of Mineralogy, Paleonthology and Vulcanology holds the integral unburied skeleton of an Elephas falconeri in an excellent state of conservation. The first inhabitants of Etna molded such lavic artifact to idolize the mythical proboscidian.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 05:01 AM   #15
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Altare della Patria - Rome

The Altar of the Fatherland also known as National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II or "Il Vittoriano" is a monument built in honour of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy. It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill.

The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885; sculpture for it was parceled out to established sculptors all over Italy, such as Leonardo Bistolfi and Angelo Zanelli. It was inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1925.

The monument is built of white marble from Botticino, Brescia, and features stairways, Corinthian columns, fountains, an equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel and two statues of the goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas.

The structure is 135 m (443 ft) wide and 70 m (230 ft) high. If the quadrigae and winged victories are included, the height is to 81 m (266 ft).
The base of the structure houses the museum of Italian Reunification. In 2007, a panoramic elevator was added to the structure, allowing visitors to ride up to the roof for 360 degree views of Rome.

The monument holds the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame, built under the statue of Italy after World War I following an idea of General Giulio Douhet. The body of the unknown soldier was chosen on 26 October 1921 from among 11 unknown remains by Maria Bergamas, a woman from Gradisca d'Isonzo whose only child was killed during World War I. Her son's body was never recovered. The selected unknown was transferred from Aquileia, where the ceremony with Bergamas had taken place to Rome and buried in a state funeral on 4 November 1921.

The flags of disbanded units of the Italian Armed Forces, as well as the flags of ships stricken from the naval register of the Italian Navy are stored at the Vittoriano in the so-called Shrine of the Flags (Sacrario delle Bandiere). The oldest flag on display is the flag of the 19th century frigate Giuseppe Garibaldi.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 06:55 AM   #16
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Italy is so beautiful. I continue to be amazed.
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 06:59 AM   #17
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Quote:
Originally Posted by TimothyR View Post



Italy is so beautiful. I continue to be amazed.
And this is nothing. If I could post every single thing for every single city, town or village of Italy... there is no space for other. In any case I continue to post much stuff
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 07:40 AM   #18
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Statua della Madonna della Lettera
sul Forte del Santissimo Salvatore
- Messina

Is one of the symbols of the city, and is located in the harbour, one of the largest and most important in the Mediterranean sea (with over 10 million passengers per year).

The harbor, which opens on the western shore of the Strait of Messina, consists of a large inlet from the typical sickle natural harbor, that borders an area of approximately 820,000 m². Port areas on the ground, however, occupy about 50 hectares.

The city of Messina overlooking the harbor with its town center has grown since before the time of Greek colonization on the edge of the harbor. The original name of the Sicilian city "Zancle" ("sickle") refers precisely the shape of the port.

The harbor entrance is about 400 meters wide and extends between the Forte San Salvatore and the headquarters of Guardia Costiera and Capitaneria di Porto.

Located at the Fort of the Holy Saviour, built by Charles V in 1540, on the arm end of the crescent harbor: a tower of 60 meters high, with a large statue of blessing "Madonna della Lettera" in gilded bronze (6 meters high), designed by Tore Edmondo Calabrò.

The stele was illuminated for the first time in 1934 by Pope Pius XI, who flipped from a Vatican radio. It appears to those who arrive from the sea, and in blessing facing towards the city, in memory of the strong earthquake and tsunami of December 1908, that destroyed the city and the near city of Reggio Calabria, and caused the death of 90,000-120,000 people.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 08:16 AM   #19
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There's so many things that I love about italy and its monuments are proably THE BEST on Europe!

keep it coming!

BTW thank you everyone for posting this incredible pictures!
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 09:24 AM   #20
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Italy is so beautiful. I continue to be amazed.

Probably the most beautiful country in the world, definitely in Europe.
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