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Old July 22nd, 2013, 09:57 AM   #21
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Quote:
Originally Posted by BringMe View Post
There's so many things that I love about italy and its monuments are proably THE BEST on Europe!

keep it coming!

BTW thank you everyone for posting this incredible pictures!
Quote:
Originally Posted by markfos View Post
Probably the most beautiful country in the world, definitely in Europe.
Come and visit us! We need more and more tourists!
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 10:12 AM   #22
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Prato della Valle - Padua

Prato della Valle is a 90,000 square meter elliptical square in Padua, Italy. It is the largest square in Italy, and one of the largest in Europe. The square today is a monumental space with a green island at the center, l'Isola Memmia, surrounded by a small canal bordered by two rings of statues.

In 1775 Andrea Memmo, whose statue is in the square, decided to reclaim and restructure the entire area which, at that time, was nothing but an amorphous swampland. The entire project, which was never fully completed, is represented in a famous copper engraving by Francesco Piranesi from 1785. It seems that Memmo had commissioned this and other representations and kept them on exhibition at the Palazzo Venezia, the headquarters of the Embassy of the Republic in Rome. He did this in order to entice other important figures into financing the construction of statues to decorate the square. The project approved by Domenico Cerato, professor of architecture at Vicenza and Padova.

The preliminary excavations done to install the plumbing system and reclaim the area were directed by Simone Stratico. These excavations brought to light the remains of an ancient Roman theater. These findings conferred a sense of historical dignity to the initiative, and transformed it into a project of reclamation for its natural public use. Andrea Memmo resided at Palazzo Angeli, constructed in the 15th century and located in Prato della Valle at an angle with the avenue Umberto I. Today, the monumental palazzo, property of the city of Padova, hosts the Museum of Precinema Minici Zotti Collection.

Today there are 78 statues (40 in the exterior ring and 38 statues in the inner ring), following the original plan there had been 88 statues. Among the numerous statues in the square, one represents Andrea Memmo, the patrician Venetian known as the provider of Padova.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 10:16 AM   #23
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Come and visit us! We need more and more tourists!
I've been many times to Italy and I am coming in September this year again .
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Old July 22nd, 2013, 10:29 AM   #24
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Fontana della Vergogna - Palermo

Among the monuments of the Middle Ages, late-Renaissance and Baroque historical center of Palermo, the Fontana della Vergogna (or Fontana Pretoria) was built in 1554 by Francesco Camilliani in Florence, but in 1581 was moved to the Piazza Pretoria, in the capital of Sicily.

In Florence, the fountain was placed in the garden of Don Luigi di Toledo, located on the site of the Palace of San Clemente. The Spanish nobleman was the brother of the Duchess Eleonora di Toledo and obtained in 1551, after much pressure, a plot by the Sisters of St. Dominic al Maglio.

The realization of the unusual garden (devoid of a building or a building of relief) and the monumental fountain was commissioned to the Florentine sculptor Francesco Camilliani, who built it, starting from 1554. The fountain consisted of 48 statues and had unusual size, especially since it was not intended for a public space, and was fronted by a long pergola consists of 90 wooden pillars put in place under the supervision of Bartolomeo Ammannati.

Driven by debt and about to move to Naples, Don Luigi, thanks to his brother Don Garcia de Toledo, was able in 1573 to sell the fountain to the city of Palermo. Don Garcia, who had been viceroy of Sicily, was on good terms with the Senate of Palermo, who decided to buy the fountain and place it in the square overlooked by the Praetorian Palace.

The fountain arrived in Palermo May 26, 1574 disassembled into 644 pieces. For make way for the monumental achievement, designed for an open place, were demolished several homes. The fountain, however, did not arrive complete and some sculptures were damaged during transportation, while others were perhaps retained by the owner. They were designed so some adaptations in the recomposition of the pieces and others were added. The care of reconstruction and adaptation of the fountain was commissioned in 1574 to Camillo Camilliani, son of Francis, which he completed his work in 1581, with the help of Michelangelo Naccherino.

The fountain revolves around a central basin surrounded by four bridges, staircases and balustrades by a fence and is made up of three concentric basins from which it takes to start the game of water that is poured from the top by a Bacchus.
Distributed within this architectural building are statues depicting the gods of Olympus and the rivers of Palermo, Oreto, Papireto, Maredolce and Gabriel. This statue represented the Tuscan river Mugnone, famous in the novels of Boccaccio. The central part is surrounded by sculptural representations of various mythological gods.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 10:49 AM   #25
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Colosseo Quadrato - Rome

The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, also known as the Palazzo della Civiltà del Lavoro or simply the Colosseo Quadrato (Square Colosseum), is an icon of Fascist architecture. It lies in the district of Rome known as the Esposizione Universale Roma (also known as 'E.42' and 'EUR'). It is particularly symbolic of this district, exemplifying its monumentality.

The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana was constructed as part of the program of the Esposizione Universale Roma, a large business center and suburban complex, initiated in 1935 by Benito Mussolini for the planned 1942 world exhibition and as a symbol of fascism for the world. The Palazzo was designed by the architects Giovanni Guerrini, Ernesto Bruno La Padula and Mario Romano and constructed between 1938 and 1943.

It was inaugurated on 30 November 1940 as the centerpiece of the Esposizione and continues to be its most iconic building. The structure is also considered one of the most representative examples of Fascist architecture at the EUR. Between 2003 and 2008, the palace has been closed to the public for restoration. From 2015, it will house the headquarters of luxury fashion label Fendi for the next 15 years at least. Fendi will reportedly pay 2.8 million euros per annum to inhabit the space. The ground floor of the building will reportedly be left clear to house exhibitions celebrating Italian craftsmanship.

The EUR provides a large-scale image of how urban Italy might have looked if the fascist regime had not fallen during the war—large, symmetrical streets and austere buildings of limestone, tuff and marble, in either stile Littorio, inspired by ancient Roman architecture, or Rationalism. Its architectural style is often called simplified neoclassicism. Marcello Piacentini, the coordinator of the commission for E42, based it on the Italian Rationalism of Pagano, Libera, and Michelucci.

The design of the "Square Colosseum" was inspired more to celebrate the Colosseum, and the structure was intended by Benito Mussolini as a celebration of the older Roman landmark. Similar to the Colosseum, the palace has a series of superimposed loggias, shown on the façade as six rows of nine arches each. These numbers are said to be an allusion to the name of the Fascist dictator: "Benito" having six letters and "Mussolini," nine.

The palace is entirely clad in travertine marble, as is characteristic of buildings in the EUR. It is a parallelepiped on a square base, with six levels rising above a podium. The scale is imposing: the base covers an area of 8,400 square meters, and the building has volume 205,000 cubic meters with a height 68 meters (50 meters from the base).

At the four corners of the podium are placed four equestrian sculptural groups by Publio Morbiducci and Alberto de Felci, representing the Dioscuri, the two mythical Greek heroes, sons of Zeus and Leda. About the base of the building are 28 additional statues of approximately 3.4 meters in height, each under an arch, illustrating various industries and trades. These statues were added in 1942, having been constructed by eight companies specialized in the working of Carrara marble in the provinces of Lucca and Massa-Carrara.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 11:32 AM   #26
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Monumento a Re Vittorio Emanuele III - Reggio Calabria

The Monumento a Re Vittorio Emanuele III, located in the Arena dello Stretto (a semicircular theater of modern construction, in imitation of the ancient Greek theaters) located on the seafront Falcomatà in Reggio Calabria, Italy, at the point where before the earthquake of 1908 stood the wharf Porto Salvo.

The structure, reflecting the tradition of the ancient theater, offers a panoramic view, in this case the Strait of Messina. The theater has two wide ramps on the sides that allow disabled people to arrive at the bottom of the '"arena". The theater is often the site of important events in the city, such as music, theater and film and seasonal festivals.

The Monument to King Vittorio Emanuele III, with the statue of Athena, was built on the molo di Porto Salvo, right where the king of Savoy landed, touching for the first time, the national territory as a sovereign, learned the regicide of his father (Umberto I) July 31 1900s.

Designed by Camillo Autore, the monument was inaugurated in May 1932. The bronze statue in the middle (by the sculptor Messina Bonfiglio) depicts Promachos Athena, the goddess Athena fighter, which defends the city of Reggio.

At the end of the renovation and modernization of the waterfront in 2001, the monument with the statue of Athena was placed on the pontoon in the middle of the theater, but while originally the statue that protects the city was facing the sea, then , the mayor Italo Falcomatà wanted the statue was facing the city itself.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 02:14 PM   #27
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The two fountains in the Place de la Concorde - Paris

The two monumental fountains are located in the Place de la Concorde in the center of Paris.

They were designed by Jacques Ignace Hittorff, and completed in 1840 during the reign of King Louis-Philippe.

Placed on both sides of the obelisk (was put in place on the square on October 25, 1836), there is, in the South, the Fountain of Maritime Navigation and in the North the Fountain River Commerce and Navigation.


The Fountain of Maritime Navigation :



The Fountain River Commerce and Navigation:


Evening :



By night :

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 09:39 PM   #28
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Fonte Aretusa - Syracuse

The Arethuse is a fountain on the island of Ortygia in Syracuse, Sicily.
The fountain is mentioned in a number of poems, for instance John Milton’s Lycidas and Alexander Pope’s The Dunciad.

Over the centuries, has undergone several transformations, at first outside the walls of the fortifications, it was possible to access it by sea through a steep staircase where there was also a door, which seems to have penetrated the Romans during the conquest of the city. In the sixteenth century, was divided into several streams used for the tanning of hides and skins: the rivulets formed a lake about 200 meters in diameter. In 1540 the source was incorporated into the fortifications when Charles V strengthened the military structures of Ortigia, to be freed in 1847 when the reservoir took its present shape. The scenic spot near the spring is what remains of the bastion, which was demolished in the second half of the nineteenth century.

The place is now the heart of Ortigia, a meeting place and walking several times removed from the risk of drying out. Several earthquakes over the centuries have threatened the secular influx of water, until a few years ago when drought and perhaps even the construction of the third bridge, have reduced the flow of water at the source by putting at risk the health of the papyrus, which grows in 'inside of the pool. The papyrus of Syracuse and the River Fiumefreddo, is the only in Europe.

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Old July 22nd, 2013, 10:23 PM   #29
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Fountains and sculptures in Piazza Gae Aulenti - Milan

Born in 1927 in the province of Udine, Gae Aulenti graduated in architecture at the Milan Polytechnic in 1953. She was a university professor in Venice and at the Politecnico of Milan and President of the Academy of Fine Arts of Brera in 1995-1996. In addition to great achievements abroad, including Milan bears the marks of his pencil, as evidenced by the new face of Piazzale Cadorna and Space Oberdan. In 1989, the Milan City Council awarded the Gold Medal of Civic Merit as "absolute star in the world of architecture and design."

The Piazza Gae Aulenti is enriched by three circular fountain, surrounded by a park bench sculpture of 105 meters and stone porches. Paved with slate, the surface of the square is 2,300 square meters, 80 meters in diameter. The project is included in the new Central Business District of Milan Porta Garibaldi, under the Unicredit Tower.

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 12:33 AM   #30
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The two fountains and the triumphal arch in the Place Stanislas - Nancy, France

In the middle of the 18th century, a vast esplanade separated the Old Town of Nancy and the New City built by Charles III in 1588.

Stanisław Leszczyński, former King of Poland and father-in-law to King Louis XV of France, received the duchy of Lorraine in life annuity in 1737.
In 1751, Stanislas announces to Nicolas Durival, police lieutenant of Nancy, his project to build a new square in the capital of the duchy.
The square and the surrounding buildings, unified by their colossal orders, were designed by the royal architect Emmanuel Héré de Corny (1705–1763).
Construction began in March 1752 and ended in November 1755.

The four corners and West and East sides of the square feature gilded wrought iron gates and lanterns, created by Jean Lamour (1698–1771), who was also responsible for the wrought iron balustrade on the main staircase in the Hôtel de Ville and the balcony across the center of its main façade. The North-West and North-East corners also feature ornate fountains designed by Barthélémy Guibal (1699–1757).

An Arc de Triomphe by Héré stands in the centre of the fourth side, leading to the adjoining Place de la Carrière, where the main axis is developed as a double avenue of trees, with symmetrical buildings facing each other down its length.


Fountain of Neptune with iron gate :



Fountain of Amphitrite with iron gate :



Corners of the square :


The triumphal arch :



The place with the statue in the center, created by Georges Jacquot (1794–1874), represents Stanislas standing :

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 12:41 AM   #31
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The Little Insurgent Monument (Pomnik Małego Powstańca) - Warsaw, Poland

The communist authorities continually thwarted efforts to commemorate the Uprising, though by the early 80s cracks in their resolve were beginning to show. On October 1, 1983, the most poignant of all Uprising monuments was unveiled by the walls of the Barbakan. Designed by Jerzy Jarnuszkiewicz and funded by collections undertaken by scouts, the bronze installation shows the figure of a boy soldier clutching a Sten gun and weighed down by an adult-sized helmet. Commemorating the children who served as messengers and frontline troops, the figure is inspired by the story of 13 year old corporal Antek, himself killed in action close to the scene on August 8, 1944.
http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/w...onument_18406v

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 12:51 AM   #32
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Great guys, keep it up
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 02:39 AM   #33
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Funny, I came across Plac Stanislaus online a while back. When I saw some pics, I was blown away. This has to be the most beautiful town square in Europe. The French know how to show off.
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:03 AM   #34
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Statue of Brabo - Antwerp, Belgium

The statue of Brabo, made in 1887, stands on square in front of the City Hall of Antwerp. It shows the scene of Silvius Brabo, a Roman soldier, throwing the cut off hand of the giant Druon Antigoon into the river Schelde.

According to the legend, the giant Druon Antigoon stopped ships on the Schelde and demanded payment to continue the journey, otherwise he would cut off the hand of the sailor. But one day, the heroic Silvius Brabo killed the giant, cut off his hand and threw it into the river himself.

The legend is said to have given it's name to the Duchy of Brabant, coming from Brabo, as well as to the city itself. In Dutch, 'hand werpen', means 'to throw a hand'. The name 'Antwerpen' is derived from this action according to the legend.


source



source


source


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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:06 AM   #35
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Adam Mickiewicz Monument (Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza) - Warsaw, Poland

Patriot, poet and the man who inspired Romanticism in Poland, Mickiewicz stands out as Poland's greatest literary figure - as well as a figure of hope during a bleak age of Russian oppression. His involvement in politics saw him exiled east in 1824 by the ruling Russians, before finally heading to western Europe in 1829. A bid to return to his homeland in 1830 was thwarted at the border, and he never saw his native Poland again.

Much mystery surrounds his life; his role as a national cultural icon meaning that much of the seamier side of his life has been covered up, including his involvement in strange cults and alleged womanising. To this day, even his birthplace remains a hot source of argument. Some say Nowogródek (Lithuania), others say the nearby Zaosie. A champion of freedom, he died during a cholera outbreak in Turkey, 1855, while recruiting a Polish legion to fight the Russians in the Crimea. Originally buried in Paris, Mickiewicz's body now lies in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków.

His defining masterpiece, Pan Tadeusz, is a beautifully written epic portraying Polish society in the 19th century. His statue dominates ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście, and traces of bullet holes dating from WWII are still visible on the monument.

http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/w...onument_18456v

[CENTER]


http://images.cdn.fotopedia.com/6nf9...l_1024x768.jpg

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:15 AM   #36
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Statue of Pieter Paul Rubens - Antwerp, Belgium

Rubens is one of Flanders' most famous baroque painters, maybe even the most famous. He was born in 1577 and died in 1640. He traveled across Italy, Spain, ... to study famous art works. He then again settled in Antwerp and became the court painter of Isabella of Spain and Albrecht of Austria. Antwerp becomes more wealthy and he keeps getting more and more works to paint. His paintings are truly amazing and can be seen all over the world. In 1843 he finally got his first statue on the Groenplaats in Antwerp, which was also the first statue of a Flemish person.


source


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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:28 AM   #37
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Jan Kiliński Monument (Pomnik Jana Kilińskiego) - Warsaw, Poland

A monument honouring Jan Kiliński, a Warsaw cobbler who became the unlikely hero of the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising. Despite being wounded twice, Kiliński and his troop of peasants captured the Russian Ambassador's Warsaw residence; an action that ultimately led to his imprisonment in St. Petersburg. Said to embody the Polish virtues of bravery and patriotism, his statue was erected in 1936 and originally located on pl. Krasińskich. In reprisal for an attack on the Copernicus Monument, Nazi troops hid Kiliński inside the vaults of the National Museum. Within days, boy scouts had daubed the museum with the graffiti ‘People of Warsaw! I am here, Jan Kiliński.’ After the war the cobbler was returned to his rightful place, before being finally relocated to ul. Podwale in 1959.
http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/w...onument_19577v

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:34 AM   #38
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Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius in Capitoline Hill
Rome


The Capitoline Hill, between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the seven hills of Rome. It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans. By the 16th century, Capitolinus had become Capitolino in Italian, with the alternative Campidoglio stemming from Capitolium. The English word capitol derives from Capitoline. The Capitoline contains few ancient ground-level ruins, as they are almost entirely covered up by Medieval and Renaissance palaces (now housing the Capitoline Museums) that surround a piazza, a significant urban plan designed by Michelangelo.

The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius is an ancient Roman statue in the Campidoglio, Rome, Italy. It is made of bronze and stands 4.24 m tall. Although the emperor is mounted, it exhibits many similarities to standing statues of Augustus. The original is on display in the Capitoline Museums, with the one now standing in the open air of the Piazza del Campidoglio being a replica made in 1981 when the original was taken down for restoration.

The overall theme is one of power and divine grandeur — the emperor is over life-size and is holding out his hand in a gesture much like that in the Augustus' portraits. In this case the gesture may also signify clemency as some historians assert that a fallen enemy may have been sculpted begging for mercy under the horse's raised hoof (based on accounts from medieval times which suggest that a small figure of a bound barbarian chieftain once crouched underneath the horse's front right leg). Such an image was meant to portray the Emperor as victorious and all-conquering. However, shown without weapons or armor, Marcus Aurelius seems to be a bringer of peace rather than a military hero, for this is how he saw himself and his reign. He is riding without the use of stirrups, which had not yet been introduced to the West.

The statue was erected in 175 CE. Its original location is debated: the Roman Forum and Piazza Colonna (where the Column of Marcus Aurelius stands) have been proposed. Although there were many equestrian imperial statues, they rarely survived because it was practice to melt down bronze statues for reuse as coin or new sculptures in the late empire. Statues were also destroyed because medieval Christians thought that they were pagan idols. The statue of Marcus Aurelius was not melted down because in the Middle Ages it was incorrectly thought to portray the first Christian Emperor Constantine. Indeed, it is the only fully surviving bronze statue of a pre-Christian Roman emperor.

In the medieval era it was one of the few Roman statues to remain on public view. In the 8th century it stood in the Lateran Palace in Rome, from where it was relocated in 1538 to the Piazza del Campidoglio (Capitoline Hill) during Michelangelo's redesign of the Hill. Though he disagreed with its central positioning, he designed a special pedestal for it. The original is on display in the Palazzo dei Conservatori of the Musei Capitolini, while a replica has replaced it in the square.
On the night of November 29, 1849, at the inception of the revolutionary Roman Republic, a mass procession set up the Red-White-Green tricolore (now Flag of Italy, then a new and highly "subversive" flag) in the hands of the mounted Marcus Aurelius.

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Marco Aurelio di simone savo  www.simonesavo.com, su Flickr

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Marco Aurelio nella notte Romana di fonsico, su Flickr

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Capitoline Square | Senatorial Palace di Paul Biris (exploring Corsica and Sardinia), su Flickr
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:39 AM   #39
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Why limit it to Europe?

Brooklyn
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image hosted on flickr


Bronx


Central Park


Midtown



Rockefeller Center

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 03:48 AM   #40
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Fountain of Neptune
Bologna


The Fountain of Neptune (Fontana di Nettuno) is a monumental civic fountain located in the eponymous square, Piazza Nettuno, next to Piazza Maggiore, in Bologna, Italy. Its bronze figure of Neptune, extending his reach in a lordly gesture of stilling and controlling the waters, is an early work of Giambologna's maturity, completed about 1567.

An innovation of Giambologna's fountain designs is the fantastic and non-geometrical forms he gave to the basins into which water splashed and flowed, "curiously folded, bulging and elastic in form", as Rosalind Grippi remarked. The fountain is a model example of Mannerist taste of the courtly elite in the mid-sixteenth century: construction of the statue was commissioned by the Cardinal Legate of the city, Charles Borromeo, to symbolize the fortunate recent election of Borromeo's uncle as Pope Pius IV.

The work was designed by the Palermitan architect Tommaso Laureti in 1563, with an over-lifesize bronze of the god Neptune on the top, executed by Giambologna, who had submitted a model for the fountain of Neptune in Florence, but had lost the commission to Baccio Bandinelli. Before the fountain was built, an entire edifice was demolished to make space for it. The fountain was completed in 1565, and the Neptune was fixed in place within a couple of years.

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La fontana del Nettuno di David Maccaroni, su Flickr

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il nettuno di Antonio_Trogu, su Flickr

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bologna-fontana del nettuno di L e l e, su Flickr

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Bologna Unconventional:Piazza del Nettuno di L e l e, su Flickr

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Cry-stmas in Bologna di L e l e, su Flickr
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