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Old July 23rd, 2013, 07:40 AM   #41
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Re: Post No. 37

Sorry. I did not notice that this thread was in the European sub forum. It's a great thread.
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 01:22 PM   #42
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The Palais Longchamp - Marseille, France

The Palais Longchamp, inaugurated in 1869, was created to celebrate the construction of the Canal de Marseille, which was built to bring water from the Durance River to Marseille, because the city knew supply problems in water.

Although the foundation stone was laid by the Duke of Orleans on 15 November 1839, the building took 30 years to complete, partly because of the enormous expense and partly because of difficulties with local regulations.

Designed by the architect Henry Esperandieu, the building was centered on the structure and elaborate fountain known as the chateau d'eau ("water castle").

Palace consists of three entities:
  • In the center, the water castle built to celebrate the arrival to Marseille waters of Durance River.
  • In the left wing of the palace, the museum of the beaux-arts.
  • And in the right wing, Natural history museum.

Behind the palace, there is a park, a botanical garden and a zoo.




Detail :



By night :

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 01:39 PM   #43
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Beautiful
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 05:53 PM   #44
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Statue of Adam Mickiewicz - Poznan, Poland

The Polish poet, whose life was described in Rychlik's post above, was very popular in Wielkopolska (the province of Great-Poland). When he died in 1855 in Constantinople, a committee was formed already a year later in order to make a statue for him. The first project was already ready in 1856. As Poland was occupied by Prussia in that time, a long procedure started to gain the right to place the statue in the city. It was already ready in 1857, made by a Polish sculptor in Paris, and came to Poznan in August of that year.

In April 1858, the only Polish member of the Prussian parliament held a speech, which was positively accepted by other members of parliament. After the speech important German member of parliament, as well as a known Prussian art historian, started to support the Polish demand for the statue. The matter came into the German newspapers. It was only in December of 1858 that the regent Prince Wilhelm, who was ruling for the ill King Frederic Wilhelm IV, gave his permission for the statue.

On the 7th of May 1859, the statue was revealed next to the church of Holy Martin on a very small square. It was the first statue of the famous Polish poet on Polish soil.

In 1902 the city wanted to replace the statue due to it's material, which wouldn't be good for a longer time. In 1903 the renovation started: the old sculpted statue was changed with a statue in bronze and two bronze figures were added on the square. The old statue was moved to another place in the city.

Both statues were destroyed in 1939 when German forces entered the city and started to destroy the main Polish statues, like for example the 12m high statue of Christ which was build in order to thank God for the independence of Poland in 1918.

In 1955 the idea was formed to reintroduce the statue in the city. In 1957 a committee was formed for that purpose. In 1960 the 4 meter high statue was revealed. Poznan had once again a statue of Poland's most famous poet.

Statue before the war

source

Statue now

source


source


source
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Old July 23rd, 2013, 06:19 PM   #45
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Statue of Mikołaj Kopernik (Copernicus) - Warsaw, Poland

The statue of Kopernik is one of Warsaw's landmarks. It stands before the Staszic palace, the seat of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and was designed by the Danish artist Bertel Thorvaldsen in 1822 and completed in 1830.

Copernicus holds a compass and armillary sphere. The statue was financed by public donations and by the Polish scientist Stanislaw Staszic.

He planned to place the statue in Copernicus' city, Torun, upon hearing that Napoleon, when he visited the city in 1807, was surprised Torun had no statue of Copernicus. Sadly the Duchy of Warsaw fell when Napoleon was defeated. There was no place for a statue in Torun, since it was occupied by Prussia. But Warsaw, under Russian occupation, was permitted to place a statue of Copernicus.

There are two inscriptions: on the east in Latin 'Nicolo Copernico Grata Patria' (for Nicolaus Copernicus from a grateful nation) and on the west in Polish "Mikołajowi Kopernikowi Rodacy" ("To Mikołaj Kopernik from his compatriots").

The statue had a turbulent history during the Second World War. After Germany invaded Poland, it removed the Latin and Polish inscriptions and wrote: 'To Nicolaus Copernicus from the German Nation'. On 11 February 1942, the Polish Resistance member Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski removed this plaque. On 21 February the Germans moved the earlier mentioned statue of Jan Kilinski to the National Museum. Dawidowski and his friends placed a big graffito on the museum, stating: 'People of Warsaw, I am here - Jan Kilinski'. On 13 March they placed a plaque on the monument of Copernicus: ' "For removal of the Kiliński statue, I am extending the winter by two months. Kopernik."

In the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, the statue was damaged and taken by the Germans to Nysa to melt it down. But they didn't have the time to do that. The statue was brought back to Warsaw on 22 July 1945 and revealed on 22 July 1949, where it still stands proudly.

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Old July 23rd, 2013, 11:58 PM   #46
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Italy: fascinating country of contrasts!
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Old July 24th, 2013, 01:27 AM   #47
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"Calamita cosmica" in MAXXI Museum
(temporary exhibition)
Rome

Giant sculpure of Gino De Dominicis.

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Old July 24th, 2013, 04:12 AM   #48
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Quote:
Originally Posted by IThomas View Post
Come and visit us! We need more and more tourists!
You should get money from the italian tourism office

I've been to italy for the first time 13 years ago. It was a school exchange program (1 week in Napoli and 1 in Sicily). It was like a time travel into an ancient world. Every italian city center is like an open-air museum.
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Old July 24th, 2013, 04:20 AM   #49
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Thank you so much "Unfortunately" we have a high percentage of artistic and monumental heritage in the world. And it's really hard to mantain everything we own.
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Old July 24th, 2013, 04:32 AM   #50
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Eros Bendato [Eros Bound] - Krakow, Poland

Among Kraków’s most well-known landmarks, this sculpture in the western corner of the market square is a popular meeting place and at some point serves as a photographic backdrop for almost every tourist who visits the city. Affectionately referred to as ‘The Head’, the bronze body part’s official title is ‘Eros Bendato’ (Eros Bound) and is the work of Polish artist Igor Mitoraj. A student of Tadeusz Kantor’s at the Kraków School of Art, an exhibition of 14 of Mitoraj’s monumental works dressed the Rynek from Oct 17, 2003 to Jan 25, 2004, during which the artist gifted this work to the city, sparking controversy over what to do with it. Initially, the sculpture was designated for Plac Kolejowy (E-2), but the artist was indignant about having his work in front of a commercial building (Galeria Krakowska). Despite protest from historians and many locals, the sculpture eventually found it’s current place near the Town Hall Tower, where it has become an unexpected tourist attraction. In summer, children can be seen crawling all over the hollow edifice, sticking their heads and limbs through the eyeholes for camera-snapping parents, though winter too often finds it profaned with trash and foul-smelling liquids. Fans of Mitoraj’s work will find another of his large sculptures – titled ‘Luci di Nara’ - adorning the charming courtyard of Collegium Luridicum (ul. Grodzka 53, C-4), and another in front of the Kraków Opera building (ul. Lubicz 48, E-2).
http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/k...Bendato_58845v

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Old July 24th, 2013, 09:54 PM   #51
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Old July 28th, 2013, 02:43 PM   #52
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Goldener Reiter in Dresden, Sachsen

The Goldener Reiter (golden equestrian) is a monument dedicated to August dem Starken. As Friedrich August I. he was duke and elector of Saxony and as August II. (from 1697-1706 and 1709-1733) also King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. It is situated in Dresden, the capital of the german Freestate of Saxony.
The figure is made up of cupper and was created from 1732-1734 by Ludwig Wiedemann. The socle is from Zacharias Longuelune and the complete monument was unveiled on 26th November 1736.


image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/mr172/4...n/photostream/


image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/3044805...eeKMje-7pE4tw/

image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/3044805...47hwhj-47cFvx/


image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/baerche...n/photostream/
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Old July 28th, 2013, 07:32 PM   #53
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Nice statue of August II

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Old July 28th, 2013, 07:34 PM   #54
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The Girondists monument - Bordeaux, France

The Girondists monument is situated on the Place des Quinconces.
It was erected between 1894 and 1902 in memory of the Girondists who fell victim of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution and celebrate the Republic.
The column was erected by Achille Dumilatre and Victor Rich.

It's composed of a large pedestal framed with two basins, decorated with bronze horses and troops, and surmounted by a large column (54 metres in height) with a statue on top that represents the spirit of liberty.

Among the sculptures are :
  • towards the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux: triumph of the Republic
  • towards the district of Chartrons: triumph of the Concorde
  • towards the river Garonne: the Tribune with the French cockerel
    • to its right, History
    • on its left, the Éloquence
  • towards the Tourny square: the city of Bordeaux sitting on the prow of a ship with a Cornucopia.
    • to the right of the base: the Dordogne River
    • to the left the Garonne
At the feet of the tank with horses: Ignorance, Lie and Vice. The quadriga horse-fish is a representation of Happiness.




The Triumph of the Republic :


Detail :



The Triumph of the Concorde :


Detail :



Genius of Liberty on top of the column :


Aerial view of The Triumph of the Republic :

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Old July 28th, 2013, 11:41 PM   #55
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Sankt Göran och Draken (Saint George and the Dragon), Stockholm

Erected in Storkyrkan in 1489 to commemorate Sten Sture the elder's victory over Kristian I of Denmark and Norway at the battle of Brunkeberg in 1471.


Wikipedia

There's also a replica outdoors for public display at Köpmannatorget which was erected in 1912.
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Old July 29th, 2013, 01:28 AM   #56
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Impressive, in the german wiki article of the church I read, that it was created by Bernd Notke from Lübeck. I suppose this is still the original late gothic version of colours at the sculpture and no historistic idea?
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Old July 29th, 2013, 01:50 AM   #57
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Monumental / Luminous Fountain - Lisbon, Portugal

Dating from 1940 this monumental fountain, the largest ever to be built in Lisbon and designed by Carlos and Guillherme Rebelo de Andrade, commemorates the construction of the Tagus Canal and the regular supply of drinking water to the city.

The backrest of the fountain resembles a dam wall which is pierced by the water that falls on double bowls with an unusual form of a papyrus.

The statues in the fountain, Tagus mermaides called Tágides and the equestrian figure of the river itself, made by Maximiano Alves and Diogo de Macedo, are a reference to the maritime mythology of the Lusíadas, the epic book from Luís de Camões, Portugal's greatest poet.

On the side walls, two ceramic panels by Jorge Barradas, resembling stone, represent allegories to the water life cycle, abundance, agricultural labor and the city of Lisbon.

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Old July 29th, 2013, 02:05 AM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Saxonia View Post
Impressive, in the german wiki article of the church I read, that it was created by Bernd Notke from Lübeck. I suppose this is still the original late gothic version of colours at the sculpture and no historistic idea?
To my knowledge the colors are original and I can't find any mention of anything else through Google.

According to the Swedish wiki Notke was long thought to be the sculptor, but that the theory has been questioned lately. I think the ones questioning the Notke-theory are in minority though.
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Old July 29th, 2013, 05:24 PM   #59
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Stauferstelen

Stauferstelen are monuments dedicated to the medieval dynastie of the Staufer who reigned the Holy Roman Empire in the 12th and 13th century. Well known kings and emperors are for example Friedrich I. called Barbarossa and Friedrich II. The steles are build by Markus Wolf and they are situated at important places of the dynastie. The octogonal design is a reminiscence of the Castel del Monte in southeast Italy.The project is led by the Komitee der Stauferfreunde (commitee of Staufer friends). Each stele is financed by a private sponsor and consists of massive stone. By now, there are 21 steles in Germany, Austria, Italy, France and Czech Republic. The last stele was unveiled on 12. July 2013 in the Bohemian city of Eger/Cheb. Many more are planned.

Stele at the Hohenstaufen in southwest Germany (home of the family). It's bigger than the other ones.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:H...auferstele.jpg

First stele in Fiorentino, Italy. Built in year 2000.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:F...stele-2008.jpg

Ellwangen (2012)

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:E...auferstele.jpg

Weinsberg (2009)

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fi...auferstele.jpg
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Old July 29th, 2013, 06:39 PM   #60
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Mora Stenar, Uppland

Mora Stenar was the location where the kings of Sweden were elected. The origins of this tradition is unknown, and the last king to be elected was the Kalmar Union king Kristian I of Denmark in 1457. The law stated:

Quote:
The three folklands (Tiundaland, Attundaland and Fjärdhundraland) shall first elect king. Then the election will be sanctioned by the lawspeaker of Uppland and then by all his subordinate lawspeakers in the rest of the kingdom, one by one.
To gain all the subordinate lawspeakers' sanction the king had to ride the Eriksgata throughout the kingdom.

Mora Stenar are actually commemorative stones that were erected each time a new king was chosen. Mora Stenar surrounded Mora Sten which was the stone on top of which kings were elected. Mora Sten has been lost (possibly hidden or destroyed) while fragments of Mora Stenar remain in the same meadow they've been for centuries, however since 1770 inside a house.


Wikipedia


Wikipedia
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