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Old October 2nd, 2013, 05:25 PM   #1
manon
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Σινώπη | Sinop - Picturesque & Historical Resort City Near The Black Sea

SİNOP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinop,_Turkey
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Σινώπη

Traces of human habitation near Sinop have been dated as far back as the 4,500 BC and there were Bronze Age settlements here dating from 3,000 to 2,700 BC and of the early Hittite period of 1,800 BC. During the 8th century BC colonists from Miletus established a trading post here and named it Sinope (Σινώπη) after the daughter of a river god. Sinope in turn established new colonies: Cotyora (Ordu), Cerasus (Giresun), and Trapezus (Trabzon).



The cynic philosopher Diogenes (400-323 BC) was borne here and later moved to Athens after his father was accused of adulterating coins. Sinope was where in 399 BC Xenophon and the 10,000 Greek mercenaries first sighted the sea after a long march from Persia and exclaimed: Θάλαττα, θάλαττα (the sea, the sea). In 375 BC Sinope was conquered for a while by Datames the satrap of Cappadocia and then fell under the Persians. In 333 BC it became part of the Macedonian kingdom of Alexander the Great. Mithridates III and his son Pharmaces I took Sinope in 183 BC and made it the capital of their Kingdom of Pontus. This kingdom was overtaken by the Roman general Lucullus in 68 BC and Sinope was declared part of Rome by Pompey in 63 BC.

In the Byzantine period, Sinope declined but in the first half of the 6th century AD had a revival under Justinian, who built castles, aqueducts, bridges, and churches. It was taken from the Byzantines by emir Karatekin in 1084 and formed an emirate together with Kastamonu and Çankr but was later recaptured by the Byzantines. During the Fourth Crusade when the crusaders sacked Constantinople in 1204, Sinope came under the rule of the emperor of Trapezun Alexios I Komnenos. During this time the Genoese established here a trading post under an agreement with the Komneni. In 1124 the city was captured by the Selcuks but was retaken in 1254 by Manuel I Komnenos and was held until 1265 when again it fell to the Selcuks. In 1324 the city was captured by the Turkomans and renamed Sinop. They held it until 1461 when the Ottomans captured it under Mehmet II.
In 1853 the city was bombarded by Russian ships and badly damaged.



Situated at Turkey’s northernmost point, Sinop was once the city of the legendary Amazon warrior-women. Today it is a major Black Sea port. Sinop is one of the most beautiful natural seaports of the Black Sea Region. It is one of the oldest cities of the region and is the birth lace of the philosopher Diogene. Sinop provides unbelievable beauties to its visitors with the beaches which lie one each other.



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Various stories are told, most of them laced with myth, about the origin of the name of Sinop, which was used as a harbor and military base by the Romans, the Byzantines, the Seljuks, the Candarid principality and the Ottomans. Widespread legend has it, for example, that Sinope was the name of the beautiful daughter of the River god Aesop of Greek mythology. Zeus fell in love with Sinope and, at her wish, settled her in the Black Sea’s loveliest spot, the place where Sinop, in its time-shortened form, is located today. Various Hittite tablets indicate that the place was called Sinova in the Hittite language. The Assyrian warrior-traders who came to trade here way back in those times called the city after their own moon god, Sin. In the language of the original mariner-settlers the name was apparently Sinavur. And the Amazons, who lived in both Sinop and Samsun, are said to have had a queen by the name of Sinope, whose name they gave to the city.



Sinop’s extant monuments include a ruined ancient citadel rebuilt during Byzantine and Seljuk periods, some isolated columns and inscribed stones built into the old walls and dating from the early Greek and Roman periods, and the Alâeddin Camii (Mosque), built in 1214. A 13th-century Alâiye religious school now houses the local museum. The town’s citadel dates from that early age and the foundations of the Temple of Serapis is to be found on the grounds of the Archaeological Museum where some beautiful golden icons are displayed. The 13th century Alâeddin Mosque, the Alaiye Madrasah, and the Balatlar Church are of interest in the city.



image hosted on flickr

Gece Mavisi by ahmetakoz, on Flickr






Traditional nautical woodcarvings, good crystal and the original cotton clothes of the city are praiseworthy and unique, so you will want to have examples of these artifacts. The seaside hotels and holiday villages are really nice to sit in a fish restaurant by the harbor and watch the perfect combination of green and light blue while sipping your wine. Hamsilos Fjord, 11 km from the city center is the only fjord in the country.


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Sinop City Wall by Caucas', on Flickr










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Köy Evi-3 by econoktay76, on Flickr

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city by Caucas', on Flickr

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Erfelek Waterfalls by volkan.andac, on Flickr

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Sinop by serdar yılmaz, on Flickr

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Sinop by caucas, on Flickr

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Erfelek Takım Şelaleleri by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr

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Foggy by yigit123, on Flickr

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sinop by caucas, on Flickr

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View to Sinop by blauepics, on Flickr



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Sinop, the hometown of Diogenes by Irina Ovchinnikova, on Flickr
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hey gidi by dulsine, on Flickr

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in the heat of the night by Caucas', on Flickr





photos by skylife magazine

image hosted on flickr

Sinop by econoktay76, on Flickr
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Last edited by manon; October 4th, 2013 at 10:59 AM.
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Old October 2nd, 2013, 10:15 PM   #2
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Nice! The city's location is really interesting.
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Old October 4th, 2013, 10:53 AM   #3
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image hosted on flickr

Sinop Limaniçi by econoktay76, on Flickr

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The Flag by Caucas', on Flickr



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Colourfull street by caucas, on Flickr

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Sinop in blue by Caucas', on Flickr

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Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr



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Tatlıca Şelaleri 3 by econoktay76, on Flickr





photos by skylife magazine
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Old October 5th, 2013, 11:05 AM   #4
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Erfelek waterfall

http://500px.com/photo/43087414


http://500px.com/photo/43900538

Boyabat castle

http://500px.com/photo/45815754


http://500px.com/photo/46668170

akgol lake, sinop

http://500px.com/photo/47677902

erfelek waterfalls

http://500px.com/photo/48067326
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Old November 16th, 2013, 10:39 PM   #5
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image hosted on flickr

Sinop by SinemKaracabay, on Flickr

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Sinop Kalesi by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr


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DEPTH: UNKNOWN by NURETTIN MERT AYDIN, on Flickr

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surdan bunalım by NURETTIN MERT AYDIN, on Flickr

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marina döngüsü by NURETTIN MERT AYDIN, on Flickr

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INCE BEL by NURETTIN MERT AYDIN, on Flickr
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daha da kuytu by NURETTIN MERT AYDIN, on Flickr
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Old December 7th, 2013, 01:15 PM   #6
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http://500px.com/photo/51998890


http://500px.com/photo/52533772
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Old December 31st, 2013, 06:13 PM   #7
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image hosted on flickr

sinop by JessHossendoust, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr

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Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr


image hosted on flickr

sinop by wpuygulama, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr

Akgol lake, sinop

http://500px.com/photo/55078576


http://500px.com/photo/54971526

image hosted on flickr

Sinop by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr

image hosted on flickr

Sinop Kalesi by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr
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Old January 13th, 2014, 11:42 PM   #8
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Cok güzel !
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Old April 19th, 2014, 11:36 PM   #9
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Sinop 1 by sindem, on Flickr


Sinop by SinemKaracabay ☮, on Flickr
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Old April 20th, 2014, 11:33 AM   #10
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Great, very nice photos from Sinop
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Old June 17th, 2014, 11:27 PM   #11
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Sinop by aydinsert, on Flickr


Hamsilos - Sinop by Osman N. Çelen, on Flickr


Turkey 0591 m by roook76, on Flickr


Erfelek Şelaleleri - Sinop by Osman N. Çelen, on Flickr


Erfelek Şelaleleri - Sinop by Osman N. Çelen, on Flickr


Erfelek Şelaleleri - Sinop by Osman N. Çelen, on Flickr
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Old July 3rd, 2014, 12:20 PM   #12
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erfelek waterfall











http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Mid...ack_Sea/Sinop/
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Old July 7th, 2014, 06:35 PM   #13
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Sinop in blue by Caucas', on Flickr
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Old August 16th, 2015, 03:22 PM   #14
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Sinop by Tuncay Karadas, on Flickr

Kiraz Tepeden Sinop by 206 Hd, on Flickr

Sinop by . ., on Flickr

Hamsilos Sinop by mutafi, on Flickr
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