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Old October 31st, 2013, 10:32 AM   #1
Cyrus
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Architecture of Mythical and Legendary Architects

In every culture there are some legends and stories about buildings that there are little info about them, especially those ones which have been always considered as wonders.
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Old October 31st, 2013, 10:54 AM   #2
Cyrus
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Farhadtarash (Farhad Cut), Behistun (a UNESCO world heritage site)
The largest stone carving in the world

The most recent story about it dates back to late Sassanid period when Khosrow II, one of the greatest Sassanid kings, ruled in Iran: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khosrow_and_Shirin

Quote:
A sculptor named Farhad, falls in love with Shirin and becomes Khosrow's love-rival. Khosrow cannot bide Farhad, so he sends him on an exile to Behistun mountain with the impossible task of carving stairs out of the cliff rocks. Farhad begins his task hoping that Khosrow will allow him marry Shirin. Yet, Khosrow sends a messenger to Farhad and gives him false news of Shirin's death. Hearing this false news, Farhad throws himself from the mountaintop and dies.

The influence of the legend of Farhad is not limited to literature, but permeates the whole of Persian culture, including folklore and the fine arts. Farhad’s helve supposedly grew into a tree with medicinal qualities, and there are popular laments for Farhad, especially among the Kurds (Mokri).
But one of the oldest stories about it dates back around 400 BCE, Ctesias, a Greek physician and historian from Cnidus in Caria and who was physician to Artaxerxes Mnemon whom he accompanied in 401 BC on Artaxerxes' expedition against his brother Cyrus the Younger, noted the existence of this monument and also made mention of a well and a garden beneath it. He says it had been dedicated by Queen Semiramis (a legendary Assyrian warrior queen associated with Ninus, eponymous founder of Nineveh) of Babylon to Zeus.

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