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Old October 5th, 2017, 10:29 AM   #3701
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Le Colonne di Roma Columns in Rome

Colonna Traiana


Trajan's Column Latin: COLVMNA·TRAIANI) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. It is located in Trajan's Forum, built near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum. Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians (101–102 and 105–106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.

The structure is about 30 metres (98 feet) in height, 35 metres (115 feet) including its large pedestal. The shaft is made from a series of 20 colossal Carrara marble drums, each weighing about 32 tons, with a diameter of 3.7 metres (12.1 feet). The 190-metre (620-foot) frieze winds around the shaft 23 times. Inside the shaft, a spiral staircase of 185 steps provides access to a viewing platform at the top. The capital block of Trajan's Column weighs 53.3 tons, which had to be lifted to a height of c. 34 metres (112 feet).

Ancient coins indicate preliminary plans to top the column with a statue of a bird, probably an eagle, but after construction, a statue of Trajan was put in place; this statue disappeared in the Middle Ages. On December 4, 1587, the top was crowned by Pope Sixtus V with a bronze figure of St. Peter, which remains to this day. The column was originally flanked by two libraries, which may have contained Trajan's scroll-written despatches from his Roman-Dacian Wars. Filippo Coarelli suggests that such scrolls are the basis both of the column's design and its spiraling, sculpted narrative. The column shows 2,662 figures, and 155 scenes; Trajan himself appears on the column 58 times

Santissimo Nome di Maria and Colonna Traiana, Rome, Italy by D200-PAUL, su Flickr

COLONNA TRAIANA A ROMA - Fori imperiali, Foro di Traiano by Philosofia, su Flickr

IMG_7214 b by FAJM, su Flickr

Colonna Traiana, Rome by Gary Ullah, su Flickr

Colonna Traiana by Giulia C., su Flickr


Colonna di Marco Aurelio

The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, ) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column.
Because the original dedicatory inscription has been destroyed, it is not known whether it was built during the emperor’s reign (on the occasion of the triumph over the Marcomanni, Quadi and Sarmatians in the year 176) or after his death in 180; however, an inscription found in the vicinity attests that the column was completed by 193.

In terms of the topography of ancient Rome, the column stood on the north part of the Campus Martius, in the centre of a square. This square was either between the temple of Hadrian (probably the Hadrianeum) and the temple of Marcus Aurelius (dedicated by his son Commodus, of which nothing now remains - it was probably on the site of Palazzo Wedekind), or within the latter’s sacred precinct, of which nothing remains. Nearby is the site where the emperor’s cremation occurred.

The column’s shaft is 29.62 metres (97.2 ft) high, on a ca. 10.1-metre (33 ft) high base, which in turn originally stood on a 3 metres (9.8 ft) high platform - the column in total is 39.72 metres (130.3 ft) About 3 metres of the base have been below ground level since the 1589 restoration.
The column consists of 27 or 28 blocks of Carrara marble, each of 3.7 metres (12 ft) diameter, hollowed out whilst still at the quarry for a stairway of 190-200 steps within the column up to a platform at the top. Just as with Trajan’s Column, this stairway is illuminated through narrow slits into the relief.
The spiral picture relief tells the story of Marcus Aurelius’ Danubian or Marcomannic wars, waged by him from 166 to his death. The story begins with the army crossing the river Danube, probably at Carnuntum. A Victory separates the accounts of two expeditions. The exact chronology of the events is disputed; however, the latest theory states that the expeditions against the Marcomanni and Quadi in the years 172 and 173 are in the lower half and the successes of the emperor over the Sarmatians in the years 174 and 175 in the upper half


Column.of.marcus.aurelius.complete.arp [Public domain], by Adrian Pingstone (Arpingstone) (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons

Colonna di Marco Aurelio e Galleria Alberto Sordi by Matteo Bimonte, su Flickr


Detail.from.column.of.marcus.aurelius.arp [Public domain], by Adrian Pingstone (Arpingstone) (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons

Roma - Colonna di Marco Aurelio by Massimo M., su Flickr

Colonna di Marco Aurelio - Column of Marcus Aurelius by Cinzia Sun, su Flickr
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Old October 5th, 2017, 04:01 PM   #3702
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Necropoli Etrusca, Sovana - Toscana Etruscan Necropolis, Sovana - Tuscany

Viaggio nell'oscurità: la luce alle spalle, il mistero e i secoli davanti agli occhi. "Vie Cave" (Necropoli Etrusca di Sovana). by Lorenzo Vannucci, su Flickr

Sovana by RʘBERTʘ, su Flickr

Sovana - Archeological site by Tim Cooper, su Flickr

necropoli etrusca di Sovana (gr) by DOMENICO MODESTI, su Flickr

Necropoli Etrusca di Sovana by Francesco Cagnino, su Flickr

Sovana - Archeological site by Tim Cooper, su Flickr

Necropoli Etrusca di Sovana by Francesco Cagnino, su Flickr

Demoni Alati Necropoli di Sovana by Francesca Lazzarotti, su Flickr

Necropoli etrusca di Sovana: "Tomba della Sirena" - (Etruscan necropolis of Sovana: " the Mermaid's grave&quot. by Ariano Falzolgher, su Flickr
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Old October 5th, 2017, 04:15 PM   #3703
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Chiesa di san Carlo alle Quattro fontane, Roma -Lazio

The church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Saint Charles at the Four Fountains) is a Roman Catholic church in Rome, Italy. The church was designed by the architect Francesco Borromini and it was his first independent commission. It is an iconic masterpiece of Baroque architecture, built as part of a complex of monastic buildings on the Quirinal Hill for the Spanish Trinitarians, an order dedicated to the freeing of Christian slaves. He received the commission in 1634, under the patronage of Cardinal Francesco Barberini, whose palace was across the road. However, this financial backing did not last and subsequently the building project suffered various financial difficulties. It is one of at least three churches in Rome dedicated to San Carlo, including San Carlo ai Catinari and San Carlo al Corso.

This church is also also called San Carlino because the whole building is the size of each of the pillars that support Saint Peter's Dome .


San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane Rome Italy [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], by Afernand74 (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons


Borromini Drawing 02-2009-23-01-retouched [Public domain], by Borromini_Drawing_02.jpg: Fb78
derivative work: Alberto Fernandez Fernandez (Borromini_Drawing_02.jpg), from Wikimedia Commons

Roma. by Marco Farolfi, su Flickr


SCarloQuattroFontaneRome2 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], by Welleschik (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons


SCarloQuattroFontaneRome1 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], di Welleschik (Opera propria), da Wikimedia Commons


RomaSanCarlino4FontaneChiostro4 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], di MM (Opera propria), da Wikimedia Commons
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Old October 5th, 2017, 08:22 PM   #3704
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Nora, Sardegna

Nora (Nuras in the mediaeval Sardinian language) is an ancient Roman and pre-Roman town on a peninsula near Pula, near to Cagliari in Sardinia.

In his Description of Greece, Pausanias, a Greek-Roman geographer of the second century, narrates the mythological foundation of the city: "After Aristaeus, the Iberians crossed to Sardinia, under Norax as leader of the expedition, and they founded the city of Nora. The tradition is that this was the first city in the island, and they say that Norax was a son of Erytheia, the daughter of Geryon, with Hermes for his father."

The area was previously occupied by a village of indigenous Sardinians, but soon became an emporium and then a Phoenician city. Especially after the conquest of Carthage, Nora flourished, as (along with Bithia near Chia) it was the first stage on the sea route from Carthage to Sardinia and its most important city, Cagliari. The Nora Stone, a Phoenician inscription found at Nora in 1773, has been dated by palaeographic methods to between the late 9th century and early 8th century BCE, and has been interpreted as referring to a Phoenician military victory and conquest of the area.

After a period of domination by Carthage, the town came under Roman control after the conquest of Sardinia in 238 BCE. The city is mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a Roman-period road map. It went into decline from the 4th century CE after the Vandal conquest of Sardinia. According to the Ravenna Cosmography, after the Arab conquest of Carthage the city lost its economic function and became a simple fort (Nora praesidium).[6] Nora appears to have been abandoned during the 8th century. Its toponym, however, remained in the name of a curadoria (main administrative division) of Judicatus of Caralis at the beginning of the second millennium. Nora was an important trading town in its time, with two protected harbours, one on each side of the peninsula. Several different building styles can be seen in the excavated buildings.

Because the southern part of Sardinia is sinking into the Mediterranean Sea, a substantial part of the former town is now under the sea.[8] A similar fate has befallen nearby Bithia, which is now completely submerged.

A significant part of the town of Nora situated on land belonging to the Italian Army has not been excavated.

The ruins of Nora are an open-air museum, and the remains of the theatre are occasionally used for concerts in the summer.

semplicemente Nora by Davide Ibiza, su Flickr

Nora, Sardinia by Claudia Bazdoaca, su Flickr

Laguna di Nora by Sofia Piras, su Flickr

Nora_costa_20160903_0052-Edit by Ivan Sgualdini, su Flickr

Patrician Residence, Nora by D4N, su Flickr

Ruins of Nora by elsie_petri, su Flickr

Sardegna - NORA by Jedidi, su Flickr

Amphitheatre, Nora by D4N, su Flickr

Nora (Cagliari) by paola, su Flickr
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Old October 5th, 2017, 08:36 PM   #3705
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Vernazza, Liguria

Vernazza by Matteo Viviani, su Flickr

Vernazza by Carl Larson, su Flickr

Vernazza, Italy by Federico Scotto d'Antuono, su Flickr

Vernazza, Cinque Terre (Italy) #2 by Eric Rousset, su Flickr

Vernazza HDR by Broogland - Nicolas Guédon, su Flickr

Le Cinque Terre - Vernazza by Luca Libralato, su Flickr

Vernazza by fesign, su Flickr
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Old October 9th, 2017, 07:34 PM   #3706
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Certosa di Vedana, Veneto


The chartreuse lived its most flourishing period around the middle of the sixteenth century. A century before, in 1456, the Carthusian fathers of the rule of St. Brunone had purchased the Vedana hut from the chapter of the canonics of Belluno, in a place of contemplation and welcome of the travelers. The charter became thus a true self-sufficient village. After several historical vicissitudes (the famous scholar Girolamo Segato was born in the Carthusian in the 18th century when it was confiscated and converted into a farm), from 1998 to 2014, the complex hosted a community of clergy nuns from the Riva di Pinerolo Charterhouse.

Certosa di Vedana (Belluno Valley, Veneto, Italy) by Stefano Zerauschek, su Flickr

Certosa di Vedana by dolomitibl, su Flickr


Certosa di Vedana2 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], di Fflavio74 (Opera propria), da Wikimedia Commons

Certosa di Vedana, viale d'ingresso by NuovaFotografiaBellunese, su Flickr
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Old October 15th, 2017, 01:00 AM   #3707
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Sa Rutta ‘e Su Crabargiu, Urzulei - Sardegna

Cascata di Giunturas by *Tamata*, su Flickr

Dall'interno by voyager7000, su Flickr

Sala dell'obelisco by voyager7000, su Flickr

la coppia del Crabargiu... by voyager7000, su Flickr

_DSC9981 by voyager7000, su Flickr

Magico Supramonte by Buio Verticale, su Flickr

_DSC3919-001 by voyager7000, su Flickr

Grotta Su Crabargiu by Mirko Berardi, su Flickr
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Old October 15th, 2017, 01:19 AM   #3708
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Valsesia, Piemonte

Heaven in Val Vogna, Valsesia by Massimo Cavalieri d'Oro, su Flickr

Ponte Napoleonico a Rassa, Valsesia by Massimo Cavalieri d'Oro, su Flickr

Rassa by lultimavoltache, su Flickr

alagna by matilde.l, su Flickr

DSC_0157 by Puntin1969, su Flickr
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Old October 15th, 2017, 01:26 AM   #3709
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Alpe Campo, Piemonte

Alpe Campo by Alice, su Flickr

Alpe Campo by gramignacosy, su Flickr

Alpe Campo by Gabriele Confortola, su Flickr

Alpe Campo by altomare, su Flickr

Alpe Campo sotto la neve by Max, su Flickr
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Old October 17th, 2017, 01:31 PM   #3710
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Antiche Tradizioni Italiane : la Falconeria Ancient Italian Traditions: Falconry

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Old October 17th, 2017, 01:32 PM   #3711
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Amazing Italian Wildlife

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Old October 17th, 2017, 01:50 PM   #3712
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Italy is so beautiful and diverse. Love all Italy Pictures but especially the coastal ones, the colors of the buildings are great
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Old October 18th, 2017, 07:15 PM   #3713
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Camogli, Liguria

Camogli by Federica Gentile, su Flickr

camogli by Angela Cherubini, su Flickr

camogli 1 by gianni bini, su Flickr

Tetris (Explore!!!) by Andrea Pucci, su Flickr

camogli by paola faravelli, su Flickr

Camogli, Liguria, Italia by fabujulous, su Flickr

CAMOGLI. by FRANCO CELANT, su Flickr

Camogli by jürdie D, su Flickr

Camogli harbor by Antonio Rino Gastaldi, su Flickr
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Old October 28th, 2017, 07:51 PM   #3714
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Bivacco Gervasutti, Planpincieux - Valle d'Aosta

12_marco destefanis_MG_5415 by Leap Factory, su Flickr

17_gughi fassino_MG_7171 by Leap Factory, su Flickr

37_michelangelo filippi_L1005887 by Leap Factory, su Flickr

01_gughi fassino_MG_1538 by Leap Factory, su Flickr

05_michelangelo filippi_L1006065 by Leap Factory, su Flickr

IMG_4289_Bivacco Gervasutti by Silvia, su Flickr

The loft by __Tristan__, su Flickr

14_marco destefanis_MG_5429 by Leap Factory, su Flickr
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Old November 6th, 2017, 05:10 PM   #3715
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Autunno in Italia Autumn in Italy

Autunno... un'esplosione di colori! by lorenza panizza, su Flickr

Autunno by antony5112, su Flickr

Autunno by Riccardo Pesaresi, su Flickr

La strada... by Fabio Polimanti, su Flickr

Il bosco degli alberi d'oro- The forest of the golden trees by Corrado Tripicchio, su Flickr

lo splendore dei faggi autunnali by Daniele Porro, su Flickr
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Old November 16th, 2017, 12:53 PM   #3716
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Canale d'Agordo, Veneto

Canale d'Agordo by Nicolò Miana, su Flickr

Canale d'Agordo_ingresso museo by L'Amico del Popolo, su Flickr

DSC_0410 by Ioannes Paulus PP.I, su Flickr

DSC_0409 by Ioannes Paulus PP.I, su Flickr

DSC_0400 by Ioannes Paulus PP.I, su Flickr
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Old November 16th, 2017, 01:00 PM   #3717
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Passo san Pellegrino, Trentino Alto Adige

Col Margherita by Eddy Bucci, su Flickr

Colors by Scorpion-66, su Flickr

A summer day ... at Fuciade _ 01 by Paolo B., su Flickr

Casetta by Simone Fantini, su Flickr

Casetta by Marco Marescotti, su Flickr

lago passo san pellegrino by corrado/meteo4, su Flickr

Sunset at Lake San Pellegrino by Silva Predalič, su Flickr
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Old November 16th, 2017, 01:12 PM   #3718
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Agordo, Veneto

sopra Cencenighe, vallata agordina by Fabio Lena, su Flickr

Agordo (Bl - Italy) - Dolomiti by Francesco Malpensi, su Flickr

Ad Agordo (è così) by Foenispro, su Flickr

L'ORA DELL'ALPERITIVO. by Skiappa Miki, su Flickr

Hüttenwanderung_Dolomiten_0281_2017_09_05 by siebenberger, su Flickr
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Old November 16th, 2017, 01:48 PM   #3719
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Italian Landscapes

San Pietro di Laion, Val Gardena by lorenza panizza, su Flickr

The power of light by Dora, su Flickr

Cortina - Dolomiti by Beppe, su Flickr

Lac Cornu | Lago Cornù by Philippe Saire, su Flickr

Mt Civetta from Sass Pordoi by Daniel Schwabe, su Flickr

Cimon della Pala - August 2011 by rachel_thecat, su Flickr

First snow in Val Chisone by Vincenzo Giordano, su Flickr

Lac Verney by Federica Gentile, su Flickr

[email protected] by Antonio Rino Gastaldi, su Flickr
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Old November 16th, 2017, 02:00 PM   #3720
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Vagli, Toscana

Emerald Mirror by Matteo Viviani, su Flickr

lago di vagli by ma r co, su Flickr

Il lago di Vagli by Nico Angeli, su Flickr

Borgo di Vagli by Elite Alliance, su Flickr

DSC01733 by Dmitriy Ivanov, su Flickr
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