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Old November 27th, 2014, 03:59 PM   #1
Jujo
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Seville -Sights & Monuments-

The city of Seville has one of the largest historic centers, or Old Towns, in all of Europe. With about two million visitor a year, Seville is the third top tourist urban destination of Spain after Madrid and Barcelona. The city has numerous sights and landmarks but the most important sights are the Alcázar, the gothic cathedral and the Archivo General de Indias (General Archive of the Indies), which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. They was declared in 1987.

[IMG]http://i59.************/2vnf12e.jpg[/IMG]

History of Seville summary
-Seville was founded during the 8th century BC, when the Phoenicians and Greeks maintained commercial relations with the region of Tharsis. From the 3rd century BC, the Carthaginians occupied the area but they were defeated by the Roman, Scipio Africanus in 206 BC. Later Julius Caesar gave Seville the status of colony in 45 BC.
-During the 6th and 7th centuries Seville became the most important cultural area in the Occident with the great figure of that time was the archbishop San Isidoro, who wrote Etymologies, the encyclopedia gathering all the knowledge of those days.
-In 712 started the domination of the Arabs over Sevilla but Cordoba was more important. But when the Almohades arrived in 1147, they transferred the center of the power of Al-Andalus from Cordoba to Seville and made it their capital. From this last period of the Arab-Andalusian domination remain the Giralda, the Torre del Oro, the Alcazar (later rebuilt by the Christian kings) and the Macarena wall (Muralla de la Macarena).
-In 1248, Ferdinand III The Saint conquested Seville for Christianity. A lot of churches were built to replace the mosques. Ferdinand III transferred the Kingdom of Castile Court to the Alcazar of Seville. In 1401, the Gothic-style Cathedral was built over the Big Mosque.
-The new American market as well as the monopoly of Seville on the trade relations brought it much wealth. Seville became the most important city of Spain as well as the most cosmopolitan. The territory of the city expanded and the population grew up to 150.000 inhabitants at the end of 15th century. Famous painters actually were born in Seville at that time: Velazquez (1599), Murillo (1617) or Valdes Leal (1622).
-In the 19th century, Seville experienced another period of prosperity under Queen Elisabeth, who implemented urban reforms, in particular the construction of the Elisabeth II bridge
-During the 20th century, Seville had two expositions that modified its landscapes. In 1929, Seville welcome the Latin-American exposition and in 1992 the Universal Exposition.
http://www.tourspain.org/sevilla/history.asp

Nave central Catedral de Sevilla by alfonsojbenitez, on Flickr
2014-04-22 SEVILLE-170 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
2014-04-22 SEVILLE-220 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
2014-04-22 SEVILLE-112 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
2014-04-22 SEVILLE-130 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
2014-04-23 SEVILLE-042 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
2014-04-23 SEVILLE-024 by bimbodefrance, on Flickr
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Old November 27th, 2014, 04:30 PM   #2
Jujo
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Archivo General de Indias, (16th century), housed in the ancient merchants' exchange of Seville, Spain, the Casa Lonja de Mercaderes, is the repository of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and the Philippines. The building itself, an unusually serene and Italianate example of Spanish Renaissance architecture, was designed by Juan de Herrera. This structure and its contents were registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


Our hotel overlooked the archive of the Spanish empire in the 'Indies' (Americas) by aj.slater, on Flickr


Archivo de Indias, Sevilla by jujo87, on Flickr

[IMG]http://i62.************/9iwnlx.jpg[/IMG]
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/83436501

[IMG]http://i60.************/bfi5p2.jpg[/IMG]
http://www.panoramio.com/photo_explo...c&user=6028851


Archivo de Indias by jujo87, on Flickr


Ancient Map of the World (1526) / Ancienne carte du monde (1526) by GEMLAFOTO, on Flickr
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Last edited by Jujo; November 29th, 2014 at 08:48 PM.
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Old November 27th, 2014, 08:11 PM   #3
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impressive wealth and population reached Seville in the sixteenth century, became the fifth most populous city (with Milan) in Europe after Paris, Naples, London and Venice and the most important commercially with Lisbon and Antwerp, where the decay of trade begins in the Mediterranean and is replaced by trade in the Atlantic. But even it had more relative importance in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, leading demographers place the almohad Seville as the most populous city in Europe with the Palermo norman (replace Córdoba, in the tenth century was the most populated city western)
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Old November 27th, 2014, 09:17 PM   #4
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It's true. Seville was one of the most important european cities in the twelfth century, about 100,000 inhabitants during the Almohad period. But in the sixteenth centery, Seville had more than 150,000. Although some historians says the top population was 500,000 but I don't believe it.
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Old November 27th, 2014, 09:59 PM   #5
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fascinating place. the ebb and flow of history washes over many cities, Bruges and more recently Detroit used to be great cities of huge economic importance too. Glad Seville has preserved its beauty.
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Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present
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Old November 28th, 2014, 09:49 AM   #6
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When I was in Seville I was surprised that it looked much like a capital city.
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Old November 29th, 2014, 01:24 AM   #7
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Palace of the Dukes of Alba (Palacio de Dueñas). It was built in the late 15th century in the Renaissance style with Gothic and Moorish influences (mudejar). The palace is one of the major historic homes in the city of great architectural and artistic heritage. The poet Antonio Machado was born here.

[IMG]http://i59.************/j12b7n.jpg[/IMG][IMG]http://i61.************/11rd7is.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i60.************/orniqh.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i57.************/qpigco.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i62.************/21nf585.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://i58.************/15s8saa.jpg[/IMG]
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Old November 29th, 2014, 08:34 PM   #8
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Parroquia de Santa Marina (13th century). It's a Gothic-Mudejar Church with three naves. Santa Marina is one of the oldest churchs of Sevilla, was built after the Christian reconquest by Ferdinand III of Castilla to replace a old mosque.


2014.02.23.028 - SEVILLA - Calle San Luis - Iglesia de Santa Marina by Joaquín O.C., on Flickr


Iglesia de Santa Marina Sevilla-8 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr


Iglesia de Santa Marina Sevilla-16 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr


Iglesia de Santa Marina Sevilla-40 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr


Iglesia de Santa Marina Sevilla-27 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr

-the dome of the old chapel of infant Don Felipe, brother of the king Pedro I of Castilla (Mudejar style)


Iglesia de Santa Marina Sevilla-23 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr
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Old November 30th, 2014, 02:19 PM   #9
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The Torre del Oro (Gold tower, 13th century) is a dodecagonal military watchtower in Seville, was built 1220-1221, by order of the Almohad governor of Seville, Abu l-Ulà, with a twelve-sided base. It barred the way to the Arenal district with a section of wall joining it to the Tower of Silver, a part of the city walls that defended the Alcazar. It built by the Almohad dynasty in order to control access to Seville via the Guadalquivir river.


Torre del Oro by Lucía Vega, on Flickr


Torre del Oro, Sevilla-2 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr
SEVILLA - Torre del Oro by Joaquín O.C., on Flickr


Torre del Oro, Sevilla-4 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr


Torre del Oro, Sevilla-7 by José María Gallardo, on Flickr


Both the Torre del Oro and the Giralda, the peaks of Almohad architecture, have become the symbols of the city.

[IMG]http://i58.************/2qbw489.jpg[/IMG]


In 1936 the Maritime Museum was installed in the Tower.

[IMG]http://i60.************/m9r69k.jpg[/IMG]
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Old November 30th, 2014, 08:04 PM   #10
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Excellent thread

This really makes me want to visit
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Old June 19th, 2015, 12:59 AM   #11
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1.Catedral de Santa María de la Sede


2.La Giralda


3.Iglesia del Sagrario


4.Reales Alcázares


5.Archivo General de Indias


6.Palacio Arzobispal


7.Casa Consistorial (city hall)



8.Rectorado de la Universidad (old tobacco factory)


9.Palacio de San Telmo


10.Antigua Real Audiencia de Grados
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Old June 19th, 2015, 01:00 AM   #12
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11.Iglesia del Divino Salvador


12.Iglesia de la Magdalena


13.San Luis de los Franceses


14.Hospital de la Caridad e Iglesia de San Jorge


15.Torre del Oro


16.Torre de la Plata and Torre de Abdelaziz


17.Antiguo Hospital de las Cinco Llagas -parlamento-


18.Restos de la muralla almohade de la ciudad


19.Murallas del Alcázar


20.Iglesia gótico-mudéjar de Santa Marina
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Old June 19th, 2015, 01:00 AM   #13
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21.Hospital de los Venerables Sacerdotes


22.Casa de Pilatos


23.Capilla de San José


24.Iglesia de la Anunciación y panteón de los sevillanos ilustres


25.Palacio de la Condesa de Lebrija


26.Casa de los Pinelo


27.Casa de Salinas


28.Iglesia de Santa María la Blanca (antigua sinagoga)


29.Reales Atarazanas


30.Iglesia de Santa Ana de Triana
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Old June 19th, 2015, 01:01 AM   #14
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31.Convento de Santa Clara y Torre de Don Fadrique


32.Ruinas del Monasterio de San Jerónimo


33.Monasterio de la Cartuja (Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo)


34.Palacio de Dueñas


35.Palacio de los Marqueses de la Algaba (Centro Mudéjar)


36.Iglesia gótico-mudéjar de San Esteban


37.Iglesia gótico-mudéjar de San Marcos


38.Iglesia de San Pedro


39.Palacio de Monsalves


40.Antigua Fábrica de Artillería
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Old June 19th, 2015, 01:01 AM   #15
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41.Museo arqueológico (expo del 29)


42.Museo de Artes y Costumbres populares (expo del 29)


43.Plaza de España -Capitanía General- (expo del 29)


44.Pabellón de Perú (Expo 29) -Museo de la ciencia-


45.Casino de la Exposición del 29 -Teatro Lope de Vega-


46.Pabellón de Portugal (expo29)


47.Pabellón de Argentina (expo29) -Conservatorio profesional de danza-


48.Plaza de Toros de la Maestranza


49.Museo de Bellas Artes -Antiguo convento de la Merced-


50.Hotel Alfonso XIII
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Old June 19th, 2015, 01:02 AM   #16
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51.Monasterio de San Clemente


52.Iglesia de Santa Catalina


53.Hospital del Pozo Santo


54.Convento de Santa Inés


55.Convento de San Leandro


56.Monasterio de Santa Paula


57.Monasterio de Madre de Dios


58.Convento de Santa Rosalía


59.San Hermenegildo


60.Puerta de Córdoba
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