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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:42 AM   #1
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ASTANA – Capital of Kazakhstan

Astana has been the capital of Kazakhstan since 1997, and is the country's second largest city (after Almaty, the former capital) with an officially estimated population of 775,800 as of 21 June 2012. It is located in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within Akmola Province, though administrated separately from the province as a federal city area (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astana)

Taken from: http://www.giornalettismo.com/archiv...f-astana-ta-4/



Taken from: http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/marina74/







Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/6922755...n/photostream/ (Mine)

Astana Kazakhstan


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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:44 AM   #2
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Taken from: http://fotki.yandex.ru/search/%D0%90...ted&type=image

Astana Kazakhstan


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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:52 AM   #3
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Taken from: http://fotki.yandex.ru/search/%D0%90...eek&type=image

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Old March 24th, 2013, 07:58 AM   #4
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Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/trainpl...7605681440712/


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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:15 AM   #5
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Taken from: http://www.englishquarter.kz/ru/object.html

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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:20 AM   #6
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Taken from:http://fotki.yandex.ru/search.xml?te...leksandr&&p=16

Astana Kazakhstan



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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:24 AM   #7
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Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/61525416@N07/page5/

Astana Kazakhstan


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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:27 AM   #8
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Taken from: http://fotki.yandex.ru/search.xml?te...or=vlad-login&

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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:28 AM   #9
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Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninara/...n/photostream/

Astana Kazakhstan

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Old March 24th, 2013, 08:22 PM   #10
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Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninara/...n/photostream/

Astana Kazakhstan

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Old March 25th, 2013, 02:50 AM   #11
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Originally posted by West_Kaz Taken from: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...1197837&page=5




Last edited by Diplomatforall; March 25th, 2013 at 02:58 AM.
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Old March 25th, 2013, 03:29 AM   #12
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Astana history
Known as Akmolinsk (Kazakh akmola, “white tomb”) until 1961, Tselinograd (Celinograd) until 1997 Astana was founded in 1830 as a Cossack advanced post. Later a small fortress grew into a town. In 19th century Akmola became an important geopolitical center of the region actually being the center of the whole district.
Astana population reached 33,000 when the town received the status of oblast (region) center in 1939.
Soviet Virgin and Idle Lands Campaign in the mid-1950s (Tselinograd is Russian for Virgin Lands City) and Astana city role as capital of the region that united the five northern oblasts of Kazakhstan in 1960-1965 greatly enhanced its importance.
It led to much new construction and the setting up of various research and higher educational institutions in Astana city. Teacher training, agriculture, medicine, engineering and construction institutes were built in Astana.
In 1992 the city was renamed into Akmola. The word “Akmola” in Kazakh language means “White Grave” or “White Sacred Place”. On May 6th, 1998, by Kazakhstan President’s decree the city Akmola was renamed into Astana.(http://aboutkazakhstan.com/astana-city)
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Old March 25th, 2013, 03:37 AM   #13
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Religious freedoms were guaranteed by Article 39 of Kazakhstan’s Constitution. Article 39 clearly states: “Human rights and freedoms shall not be restricted in any way.” Article 14 prohibits “discrimination on religious basis” and Article 19 insures that everyone has the “right to determine and indicate or not to indicate his/her ethnic, party and religious affiliation.” The Constitutional Council recently affirmed these rights by ruling that a proposed law limiting the rights of certain individuals to practice their religion was declared unconstitutional.
Islam is the largest religion in Kazakhstan, followed by Russian Orthodox Christianity. After decades of religious suppression by the Soviet Union, the coming of independence witnessed a surge in expression of ethnic identity, partly through religion. The free practice of religious beliefs and the establishment of full freedom of religion led to an increase of religious activity. Hundreds of mosques, churches, synagogues, and other religious structures were built in the span of a few years, with the number of religious associations rising from 670 in 1990 to 4,170 today (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazakhstan)

Originally posted by Abzal. Taken from: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...=998553&page=9

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Originally posted by West_Kaz Taken from: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...=998553&page=9




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Old March 25th, 2013, 03:41 AM   #14
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Originally posted by DjaCoNdA. Taken from: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showth...=542478&page=8

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Old March 25th, 2013, 03:51 AM   #15
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Astana Population/Demographics


As of July 1, 2010, Astana has a population density of 958 people per square kilometre and a population of about 705,897,[1][16] of which Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars and Germans make up 65.2%, 23.8%, 2.9%, 1.7%, 1.5% respectively. Other ethnic groups make up 4.9% of Astana's population.[citation needed]
In 1999, Astana had a population of 281,000. The ethnic mix was about 30% Kazakh and 70% Russian, Ukrainian and German.[17]
By 2007, Astana's population has more than doubled since the move, to over 600,000, and it is estimated to top 1 million by 2030. Migrant workers – legal and illegal – have been attracted from across Kazakhstan and neighboring states such as Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, and Astana is a magnet for young professionals seeking to build a career. This has changed the city's demographics, bringing more ethnic Kazakhs to a city that formerly had a Slav majority. Astana's ethnic Kazakh population has risen to some 60%, up from 17% in 1989. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astana#...2FDemographics)

Astana population has reached and exceeded 775 thousand people 2013, Tengrinews.kz reports, citing National Healthcare Development Center’s press-office.

For more information see: http://en.tengrinews.kz/people/Astan...-people-10944/
Use of the Tengrinews English materials must be accompanied by a hyperlink to en.Tengrinews.kz
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Old March 25th, 2013, 03:58 AM   #16
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Taken from: http://chistoprudov.livejournal.com/111337.html







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Old March 25th, 2013, 04:30 AM   #17
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Nauryz is one of the oldest holidays on Earth. This holiday of spring and the renewed life of the Earth has been celebrated for over five thousand years by many cultures of the Middle and Central Asia and, according to some sources, by eastern Slavs as well.

This holiday has been celebrated on 22 March, the day of the spring equinox. That's why the Kazakhs call the month of March Nauryz. It was celebrated as the day of the renewed life which comes with the spring. It was the day when the first spring thunder strikes, buds are swelling on the trees and vegetation grows wildly. Nauryz as a non-religious celebration of the spring and renewal is closely linked to some other Kazakh holidays, such as a "farewell to winter" festival. Boys born on this day would be called Nauryzbai or Nauryzbek, and girls Nauryz or Nauryzgul. It was seen as a good omen if it was snowing on that day. (http://www.kazakhstan.orexca.com/nauryz.shtml)

Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/karimmassimov/page27/

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Old March 25th, 2013, 04:49 AM   #18
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Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thedakotakid/page40/

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Old March 25th, 2013, 04:56 AM   #19
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Nauryz Celebration

Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/steppet...68818/sizes/l/

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Old March 25th, 2013, 07:32 AM   #20
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Nauryz Celebration Astana 2013. Taken from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ortcomkz/page2/

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