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Old February 23rd, 2005, 04:58 AM   #1
madushan_11
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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka



Sri Lanka's place in world history may not be as a might army of conquerors, or an invincible warrior nation defending her honour against the British empire. The magic of this fairy tale island extends far beyond the deeds of her people, who are among the warmest and most hospitable in the world. In the days when the world was young, it was said this enchanting island consoled Adam for the loss of Paradise and made the beautiful Sita of the Indian epic the Ramayana, forget a king's love. Sri Lanka's legendary beauty, fragrant spices, precious gems, rare pearls, sublime culture and hospitable people called princes, poets, traders, empire builders, explorers and admirers to its shores.

For whether by accident or design, Sri Lanka is a land of happy surprises, lavish abundance, delightful paradoxes and improbable contrasts. Peerless natural beauty is everywhere. Sunlit seas, sun-drenched beaches, verdant tropical lowlands and dramatically beautiful highlands. Just 160 km away from the coconut and mango groves of Colombo, its seaport commercial capital, the highlands of Nuwara Eliya beckon as a veritable 'Little England', where asparagus, carnations and strawberries flourish in misty mountain gardens. From the stately architecture of ancient civilisations to the wild beauty of jungle kingdoms, from the rich splendour of its gem mining to the precious spices of the orient, from the ancient rulers to the piquant potpourri of ethnic diversity that make up Sri Lanka's population now, this is a land that shares its enriching experience generously with all its visitors. Small wonder that it was christened 'Serendib' by early Arab traders, from which the English language coined the word 'serendipity' - a happy discovery made by accident
.



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Old February 23rd, 2005, 05:10 AM   #2
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The Capital - Colombo

Colombo - Kolomtota - The Capital



The island's combined charm of varied landscapes and stunning beaches find a midway point in its chief city and seaport, Colombo. Until recently its capital, the city is an eclectic blend of old colonial architecture and the more modern reflections of its time. European colonial mansions and churches, Buddhist and Hindu temples, mosques, quaint old gem and handicraft boutiques, noisy bazaars and street markets contrast colourfully and carelessly with international chain hotels, high-rise blocks and towers, modern department stores and shady tree-lined boulevards.

Snap up a sapphire bracelet, a batik designer shirt, hand-painted ceramics or a hand-carved demon mask, attend a tea auction or get your horoscope cast. When the culture immersions grow too daunting, there's a host of newly appointed restaurants and diners where you can lunch on fresh seafood, western or continental food , tee off on the sculptured lawns of the Royal Colombo Golf Course. Walk off the crowded streets and shady residential areas, and succumb to the pleasures of the shopping experience, or go in for a taste of the cultural with the regular traditional pageants and fiestas which the locals delight in. You could even make the beautiful drive to the nearby newly crowned capital of Sri Jayawardenapura, where the Parliament House rests on the calm waters of a lake fringed by forest cover, a strikingly tasteful example of traditional architecture. Either way, this is one city that rewards every partaker.




Colombo Buld. - http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=183869

Last edited by madushan_11; February 28th, 2005 at 01:11 AM.
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Old February 23rd, 2005, 02:07 PM   #3
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Kandy - The Hill Capital

Kandy - A World Heritage City



The history of Kandy and it's townscape witnesses rapid and drastic change from the beginning of British rule particularly after the 1818 rebellion. As Sir Lowry in his Gazetteer recorded " The story of English rule in the Kandyan country during the rebellion of 1818 cannot be related without shame.. Hardly a member of the leading families remained alive.. Those whom the sword and the gun had spared, cholera and small pox and privations had slain by the hundreds.. Others became ignorant and apathetic. Any subsequent development efforts of the government for many years were only attempts begun and abandoned".


However, Ananda Kumaraswamy - the great savant of eastern culture writing in 1912 after nearly hundred years of British occupation had this to say. "Hardy mountaineers of the interior, preserved their independence enabling us to form an estimate of Sinhalese as a live and individual people, with a national character and a national art; an individuality and art which is more difficult and often impossible to trace in the low country districts long subjected to western influence".


Since its founding in the 14th Century, Kandy which remained the last stronghold of local kings had gone through many a vicissitude. Although Colombo represents the prime commercial and administrative center, Kandy continues to remain the cultural capital of Sri Lanka with a rich heritage of living monuments.


Dalada Maligawa

Undoubtedly the greatest attraction of the city is this building, the Temple of the Scared Tooth Relic or the Dalada Maligawa. It is one of the most sacred places for the Buddhists all over the world. The temple is visited by thousands of devotees every day. Specially famous for its Sinhalese style architecture, the most dominant feature of the building is the Octagon (Pattirippuwa). This was the place from where the king addressed the public on important occasions.



The changing nature of the city


Kandy city is the largest urban center in central Sri Lanka that functions as a district and a provincial capital. The city has maintained the cultural dominance and traditional landscape features that have historic importance for over 400 years. The landscape of the city has changed over the years due to the political, economic, social and cultural influence. The city has a long process of urban development on which the present urban problems have emerged. Welfare of the city dwellers and users of urban facilities should be given more emphasis when planning. Any expansion of the infrastructure or a change in the landscape should accommodate urban functional requirements. In a process of urban planning, population component has to be considered as one of the most important criterion as it could positively affect the expansion of housing areas, increasing sources of income, and human resources. The negative effects would be over population, street congestions, emergence and expansion of slum or shanties and urban pollution. As a result of these series of changes, the land use of the city particularly housing are becomes congested, social hazards develop and the peaceful environment could be disrupted. Therefore, a careful study on these effects in relation to population size, density, composition and migratory trends would be necessary prior to a comprehensive planning scheme.


In addition to the largest housing concentration, the city serves as one of the leading commercial centers with a large volume of wholesale and retail transactions and is the second largest educational and health-care enter next to Colombo. Kandy also plays an important role as a judicial center. As a transport center with all types of trans port facilities, It is leading in the central Sri Lanka. The city has a structure that could provide rooming and hotelling facilities to a large number of tourist population. In addition, the concentration of leading banks and financial institutions provide the highest financial services next to Colombo . Kandy also serves as one of the leading communication centers. Therefore, the functional mechanism of the city provides employment and services to a large number of people of the city and its periphery.


Festivities

Traditional Services

Sacred Tooth Relics of Sri Dalada Maligawa undergo change of shift services on full moon day in July every year, under the patronage of Rev.Chief of Malwatu and Asgiri temples together with Diyawadana Nilame
.



Diyawadana Nilame traditionally tenders the invitation for "Vas rites" later to these acts. The customary ownership of service matters of the Rt. Honourable two prelates, are assigned to three priests in terms of the long tradition. The three priests are appointed by two to the upper floor, and one to the ground floor. However another priest is now being appointed to the pattirippuwa. Identical services and attention rendered by Rev.Ananda thero to Lord Budda are being repeated by priests who are assigned such services to Sri Dalada. These Bhikkus gain the respect and assistance for these duties by a host of staff, attached to the temple. Particularly during the time of Sri Dalada procession, Dalada Siritha recital is chanted from the time the casket is taken out and replaced each day.


Botanical Gardens of Peradeniya



The best garden in the country. Begun as a Pleasure Garden of a Kandyan King, the Royal Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya is surrounded by the river Mahaweli on three sides and is connected to the opposite bank by a suspension bridge.




The garden itself is an example of the wealth and beauty of the tropics with over hundred varieties of palm trees., palm avenues, where the palms such as Talipot grow to an immense size, wondrous arches of glossy foliage, lovely fernery and orchid houses with rare blossoms and spice trees in groves make it a rich botanical heritage.






Kandy View Point


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Old February 23rd, 2005, 09:53 PM   #4
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Kandy

Kandy City Website -

http://www.kandycity.org

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Old February 28th, 2005, 02:27 AM   #5
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South Asia's Latest Boomtown

http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=184332
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Old February 28th, 2005, 03:01 AM   #6
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madushan_11> nice pictures.

I would suggest that you post the pictures in "cityscapes and skylines" and in "urban discussion" instead of the ASF main forum.
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Old February 28th, 2005, 07:02 PM   #7
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Nice botanical garden.. well, it all looks very pleasant.
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Old March 1st, 2005, 02:32 AM   #8
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i never knew how beautiful Kandy is
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Old March 1st, 2005, 06:35 AM   #9
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Nuwara Eliya - Tea Country

Nuwara Eliya, (pronounced Noo-ray-lee-ya), the City of Light, is a town in Sri Lanka. It is at an altitude of 1990 m (6,128 ft) in the central highlands, and is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the island's highest peak.

The town's altitude means that it has a much cooler climate than the lowlands of Sri Lanka, with a mean annual temperature of 16o rather than the 26o of the coasts. In the winter months it is cold at night, and there can even be frosts, although it rapidly warms up as the tropical sun climbs higher in the sky.[/



Many of the buildings retain features from the period, and even new hotels are often built and furnished in the colonial style. The Hill Club is the best preserved of the hotels, and charges admission for non-residents who wish to wallow in its nostalgia. Many private homes still have English-style lawns and gardens.


The town really comes alive in April for the Singhalese and Tamil New Year. Prices triple and it is virtually impossible to find accommodation as affluent Singhalese from Colombo invade the town.


Star attractions at this time are supercross at the Diyatalawa circuit, Formula Three car racing, and horse races. Parties are held nightly in the hotels, and the season culminates in the nine-furlong Governor's Cup, and the flower show at the end of the month.


The town's other attractions include golf courses, trout streams, a park, and boating or fishing on Lake Gregory. Country walks include the ascent of Pidurutalagala.




Grand Hotel







Another Heritage Hotel



The Hill Club




Houses -




Tea Estates


Water Falls





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Old March 3rd, 2005, 01:24 AM   #10
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More Kandy













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Old March 3rd, 2005, 01:28 AM   #11
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Colombo - Beire Lake Temple







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Old March 3rd, 2005, 01:30 AM   #12
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Kandy

Kandy Sunset

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Old March 3rd, 2005, 01:47 AM   #13
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Negumbo

A fishing boat crawls into the dock.



Boats line an old Dutch canal.



The streets are lined with small eateries for tourists like this one.


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Old March 3rd, 2005, 01:50 AM   #14
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Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake

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Old March 4th, 2005, 05:57 PM   #15
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A beautiful and special country no doubt. I got to visit it some day.

Some text explaining what we see would be appreciated, because I am not familiar with these places
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Old March 5th, 2005, 03:56 AM   #16
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Matale

based in Kandy, The train travels to Matale.The Buddhist Cave Temples at Aluvihara. The train ride, a mere 24 kilometers, takes two hours, including a 20 minute pause at Wattegama.

Train Station



Steps to the upper caves and the ancient Stupa.



Entrances to one of the caves.



The caves all contain reclining buddhas of various sizes. They were constructed beginning in the first century BC. The site is also famous for being the place where the Buddhist scriptures were first set down in Sri Lanka.





The area around the caves.



Looking to the north and east, toward the mountains.



At Night .. The Lake

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Old March 5th, 2005, 04:04 AM   #17
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The Temple Of The Tooth

Entrance In Kandy





Buddha images peer from every corner



The Hall of Buddhas beside the Temple



Paintings tell the history of the Tooth.



Main image of the Buddha in the Temple of the Tooth. The statue is flanked by smaller Budda images donated by major Buddhist countries from all over the world.



grounds outside the Temple of the Tooth.



Kings Council, Where the king met the chief



small stupa and adjoining temple in a complex next to the Temple of the Tooth.



Another Temple



City Of Kandy

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Old March 5th, 2005, 04:11 AM   #18
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Dambulla - Ancient Caves

Rice fields in the mountains between Kandy and Dambulla.



The tree-lined streets of a small mountain town. Pleasant by day,



stupa before the entrance.



the world's tallest Buddha statue in that particular position.





The Cave Temples date from several periods, beginning in the 3rd century BC, and continuing into the 18th century.



The mysterious carved Buddha in Cave 2.The site contains about 150 Buddhas, and many paintings and frescoes.



Cave 2 again.





Fresco-covered walls and Buddha statues create an eerie, other-wordly atmosphere.



The view from the top.

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Old March 5th, 2005, 04:16 AM   #19
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The Aukana Buddha

Rice fields on the plains.



Country road, carrying to Aukana.



Kala Wewa, one of the scores of artificial lakes that dot the island. This one was constructed in the 5th century.



A heron near the shore.



Ancient Statues OF Budha.



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Old March 5th, 2005, 04:22 AM   #20
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Sigiriya

Sigiriya fortress, viewed from Dambulla Caves.





An extensive complex of fountains and pools dominates the entrance to the site.



The gardens slash across the landscape.





Kings Gardens .. Some Still Function After thousands of years.







Ruins of barracks or storehouses nestle on a ledge about halfway up the rock



The lion's paws, where the steep part begins. Originally there was an entire stone lion face over the stairs, but it has disappeared. The rickety iron staircase begins here.





Ruins On The Top .. some 500ft Above

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