daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > World Forums > Architecture > European Classic Architecture and Landscapes

European Classic Architecture and Landscapes All related to historical buildings and landscapes of the old world.



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old February 27th, 2005, 04:45 AM   #1
Kuvvaci
Strange User
 
Kuvvaci's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: Istanbul
Posts: 19,708
Likes (Received): 64

Istanbul Archeological Museum

Quote:
Istanbul’s Archaeological Museum is divided into three separately-housed collections: The Museum of the Ancient Orient, located in the building closest to the entrance; another building which housed the original Ottoman Imperial Museum and now contains a collection of Turkish tiles and ceramics; and the Archaeological Museum proper, located in the third and largest of the buildings ranged around a gravel courtyard. Many visitors, in their rush to see the “big three” of the old city (Aya Sofya, the Blue Mosque, and Topkapi Palace), pass up the opportunity to visit this museum, which is next to Topkapi Palace and Gülhane Park. Perhaps the idea of visiting an archaeological museum conjures images of crumbling artifacts and bits of pottery lifelessly displayed in dimly-lit sterile rooms. If so, they should reconsider.
This award-winning museum has been undergoing renovation throughout the past decade, winning the Council of Europe’s Museum Award in 1993. The carefully chosen pieces are displayed with great artistic sensitivity, particularly in the largest building, with the placement, lighting, and curator notes enhancing the museum-goer’s experience. Within the boundaries of modern Turkey and the former Ottoman Empire are archaeological sites from many of the world’s great cultures, including Thracian, Bithynian, Byzantine, Egyptian, Hittite, and Mesopotamian. It’s worth remembering, for example, that the site of ancient Troy is actually located in modern Turkey rather than Greece. This happy circumstance places Turkish archaeologists in a unique position to explore the past.

The first building, the Museum of the Ancient Orient, features an impressive display of antiquities from the Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and Hittite cultures. One of the standouts is a large glazed brick frieze of lions and bulls set against a blue background from Babylon’s Ishtar Gate. Less impressive looking, but of great historical importance, is the Treaty of Kadesh, a tablet dating from 1269 BC that contains the world’s first peace treaty.

The building adjacent to the Museum of the Ancient Orient houses a collection of Turkish tiles and ceramics, with some lovely examples of Iznik tiles. The pride of the collection is the gorgeous blue tiled mihrab from the city of Karaman in southeast Turkey.

The largest building, a long neoclassical affair with four tall columns set along the entrance, houses the Archaeology Museum. Upon entering the museum, the visitor is greeted by an appealingly grotesque statue of Bes, an Egyptian dwarf god believed to guard against evil spirits. From the entrance, the visitor makes a choice to go right, left, or up. If pressed for time, go left to view the magnificent marble tombs brought from Sidon by Osman Hamdi Bey, a 19th century Renaissance man who was most responsible for the museum’s development.








































































































THE ALEXANDER SARCOPHAGUS

Quote:
One of the world's unparalleled masterpieces is the Alexander Sarcophagus which has been on exhibit in Istanbul Archaeological Museum for 87 years. It is to Istanbul Archaeological Museum what the Mona Lisa is to the Louvre or the decorated Sarcophagus of Cleopatra to the British Museum.

The discovery of this masterpiece of art which was made at the beginning of the fourth century BC is an interesting story: The well known painter and scholar Osman Hamdi Bey was appointed as Director of Istanbul Archaeological Museum. He first organized Turkish museum studies by having an Antiquities Act passed which made it illegal for antiquities to be smuggled out of the country. After that he carried out archaeological excavations in previously unknown historical centers in the Ottoman Empire. He uncovered large statues dating from the Komagene Kingdom during excavations at Emerald Mountain near Adiyaman for example. In 1887 he received news that there were certain works of antiquity buried near Sayda, which is today part of the Lebanon. A farmer called Serif in Sayda had come across a grave room while he was ploughing his field. When the soil had been removed from over the door of the room he saw that it contained several marble sarcophagi and he notified the authorities, who sent a telegraph to Istanbul. Upon hearing the news Osman Hamdi Bey left for Sayda and began excavating. The site turned out to be an underground necropolis of the Phrygian Kings. Within a few months more than twenty stone and marble sarcophagi were removed from the grave rooms, among them those of Alexander and the Weeping Women.

Now the sarcophagi were above ground but the problem did not end there. To transport these works, weighing tons, to Istanbul without damage was a still greater problem. No ship would take the responsibility of carrying these works which were as heavy as they were valuable. However in the end agreement was reached with a cargo ship. As the Alexander Sarcophagus was winched onto the ship Osman Hamdi Bey tied himself to the sarcophagus too to prevent any harm coming to it.

The sarcophagi got to Istanbul safe and sound and were exhibited in the museum, where all of Istanbul came rushing to see them. Taking advantage of this widespread interest Osman Hamdi Bey proposed to the Ottoman Sultan that a modern museum building be constructed. The Sultan agreed and in 1891 this new building, which houses the Archaeological Museum today, was completed, and the sarcophagi placed in this museum.

The Alexander Sarcophagus is in the form of a temple, constructed of marble and 2.12 m. high, 3.18 m. long and 1.67 m. wide. .On its two long sides are bas-reliefs depicting Alexander's wars with the Persians, which is the reason why it was named the Alexander Sarcophagus. Experts say that it is not actually that of Alexander.

As you know the Macedonian King Alexandra the Great became ill while on the shore of the Indus river and went back to his palace in Babylon. He died in Babylon on June 13, 323 BC. His body was taken to Alexandria in Egypt and there buried. However the Alexander Sarcophagus was constructed in the fourth century either during his lifetime or just after his death.

One of the long sides of the sarcophagus depicts Alexandra on a rearing horse, with a lion skin on his shoulders. He has a lance in his hand and is preparing to throw it at one of the Persian cavalry. The other long side depicts Alexander as a young warrior carrying the symbol of kingship. All four faces of the sarcophagus are filled with a mythological depiction of Alexander's bloody battles with the Persian army. The pointed roof of the sarcophagus is also decorated with bas-reliefs which were originally painted, but the paint has worn off except for a few scattered traces.

Various stories are told about the Alexander Sarcophagi. For example it is said that when the German Emperor Wilhelm II visited Istanbul he asked the sultan for this sarcophagus. When the sultan asked Osman Harndi Bey what the thought of this idea, Osman Hamdi Bey was outraged:

— This sarcophagus is worth a nation in itself, he replied. I do not suppose that my Sultan wishes to present one of his nations to an emperor, if such a thing happens decree that it should be dragged away over my body.

This reply ensured that the sarcophagus stayed in its place




















Lycian Sarcophagus












Satrap Sarcophagus









Kuvvaci no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old February 27th, 2005, 02:52 PM   #2
Ozcan
BANNED
 
Join Date: Feb 2005
Location: The Netherlands
Posts: 2,053
Likes (Received): 5

Fantastic
Ozcan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old February 27th, 2005, 06:17 PM   #3
mvelig
Registered User
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Heraklion, Crete- Docklands, London
Posts: 47
Likes (Received): 1

Quote:
Originally Posted by Kuvvaci

As you know the Macedonian King Alexandra the Great became ill while on the shore of the Indus river and went back to his palace in Babylon. He died in Babylon on June 13, 323 BC.
Did he actually get a flight back to Babylon?
mvelig no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old February 27th, 2005, 06:22 PM   #4
Allan
Strength and Honour
 
Allan's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2004
Location: Istanbul/Waterloo
Posts: 2,325
Likes (Received): 6

beautiful museum
__________________
Veritas Omnia Vincit

"The greatest way to live with honour in this world is to be what we pretend to be." (Socrates)
Allan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old February 27th, 2005, 06:37 PM   #5
Ozcan
BANNED
 
Join Date: Feb 2005
Location: The Netherlands
Posts: 2,053
Likes (Received): 5

Quote:
Originally Posted by mvelig
Did he actually get a flight back to Babylon?
No, actually he took the TGV, he didn't like flying.
Ozcan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 2nd, 2005, 03:16 AM   #6
Kuvvaci
Strange User
 
Kuvvaci's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: Istanbul
Posts: 19,708
Likes (Received): 64

Quote:
Originally Posted by mvelig
Did he actually get a flight back to Babylon?
This museum has one of the richest art colecsion about Alexander. I couldn't put all works but there are so many sculptures about Alexander and people in his life...
Kuvvaci no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 2nd, 2005, 03:45 AM   #7
icy
Super Member
 
icy's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2004
Posts: 9,187
Likes (Received): 37

I liked the sculptures.
__________________
There is no place like home

Click here
icy no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 2nd, 2005, 10:48 AM   #8
Arpels
Αλέξανδρος
 
Arpels's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Guarda/Barreiro
Posts: 53,256
Likes (Received): 378

amazing, is a good colection from many civilizations
Arpels no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 2nd, 2005, 05:02 PM   #9
cristianocani
Casteddaiu Shardana
 
cristianocani's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: Casteddu - Cagliari
Posts: 1,679
Likes (Received): 36

I visit this Great Museum in the 1998... It's a dream!
__________________
My flickr - My Panoramio - My Photoshop Express - My Webshots

Krly - Carales - Santa Igia - Kastellum Kastri - Castel de Caller - Callari - Cagliari - Casteddu
cristianocani no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 7th, 2015, 12:45 AM   #10
timowals
Registered User
 
Join Date: Nov 2010
Posts: 10
Likes (Received): 0

cool
timowals no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 7th, 2015, 06:02 PM   #11
Urbanista1
Here and Now
 
Urbanista1's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2006
Posts: 7,426
Likes (Received): 5284

I'm visiting Istanbul this year, would love to see more pics of this museum and maybe restorations in the city.
__________________
ten rząd wstrząsa podstawami naszej państwowości i funkcjonowania społeczeństwa. Natomiast większość społeczeństwa śpi, nie zwraca uwagi, co się dzieje i trzeba je z tego snu obudzić - Piotr S


Warsaw Post-War Reconstruction to Present
Urbanista1 no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 09:38 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu