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Old October 31st, 2015, 10:55 PM   #1
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Join Date: Aug 2015
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Housing Typologies of Pre-War Industrial Cities

I recently came upon a list of the 40 largest cities in the world in 1936. 1936 is interesting in that it represents the point right before cities around the world were destroyed by warfare and urban renewal. Although these cities vary greatly, they all functioned as large population centers shaped by a global industrial economy. Even as the presence of the automobile and modernist planning began to be felt, these cities occupied a space in the historical continuum of urban development. In all of these places, a strong downtown drew in people from surrounding residential neighborhoods that ranged from the nineteenth century tenements of New York City to the Edo-era machiya shophouses of Tokyo. All of these neighborhoods were walkable and served by robust transit networks of streetcars, subways and elevateds, and heavy rail. Therefore, while Los Angeles is extremely different from Rome, they nonetheless functioned in the fundamentally same way. Here is the list below:
  1. New York
  2. London
  3. Tokyo
  4. Paris
  5. Berlin
  6. Osaka
  7. Moscow
  8. Chicago
  9. Dortmund (Ruhr)
  10. Shanghai
  11. Buenos Aires
  12. St. Petersburg
  13. Manchester
  14. Philadelphia
  15. Boston
  16. Rio de Janeiro
  17. Kolkata
  18. Birmingham
  19. Detroit
  20. Vienna
  21. Los Angeles
  22. Beijing
  23. Hamburg
  24. Budapest
  25. Glasgow
  26. Mumbai
  27. Cairo
  28. Tianjin
  29. Liverpool
  30. Mexico City
  31. Sydney
  32. Barcelona
  33. Warsaw
  34. Madrid
  35. Cleveland
  36. Sao Paulo
  37. Rome
  38. San Francisco
  39. Milan
  40. Nagoya

My reason for this rant is that I am interested in see the historic housing typologies of each of these cities. The millions of people living in these metropolises were housed in buildings and neighborhoods that ranged in socioeconomic character and architectural style, but all functioned in ways that we would envy today. If anyone has any historic or contemporary images of these, please share them here!
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