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Old February 25th, 2016, 02:11 PM   #1
Jaeger
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Your Countries Courts

United Kingdom

The Surpreme Court - London

The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Ireland law and Scottish civil law. It is the court of last resort and the highest appellate court in the United Kingdom, although the High Court of Justiciary remains the court of last resort for criminal law in Scotland. The Supreme Court also has jurisdiction to resolve disputes relating to devolution in the United Kingdom and concerning the legal powers of the three devolved governments (in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) or laws made by the devolved legislatures.

The Supreme Court was established by Part 3 of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 and started work on 1 October 2009. It assumed the judicial functions of the House of Lords, which had been exercised by the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary (commonly called "Law Lords"), the 12 judges appointed as members of the House of Lords to carry out its judicial business. Its jurisdiction over devolution matters had previously been exercised by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.

Because of the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty, the Supreme Court is much more limited in its powers of judicial review than the constitutional or supreme courts of some other countries. It cannot overturn any primary legislation made by Parliament. However, it can overturn secondary legislation if, for example, that legislation is found to be ultra vires to the powers in primary legislation allowing it to be made. Further, under section 4 of the Human Rights Act 1998, the Supreme Court, like some other courts in the United Kingdom, may make a declaration of incompatibility, indicating that it believes that the legislation subject to the declaration is incompatible with one of the rights in the European Convention on Human Rights. Such a declaration can apply to primary or secondary legislation. The legislation is not overturned by the declaration, and neither Parliament nor the government is required to agree with any such declaration. However, if they do accept a declaration, ministers can exercise powers under section 10 of the act to amend the legislation by statutory instrument to remove the incompatibility, or ask Parliament to amend the legislation.

The current President of the Supreme Court is Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury, and its Deputy President is Baroness Hale of Richmond.

The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom Website

Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - Wiki















Supreme Court Judges

Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom - Wiki

Biography of the Justices - The Supreme Court - UK

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Old February 25th, 2016, 02:32 PM   #2
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The Royal Court of Justice and Rolls Building - London

The Royal Courts of Justice, commonly called the Law Courts, is a court building in London which houses both the High Court and Court of Appeal of England and Wales. Designed by George Edmund Street, who died before it was completed, it is a large grey stone edifice in the Victorian Gothic style built in the 1870s and opened by Queen Victoria in 1882. It is one of the largest courts in Europe. It is located on the Strand within the City of Westminster, near the border with the City of London (Temple Bar). It is surrounded by the four Inns of Court, King's College London and the London School of Economics.

Royal Courts of Justice and Rolls Building

The Royal Courts of Justice - Wiki

Court of Appeal of England and Wales

Judiciary of England and Wales















High Court Judges

High Court Judges - Courts and Tribunals Judiciary Website

High Court Judges - England & Wales - Wiki

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Old February 25th, 2016, 02:36 PM   #3
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The Rolls Building - The Rolls Building is a court complex on Fetter Lane in the City of London that is used by the High Court of Justice (one of the Senior Courts of England and Wales). It houses the commercial and property business of the Chancery Division (including bankruptcy), as well as the Admiralty Court, Commercial Court, and the Technology and Construction Court. The building has 31 courtrooms, including three "super courts" for high-value cases, and four landscape-oriented courtrooms for multi-party cases. The basement and top floors are available for lease by commercial law firms. The building was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 7 December 2011.

The Rolls Building - Courts and Tribunals Judiciary Website

The Rolls Building - Wiki


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Old February 25th, 2016, 03:02 PM   #4
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The Central Criminal Court - 'Old Bailey' - London

The Crown Court of England and Wales is, together with the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal, one of the constituent parts of the Senior Courts of England and Wales. It is the higher court of first instance in criminal cases; however, for some purposes the Crown Court is hierarchically subordinate to the High Court and its Divisional Courts.

The Crown Court sits in around 92 locations in England and Wales. The administration of the Crown Court is conducted through HM Courts Service. Previously conducted across six circuits (Midland, Northern, North Eastern, South Eastern, Wales & Chester and Western), HM Courts and Tribunals Service is now divided into seven regions: Midlands, North East, North West, South East, South West, London and Wales. The Wales region was identified separately, having regard to the devolved legislative powers of the Welsh Assembly Government. When the Crown Court sits in the City of London it is known as the Central Criminal Court. The "Central Criminal Court" at the Old Bailey, originally established by its own Act of Parliament, is a Crown Court centre, and is the venue at which many of the most serious criminal cases are heard.

The Crown Court carries out four principal types of activity: appeals from decisions of magistrates; sentencing of defendants committed from magistrates’ courts, jury trials, and the sentencing of those who are convicted in the Crown Court, either after trial or on pleading guilty.

Rather than speaking of a location at which the Crown Court sits, it is common practice to refer to any venue as a Crown Court, e.g., Teesside Crown Court.

At the Crown and High Court you will generally be represented by a Barrister, who wears a wig rather than a solicitor, the most revered and experienced Barristers take silk and become a QC (Queens Counsel) or when a male monach is on the throne KC (Kings Counsel). Barristers in England and Wales must join one of the four Inns of Court - Middle Temple, Inner Temple, Lincoln's Inn and Gray's Inn.

Old Bailey - Wiki

The Secrets of the Old Bailey - BBC

Old Bailey On-Line -History

Crown Court Wiki

Central Criminal Court - Corporation of London

Crown Courts Website

























Circuit Judges

Circuit Judges - Courts and Tribunals Judiciary Website

Circuit Judges (England & Wales) - Wiki



Barristers - England and Wales

Barristers in England and Wales are one of the two main categories of lawyer in England and Wales, the other being solicitors. Barristers have traditionally had the role of handling cases for representation in court, both defence and prosecution. (The word 'lawyer' is a generic one, referring to a person who practises in law, which could also be deemed to include other legal practitioners such as chartered legal executives.)

Barristers in England and Wales - Wiki

Queens Counsel (QC) - Wiki

Inns of Court - Wiki

Inns of Court - Bar Council


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Old February 25th, 2016, 03:43 PM   #5
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Magistrates Court

Magistrates' Court - England and Wales -Wiki

In England and Wales, a magistrates' court is a lower court, where all the criminal proceedings start. Some civil matters are also decided here, notably family proceedings. They have been streamlined to swiftly deliver justice. In 2015, there are roughly 330 magistrates' courts in England and Wales.

Summary offences are smaller crimes, that can be punished under the magistrates' court's limited sentencing powers – community sentences, fines, short custodial sentences. Indictable offences, on the other hand, are serious crimes (rape, murder); if an initial hearing at the magistrates' court finds there is a case to answer, they are committed to the Crown Court, which has a much wider range of sentencing power. Either-way offences will ultimately fall into one of the previous categories depending on how serious the particular crime in question is.

Cases are heard by a bench of three (or occasionally two) lay judges, or by a paid District Judge (Magistrates' Court); there is no jury at a magistrates' court. Criminal cases are usually, although not exclusively, investigated by the police and then prosecuted at the court by the Crown Prosecution Service. Defendants may hire a solicitor or barrister to represent them, often paid for by legal aid.

Westminster Magistrates Court in London

Westminster Magistrates' Court is a magistrates' court at 181 Marylebone Road, London. The Chief Magistrate of England and Wales, who is the Senior District Judge of England and Wales, sits at the court, and all extradition and terrorism-related cases pass through it and are reffered to the Crown Courts including the 'Old Bailey'. The court opened on 22 September 2011 as a replacement for the City of Westminster Magistrates' Court. The other main Courts used reguarly in relation to high profile national security cases are the modern Woolwich Crown Court & Magistrates, which are next to the High Security HMP Belmarsh Prison in South London.

Westminster Magistrates Court - Wiki

Woolwich Crown Court - Wiki









Magistrates

Magistrates are either Justices of the Peace (JP's) or District Judges and therefore do not wear wigs. They are reffered to as 'Sir' or 'Madam' rather than 'Your Honour' or "My Lord" or "My Lady etc. District Judges also operate in the County Courts and Small Claims Courts. Solicitors generally represent individuals at this level and over 90% of cases are dealt with by the Magistrates (Criminal) and County Courts (Civil).

Magistrates - Courts and Tribunals Judiciary Website

Magistrate (England and Wales) - Wiki

County Courts (England and Wales) - Wiki

District Judge - Courts and Tribunals Judiciary Website

District Judge - Wiki


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Old February 25th, 2016, 04:14 PM   #6
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Scotland's Judiciary is slightly different

The Scottish College of Justice includes the Supreme Courts of Scotland, and its associated bodies.

The constituent bodies of the national supreme courts are the Court of Session, the High Court of Justiciary (the Court of Last Resort in Scotland), and the Office of the Accountant of Court. Its associated bodies are the Faculty of Advocates, the Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet and the Society of Solicitors in the Supreme Courts of Scotland.

The College is headed by the Lord President of the Court of Session, who also holds the title of Lord Justice General in relation to the High Court of Justiciary, and judges of the Court of Session and High Court are titled Senators of the College of Justice.

Court Structure - Judiciary of Scotland

College of Justice Scotland - Wiki

Juditiary of Scotland - Wiki

Courts of Scotland - Wiki

Faculty of Advocates - Wiki

Scottish Adcocates are the equivalent Barristers in England & Wales, and can take silk to become Queens Counsel



Scottish Sheriff Judges



Parliament House in Edinburgh is home to the Supreme Courts of Scotland



The High Court of Judiciary in Edinburgh is Scotland's Highest Criminal Court

High Court of Judiciary - Wiki




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Old February 25th, 2016, 04:33 PM   #7
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The main Court in Northern Ireland is the Royal Courts of Justice in Belfast - Pictured Below

The Northern Ireland System is similar to the system in England and Wales, there is a Northern Ireland Bar Council represting the areas Barristers, thethe High Court and Court of Appeal, the Crown Court as well as the Magistrates and County Courts.

Courts of Northern Ireland - Wiki

Royal Courts of Justice, Belfast - Wiki

The Bar of Northern Ireland - Wiki

Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service


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Old February 25th, 2016, 04:37 PM   #8
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The European Courts

European Court of Justice

European Courts of Justice Website

European Courts of Justice - Wiki



The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (French: Cour de Justice), is the highest court in the European Union in matters of European Union law. As a part of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is tasked with interpreting EU law and ensuring its equal application across all EU member states. The Court was established in 1952 and is based in Luxembourg. It is composed of one judge per member state – currently 28 – although it normally hears cases in panels of three, five or 13 judges. The court has been led by president Koen Lenaerts since 2015






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Old February 25th, 2016, 08:41 PM   #9
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The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR)

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights. It hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be lodged by an individual, a group of individuals or one or more of the other contracting states, and, besides judgments, the Court can also issue advisory opinions. The Convention was adopted within the context of the Council of Europe, and all of its 47 member states are contracting parties to the Convention. The Court is based in Strasbourg, France.

ECHR Website

European Court of Human Rights - Wiki








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Old September 17th, 2016, 05:41 AM   #10
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Palace of Justice - Buenos Aires (Argentina)






For those of us who love Architecture, the easiest thing to remember about the movie The Secret in her Eyes is not that it did won the Oscar, but instead that several scenes were shot in the galleries of the Palace of Justice. This palace, usually known as “Tribunales”, is so important that the surrounding neighborhood takes its name. It also creates the life of the atmosphere around, being a chaotic place from monday to friday, and with almost no movement the saturdays and sundays. Inside this palace was the core of the Justice of the country for more than a century and it still is the main building of the Judicial system and the last decisions of the Law in Argentina, probably being the most famous room the courtroom of the Supreme Court, where most of the pictures shown in the papers are taken. The architect who built this epic beauty was Norbert Maillart, who also introduced Buenos Aires into the world stage with another two massive buildings: the Colegio Nacional and the Palace of the Post Office.













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Argentina - Brazil - Chile - Colombia - Italy - Panama - Perú - Uruguay
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Old September 17th, 2016, 05:41 AM   #11
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Boston - New York City - California

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Old September 17th, 2016, 05:42 AM   #12
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Boston - New York City - California

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Old September 17th, 2016, 05:43 AM   #13
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On HD:


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Boston - New York City - California

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Old September 28th, 2016, 01:22 PM   #14
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Such beautiful places of justice! Makes one want to commit a crime so that they can visit such beautiful places :P Thanks for sharing!
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Old December 2nd, 2016, 12:53 PM   #15
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Never have I felt such a combination of amazement, terror and bewilderment.

Full of legacy, very spectacular looking, very overrated :P

Thanks for sharing though - nice
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Old April 6th, 2017, 03:44 AM   #16
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algiers algeria
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