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Old November 17th, 2016, 10:09 PM   #1
Notgnirracen
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Renaissance Era Architecture

I was surprised that I couldn't find any thread about renaissance architecture here, so I thought I'd create one. Also, before we start this thread off I'd like to apologize in advance in the case that there already exists a thread about this.


Kalmar Castle

Kalmar castle is one of the few examples of renaissance architecture to be found near where I live. It is situated in southern Sweden near the former border with Denmark, and was therefore of great strategic importance up until the Swedish conquered the areas south of it in the 17th century. The oldest parts of the castle were constructed as far back as the 12th century, but it got its current look in the 1500-hundreds when king Gustav Vasa decided to renovate it. After the loss of its strategic importance the castle slowly fell in to disrepair until restoration began in the mid 19th century. Thanks to the fact that it had been left alone for so long it is now the most well preserved renaissance castle in Sweden.















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Old November 18th, 2016, 11:19 AM   #2
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Bakócz-chapel (burial chapel of Bakócz Tamás archbishop)
Hungary, Esztergom
early 16th century
süttő red marble and carrara white marble






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Old November 18th, 2016, 12:46 PM   #3
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Rosenborg Castle

The castle was originally built as a country summerhouse for King Christian IV of Denmark in 1606, and is an example of the then popular Dutch Renaissance style. It was expanded several times and gained its current appearance in 1624. Bertel Lange and Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger are thought to have done the structural planning of the castle.








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Old November 18th, 2016, 01:15 PM   #4
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Villa Madama

Villa Madama is situated half way up the slope of Monte Mario to the west of Rome and was comissioned by Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, later Pope Clement VII. The initial designs for the villa were made by Raphael, who unfortunateley died in 1520, before the building had been finished. The task of finishing the building was passed on to his desciples lead by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger who produced the final plans and supervised construction. The villa was finished in 1525.
















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Old November 18th, 2016, 03:17 PM   #5
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Neuhaus Castle, Paderborn

Neuhaus Castle was built to be the official rescidence of the Prince-Bishops of Paderborn and is an example the Weser Rennaisance style. During the reign of Eric of Brunswick-Grubenhagen in the early 1500s what now constitutes the front of the castle was built. It was frequently extended during most of the century until it got its current form in 1590, during the reign of Dietrich of Fürstenberg. The baroque gardens surrounding the castle were added in 1736.










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Old November 18th, 2016, 07:48 PM   #6
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Castle of Nyírbátor (Báthory castle)
Hungary, Nyírbátor
around 1500






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Old November 19th, 2016, 06:21 AM   #7
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Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Firenze, Italy (1444-1484)
Architect: Michelozzo di Bartolomeo
Client: Cosimo de Medici







The interior has been left almost intact since the 15th century:

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Old November 19th, 2016, 06:18 PM   #8
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Weikersheim Castle

Weikersheim Castle is the traditional seat of the princely family of Hohenlohe. The building that we see today was built during the time of Wolfgang II, who had traveled to Austria, France and England and there acquired a fine taste for the latest architecture. In 1605 the building was completed. It is built in the late renaissance style, but also hints at the coming baroque. The gardens were made by Wolfgangs grandson, Siegfried, a hundred years later.


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Old November 21st, 2016, 04:42 PM   #9
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Krasiczyn Castle

Krasiczyn Castle was built on the site of a 14th century wooden fortification on the right bank of the river San, in Poland. Construction was initiated in 1580 by the local nobleman Stanislaw Siecienski of Siecin. However, the castle would not be finished until 1633, when his son, Marcin Krasicki, had taken over. The architect behind the building was the italian Galleazzo Appiani.
















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Old November 21st, 2016, 04:58 PM   #10
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Pieskowa Skała Castle

Pieskowa Skała Castle, located within the Ojców National Park in southern Poland, was built by king Casimir III "the great" in the first half of the 14th century. At that time it served as part of a chain of fortified castles along the highland plane of the Polish Jura. The castle was later rebuilt in the renaissance style from 1542-1544 and is today one of the best known examples of defensive Polish Renaissance architecture.














Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, on Flickr
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Old November 21st, 2016, 05:23 PM   #11
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Poznań Town Hall

The original town hall of Poznań, built shortly after the founding of the city in the late 13th century, was seriously damaged by fire in 1536. Repair work was carried out in 1540–1542, particularly to the tower, but it remained unsafe. Therefore, in 1550 the city council commissioned Giovanni Battista di Quadro to carry out a major rebuilding of it. Ten years later, in 1560, the building stood finished. Di Quadro had extended it and made it into a late renaissance, or mannerist style building. The town hall would not be left alone after this though. In 1675 the tower and clock were destroyed by lightning, and in 1725 the top of the tower was destroyed by a hurricane. In 1781-1784 the building was renovated again and obtained the basic form which it presents today.





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Old November 22nd, 2016, 11:43 AM   #12
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Santa Maria Novella

The church of Santa Maria Novella was built in Florence, and is an example of the early renaissance. Building began in the mid 13th century after the site (which was then occupied by a 9th century oratory) had been assigned to the Dominican Order. The church was designed by two Dominican friars, Fra Sisto Fiorentino and Fra Ristoro da Campi. In about 1360 the church, built in the gothic style, was finished. The renaissance façade that we see today was created a century later by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. He attempted to bring the ideals of humanist architecture, proportion and classically inspired detailing to bear on the design while also creating harmony with the already existing medieval part of the facade.


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Old November 22nd, 2016, 02:48 PM   #13
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I find Northern Renaissance so fascinating! Consequently, the most interesting building I have seen in recent times is the Palais Granvelle in Besançon:


photo 2014 © Didier VIODE
by didiv5, on Flickr


Palais Granvelle, Besançon (© CRT Franche-Comté / Eric CHATELAIN)
by Franche-Comte Tourisme, on Flickr


Palais Granvelle, Besançon
by Franche-Comte Tourisme, on Flickr


Palais Granvelle
by Franche-Comte Tourisme, on Flickr


Palais (milieu du XVIe s.) Granvelle, Besançon (Doubs, France)
by Denis Trente-Huittessan, on Flickr


Besançon 2010 (4)
by roland dumont-renard, on Flickr


Besançon 2010 (7)
by roland dumont-renard, on Flickr

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palais...(Besan%C3%A7on)
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Old November 22nd, 2016, 06:43 PM   #15
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First thing to mention from Poland is Sigismund's Chapel.

Sigismund's Chapel (Polish: kaplica Zygmuntowska) is a chapel of the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland, one of the masterpieces of Polish architecture. Built as a funerary chapel for the last Jagiellons. Financed by King Sigismund I the Old, it was built in 1519-33 by Bartolomeo Berrecci.

A square-based chapel with a golden dome houses the tombs of its founder King Sigismund, as well as King Sigismund II Augustus and Anna Jagiellonka. The inner sculptures, stuccos and paintings were designed by some of the most renowned artists of the age, including the architect Berrecci himself, Georg Pencz, Santi Gucci and Hermann (or Hans?) Vischer. Sigismund's chapel inspired many other chapels in Poland and Lithuania.



https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2d/Sigismund_Chapel%2C_Wawel_02.JPG/495px-Sigismund_Chapel%2C_Wawel_02.JPG




http://www.mik.edu.pl/wp-content/upl...ka-copy-11.jpg


https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikiped...ta_Augusta.jpg


https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikiped...agiellonki.jpg


http://culture.pl/sites/default/file...jj_6436575.jpg

About renovation of the chapel (sorry, only in Polish)
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Old November 23rd, 2016, 06:16 PM   #16
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Gripsholm Castle

Gripsholm Castle is located on the shores of lake Mälaren, in the area around Stockholm, Sweden. Just like Kalmar Castle it gained its renaissance look in the mid 1500s during the reign of Gustav Vasa, an older castle had previously existed on the site though. The renovations were completed during the reign of Gustavs son, Eric XIV. Changes to the castle would be frequently made throughout the 1500s and some even later. Between 1773 and 1785 Gustav III, known as the "theatre king" spent long periods of time in the castle, and among other things added a theatre. In the late 19th century efforts were made to restore the castle to the way it would have looked during the renaissance. The restoration project was quite controversial, noetheless most of the plans were carried out.


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Old November 27th, 2016, 03:12 PM   #17
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Heriot's School, Edinburgh (completed 1693)




george heriot's school
by Kasia Matyjaszek, on Flickr

Architectural Detail on the Clock Tower, George Heriot's School, Edinburgh by Phil Masters, on Flickr
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Old December 9th, 2016, 02:47 PM   #18
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Villa Capra (La Rotonda)

Villa Capra, (or La Rotonda, as it is more commonly known) is probably one of the most iconic buildings of the late renaissance. It is situated just outside the city of Vicenza in northern Italy, and was comissioned in 1565 by a priest, who upon his retirement from the Vatican had returned to his hometown. The architect he got to design the building was no one less than Andrea Palladio, who through his treatise "The Four Books of Architecture" had gained wide recognition. Building began in 1567, but unfortunately Niether Palladio, nor the owner would see the building completed. After Palladios death in 1580 a second architect, Vincenzo Scamozzi, was brought in to oversee completion of the building. It was finished in 1591.
















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Old December 9th, 2016, 03:09 PM   #19
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Villa Cornaro

Villa Cornaro is another one of Palladio's works. It stands in the Piombino Dese, about 30 km northwest of Venice, and was built between 1553 and 1554 with additional work carried out in the 1590s. It was illustrated and described by Palladio in book two of his materwork "The Four Books of Architecture" in 1570, and has been the inspiration for (among others) Marble Hill House, in England, Drayton Hall, in Charleston, South Carolina, and Thomas Jefferson's initial version of Monticello.


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Old December 13th, 2016, 06:07 PM   #20
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Longleat House

Longleat house is an Elizabethan stately home and the seat of the Marquesses of Bath. It is located near the towns of Warminster and Westbury in Somerset, England, and was built by Sir John Thynne on the site of a priory in 1567. The house was mainly designed by Robert Smythson who designed a number of notable houses such as Harwick Hall and Wollaton Hall. The house was originally surrounded by renaissance gardens, however they were later replaced by landscape gardens designed by Capability Brown. Longleat also boasts the first safari park outside of Africa, which opened in 1966.


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