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Old December 15th, 2016, 11:17 PM   #21
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Matka is a canyon located west of central Skopje, Macedonia. Covering roughly 5,000 hectares, Matka is one of the most popular outdoor destinations in Macedonia and is home to several medieval monasteries. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matka_Canyon

Matka Canyon by Bojan Rantaša, on Flickr

Matka Canyon by Mark Orfila, on Flickr


Matka Canyon by Krystian, on Flickr

St. Andrew's Monastery

St. Andrew's Monastery - Matka by carlos.tejo, on Flickr

St. Andrew's Monastery by Jaime Pérez, on Flickr

St. Andrew's Monastery, founded 1389 by David Lewis, on Flickr

St. Andrew's by David Lewis, on Flickr


St. Andrew's Monastery by Markus Paco, on Flickr
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Old December 17th, 2016, 03:02 PM   #22
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Guys and Girls! Prepare for something truly exceptional, truly magnificent, no words can actually describe the beauty of this as genuine as it can get Byzantine church. By now we had examples from Macedonia, then from Greece and it's time for one marvel from Italy. The whole place, every angle is covered with mosaics, so delicate, so beautiful. On the outside we can see the unobtrusive terracotta, just like I prefer! No place for tacky, or cheap, only highest quality art, it's Italian after all, we all know how dedicate these people are when it comes to art and architecture. It's also one of the most respected remaining pieces of Byzantine art and architecture.
Basilica of San Vitale.


Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna by Roy Luck, on Flickr

The Basilica of San Vitale (Ravenna, Italy) by John Breit, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna by Scott D. Haddow, on Flickr

San Vitale in Ravenna by Lawrence OP, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale Mosaic Detail by rgb48, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna by Scott D. Haddow, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale by Rob Hawke, on Flickr

Ravenna - Basilica of San Vitale by vancouvergirl, on Flickr

2011-09-05 -- Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy - 038 by Jim W, on Flickr

Two worlds... by Claudio Cantonetti, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale DSC05324.ARW by Chris Belsten, on Flickr

Basilica of San Vitale - Ravenna by Loren Clark, on Flickr


Lamb of God (San Vitale) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], by Testus (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:15 AM   #23
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I'll post some examples from my threads, starting from Athens.

Athens' medieval heritage lies in the shadow for her ancient glory and is generally omitted from tourist guides.
The city's surviving Byzantine architecture is substantial and follows a characteristic style.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/bill_i...91790/sizes/h/


Hagioi Apostoloi, (Apostle Saints), Ancient Agora-Athens

Area: Athens, Ancient Agora
Type: Cross-in-Square-Tetraconch
Date: 1000 A.D.





http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/06_DELTIA/file7.aspx
Description:

The church is situated in the Ancient Agora of Athens. It is a cross-in-square church with certain elements that distinguish it from a typical cross-in-square plan. The simple, four-columned, cross-shaped center is covered with a dome. The four cross-arms end in semicircular conches. Between them are interposed four smaller ones, which constitute the corners of the square that inscribes the cross. The unknown architect combined elements of a central plan building, a tetraconch and a cross-in-square one.




In fact, the church plan is a unique combination of a circular building and a cross-in-square naos. The monument, in terms of architecture, could be considered as an experimental “application” of the early Christian octagon to the aesthetic vocabulary of the middle Byzantine period. This circular design conveys a strong impression of unity in the interior. In the ordinary cross-in-square Byzantine church this is only restricted to the lower level of the building: the usually low roofs of the corner-base as well as the small dome of the cross-in-square plan break the unity of the interior, destroying the up-lifting effect of the architecture.



The masonry of the church is cloisonné.

The monument is decorated with cufic ornaments and dentil courses. It is dated to the end of the 10th century. The church is not mentioned in any historical medieval sources.




(Part of the interior, photos are actually not allowed and is usually closed too. The corinthian column capitals are probably reused ancient ones from the nearby area)

http://www.flickr.com/photos/camelia...7622133910155/
image hosted on flickr


http://www.flickr.com/photos/camelia...7622133910155/
image hosted on flickr
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:19 AM   #24
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HagioiTheodoroi

Area: Klauthmonos Sq., Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 1049 or 1065 A.D.




http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/06_DELTIA/file9.aspx

Description:




The church is near Klathmonos Square, in Evripidou and Skuleniou Street, in the center of Athens. It is an eminent Byzantine monument of Greece dated to the middle of the 11th century.



It is a simple, distyle, cross-in-square church. The historical evidence on the church is a founder’s inscription walled above its entrance in the west.



The foundation date is mentioned in the inscription, 1049 or 1065 – specialists disagree on the reading of the date. Nikolaos Kalomalos, spatharocandidatus (Byzantine official), is its founder.
The monument is characterized by heavy proportions and massive three-sided apses. In general, it has ancient features since it was built on an older church, which must have influenced the present one.
Its masonry is cloisonné. The bell-tower is posterior and fragments from the marble screen of the church were incorporated into it.
The frescoes are much more recent (20th century) and they have been painted by Athanasius Kandris.

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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:21 AM   #25
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Soteira Kottakis

Area: Plaka, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: beginnings of the 11th century




Description:

The church is situated in Kydathinaion Street in Plaka, between Sotiros and Drakou Street, in the district Alikokko, like Hagia Aikaterini. It is thus named after the Kottakis family, who used to own it. It is a complex, four-columned, cross-in-square church dated to the first half of the 11th century. It has been severely damaged, while no wall paintings from the Byzantine period are preserved.


(This church is hard to find. Along with the Saint Apostles in the Agora, one of the oldest Athenian type churches.)
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:23 AM   #26
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Ioannis Theologos

Area: Athens, Plaka
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: beginning of the 12th century




Description:

The church is situated in Erechtheos and Erotokritou intersection in Plaka. It is a two-columned, cross-in-square church with an Athenian dome. Fragments of Byzantine wall paintings are preserved in the interior. Stylistically they relate to other wall paintings in various churches of Attica such as the small churches in Pentelis Cave or Hagios Petros in Kalyvia dated to the beginning of the 13th century.

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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:24 AM   #27
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Georgios, Hagios (Omorfoekklissia)

Area: Galatsi, Veikou Avenue, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: end of the 12th century


https://www.flickr.com/photos/550849...386069/sizes/l


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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:26 AM   #28
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Kapnikarea

Area: Ermou Street, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: circa 1050 A.D.


https://www.flickr.com/photos/twiga_...222782/sizes/l


Description:

The most well known Byzantine church of Athens is situated in Ermou Street and is dated to the 11th century. It is a complex, four-columned, cross-in-square church.

http://humorinio.blogspot.gr/2011/12/blog-post_06.html

https://www.flickr.com/photos/288756...448298/sizes/l


The exonarthex extending all over the western side of the church was added in the third quarter of the 11th century. A chapel has been incorporated in the north of the church. It is dedicated to Hagia Barbara and is dated towards the end of the Turkish domination. The name may derive from the tax kapnikon.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/thetai...724700/sizes/l



Therefore, it may be related to the founder, á tax collector, the kapnikarius. However, it could be related to the valuable textile, kamouha. The surviving wall paintings are recent; in fact have been painted in the 20th cenury by Fotis Kontoglou and his pupils, a school mainly influenced by Byzantine tradition.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeanpa...029620/sizes/l


PDF about the history and architecture of the building
http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0...610731015G.pdf
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:27 AM   #29
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Hagioi Pantes,

Area: Tsocha St, Ampelokipoi - Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: Before the 12th century




Description:

It is the small, elegant church situated in Tsocha Street in Ampelokipoi, very close to the hospital Hagios Savvas and to Panathinaikos’ field.
It is a cross-in-square church, which is mentioned as the Monastery of the Confessors in the historical sources - more specifically in Michael Choniates’ epistles.
Nowadays, it is dedicated to Hagioi Pantes.

(Another typical example of the "Athenian type" dome and masonry.)
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:29 AM   #30
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My personal favorite Byzantine Building in Athens

Panagia Gorgoepikoos

Area: Mitropoleos Sq, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: end of the 12th century, possibly around 1182-1204


https://www.flickr.com/photos/241510...351363/sizes/l
[/QUOTE]

http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/06_DELTIA/file11.aspx

Description:

The church is also known as Hagios Eleutherios or the Small Metropolis. It is situated next to the southern side of the Cathedral of Athens, in Mitropoleos Square. It is a cross-in-square church. The monument incorporates in a unique way 90 sculptures of different eras in its external walls.



It resembles an open-air exhibition of sculptures, which are dated to the ancient, roman, early Christian centuries, but also to the middle Byzantine period. M. Chatzidakis associated the church with the bishop of Athens, Michael Choniates. The wall paintings are dated to the 20th century.

(The church is built completely out of ancient pieces of marble, recycled and placed in an orderly fashion. Very characteristic is the reuse of classical, roman and early byzantine decorative sculptures, taken from the ruins nearby)





https://www.flickr.com/photos/pjhpho...432256/sizes/l
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:36 AM   #31
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Metamorphosis

Area: Plaka, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 11-12th century




Description:

The church, which is dated to the 11-12th century, is situated in the north of the Akropolis, in Klepsydras street. It is named Sotirakis (Metamorphosis Sotiros – Mikros Sotiras – Sotirakis) due to its small dimensions. It is a cross-in-square church with an Athenian dome.

(It is situated directly under the Erechtheion on the road that circumnavigates the acropolis)

https://www.flickr.com/photos/agiont...883746/sizes/l

https://www.flickr.com/photos/andrea...987425/sizes/l
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:38 AM   #32
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Kaisariani, Monastery,

Area: Hymettus, Attica, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 2nd half of the 11th century


This one is outside the city and doesnt follow the Athenian dome
https://www.flickr.com/photos/thetai...63508/sizes/l/


https://www.flickr.com/photos/112573...618245/sizes/l


The wall paintings date from 1682

https://www.flickr.com/photos/thetai...869067/sizes/l


https://www.flickr.com/photos/thetai...328126/sizes/l
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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:43 AM   #33
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Soteira Lykodemou

Area: Philellinon St. Athens
Type: Octagon
Date: Between 1015-1031 A.D.


It is the largest surviving building from the Middle Ages in Athens. It does not have the Athenian type dome, but rather a more typical polygonal Byzantine, perhaps due to the larger area it has to cover.
It suffered some damage from an earthquake in 1701. During the 19th century, apart from the new wall paintings, a new templon was also made. The bell tower was finally added in 1855, copying the style of the building)

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/82326956


Description:
http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/06_DELTIA/file10.aspx

The church is a domed octagon. It is best known as Russian church, since it was bought by the Russian community of Athens in the 19th century. An inscription places it around 1031.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/15388566110


It is situated in Filellinon Street. No wall paintings are preserved, while the more recent ones are painted by Loudovikos Thirsios (1847).
The high bell-tower was added at the time the Russian community obtained it for its religious needs.



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Old December 19th, 2016, 01:45 AM   #34
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Nikolaos, Hagios, (Rangavas)

Area: Plaka, Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 1st half of the 11th century


Description:

http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/06_DELTIA/file12.aspx

The church is situated in Stravon Street in Plaka and, as indicated by its name, it must have belonged to the aristocratic Rangava family. It is a simple, four-columned, cross-in-square church dated to the first half of the 11th century. It has been damaged, especially during the 19th century, but it was restored – at least in its largest part – in the end of the 70’s.


https://www.flickr.com/photos/andrew...424946/sizes/l


Ok enough, tomorrow more from Athens byzantine churches.
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Old December 19th, 2016, 02:06 AM   #35
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Oh well, I'm copying my old posts anyway so,

Asomatoi Monastery Church, (Petraki)

Area: Kolonaki Sq., Athens
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 900 A.D.





Description:

The church is situated close to the hospital “Evangelismos”. Nowadays, it is surrounded by a Monastery where the offices of the Synod of the Church of Greece are housed. It is one of the oldest surviving churches in Athens dated to the end of the 10th century. It is dedicated to Hagioi Taxiarches. The name Petraki derives from the doctor and philosopher Peter Papastamatis, who renovated it in the 17th century. It is a complex, four-columned, cross-in-square church with many architectural traits that attest its age. The wall paintings are more recent (18th century) and have been attributed to George Markos.


https://www.flickr.com/photos/ioanni...385574/sizes/l
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Old December 19th, 2016, 02:09 AM   #36
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Hagia Aikaterini

Area: Athens, Plaka
Type: Cross-in-Square
Date: 11th century


Description:

The church, which is dated to the second quarter of the 11th century, is one of the oldest churches in Athens (of the same architectural type). It is a complex, four-columned, cross-in-square church with an Athenian dome. Initially it must have been dedicated to Hagios Theodoros, as indicated by the votive inscription preserved in a fragment of a big, cylindrical column supporting the altar.
(In 1908 a series of unfortunate additions were build, an extension around 3 sides of the building and a new cover for the dome.)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/996923...630443/sizes/l


Nowadays, it has undergone vulgar alterations. It is situated in the district Alikokko in Plaka, close to the monument of Lysikrates. It has been frescoed by G. D. Kaphis or Kaphetzidakis in the end of the 19th century.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/dslewis...n/photostream/
image hosted on flickr

http://www.flickr.com/photos/5135020...otolist-dJQ2oN
image hosted on flickr
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Old December 19th, 2016, 02:17 AM   #37
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Ok, so Athens doesn't have the most impressive speciments in Greece, but they do have their interest, especially considering their age. Another very old example:

Pantanassa

Area: Monastiraki, Athens
Type: Basilica
Date: disputed, as early as 600 A.D. possibly 8th – 9th century




Description:

http://www.eie.gr/archaeologia/gr/ar...re.aspx?id=261

The church, which is one of the oldest and less known churches in Athens, is dedicated to Panagia Pantanassa. It is celebrated on the 15th of August, the day of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. It is located in Monastiraki Square, which is named after it.

The church is referred to as Big Monastery in a post Byzantine sigillium of 1678 and it is thus named during these years. Furthermore, in the same document it is mentioned that during the period of the Frankish rule it was annexed as a men’s monastery to Kaisariani Monastery. During the period of the sigillium the monastery functioned as a convent. From 1690 onwards the church became parish, same as the Kaisariani Monastery. From the revolution onwards, the church was no longer called Big Monastery but Mikromonastiro (Small Monastery) or Monastiraki. The monastery cells used to be in the location of today’s Square, while the whole area was full of small shops, many of which can still be found in the neighboring Pandrosos Street.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/3824178...n/photostream/
image hosted on flickr


The church is a barrel-vaulted basilica, namely a church type characteristic of the transition from the early Christian basilica to the cross-in-square church. In general, it signifies the transition from Late Antiquity to the Byzantine and Medieval World.

The wall paintings are more recent.

The church has undergone many modifications. Characteristic is the bell-tower, which is a more recent construction and annex.

According to Orlandos, the church is dated to the 10th century. However, based on its masonry Sotiriou has dated it to the 7th – 8th century, while Wulff to the 8th – 9th century like all the barrel-vaulted basilicas of Athens.

(The bell tower was added in 1911, along with some other additions now removed.
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Old December 19th, 2016, 02:25 AM   #38
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Daphni Monastery

Area: Aigaleo park, Athens
Type: Octagon
Date: 11th century


Ok, this is the last one from Athens, Daphni Monastery is a Unesco World Heritage Site.




Mosaics from the early 12th century survive in good condition, the church is built on top of a temple to Apollo, using columns and materials from it.

The ancient temple was destroyed in 395 AD by the Goths, the monastery was founded soon afterwards.



Gothic portico was added after the sack of the site by the crusaders, who took over the monastery in 1205.

Its restoration is now more or less complete
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Old December 19th, 2016, 06:01 PM   #39
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A large concentration of Byzantine architecture is the fort city of Mystras, which is also an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The extensive ruins are being restored; they represent the late Byzantine period.

http://www.exploresparta.gr/tourism/...ity-byzantium/








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Old December 20th, 2016, 10:34 AM   #40
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Before presenting more specific examples, Its important to highlight the very hard work which goes into the restoration of the last vestige of the Byzantine state in Mystras.




Quote:
Originally Posted by Reality7 View Post



image hosted on flickr






Before and after:



Here is another building under construction ‘Laskaris’ house :

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