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Old December 24th, 2016, 06:16 AM   #1
OakRidge
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Crusader Architecture

I've been interested in Crusader architecture, that of tombs, churches, castles, etc, for some time so I thought I would post some of the more interesting examples of the type that I have come across. Many of the structures I will post will be from the Levant but there are interesting examples located in places like the Aegean, Italy, Southern France, Cyprus, and elsewhere.

First up is one of the best preserved Crusader churches in the Levant.

Church of Saint Anne - Jerusalem - ~1138
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church...nne,_Jerusalem

Church of St Anne and Bethesda pools by Michael Jones, on Flickr
Church of St Anne and Bethesda pools by Michael Jones, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)
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Old December 24th, 2016, 06:16 AM   #2
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Al-Aqsa Mosque (Crusader palace, originally mosque) - Jerusalem - ~1119(Crusader modifications)
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Aqsa_Mosque

Al Aqsa Mosque by sitron45, on Flickr
Al-Aqsa Mosque / لمسجد الاقصى by frisch-luft.ch, on Flickr
Al Aqsa Mosque by Ken Horn, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

Last edited by OakRidge; January 2nd, 2017 at 02:16 AM.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 06:17 AM   #3
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Mausoleum of Bohemond I, Prince of Antioch - Canosa di Puglia - ~1119
Information: http://www.qantara-med.org/qantara4/...php?do_id=1165

121 by Nemoleon, on Flickr
132 by Nemoleon, on Flickr
128 by Nemoleon, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 24th, 2016, 06:45 AM   #4
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Krak des Chevaliers - Syria - ~1170
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak_des_Chevaliers

Krak des Chevaliers, Homs, Syria by Eric Lafforgue, on Flickr
Krak des Chevaliers, Syria(1) by Kevin Forkan, on Flickr
__________________
"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 24th, 2016, 07:31 AM   #5
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Awesome!
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Old December 24th, 2016, 08:21 AM   #6
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Beautiful
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Mimar Sinan - Sebastian Treese - Sejima - Nishizawa - Pawson - Horia Creangă - McKim, Mead & White - Gord Scott - Peter Pennoyer - Charles Hilton - Annabelle Selldorf - Roman and Williams - Morris Adjmi - Diller Scofidio + Renfro

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Old December 24th, 2016, 08:41 AM   #7
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Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque (Cathedral of St Nicholas) - Famagusta - ~1350
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lala_Mustafa_Pasha_Mosque

KKTC Mağusa Lala Mustafa Paşa Camii (1) Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque by bycuneyt, on Flickr
Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque, Cyprus by Nate Kornegay, on Flickr
0539-20090317_Cyprus-Famagusta-Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque (was St Nicholas Cathedral)-interior of Mosque viewed W to E by Nicholas Kaye, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)
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Old December 24th, 2016, 07:12 PM   #8
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Selimiye Mosque (St. Sophia Cathedral) - Nicosia - ~1326

Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._So...edral,_Nicosia

Selimiye Mosque by David Cunningham, on Flickr
Selimiye Mosque (formerly known as Cathédrale Sainte Sophie) #1 by Christoph Derndorfer, on Flickr
Selimiye Mosque (St. Sophia Cathedral) by Michele Thulborn-Chapman, on Flickr
0822-20090318_Cyprus-Nicosia-Selimiye Mosque (formerly 13th cent St Sophia Cathedral)-interior viewed from W end to E end by Nicholas Kaye, on Flickr
__________________
"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 25th, 2016, 03:25 AM   #9
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Nicosia is in Cyprus, why is the Turkish flag there? Or is it for some reason the Ottoman flag?
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Old December 25th, 2016, 04:19 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by JMGA196 View Post
Nicosia is in Cyprus, why is the Turkish flag there? Or is it for some reason the Ottoman flag?
It's technically located in "North Nicosia" which is on the Northern Cyprus (ie Muslim and Turkish) side of the "Green line" which divides the city.
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)
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Old December 28th, 2016, 06:47 AM   #11
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As some of you may know during the Fourth Crusade in the 13th century the Byzantine Empire was largely taken over by western crusaders. Several new states were formed and were ruled as medieval fiefs in the feudal manner. A full list of the states that were formed can be found here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankokratia

I plan to post several examples of crusader/western architecture that were constructed during this dynamic period.

Dominican church of Hagia Sophia - Andravida - ~13th century

Andravida by hlectronio, on Flickr

http://artofthecrusades.blogspot.com/

Quote:
We then made our way to modern Elis, the heartland of the Frankish kingdom of Achaea in the plain of the Morea and to the site of its first capital of Andravida (Andreville). The unwalled city was a key site in what Athanasoulis has called a “triangle of power” of Frankish principality, along with Chlemoutsi and Glarentza (Clarence), which are located within 5 kilometers of each other, and which was its administrative, economic, and military center. At Andravida in addition to Hagia Sophia, there were also St. Stephen and St. James, the latter of which was the mausoleum of the Villehardouin.

The only standing monument is the remains of the Dominican church of Hagia Sophia. The church was the court chapel of the Villehardouins, in addition to being the cathedral and seat of the bishop of the Olena. The site of the church was excavated in the 1980s by an archaeological team from the University of Minnesota. The Hagia Sophia was a three-aisled basilica with a vaulted sanctuary and a timber roof held up by slender granite columns. What remains of the cathedral of the capital of the Frankish principle of Achaia is its sanctuary and two chapels with rib vaults that is just over 1 meter of the present level of the nave. The structure had square apses (which we had seen earlier in the day at Isova). In the sanctuary, there are significant remains of plaster on the rib vaults.

http://artofthecrusades.blogspot.com/
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 28th, 2016, 07:45 AM   #12
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Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa - Tartus - ~12th century
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathed...ady_of_Tortosa

Tartus Cathedral by Arjayempee, on Flickr
Catedral de N. Sr de Tortosa, Tartus, Síria by David Samuel Santos, on Flickr
Catedral de N. Sr de Tortosa, Tartus, Síria by David Samuel Santos, on Flickr
Catedral de N. Sr de Tortosa, Tartus, Síria by David Samuel Santos, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 29th, 2016, 06:06 AM   #13
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Now for one of the greatest pieces of extant Crusader architecture:

Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes - Rhodes - ~14th Century
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace...ghts_of_Rhodes


Palazzo dei gran maestri di rodi, entrata principale 01 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], by sailko (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons
Сastle of the Knights, Rhodes, Greece by Aleksey Kotikov, on Flickr
Palace of the Grand Masters - Courtyard - Rhodes by Tony Wasserman, on Flickr

Palace of the Grand Masters of Rhodes - Windows 01 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/...-2.5-2.0-1.0)], by Bernard Gagnon (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons

Palace of the Grand Masters of Rhodes - Door [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/...-2.5-2.0-1.0)], by Bernard Gagnon (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons

Palazzo dei gran maestri di rodi, cortile 06 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], by sailko (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons
Grandmaster's Palace by Askjell Raudøy, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

Last edited by OakRidge; December 29th, 2016 at 06:15 AM.
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Old December 29th, 2016, 04:18 PM   #14
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Kolossi Castle - Kolossi - 1454
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolossi_Castle

Kolossi Crusader Castle. Cyprus. by David Friar, on Flickr
Kolossi Castle, Limassol by Michele Thulborn-Chapman, on Flickr
Kolossi by Malcolm Bott, on Flickr

Kolossi Castle06 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], by SashaCoachman (Own work), from Wikimedia Commons
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old December 30th, 2016, 03:43 PM   #15
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St Mary of the Resurrection Abbey - Abu Ghosh - ~12th century
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benedi...y_in_Abu_Ghosh

The Benedictine Abbey by the last don, on Flickr
IMG_0330.jpg by Ed Morrissey, on Flickr
Benedictine Monastery at Abu Ghosh by Michael Jones, on Flickr
Benedictine Monastery at Abu Ghosh by Michael Jones, on Flickr
__________________
"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Last edited by OakRidge; December 30th, 2016 at 03:49 PM.
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Old January 1st, 2017, 06:37 AM   #16
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This one is pretty interesting. What you are seeing below are photos of the portal of the Madrassa of Al-Nasir Muhammad in Cairo. What makes this portal so interesting is that it is from a Crusader church in Acre. Al-Ashraf Khalil, Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1290-1293, captured Acre in 1291 and had this Gothic portal shipped back to Egypt as plunder.

Acre church portal (Madrassa of Al-Nasir Muhammad) - Cairo - ~13th century
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madras...uhammad#Portal


Madrasa of al-Nasir Muhammad overall front view [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], by Casual Builder (Taken with my camera on a visit to Cairo), from Wikimedia Commons

Madrasa of Al-Nasir Muahmmad Portal [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], by Martyn Smith from Redlands, California (nasirmosque8), from Wikimedia Commons
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old January 1st, 2017, 08:51 PM   #17
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Chlemoutsi Castle (or Clermont Castle) - Peloponnese peninsula - Southern Greece - [1220-1223]

Built by the Crusader rulers of the Principality of Achaea during the Frankish rule in Greece :
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Old January 2nd, 2017, 02:17 AM   #18
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Chastel Blanc - Safita - ~12th century
Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chastel_Blanc


Chastel Blanc [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], by Loris Fecit (English Wikipedia: en:Image:SafitaTower2.jpg), from Wikimedia Commons
_6088864.jpg by Daniel Demeter, on Flickr
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"I had my back to the light and my face was turned towards
the things which it illumined, so that my eyes, by which I
saw the things which stood in the light, were themselves
in darkness." - Confessions (Book IV), Augustine of Hippo

"Laws are made for these reasons: that human wickedness
may be restrained through fear of their execution; that the
lives of innocent men may be safe among criminals; and
that the temptation to commit wrong may be restrained by
the fear of punishment." - The Visigothic Code (Book I, Title II, Part V)

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Old January 2nd, 2017, 05:28 AM   #19
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Very insightful...more please.
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Old January 2nd, 2017, 09:31 AM   #20
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