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Old May 29th, 2006, 02:34 AM   #181
hkskyline
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Push to win key Tamar vote
Leslie Kwoh
Hong Kong Standard
Monday, May 29, 2006

The government has unveiled a HK$300,000, three-dimensional model of the Central waterfront, just a day before the Legislative Council is scheduled to discuss funding for the controversial Tamar development project.

"We can't change the framework of the outline zoning plan for the Central reclamation area, but we can change the design," Director of Planning Bosco Fung Chee-keung said. "We found that a lot of submissions from the public contained good ideas, so we're trying to include them."

He emphasized, however, that the model illustrated only one design option, not the final product.

The model shows the government offices complex and the Legislative Council complex housed in two block- shaped buildings at the back of the Tamar site.

The proposed Civic Square, the area designated for open space, is fused with a 60-meter-wide pedestrian deck linked to the waterfront by a four-lane trunk road. Officials said the nine-meter-tall pedestrian deck would still be considered a ground-level crossing as that particular section of the trunk road would be lower than other roads in Central.

The model also includes a number of previously unmentioned features along the waterfront, such as an "undulating lawn" and an outdoor amphitheater directly across from the Tamar site.

"There're some concessions, such as a greener harborfront, which were quite encouraging. But we still don't know the end result," said activist John Batten.

Designing Hong Kong Harbour District convenor Paul Zimmerman warned the public not to be deceived by the model's "camouflage," saying: "It looks like a lot of green, but if you look closely, you'll see they're oversized trees that will take 200 years to grow."

The unveiling put an end to the mystery surrounding the highly-publicized model.

Rumors emerged Friday that officials were "in a panic" to produce the model before today's Legislative Council meeting. A government spokeswoman confirmed Friday the model existed and would be unveiled Sunday.

On Saturday, however, a government information officer denied the claims, saying a model was out of the question as lawmakers had not yet approved funding.

But an anonymous tip-off to the press later in the day led reporters to the North Point government offices, where a delivery man was photographed carrying the model into the building. Officials then issued press invitations Sunday announcing the unveiling of the model.

Sources said illustrations of the model were sent to the various political parties earlier last week, but the Democratic Alliance for Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong - rumored to have promised its vote for the project in return for closer ties with the chief executive - received them several weeks earlier.

Officials also made visits to the various parties Friday morning to solicit views on the illustrations and to ensure "no surprises" turned up at today's meeting, the sources said.
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Old May 29th, 2006, 07:22 AM   #182
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Aboveday
May 28, 2006

Central harbourfront to be vibrant, attractive



The future Central harbourfront will be vibrant, attractive and accessible, Director of Planning Bosco Fung says, adding it will become a world-class waterfront with quality public and private developments in a luxuriant landscape setting.



Speaking at a press briefing today, Mr Fung said the area's land use framework is holistic and balanced, reflecting the community's aspirations for providing extensive public open space along the harbour, while maintaining the competitive edge of the Central Business District.



The illustrative concept for the new Central harbourfront has three design emphases, namely creating vibrancy and diversity; creating enjoyable public spaces; and creating a green edge to the harbour and the district.



Hong Kong icon

"The new harbourfront will be attractive in having a green unifying edge endowed with quality public and private developments in a luxuriant landscape setting. It will be vibrant day and night with a mix of uses and diversity of functions, inviting different activities and residents and tourists alike to the harbourfront," he said.



"There will be good access with the provision of multi-modal transport and comprehensive pedestrian linkages at different levels to bring people to the harbour. The new Central harbourfront will become a symbol of Hong Kong, with a distinctive urban form in harmony with the ridgelines and the harbour setting."



Mr Fung said the 11-hectare waterfront promenade, which is bigger than the eight-hectare Hong Kong Park, will offer residents assorted recreation with open-air facilities such as outdoor forums, amphitheatres, green open space, harbourside walkways and undulating lawns.



Leisure and entertainment activities, outdoor media shows and performances can be organised. Ancillary facilities for resting and alfresco dining will also be available.



3 principal corridors

The urban design framework is structured upon a waterfront promenade across the water edge, intersecting with three principal corridors linking the city with the harbour. All of them will terminate in the new harbourfront with focal points including the new Star Ferry Pier, public piers, plazas, and other activity nodes.



"The nine-storey office-commercial building linking Statue Square to the new Star Ferry pier provides a low-rise garden deck and an at-grade landscape walkway. The development would be a new unique building with cascading design, and extensive setbacks to provide garden decks, terraces and roof gardens," Mr Fung said.



Mr Fung said the land use zonings and other planning parameters including height restrictions laid down in the Outline Zoning Plans have provided a framework for the future developments.



Innovative ideas welcome

"Within the broad development framework, and provided the permitted uses and development intensity as expressed in plot ratio or building height as laid down in the OZPs are not exceeded, we welcome innovative ideas and believe there are no lack of design options which will best realise our planning vision of creating a world-class harbourfront," he said.



A bilingual pamphlet explaining the Government's planning vision has been published and a 3-D model to provide visual images of the new harbourfront area will be displayed at City Hall's Hong Kong Planning & Exhibition Gallery from May 31.


The Planning Department will undertake an urban design study to further refine the existing urban design framework and to prepare planning-design briefs for the key sites on the Central harbourfront to guide future developments. The community will be fully engaged in the study process.






It will look quite nice once the trees mature and tower above the sidewalk, providing a nice shady area for a picnic or lunch.
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Old May 29th, 2006, 10:27 AM   #183
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RTHK News:
Lawmakers approve Tamar project



Lawmakers approving funding for Tamar project


The government's controversial plan to build its new headquarters on the Tamar site has passed its first hurdle in the Legislative Council. Members of the Public Works sub-committee overwhelmingly endorsed funding for the five-billion-dollar project, which will go to Legco's Finance Committee next month for final approval. The vote was 16 to two. The Civic Party's Alan Leong was asked whether it would be a "people's project," as the government has claimed.
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Old May 29th, 2006, 04:51 PM   #184
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Tamar should be a community project
29 May 2006
South China Morning Post

The plan to build a new government office complex on the harbourside Tamar site is very close to becoming reality. Funding for the project will almost certainly be approved by the Legislative Council's public works subcommittee today. If, as expected, the Finance Committee also gives it the green light next month, the $5.1 billion project will have cleared the final procedural hurdle.

This is, therefore, a time to reflect carefully on the use to which this prime site in the heart of our city is to be put and where it fits in with plans for the overall development of the harbour. It is important that we learn from past mistakes, which have made the harbourside inaccessible and ugly. Instead, we should create something of which Hong Kong can be proud.

The government officially unveiled its vision for the Central to Wan Chai waterfront, including Tamar, yesterday. It is good to see that the design includes plenty of green space and room for community facilities. There are lawns, a tree-lined promenade, a harbour walkway and space for al fresco dining. An amphitheatre and a performance stage are included, along with a dedicated area for arts and leisure. These are the sorts of facilities needed to give people greater access to the harbour.

But the government's plan, which it described as "a vibrant and green harbourfront", is no more than a concept. We do not know whether it will be implemented or how it would look if it were.

The blueprint, for example, tells us little about the Tamar project. The buildings are represented on the plan by ill-defined tower blocks. The development, which will include a new Legislative Council building as well as the government offices, is intended to be iconic. But much will depend on how it is designed.

A pretendering process is already under way with potential bidders putting forward their proposals. A podium for the site, under which roads would run, is a feature of the developers' proposals, but not apparent in the government model.

The government should ensure as much public input into the design of the project as possible. It is vital that people are given an opportunity to express their views on how it should look. The whole community should be able to feel it is involved. A design competition, perhaps open to local and international competitors, would be a good idea. It would open up the debate and allow more public participation.

The government should certainly avoid settling on preconceived plans for Tamar and then trying to impose them on the community. This was the approach taken with the West Kowloon Cultural District and it is one of the reasons why the project has now gone back to the drawing board.

When the Tamar development was put on hold because of the economic downturn in 2003, this newspaper pointed out that the move presented Hong Kong with a valuable opportunity to develop the site for the people. The government, we said, could choose to build its new offices elsewhere.

Such an approach is still possible. But it has become increasingly unlikely, given growing support in Legco for the government's scaled-back office complex plan. Last week, Chief Executive Donald Tsang Yam-kuen described Tamar as "a community project". He claimed that 70 per cent of Hong Kong people want the government offices built there.

His claims are not conclusive, in the absence of any convincing evidence to back them up. Polls conducted by the government, but not made public, are of little weight. Neither is the government's assessment of views expressed in public forums and media talk shows.

But Tamar should, indeed, be a community project. The site is there for everyone to enjoy. With or without government offices, the project must achieve the aim of giving the harbour back to the people. That means ensuring that the people have a big say in how this landmark development takes shape.
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Old May 29th, 2006, 06:02 PM   #185
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From news.gov.hk:
Air study set for Central 'groundscraper'
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Old May 29th, 2006, 06:29 PM   #186
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RTHK news:
Harbour activist calls for public input into Tamar project
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Old May 30th, 2006, 05:18 AM   #187
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Hong Kong approves controversial new government headquarters

HONG KONG, May 29, 2006 (AFP) - Hong Kong lawmakers overwhelmingly endorsed Monday a controversial plan to build a new multi-billion dollar government headquarters on a prime harbourside site.

Members of public works sub-committee in the Legislative Council (LegCo) gave the greenlight to fund the 5.1-billion Hong Kong dollar (654-million US dollar) project with 16 votes for the plan and two opposed.

The issue will go to LegCo's finance committee next month for final approval.

Despite the approval, legislator Kwok Ka-ki criticised the project, saying taxpayers will see little benefit from the plan.

Fellow lawmaker Alan Leong said the government estimate for the construction cost is double what commercial enterprises are paying for buildings in the territory. He urged the government to promise not to request further funding.

"I call on the government to draw a good model and do a proper public consultation and an independent study," he said at the meeting.

The government has so far refused to elaborate on the project's specifics but has insisted the costs represent fair value in the current market.

Officials want to bring the southern Chinese territory's sprawling bureaucracy together into one complex on a large plot of land that has lain empty since the city reverted from British to Chinese rule in 1997.

The project has been watered down several times since the original idea was floated in 2003 following vocal opposition from planners, developers and legislators who want to preserve the tiny city's dwindling public spaces.

The proposal for the so-called Tamar Site has also been attacked by conservationists who want to convert the concrete-covered plot into a green public park.

The 4.2-hectare (10.4-acre) site, nestled in the heart of Hong Kong's high-rise downtown area, was the former British naval base and is the most expensive piece of empty land in the territory.

The new headquarters will include a complex for the legislative council and the government as well as a two-hectare open space.
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Old May 30th, 2006, 07:58 AM   #188
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Tamar funding plan passes first hurdle
Leslie Kwoh
Hong Kong Standard
Tuesday, May 30, 2006

The controversial Tamar project may have secured the overwhelming majority of votes at Monday's Legislative Council meeting, but not before lawmakers gave administration officials a two-hour tongue lashing for failing to promote Tamar as "the people's project."

As expected, the government's HK$5.1 billion funding proposal easily passed its first hurdle - the Finance Committee's public works subcommittee - by 16 votes to two. The Civic Party and independent lawmaker Albert Chan Wai-yip, who was absent, were the only opponents.

But lawmakers favoring the project were, surprisingly, reluctant to grant it full approval, insisting the government had failed to show how the new administrative headquarters was not the government's project, but the community's, as Chief Executive Donald Tsang Yam-kuen insisted last week.

"The administration has been too cautious in terms of transparency and public consultation," Democratic Party chief Lee Wing-tat said.

"It won't hurt the administration to be more open in its attitude from now on. After all, as Donald Tsang has said, the project is not for himself."

Lee demanded that officials guarantee the public will be allowed access to the complex, suggesting the top floors be reserved as a public viewing gallery. Additionally, the public should be allowed to visit the chief executive's office by appointment, he said.

Legislators also demanded to know how the Tamar project would integrate into the surrounding areas in Central and Wan Chai, and whether public space along the waterfront would house diversified recreational activities.

The Liberal Party and the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong went as far as to question the project's "sustainability" in terms of the comprehensive planning of the waterfront, a concern previously raised only by local green groups.

The two parties became incensed, however, when their inquiries were dismissed by subcommittee chairman Raymond Ho Chung-tai as falling outside the scope of the meeting because they did not directly relate to the Tamar site.

"The paper mentions a linkage between Tamar and the waterfront promenade, so why should these two be kept distinct?" questioned Liberal Party vice chairwoman Miriam Lau Kin-yee.

Co-vice chairwoman Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee added: "We hope the administration won't be too miserly when it comes to the waterfront promenade - do you expect people to just sit on a bench and gaze? You need activities to draw people there."

Despite these concerns, Director of Administration Elizabeth Tse Man-yee maintained that the Tamar site would not be included in a review and public consultation on the Central harborfront, expected to begin in July.

"The project is already at a mature stage, while harborfront planning is not as mature," she explained, adding that the administration had already in recent months "broken the rules and made an exception" by listening to public views" on Tamar.

The unprecedented outcry at Monday's meeting satisfied concern groups, who said lawmakers were finally showing an interest in the planning elements, rather than the politics, of the project.

"The vote was quite expected, but what was surprising was how many political parties were asking questions we've been asking," said convenor of Designing Hong Kong Harbour District Paul Zimmerman, who in recent weeks has made presentations of his alternative vision of the waterfront to various political parties.

"The politics are over, so now we can work together on the design," Zimmerman said.

However, the Civic Party's Alan Leong Ka-kit, who along with fellow party member Mandy Tam Heung-man voted against the project, said the ballot results were the disappointing product of the government's "strong-armed politics" and that "sooner or later, the public will dawn to this fact."

He added: "From the looks of it, Tamar does not have even the slightest resemblance to a people's project."

The Finance Committee will give its final vote on the project on June 23.
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Old June 3rd, 2006, 05:41 PM   #189
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Offensive to scuttle harbor activists
Carrie Chan
30 May 2006
Hong Kong Standard

The government will counter any attempts to derail its Tamar headquarters project in the month-long run-up to its final funding approval on June 23, following a heavily funded campaign made possible by a "mystery'' HK$1 million donation to opponents of the project.

Sunday's official announcement of the harborfront development blueprint failed to attract extensive newspaper coverage Monday.

"This tactical move to consolidate peoples' support for the Central waterfront with the Tamar relocation project was disrupted by critics and activists,'' a government source said.

"The government, furious over the intrusion of a Tamar activist disguised as a freelance journalist for an local English paper at the Planning Department press conference [unveiling the Tamar model] on Sunday, protested Monday to the daily about the incident. But this failed to interrupt the progress of the project and the battle is on our side. But we need to watch out for any destructive forces before it is put to a vote for final funding. A showdown with opposing politicians, activists and critics who have strong business ties is under way.

"Top level instructions were made to counter any erroneous and misleading criticism in the coming four weeks.''

Bolstered by its success on the passage of funding for Tamar Monday by the Legislative Council's public works sub- committee, the government moved to draw more lawmakers to its side.

"Those who continue to block the way are acting against people's views and that is why the pro-government and democratic parties support the project,'' the source said.
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Old June 3rd, 2006, 06:26 PM   #190
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Bollocks.

There was a very good 'letter to the editor' letter in the SCMP either yesterday or today ... about ruining the harbour.

Short but sweet.
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Old June 4th, 2006, 04:48 AM   #191
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Aboveday





It's sooo beautifull.....
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Old June 4th, 2006, 06:43 AM   #192
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Just a shame it probably won't look like that, and is only shrinking the harbour then?
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Old June 4th, 2006, 07:44 AM   #193
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Nice projects.Hong Kong needs some fresh air.
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Old June 4th, 2006, 02:05 PM   #194
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I think this project is good! Hope this project will start soon.
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Old June 4th, 2006, 05:33 PM   #195
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PLA should leave Central, says lawmaker
Guaranteed military berth and road to Tamar barracks are missing from the government's new harbourfront model

4 June 2006
South China Morning Post

The People's Liberation Army should move its headquarters from the Central waterfront to make way for an accessible harbour promenade, a legislator has urged.

Democratic Party legislator Sin Chung-kai yesterday said the PLA had no strategic need for the Central site and called on the government to discuss moving the barracks, and compensating the army if necessary.

"If the PLA headquarters could be relocated, it would be beneficial for the harbourfront," Mr Sin said.

His comments follow last week's unveiling of a government model for the harbourfront that did not include a military berth guaranteed to the PLA under an agreement between China and Britain in 1994.

Also missing from the model is a road which in the zoning plan links the berth to the PLA's barracks at Tamar. In its place are a tree-lined promenade and harbour walkway.

The words "military berth" do appear in promotional literature on the model, but the model itself shows no structure. Yet both the model and zoning plan do detail ferry piers along the waterfront, including the commercial and leisure pier yet to be built.

"The berth is on the model, even though you can't see it. The roads are also there," said a spokeswoman for the Planning Department. "The entire promenade is straight and smooth. So long as there is a 150-metre-long straight promenade allowing PLA vessels to dock, it is alright. We have sufficient length at the Central promenade to let the PLA dock their ships."

However, a military expert, who asked not to be named, said PLA vessels would require a structure in order to berth. "Just a straight line is impossible," he said. The PLA did not need a berth in Central as its main operational base in Hong Kong was at Stonecutter's Island, this expert said.

Vincent Ng Wing-shun, a member of the Harbour-front Enhancement Committee, said he would press the Planning Department to include the berth's design and the roads in the model. "I have been to City Hall to see the model. I can't see the berth. I'm not sure whether it is because the PLA has not given the berth and the road's specifications to the government."

An explanatory note in the zoning plan states: "When vehicular access is required between the PLA berth and the PLA Hong Kong garrison headquarters, the traffic flow on road P2 would be stopped by means of wig-wag lights and PLA access would be provided." The P2 is a six-lane highway running from the Airport Express station past the convention centre to join existing roads.

Mr Ng, who is also a vice-president of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects, pointed out the model was not a perfect representation of what would be built.

"It is just the Planning Department's intention. It depends on the co-operation of various government departments. Unless they also embrace the vision of turning the waterfront into a world-class promenade, the features we see in the model may not become reality."

The 1994 Sino-British Defence Land Agreement states: "The Hong Kong government will leave free 150 metres of the eventual permanent waterfront in the plans for the Central and Wan Chai reclamation at a place close to the Prince of Wales Barracks [PLA barracks] for the construction of a military dock after 1997."

While the berth has been on the drawing board since day one, it has rated only passing mentions in promotional materials the government has produced.

The PLA did not respond to calls for comment.
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Old June 4th, 2006, 10:28 PM   #196
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i really hope HK will end up looking like this.. altho truth be told it prolly wouldn't b so green...
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Old June 5th, 2006, 10:48 AM   #197
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LUNG Ying-tai, a famous writer from Taiwan, made a speech called Who's Tamar?-- What I see the principal part of the HK culture, which was taling about her view on the Tamar site. This speech was made on June 2 2006 in the University of Hong Kong. Ming Pao today made this speech into written text. It is worth for everyone to read if you can read Chinese, and I'll made some summery in English at the bottom.

誰的添馬艦——我看香港文化主體性

我知道「作客人要有禮貌」。我知道我「不是香港人,所以不懂香港」。我完全承認「你們台灣更糟糕」。所以,講這個題目還真的「我有壓力」,套一句「巴士阿叔」的真情告白。但是,我也相信香港人的開闊,容得了善意的直率。

■添馬艦有故事

「添馬艦」這個名詞的來源是什麼﹖我問了10個香港人,發現10個香港人都不知道。

於是做了些研究。添馬艦,HMS Tamar,是英國海軍一艘軍艦,建造在1863年──太平天國鬧得正兇、美國正在打南北戰爭的時候。是一艘3650公噸的三桅運兵船,1897年以後,留駐維多利亞港內,成為駐港海軍的主力艦。在1941年的香港保衛戰中,日軍入侵,英軍退守港島,港府下令炸毁港內所有船隻以免為日軍所用,添馬艦也被炸沉。在一個海軍戰俘的網頁上,我找到那個奉命炸沉添馬艦的士兵的日記﹕

十二月十一日,海軍忙碌不堪。所有船隻都開往九龍,接駁撤退的部隊……十九點正,上尉下指令要我駛往昂船洲接運傷者。昂船洲已經被連續轟炸了二十四個小時。我運了三個擔架傷者,還有一些勉強能走的傷兵。二十一點,奉命炸沈添馬艦……夜特別黑,一點光都沒有,發射魚雷風險很大……我發射的第一顆魚雷,沒擊中。

在同一頁上,還有一個短訊,作者的祖父當年是添馬艦的水兵。她問的是﹕「我的祖父一直在添馬艦上,可是最後卻死在里斯本丸的災難中。六十年了,有誰可以告訴我他在添馬艦的生活﹖」

戰爭結束後,港府打撈添馬艦,一部分撈上來的木板,據說就做了聖約翰座堂的大門。

沉沒水底的戰爭殘骸,竟然轉化為仰望天空的的宗教情操。

一旦知道了「添馬艦」有這樣滲透着血和淚的歷史以後,就很難對添馬艦保持漠然。

但是,為什麼大部分的香港人不知道這些歷史,彷彿不在乎自己的歷史呢﹖恐怕也不是天生的冷漠,而是因為在殖民教育中成長﹔殖民帶來物質成就和現代化,同時也剝奪被殖民者對於歷史的細微敏感和自尊自重。

■強勢政府,弱勢社會

今天的添馬艦,原來當然是海水,當年的軍艦添馬艦就停泊在這裏。填海之後,就是中環到金鐘海岸線核心區的一塊多出來的空地,以「添馬艦」為名,紀念香港悲壯的烽火歲月。在它「暫時無用」的幾年裏,添馬艦「意外地」成為香港的市民廣場﹕14,000個人在晴空下圍坐着吃盆菜﹔5000個人聚在一起泡茶﹔4000個人在星空下肩靠着肩一起看露天電影。這樣一塊「自由放任」的地,在講究精算的香港絕不可能長久。政府決定在這裏建總部。4.2公頃的地面上,2公頃要闢做「文娛廣場」,另一半要建4棟政府大樓,每一棟大約30到40層高。那到底是多大呢﹖總建築面積,相當交易廣場第一期和第二期總和。建築費用﹖52億。

在剛剛興起的添馬艦的辯論裏,讓一個旁觀者最覺不可思議的就是,這麼重大的、影響城市景觀和生態結構的工程案件,竟然可以如此輕易地「過關」。如果是在紐約,在倫敦,在柏林,在東京,甚至在香港人挺「瞧不起」的台北,曾蔭權所提出的「添馬計劃」有太多問題會讓人大喊「未解決」,要窮追猛打了﹕

譬如問題一,為什麼政府總部要搬遷﹖人均辦公空間是否真的「嚴重不足」﹖它的人均辦公空間「不足」是以什麼標準在衡量﹖跟其他城市的政府空間做過評比嗎﹖結果如何﹖跟民間的人均工作空間相比又如何﹖這些信息若是空白,它如何證明它的空間「不足」﹖

譬如問題二,假定數據證明空間確實「不足」,那麼高科技電訊溝通系統是否不能補足﹖當視訊、網絡如此發達而且一天比一天發達的時候,傳統的所謂「辦公空間」的需求是否應該有全新的定義﹖是否做過調查研究﹖是否充分舉證了科技亦無法補足空間需求﹖

譬如問題三,假定人均辦公空間的「不足」有了科學的證明,那麼究竟應該繼續租用私人商業空間,還是擴大原有政府設施,還是乾脆遷址新建,針對各種選項是否做過徹底的分析比較﹖3種選項的經濟效應、環境影響、永續發展的評估等等,是否可以攤開在陽光下供學界挑戰,請媒體監督,讓社會檢驗﹖

譬如問題四,假定前述分析比較的結果確實是遷址新建為優,那麼,哪一個地址最為適合﹖為什麼不是亟需建設的九龍東南﹖為什麼不是資源分配偏低需要關懷挹注的新界﹖為什麼不是使用率低得離奇的數碼港﹖為什麼不是廢棄已久的西環屠房﹖為什麼一定得是添馬艦﹖科學的理據和說服在哪裏﹖

譬如問題五,如果政府總部決定落在添馬艦,那麼九龍東南的規劃是什麼﹖那麼政府山古蹟群的未來是什麼﹖那麼新填海中環濱海長廊的具體規劃跟添馬艦之間的呼應關係是什麼﹖那麼西九龍又將如何﹖西環屠房要作何處理﹖

從政府已經披露的資訊來看,這些根本問題都沒有「一個蘿蔔一個坑」的答案,但是52億的款項,立法會幾乎沒有異議。各黨派,除了公民黨,很快就不說話了。少數民間團體,只能要求政府在廠商提出標書之後,把模型拿出來展覽。政府既不需要回答對根本問題的追究──因為反正也沒什麼人在追究﹔也不必做任何白紙黑字的承諾。答應展出招標事後的模型,還強調這是「破例」,而且人民不能給意見,政府已經給人民很大「面子」,做了「讓步」了。

香港政府真的強勢有為。民間,也真溫順得可以。

■挖土機你為什麼這麼急﹖

我無意說,政府強勢一定不好。很多政府可能對香港政府充滿羨慕﹕預算超高(香港政府預算是台北的8倍 ),主導性超強,社會力超弱。強勢政府尤其喜歡在工程上展現魄力,因為工程是最容易看得見的政績。

香港政府的「勵精圖治」企圖是很明顯的﹕政府剛剛公布了中環新海濱規劃方案,宣稱要「締造令人嚮往的消閒休憩用地及海港和商業中心」,要「發展成為象徵香港的世界級海濱」。天星碼頭旁將興建3組商廈建築群,包括28層高的商廈、18層高的「無敵海景酒店」,以及9層高但是長400多米的「摩地大廈」。除了這「世界級海濱」之外,西九龍40公頃的工程在規劃推動中﹔添馬艦將有政府大樓群等等,還不必談及大嶼山的開發以及各種跨界大橋的規劃。

政府強勢不一定不好,但是,當我們面對一個「勵精圖治」的政府時,當強勢政府像一個巨大的挖土機在橫衝直撞時,社會不能沒有一個深思的心靈和長遠宏觀的眼睛。我們可能必須在轟隆作響、天翻地覆的挖土機前,放上一朵脆弱、柔軟、美麗的小花。

脆弱、柔軟、美麗的小花提醒的是﹕

城市規劃是牽一髮動全身的。

以維多利亞港來說,中環濱海長廊的建築,勢必整個改變 「香港的臉」──舉世聞名的浪漫維港景觀。想像你站到水中央,往維港四周緩緩做360度的觀覽,從西九、尖沙嘴、尖東、銅鑼灣、金鐘、中環、上環,一路流轉回到西九,維港的整體景觀,色彩、光影、山脊線與天際線的交錯,海港與建築風格之間的相輔相成諧調之美,是否有整體的預想呢﹖或者還是讓每一個海濱工程孤立的、局部的、偶然性依一時一刻之需而發展﹖

政府山的古蹟群,是香港唯一的一片完整殖民建築風格了,曾蔭權無論如何不願承諾保護,這些古蹟若是有一天剷除了,又變成以金錢計算平方呎的地產價值,香港人能夠忍受這樣對待自己的歷史嗎﹖如果保留了,添馬艦52億的大洞,你又如何填補﹖

如果這一切都還沒想好──那麼,挖土機啊,你究竟為什麼這麼急﹖

■香港跟誰比﹖

當主事者總是用「世界級」、「地標」、「香港精神」來描繪自己的「勵精圖治」的企圖時,我們能不能聽見一個小小的、安靜的聲音說,為什麼香港需要「地標」﹖「世界級」是跟誰比﹖比什麼﹖「香港精神」又是什麼﹖

西班牙的畢爾包怎麼能拿來跟香港比呢﹖畢爾包需要Frank Gehry的古根漢美術館作為地標,因為畢爾包是個極其普通的不起眼的小城,它可以用一個標新立異的特殊建築作為地標來突出自己。香港卻是一片璀璨,地標如雲,當地標被地標淹沒的時候,你還看得見地標嗎﹖地標還有意義嗎﹖

如果說,像畢爾包這種只有常民生活而缺特色建築的城市需要現代建築來作為地標,那麼地標簇擁的香港所需要的,反而是常民生活的沉澱,小街小巷老市場的珍愛呵護,讓「市井人文感」更醇厚更馥郁,而根本不是高大奇偉的所謂「地標」。

至於「世界級」,又是跟誰比呢﹖又是紐約倫敦巴黎柏林之流吧﹖問題一,為什麼要跟她們比﹖香港的基礎建設,比她們都好。香港的國際感,超過柏林。香港的治安,紐約不能比。香港的傳奇歷史,比倫敦還精彩。香港自己就是「世界級」,哪來的自卑感,老是要用「世界級」來給自己壯膽增威﹖

問題二,就是要比,香港要跟這些城市比「世界級」的,仍舊是硬體工程嗎﹖什麼時候,你終於要開始跟人家比「內涵」呢﹖為什麼不去和巴黎倫敦的古蹟、老街、舊磨坊、人文薈萃的河左岸、車庫廠房裏的藝術村去比「世界級」呢﹖

然後,代表「香港精神」的,仍舊是「無敵海景」的酒店﹖仍舊是已經滿城皆是的購物商廈﹖這種意涵的「香港精神」,又是「誰」下的定義呢﹖地產商﹖還是灣仔、西環、屯門、大埔、深水埗的人民﹖

■一個謙抑樸素的政府

添馬艦所在,是香港的核心,香港面向世界的舞台。燈光一亮起,香港的嫵媚姿態光彩動人。請問,任何東西都可以被擺到舞台上去嗎﹖

封建時代,貴族以金錢和絕對的權力打造宮殿,宮殿成為城市的中心。在一個現代社會裏,政府是服務市民的「公僕」──它是人民的庫房、機房、廚房、帳房、屠房,也就是一個service quarter,服務區。誰會把服務區放到舞台上面去﹖誰會把庫房機房帳房廚房屠房,放到一棟房子最重要的前廳去呢﹖

城市走多了的人,有一個指標﹕一個城市政府大樓如果富麗堂皇,而且建在城市的核心,那通常表示,這個城市是個政權獨大的體制。如果主權在民,公民力量強大,政府大樓通常建得謙抑樸素,緊守「公僕」服務的本分而不敢做權力的張揚。紐約的市政府、柏林的市政府、倫敦的市政府,我們知道在哪裏嗎﹖他們佔據城市的核心舞台嗎﹖

所以,嘿,把政府總部遷到西環屠房如何﹖屠房適合政府的「公僕」地位,而老舊的西環也非常需要社區振興,不是嗎﹖

中環最突兀的,是解放軍大樓。把軍隊擺在香港面向世界最燦亮的舞台中心,等於是把兵器倉庫放到客廳裏去了,你能想像巴黎把軍隊駐在羅浮宮旁嗎﹖從前英國人這樣做,是為了炫耀它的殖民權力──企圖之囂張,不言而喻﹔今天,還有這必要嗎﹖景觀上不倫不類暫且不說,它所透露的粗暴意涵,更是招引負面解讀。曾蔭權政府最該做的,是設法把解放軍從中環遷走,把海濱還給人民。這不去努力,卻反而更將政府大樓擺到添馬艦去,說是創造一個「市民精神地標」(iconic civic core )。

在很多其他城市,公民恐怕早已「磨刀霍霍」上街抗議了。在一個公民社會裏,代表一個城市的「精神」的,絕不可能是一個城市的政府大樓。它可能是歌劇院,譬如悉尼﹔可能是博物館,譬如巴黎﹔可能是藝術家出沒的村子,譬如紐約﹔可能是老街老巷老廟老樹,譬如京都﹔可能是一條滄桑斑駁的老橋,譬如布拉格。但是,什麼樣的城市,會把市政府──一種權力機構,或服務區,當作精神標誌﹖

中環的維港是全世界看見的香港面貌,那面貌,真的是風情萬種。香港希望讓世界看見的,難道是市政府大樓﹖

把政府大樓放在添馬艦,怎麼看,都讓人覺得有一種權力的不知謙抑,不知收斂。

■真正的「香港精神」

更符合「香港精神」的,恐怕反倒是一萬多個市民在晴空下圍坐吃盆菜,反倒是5000個人開心泡茶、聽音樂﹔反倒是4000個人在星空下肩靠着肩看露天電影,一起哭,一起笑。當世界看見的香港,不只是千篇一律的酒店和商廈,不只是冰冷淡漠的建築,如果世界還看得見香港的「人」──快樂的、悲傷的、泡茶的吃飯的、散步的追風箏的,憤怒示威的、激動落淚的,彼此打氣相互鼓勵的香港的常民生活,也就是一個有生活內涵、有人的性格的城市,那才真的是「世界級」的「香港精神」吧﹖

衡量社會的進步,錢,不是唯一的指標。一個4公頃的廣場,或許失去了以平方呎計算地產的金錢,可是一個面對全世界的正面的香港形象,能用港幣或美金來計算嗎﹖市民,因為在廣場「歌於斯,哭於斯」而凝聚出來的深遠文化認同和社群意識,能用一平方呎多少來計算嗎﹖

2004年11月9日,在同一個地點,我提出對西九龍的質疑。當時有這樣一段話﹕

在香港,經濟效益是所有決策的核心考量,開發是唯一的意識形態。「意識形態」的意思就是,它已經成為一種固執的信仰,人們不再去懷疑或追問它的存在邏輯。所造成的結果就是,你覺得香港很多元嗎﹖不,它極為單調,因為整個城市被一種單一的商業邏輯所壟斷。商廈和街道面貌就是一個最明顯的例子﹕不管是又一城還是太古廣場還是置地廣場,一樣的建築,一樣的商店,一樣的貨物,一樣的品味,一樣「歡迎光臨」的音調。走在光亮滑溜的廊道上,你看見物品看不見人,物品固然是一個品牌的重複再重複,售貨員也像生產線上的標準模。連咖啡館都只有標準面貌的連鎖店。

如果僅只在這些大商廈裏行走,你會得到一個印象﹕香港什麼都有,唯一沒有的是個性。

兩年過去了,西九龍前途未卜,中環海濱正準備大肆建築,添馬艦箭在弦上,政府山古蹟群處境堪危,香港的城市正在發生重大變化,可是,社會裏關心的人卻非常、非常少。兩個月前,我曾問一班大約50個大學生,他們是否知道添馬艦的事情,答覆知道的只有一兩個。

文化主體性,我想並非僅只是政治層面的六四靜坐和七一遊行,香港和北京的精神拔河。關心香港本地的永續發展,關心香港留給下一代什麼樣的香港,是更關鍵的文化主體性的意識呈現。但是,政黨的立場搖擺不定,非政府組織的力量零散薄弱,大學生,對社會議題彷彿完全視若無睹,漠不關心。而他畢業後一旦進入政府,成為官僚體系成員,卻開始強勢行政主導。

陳冠中有一篇文章,我覺得是香港人了解自己必讀、外地人了解香港人必讀的,叫做「我這一代香港人」。他是這麼描述現在四五十歲這一代,也就是社會主流的﹕

我們整個長期教育最終讓我們記住的就是那麼一種教育﹕沒什麼原則性的考慮,理想的包袱,歷史的壓力,不追求完美或眼界很大很宏偉很長遠的東西。這已經成為整個社會的一種思想心態﹕我們自以為擅隨機應變,什麼都能學能做,用最有效的方法,在最短的時間內過關交貨,以求哪怕不是最大也是最快的回報……不在公共領域集體爭權益,只做私下安排,也是本代人的特色……是的,我們愛錢。(註 )

「在最短的時間內過關交貨」的思維,或許可以造就眼前的效率成果,但是窒礙了宏觀的、長期的、永續的思考。「不在公共領域集體爭權益」的順民習慣,或許可以贏得個人的事業領先,但是犧牲了社會整體的進步。

我不懷疑曾蔭權的愛港之心,但是他的決策可能是錯的,龍應台的意見更可能是錯的,但那不是重點。重點是公民參與,是公民辯論,重點是香港人何時敢挑戰短視和功利主義,是香港人何時敢把香港的未來抓在自己手裏,而不是放任精英官僚和地產財團決定自己和下一代人的命運。

公民以香港為家,對香港負責,這,才是「文化主體性」,才是「香港精神」吧。

(2006年6月2日於香港大學的演講 )

文﹕龍應台 香港大學訪問教授

作者電郵﹕[email protected]

註﹕《我這一代香港人》,牛津大學出版社,香港,2005,第8、10、12頁




Brief summeries from Lung's speech:
--HK people know little about the Tamar site since the colonial times,as the British HK Gov't didn't want the people in HK knew this history.

--Lung questioned Tseng if it is necessary to relocate the Gov't HQ and where should it relocate if it is PROVEN to be necessary.

--Lung believed Strong Govermence has to be made in a long-term view.

--She also believed HK is already a world class city, where many of the cities in the world, such as New York and Berlin, cannot compared with. It is not that necessary to rebuild a landmark if just for the soild buildings.

--She also criticized the HKSAR Gov't is a arrogent Gov't and the Gov't HQ shouldn't be on the coastal area. Also, she also criticized the HKSAR Gov't doesn't have the courage to relocate the PLA barrack. A good Gov't should be humble.

--What Lung believes for the "HK Spirit" should be made by the public opinion from people in HK, not in terms of money.
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Old June 5th, 2006, 04:10 PM   #198
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hkth
LUNG Ying-tai, a famous writer from Taiwan, made a speech called Who's Tamar?-- What I see the principal part of the HK culture, which was taling about her view on the Tamar site. This speech was made on June 2 2006 in the University of Hong Kong. Ming Pao today made this speech into written text. It is worth for everyone to read if you can read Chinese, and I'll made some summery in English at the bottom.

誰的添馬艦——我看香港文化主體性

我知道「作客人要有禮貌」。我知道我「不是香港人,所以不懂香港」。我完全承認「你們台灣更糟糕」。所以,講這個題目還真的「我有壓力」,套一句「巴士阿叔」的真情告白。但是,我也相信香港人的開闊,容得了善意的直率。

■添馬艦有故事

「添馬艦」這個名詞的來源是什麼﹖我問了10個香港人,發現10個香港人都不知道。

於是做了些研究。添馬艦,HMS Tamar,是英國海軍一艘軍艦,建造在1863年──太平天國鬧得正兇、美國正在打南北戰爭的時候。是一艘3650公噸的三桅運兵船,1897年以後,留駐維多利亞港內,成為駐港海軍的主力艦。在1941年的香港保衛戰中,日軍入侵,英軍退守港島,港府下令炸毁港內所有船隻以免為日軍所用,添馬艦也被炸沉。在一個海軍戰俘的網頁上,我找到那個奉命炸沉添馬艦的士兵的日記﹕

十二月十一日,海軍忙碌不堪。所有船隻都開往九龍,接駁撤退的部隊……十九點正,上尉下指令要我駛往昂船洲接運傷者。昂船洲已經被連續轟炸了二十四個小時。我運了三個擔架傷者,還有一些勉強能走的傷兵。二十一點,奉命炸沈添馬艦……夜特別黑,一點光都沒有,發射魚雷風險很大……我發射的第一顆魚雷,沒擊中。

在同一頁上,還有一個短訊,作者的祖父當年是添馬艦的水兵。她問的是﹕「我的祖父一直在添馬艦上,可是最後卻死在里斯本丸的災難中。六十年了,有誰可以告訴我他在添馬艦的生活﹖」

戰爭結束後,港府打撈添馬艦,一部分撈上來的木板,據說就做了聖約翰座堂的大門。

沉沒水底的戰爭殘骸,竟然轉化為仰望天空的的宗教情操。

一旦知道了「添馬艦」有這樣滲透着血和淚的歷史以後,就很難對添馬艦保持漠然。

但是,為什麼大部分的香港人不知道這些歷史,彷彿不在乎自己的歷史呢﹖恐怕也不是天生的冷漠,而是因為在殖民教育中成長﹔殖民帶來物質成就和現代化,同時也剝奪被殖民者對於歷史的細微敏感和自尊自重。

■強勢政府,弱勢社會

今天的添馬艦,原來當然是海水,當年的軍艦添馬艦就停泊在這裏。填海之後,就是中環到金鐘海岸線核心區的一塊多出來的空地,以「添馬艦」為名,紀念香港悲壯的烽火歲月。在它「暫時無用」的幾年裏,添馬艦「意外地」成為香港的市民廣場﹕14,000個人在晴空下圍坐着吃盆菜﹔5000個人聚在一起泡茶﹔4000個人在星空下肩靠着肩一起看露天電影。這樣一塊「自由放任」的地,在講究精算的香港絕不可能長久。政府決定在這裏建總部。4.2公頃的地面上,2公頃要闢做「文娛廣場」,另一半要建4棟政府大樓,每一棟大約30到40層高。那到底是多大呢﹖總建築面積,相當交易廣場第一期和第二期總和。建築費用﹖52億。

在剛剛興起的添馬艦的辯論裏,讓一個旁觀者最覺不可思議的就是,這麼重大的、影響城市景觀和生態結構的工程案件,竟然可以如此輕易地「過關」。如果是在紐約,在倫敦,在柏林,在東京,甚至在香港人挺「瞧不起」的台北,曾蔭權所提出的「添馬計劃」有太多問題會讓人大喊「未解決」,要窮追猛打了﹕

譬如問題一,為什麼政府總部要搬遷﹖人均辦公空間是否真的「嚴重不足」﹖它的人均辦公空間「不足」是以什麼標準在衡量﹖跟其他城市的政府空間做過評比嗎﹖結果如何﹖跟民間的人均工作空間相比又如何﹖這些信息若是空白,它如何證明它的空間「不足」﹖

譬如問題二,假定數據證明空間確實「不足」,那麼高科技電訊溝通系統是否不能補足﹖當視訊、網絡如此發達而且一天比一天發達的時候,傳統的所謂「辦公空間」的需求是否應該有全新的定義﹖是否做過調查研究﹖是否充分舉證了科技亦無法補足空間需求﹖

譬如問題三,假定人均辦公空間的「不足」有了科學的證明,那麼究竟應該繼續租用私人商業空間,還是擴大原有政府設施,還是乾脆遷址新建,針對各種選項是否做過徹底的分析比較﹖3種選項的經濟效應、環境影響、永續發展的評估等等,是否可以攤開在陽光下供學界挑戰,請媒體監督,讓社會檢驗﹖

譬如問題四,假定前述分析比較的結果確實是遷址新建為優,那麼,哪一個地址最為適合﹖為什麼不是亟需建設的九龍東南﹖為什麼不是資源分配偏低需要關懷挹注的新界﹖為什麼不是使用率低得離奇的數碼港﹖為什麼不是廢棄已久的西環屠房﹖為什麼一定得是添馬艦﹖科學的理據和說服在哪裏﹖

譬如問題五,如果政府總部決定落在添馬艦,那麼九龍東南的規劃是什麼﹖那麼政府山古蹟群的未來是什麼﹖那麼新填海中環濱海長廊的具體規劃跟添馬艦之間的呼應關係是什麼﹖那麼西九龍又將如何﹖西環屠房要作何處理﹖

從政府已經披露的資訊來看,這些根本問題都沒有「一個蘿蔔一個坑」的答案,但是52億的款項,立法會幾乎沒有異議。各黨派,除了公民黨,很快就不說話了。少數民間團體,只能要求政府在廠商提出標書之後,把模型拿出來展覽。政府既不需要回答對根本問題的追究──因為反正也沒什麼人在追究﹔也不必做任何白紙黑字的承諾。答應展出招標事後的模型,還強調這是「破例」,而且人民不能給意見,政府已經給人民很大「面子」,做了「讓步」了。

香港政府真的強勢有為。民間,也真溫順得可以。

■挖土機你為什麼這麼急﹖

我無意說,政府強勢一定不好。很多政府可能對香港政府充滿羨慕﹕預算超高(香港政府預算是台北的8倍 ),主導性超強,社會力超弱。強勢政府尤其喜歡在工程上展現魄力,因為工程是最容易看得見的政績。

香港政府的「勵精圖治」企圖是很明顯的﹕政府剛剛公布了中環新海濱規劃方案,宣稱要「締造令人嚮往的消閒休憩用地及海港和商業中心」,要「發展成為象徵香港的世界級海濱」。天星碼頭旁將興建3組商廈建築群,包括28層高的商廈、18層高的「無敵海景酒店」,以及9層高但是長400多米的「摩地大廈」。除了這「世界級海濱」之外,西九龍40公頃的工程在規劃推動中﹔添馬艦將有政府大樓群等等,還不必談及大嶼山的開發以及各種跨界大橋的規劃。

政府強勢不一定不好,但是,當我們面對一個「勵精圖治」的政府時,當強勢政府像一個巨大的挖土機在橫衝直撞時,社會不能沒有一個深思的心靈和長遠宏觀的眼睛。我們可能必須在轟隆作響、天翻地覆的挖土機前,放上一朵脆弱、柔軟、美麗的小花。

脆弱、柔軟、美麗的小花提醒的是﹕

城市規劃是牽一髮動全身的。

以維多利亞港來說,中環濱海長廊的建築,勢必整個改變 「香港的臉」──舉世聞名的浪漫維港景觀。想像你站到水中央,往維港四周緩緩做360度的觀覽,從西九、尖沙嘴、尖東、銅鑼灣、金鐘、中環、上環,一路流轉回到西九,維港的整體景觀,色彩、光影、山脊線與天際線的交錯,海港與建築風格之間的相輔相成諧調之美,是否有整體的預想呢﹖或者還是讓每一個海濱工程孤立的、局部的、偶然性依一時一刻之需而發展﹖

政府山的古蹟群,是香港唯一的一片完整殖民建築風格了,曾蔭權無論如何不願承諾保護,這些古蹟若是有一天剷除了,又變成以金錢計算平方呎的地產價值,香港人能夠忍受這樣對待自己的歷史嗎﹖如果保留了,添馬艦52億的大洞,你又如何填補﹖

如果這一切都還沒想好──那麼,挖土機啊,你究竟為什麼這麼急﹖

■香港跟誰比﹖

當主事者總是用「世界級」、「地標」、「香港精神」來描繪自己的「勵精圖治」的企圖時,我們能不能聽見一個小小的、安靜的聲音說,為什麼香港需要「地標」﹖「世界級」是跟誰比﹖比什麼﹖「香港精神」又是什麼﹖

西班牙的畢爾包怎麼能拿來跟香港比呢﹖畢爾包需要Frank Gehry的古根漢美術館作為地標,因為畢爾包是個極其普通的不起眼的小城,它可以用一個標新立異的特殊建築作為地標來突出自己。香港卻是一片璀璨,地標如雲,當地標被地標淹沒的時候,你還看得見地標嗎﹖地標還有意義嗎﹖

如果說,像畢爾包這種只有常民生活而缺特色建築的城市需要現代建築來作為地標,那麼地標簇擁的香港所需要的,反而是常民生活的沉澱,小街小巷老市場的珍愛呵護,讓「市井人文感」更醇厚更馥郁,而根本不是高大奇偉的所謂「地標」。

至於「世界級」,又是跟誰比呢﹖又是紐約倫敦巴黎柏林之流吧﹖問題一,為什麼要跟她們比﹖香港的基礎建設,比她們都好。香港的國際感,超過柏林。香港的治安,紐約不能比。香港的傳奇歷史,比倫敦還精彩。香港自己就是「世界級」,哪來的自卑感,老是要用「世界級」來給自己壯膽增威﹖

問題二,就是要比,香港要跟這些城市比「世界級」的,仍舊是硬體工程嗎﹖什麼時候,你終於要開始跟人家比「內涵」呢﹖為什麼不去和巴黎倫敦的古蹟、老街、舊磨坊、人文薈萃的河左岸、車庫廠房裏的藝術村去比「世界級」呢﹖

然後,代表「香港精神」的,仍舊是「無敵海景」的酒店﹖仍舊是已經滿城皆是的購物商廈﹖這種意涵的「香港精神」,又是「誰」下的定義呢﹖地產商﹖還是灣仔、西環、屯門、大埔、深水埗的人民﹖

■一個謙抑樸素的政府

添馬艦所在,是香港的核心,香港面向世界的舞台。燈光一亮起,香港的嫵媚姿態光彩動人。請問,任何東西都可以被擺到舞台上去嗎﹖

封建時代,貴族以金錢和絕對的權力打造宮殿,宮殿成為城市的中心。在一個現代社會裏,政府是服務市民的「公僕」──它是人民的庫房、機房、廚房、帳房、屠房,也就是一個service quarter,服務區。誰會把服務區放到舞台上面去﹖誰會把庫房機房帳房廚房屠房,放到一棟房子最重要的前廳去呢﹖

城市走多了的人,有一個指標﹕一個城市政府大樓如果富麗堂皇,而且建在城市的核心,那通常表示,這個城市是個政權獨大的體制。如果主權在民,公民力量強大,政府大樓通常建得謙抑樸素,緊守「公僕」服務的本分而不敢做權力的張揚。紐約的市政府、柏林的市政府、倫敦的市政府,我們知道在哪裏嗎﹖他們佔據城市的核心舞台嗎﹖

所以,嘿,把政府總部遷到西環屠房如何﹖屠房適合政府的「公僕」地位,而老舊的西環也非常需要社區振興,不是嗎﹖

中環最突兀的,是解放軍大樓。把軍隊擺在香港面向世界最燦亮的舞台中心,等於是把兵器倉庫放到客廳裏去了,你能想像巴黎把軍隊駐在羅浮宮旁嗎﹖從前英國人這樣做,是為了炫耀它的殖民權力──企圖之囂張,不言而喻﹔今天,還有這必要嗎﹖景觀上不倫不類暫且不說,它所透露的粗暴意涵,更是招引負面解讀。曾蔭權政府最該做的,是設法把解放軍從中環遷走,把海濱還給人民。這不去努力,卻反而更將政府大樓擺到添馬艦去,說是創造一個「市民精神地標」(iconic civic core )。

在很多其他城市,公民恐怕早已「磨刀霍霍」上街抗議了。在一個公民社會裏,代表一個城市的「精神」的,絕不可能是一個城市的政府大樓。它可能是歌劇院,譬如悉尼﹔可能是博物館,譬如巴黎﹔可能是藝術家出沒的村子,譬如紐約﹔可能是老街老巷老廟老樹,譬如京都﹔可能是一條滄桑斑駁的老橋,譬如布拉格。但是,什麼樣的城市,會把市政府──一種權力機構,或服務區,當作精神標誌﹖

中環的維港是全世界看見的香港面貌,那面貌,真的是風情萬種。香港希望讓世界看見的,難道是市政府大樓﹖

把政府大樓放在添馬艦,怎麼看,都讓人覺得有一種權力的不知謙抑,不知收斂。

■真正的「香港精神」

更符合「香港精神」的,恐怕反倒是一萬多個市民在晴空下圍坐吃盆菜,反倒是5000個人開心泡茶、聽音樂﹔反倒是4000個人在星空下肩靠着肩看露天電影,一起哭,一起笑。當世界看見的香港,不只是千篇一律的酒店和商廈,不只是冰冷淡漠的建築,如果世界還看得見香港的「人」──快樂的、悲傷的、泡茶的吃飯的、散步的追風箏的,憤怒示威的、激動落淚的,彼此打氣相互鼓勵的香港的常民生活,也就是一個有生活內涵、有人的性格的城市,那才真的是「世界級」的「香港精神」吧﹖

衡量社會的進步,錢,不是唯一的指標。一個4公頃的廣場,或許失去了以平方呎計算地產的金錢,可是一個面對全世界的正面的香港形象,能用港幣或美金來計算嗎﹖市民,因為在廣場「歌於斯,哭於斯」而凝聚出來的深遠文化認同和社群意識,能用一平方呎多少來計算嗎﹖

2004年11月9日,在同一個地點,我提出對西九龍的質疑。當時有這樣一段話﹕

在香港,經濟效益是所有決策的核心考量,開發是唯一的意識形態。「意識形態」的意思就是,它已經成為一種固執的信仰,人們不再去懷疑或追問它的存在邏輯。所造成的結果就是,你覺得香港很多元嗎﹖不,它極為單調,因為整個城市被一種單一的商業邏輯所壟斷。商廈和街道面貌就是一個最明顯的例子﹕不管是又一城還是太古廣場還是置地廣場,一樣的建築,一樣的商店,一樣的貨物,一樣的品味,一樣「歡迎光臨」的音調。走在光亮滑溜的廊道上,你看見物品看不見人,物品固然是一個品牌的重複再重複,售貨員也像生產線上的標準模。連咖啡館都只有標準面貌的連鎖店。

如果僅只在這些大商廈裏行走,你會得到一個印象﹕香港什麼都有,唯一沒有的是個性。

兩年過去了,西九龍前途未卜,中環海濱正準備大肆建築,添馬艦箭在弦上,政府山古蹟群處境堪危,香港的城市正在發生重大變化,可是,社會裏關心的人卻非常、非常少。兩個月前,我曾問一班大約50個大學生,他們是否知道添馬艦的事情,答覆知道的只有一兩個。

文化主體性,我想並非僅只是政治層面的六四靜坐和七一遊行,香港和北京的精神拔河。關心香港本地的永續發展,關心香港留給下一代什麼樣的香港,是更關鍵的文化主體性的意識呈現。但是,政黨的立場搖擺不定,非政府組織的力量零散薄弱,大學生,對社會議題彷彿完全視若無睹,漠不關心。而他畢業後一旦進入政府,成為官僚體系成員,卻開始強勢行政主導。

陳冠中有一篇文章,我覺得是香港人了解自己必讀、外地人了解香港人必讀的,叫做「我這一代香港人」。他是這麼描述現在四五十歲這一代,也就是社會主流的﹕

我們整個長期教育最終讓我們記住的就是那麼一種教育﹕沒什麼原則性的考慮,理想的包袱,歷史的壓力,不追求完美或眼界很大很宏偉很長遠的東西。這已經成為整個社會的一種思想心態﹕我們自以為擅隨機應變,什麼都能學能做,用最有效的方法,在最短的時間內過關交貨,以求哪怕不是最大也是最快的回報……不在公共領域集體爭權益,只做私下安排,也是本代人的特色……是的,我們愛錢。(註 )

「在最短的時間內過關交貨」的思維,或許可以造就眼前的效率成果,但是窒礙了宏觀的、長期的、永續的思考。「不在公共領域集體爭權益」的順民習慣,或許可以贏得個人的事業領先,但是犧牲了社會整體的進步。

我不懷疑曾蔭權的愛港之心,但是他的決策可能是錯的,龍應台的意見更可能是錯的,但那不是重點。重點是公民參與,是公民辯論,重點是香港人何時敢挑戰短視和功利主義,是香港人何時敢把香港的未來抓在自己手裏,而不是放任精英官僚和地產財團決定自己和下一代人的命運。

公民以香港為家,對香港負責,這,才是「文化主體性」,才是「香港精神」吧。

(2006年6月2日於香港大學的演講 )

文﹕龍應台 香港大學訪問教授

作者電郵﹕[email protected]

註﹕《我這一代香港人》,牛津大學出版社,香港,2005,第8、10、12頁




Brief summeries from Lung's speech:
--HK people know little about the Tamar site since the colonial times,as the British HK Gov't didn't want the people in HK knew this history.

--Lung questioned Tseng if it is necessary to relocate the Gov't HQ and where should it relocate if it is PROVEN to be necessary.

--Lung believed Strong Govermence has to be made in a long-term view.

--She also believed HK is already a world class city, where many of the cities in the world, such as New York and Berlin, cannot compared with. It is not that necessary to rebuild a landmark if just for the soild buildings.

--She also criticized the HKSAR Gov't is a arrogent Gov't and the Gov't HQ shouldn't be on the coastal area. Also, she also criticized the HKSAR Gov't doesn't have the courage to relocate the PLA barrack. A good Gov't should be humble.

--What Lung believes for the "HK Spirit" should be made by the public opinion from people in HK, not in terms of money.

Just look at taiwan....they have more problems than we do in Hong Kong!!!!

Her speech was.............. Nothing New.

latest rating for her speech....."BORING"

Last edited by HongKongDisneyland; June 5th, 2006 at 04:25 PM.
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Old June 5th, 2006, 06:37 PM   #199
hkth
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HongKongDisneyland
Just look at taiwan....they have more problems than we do in Hong Kong!!!!

Her speech was.............. Nothing New.

latest rating for her speech....."BORING"
You can say Ms Lung's latest speech was nothing new and boring. BUT, she did point out something that most of the HK people WOULD OVERLOOKED! She really want HK people to voice out on this issue!
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Old June 5th, 2006, 07:25 PM   #200
HongKongDisneyland
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hkth
You can say Ms Lung's latest speech was nothing new and boring. BUT, she did point out something that most of the HK people WOULD OVERLOOKED! She really want HK people to voice out on this issue!


And How u know HK People have overlooked??

and how to make all HK People (7 million ) to voice out? It is almost impossible that 7million people would totally be agreed on one thing.

referendum?

I don't think Tamar is a big issue. Things would not get done if people keep on dragging.

If you ask all HK people to voice out everytime there is a debate on issues, most likely the issues remain to be there.

We need to move on,...so next topic..

Last edited by HongKongDisneyland; June 5th, 2006 at 08:25 PM.
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