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Old May 14th, 2017, 06:41 AM   #1
Little sheep
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[TAVA] Tributum Apparatus Vehiculum Adnotatione | Таксометър на превозни средства

Tributum Apparatus Vehiculum Adnotione

Таксометър на превозни средства

Automated Vehicle Registration Tax Machine
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Old May 14th, 2017, 06:46 AM   #2
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Определения използвани в литературата за касови или безконтактни таксувания за ползване на магистрални пътища:

ТОЛ система: A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private roadway for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage. It is a form of road pricing typically implemented to help recoup the cost of road construction and maintenance. (Source: Wikipedia)

Електронна Тол Система: Electronic toll collection (ETC) aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads by collecting tolls electronically. ETC determines whether the cars passing are enrolled in the program, alerts enforcers for those that are not, and electronically debits the accounts of registered car owners without requiring them to stop. (Source: Wikipedia)

Безкасова ТОЛ Система: Cashless tolling is when cash tolls are not collected on the roadway. Electronic toll collection becomes the primary option for payment, with payment by mail as a secondary option. Open road tolling (ORT) is a type of electronic toll collection without the use of toll booths. The major advantage to ORT is that users are able to drive through the toll plaza at highway speeds without having to slow down to pay the toll. (Source: Larry Copeland, "Toll roads take cashless route", USA Today, 7/28/2008)
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Old May 14th, 2017, 06:54 AM   #3
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Примери на внедрени ЕТС.

[IMG]
TAVA
by Little sheep, on Flickr[/IMG]


Референции:

Калифорния: FasTrack
Тайван: ETC
Тайван FETC
Технология DSRC
Корея hi-PASS
Корея КЕС
Норвегия autoPASS
Норвегия Q-free
Илиноис, Северна Каролина E-ZPass
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Old May 14th, 2017, 06:56 AM   #4
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ТУК в последствие ще направя обобщение на начина на плащане и свободен достъп до магистралните пътища.
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Old May 14th, 2017, 06:56 AM   #5
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ТУК в последствие ще направя обощение на използваните технологии на безконтактно ТОЛ таксуване


В процес на обновяване!

Многослойна структура на DSRC технология за регистрация на ППС (Източник: Kenney, John B. "Dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) standards in the United States." Proceedings of the IEEE 99.7 (2011): 1162-1182.) Библиотека на IEEE

[IMG]
John Kenney 2011 DSRC card architecture
by Little sheep, on Flickr[/IMG]

Визуализация на ЕТС система изградена на VCR технология. На база на тази техническата визуализация вероятно е изградена ЕТС системата в Тайван. Източник: Lee, Wei-Hsun, Shian-Shyong Tseng, and Ching-Hung Wang. "Design and implementation of electronic toll collection system based on vehicle positioning system techniques." Computer Communications 31.12 (2008): 2925-2933. Библиотека на ScienceDirect

[IMG]
Wei-Hsun Lee et.al 2008 Design and implementation of electronic toll collection system based on vehicle positioning system techniques

by Little sheep, on Flickr[/IMG]
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Last edited by Little sheep; May 14th, 2017 at 09:02 AM.
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Old May 14th, 2017, 07:19 AM   #6
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Пример в снимки на ЕТС станция на тайванска магистрала

Общ изглед на ЕТС станция. Конструкция.




Близък кадър на станцията. Монтирани сензори и камера.




Място за проверка на ТИР за тонаж. В дясно от магистралното платно.

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Old May 14th, 2017, 09:10 AM   #7
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Защо е избрана TAVA - Tributum Apparatus Vehiculum Adnotatione за име на тема?

Надявам се, че абривиатурата TAVA означава нещо на латински : )
Тъй като няма стандард за ЕТС, а има само технологии на които ЕТС е изграден, а също и търговски брандове, например като E-ZPass; autoPASS; Hi-pass; и ETC с които отделни държави се идентифицират като иноватори в ЕТС технологиите (освен като технологично решение трябва да се разбира и законо регулиране). Реших, че нашият форум, по-специално нашата секция, може да има свой собствено наименование за ЕТС - Таксометър на превозни средства или Tributum Apparatus Vehiculum Adnotatione (TAVA).

С развитието на темата, се надявам да се разиграят различни сценарии на внедряване на TAVA, включително и сценарии за финансови ползи, технологични решения, еволюция на ЕТС, управление на ЕТС, връзка на ЕТС със Интелигентни Транспортни Системи (ИТС), локации за инсталиране на TAVA и други.

ЕТС - електронна тол система
ИТС - интелигентна траспортна система
E-ZPass
autoPASS
Hi-pass
ETC
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Old May 14th, 2017, 10:48 AM   #8
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Още интересни новини по темата зад Океана.

http://ibtta.org/blog/72-americans-s...ng-option-hntb







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Old May 14th, 2017, 11:03 AM   #9
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Прилича на E-ZPass

[IMG]
Andrew Eberline 2008 Cost-Benefit analysis of electronic License Plates

by Little sheep, on Flickr[/IMG]

Източник: Eberline, Andrew. Cost/Benefit Analysis of Electronic License Plates. No. FHWA-AZ-08-637. Arizona Department of Transportation, 2008.
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Old May 14th, 2017, 11:56 AM   #10
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Ако на някой му се четат 200+ страници доклад на СБ за внедняване на тол системата, да заповяда:
http://www.api.bg/files/5414/4724/89...lad_WB_RIA.pdf

Въз основа на този доклад е поръчката на АПИ.
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