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Old August 29th, 2005, 06:17 PM   #1
serendib
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Marvels Of Sri Lanka

"To me the beauty of Ceylon lies not so much in its blue seas and golden beaches, its jungles and its mountain peaks, as in its ancient atmosphere. There is no nation, from Egypt of the Pharaohs to modern Britian, in whose literature this island has not at some time been mentioned by one or other of its many names -- Lanka, Serendib, Taprobane, Cellao, Zellan, to recall a few. History lies buried in its sands, and ghosts of romance lurk among its bastioned rocks, for Lanka is very, very old."


Pre Historic Bridge


NASA Images Find 1,750,000 Year Old Man-Made Bridge between India and Sri Lanka.

Space images taken by NASA reveal a mysterious ancient bridge in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka. The recently discovered bridge currently named as Adam´s Bridge is made of chain of shoals, c.18 mi (30 km) long.

The bridge´s unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man made. The legends as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the a primitive age, about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge´s age is also almost equivalent.


Last edited by serendib; September 6th, 2005 at 05:07 PM.
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Old August 29th, 2005, 06:32 PM   #2
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very beautiful! thanks for the pics
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Old August 29th, 2005, 06:46 PM   #3
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pollonaruwa

Civilizations

First Capital Of Civilised Sri Lanka - Anuradhapura -


The city of Anuradhapura is situated one hundred and twenty eight miles (205 km) north of Colombo in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka on the banks of the Malwatu Oya. Founded in the 4th century BC it was the capital of the Anuradhapura Kingdom till the beginning of the 11th century AC. During this period it reminded one of the most stable and durable centers of political power and urban life in the world. It was also a wealthy city which created a unique culture and one of the great civilizations in the world. Today this ancient city of Sri Lanka, which is sacred to the Buddhist world, which its surrounding monasteries covers an area of over sixteen square miles ( 40 sq km) and is one of the world's major archaeological sites.

EIGHT MAIN PLACES IN ANURADHAPURA (ATHAMASTHANA)


1. Sri Mahabodhiya
During the reign of King Devanampiyatissa, Sanghamitta Theri brought with her a branch of the Bodhi tree under which prince Siddhartha attained enlightenment. This is the oldest living tree in documented history. This tree was planted at Maha Mevuna Uyana. The parapat wall round the compound where the bo-tree is planted is about 700 ft. in length. This wall was constructed during the reign of King Kirthi Sri Rajasingha, to protect the tree.



2. Ruwanwelisaya

After defeating the Tmil King Elara, King Dutugemunu became the lord of entire Sri Lanka. Having achieved his ambition he became a benefactor of Buddhism and erected many religious buildings. Among them Ruwanvelisaya is the best known.
The formation of the dagaba is similar to a water bubble symbolizing the uncertainty taught in Buddhism.Height is about 300 feet. Maximum circumference is about 950 feet.





3. Thuparamaya

Thera Mahinda himself introduced Theravada Buddhism and also chetiya worship to Ceylon. At his request King Devanampiyatissa built Thuparamaya in which was enshrined the collarbone of the Buddha and is considered as the first dagaba built in Ceylon, after the introduction of Buddhism.Lord Buddha visited Thuparama during his third visit to Sri Lanka.



4. Lovamahapaya

Also known as the Brazen Palce or Lohaprasadaya. In ancient times the building included the refectory and the uposathagara. (Uposatha house). The famous Lohaprasada built by King Dutugemunu described as an edifice of nine storeys, was a building of this class. One side of the building was 400 ft in length. As the roof was covered with tiles made of bronze, this was known as the Brazen Palace. There are 40 rows, each row consisting of 40 stone pillars and a total of 1600 stone pillars were used for the building. It is believed that it took 6 years for the construction of the building and the plan was brought from the heavens. The building was completely destroyed during the reign of King Saddhatissa.



5. Abhayagiri Dagaba

King Valagamba ascended the throne in 103 AD. He waged war with the Tamils and was defeated. When he fled, a Nigantha named Giri shouted words of derisive mockery at him. Later the king collected an army attacked the Tamils by slaying the last of their leaders, and recovered the throne he had lost. It is said that he demolished Nigantaramaya (the temple of the Niganthas) and built the Abhayagiri Vihara in the same premises. King Parakramabahu renovated Abhayagiri Vihara, then the height is said to have been 140 cubits. In the year 1875, Abhayagiri Vihara which had a diameter of 307 feet at its base, stood to a height of 231 feet. The relics of the Buddha is said to have been enshrined in a figure of a bull made out of thick gold.



6. Jetavanarama

King Mahasen (273-301 AD) has the honour of being the creater of the largest stupa is Ceylon. A part of a sash (belt tied by the Buddha is believed to be enshrined here). Its height is said to be 400 feet. This is considered as the largest stupa in the whole world. This stupa belongs to the Sagalika sect. The compound of the stupa is 8 acres. One side of the stupa is 576 feet in depth. The 4 flight of steps at the four sides is 28 feet in depth. The doorpost to the shrine which is situated at the courtyard is 27 feet in height. It is a feet underground.



7. Mirisaveti Stupa
King Dutugamunu after defeating King Elara, built the Mirisaveti Stupa. After placing the Buddha relics in the scepter, he had gone to Tisawewa for a bath leaving the scepter. After the bath he returned to the place where the scepter was placed, and it is said that it could not be moved. The stupa was built in the place where the scepter stood. It is also said that he remembered that he partook a chilly curry without offering it to the sangha. In order to punish himself he built the Mirisavetiya Dagaba. The extent of this land is about 50 acres. Although the king Kasyapa I and Kasyapa V renovated this, from time to time it was dilapidated. What stands today is the renovation done by the cultural Triangle Fund.


8. Lankarama
This was built by King Valagamba, in an ancient place at Galhebakada. Nothing is known about the ancient form of the stupa, and later this was renovated. The ruins show that there are rows of stone pillars and it is no doubt that there has been a house built encircling the stupa (vatadage) to cover it. The round courtyard of the stupa seems to be 10 feet above the ground. The diameter of the stupa is 45 feet. The courtyard is circular in shape and the diameter is 1332 feet.



Last edited by serendib; September 5th, 2005 at 10:50 AM.
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Old August 29th, 2005, 06:52 PM   #4
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amazing
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Old August 29th, 2005, 07:04 PM   #5
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Anuradhapura

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SRI LANKA: A world Heritage

Five centuries before Christ, Sri Lanka was a land throbbing with vitality and a well-ordered civilization. Cities, palaces, reservoirs, parks, temples, monasteries, monuments and works of art bore testament to the character, imagination, culture, philosophy and faith of the people of Sri Lanka, the Resplendent Land. Vestiges of this ancient civilization are abundantly extant today.

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Old August 29th, 2005, 07:26 PM   #6
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Pollonaruwa The Second Capital Of Civilised Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka
North Central Province, Polonnaruwa District
N7 54 57 E81 00 02


The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 CE to reunite the country once more under a local leader.

Parakramabahu I. It was his reign that is considered the Golden Age of Polonnaruwa, when trade and agriculture flourished under the patronage of the King, who was adamant that no drop of water falling from the heavens was to be wasted, and each be used toward the development of the land; hence, irrigation systems far superior to those of the Anuradhapura Age were constructed during Parakramabahu's reign, systems which to this day supply the water necessary for paddy cultivation during the scorching dry season in the east of the country.

The greatest of these systems, of course is the Parakrama Samudraya or the Sea of Parakrama, a tank so vast that that it is often mistaken for the ocean. It is of such a width that it is impossible to stand upon one shore and view the other side, and it encircles the main city like a ribbon, being both a defensive border against intruders and the lifeline of the people in times of peace. The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was completely self-sufficient during King Parakramabahu's reign.













"Not even a drop of water must flow into the ocean without being useful to man." declared the Great King Parakramabahu in the 12th century.


In the center of the Polonnaruwa capital complex stood the Royal Palace, built by Parakramabahu I. According to historical records the King's Palace had originally been a massive wood and stone structure seven stories high with a thousand chambers.

The massive brick walls of the main hall stand in the midst of some 40 interconnecting rooms. For further protection the palace had two outer walls, remains of these are still visible today.
















Today the ancient city of Polonnaruwa remains one of the best planned Archeological relic sites in the country, standing testimony to the discipline and greatness of the Kingdom's first rulers.



Last edited by serendib; September 5th, 2005 at 10:53 AM.
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Old August 29th, 2005, 07:45 PM   #7
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fantastic places specialy pollonaruwa, anuradhapura and Yapahuwa!!
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Old August 29th, 2005, 08:03 PM   #8
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Sri Lanka's Diverse Ethnicity


Hindu Temples in the East of Sri Lanka





Mosques In Sri Lanka

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Old August 29th, 2005, 08:12 PM   #9
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Sri Lanka Churches




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Old August 29th, 2005, 09:51 PM   #10
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Nice pics. I haven't seen that much of Sri Lanka.
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Old August 30th, 2005, 08:43 AM   #11
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Ella

Ella Gap


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Old August 31st, 2005, 09:12 PM   #12
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Siri Pada

Sri Pada Scenary


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Old September 1st, 2005, 11:37 AM   #13
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Galle

Kalutara River



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Old September 5th, 2005, 10:35 AM   #14
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Unawatuna

A small sleepy town close to Galle, was voted on one of the world's ten most beautiful beaches.


Unawatuna at Night



Unawatuna Beach








Last edited by serendib; September 5th, 2005 at 12:47 PM.
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Old September 5th, 2005, 10:54 AM   #15
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Yapahuwa

The Yapahuwa rock and its surrounding area became the capital of the island for a short time in the 13th century. It is known that King Buvanaikabahu 1 (1273-1284) made this rock, rising loftily out of the outskirts of Kurunegala his capital. There is no mention of anything about Yapahuwa beyond 13th century in Sri Lankan historical sources.


But the latest archaeological excavations performed in Yapahuwa tells us that the kingdom had very close diplomatic relationship with China during the 13th century.





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Old September 5th, 2005, 10:56 AM   #16
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Dambulla


Dating back to the 1st Century BC, this is the most impressive cave temple in Sri Lanka. It has five caves under a vast overhanging rock, carved with a drip line to keep the interiors dry. In 1938 the architecture was embellished with arched colonnades and gabled entrances. Inside the caves, the ceilings are painted with intricate patterns of religious images following the contours of the rock. There are images of the Lord Buddha and bodhisattvas, as well as various gods and goddesses.


The temple is composed of five caves, which have been converted into shrine rooms. The caves, built at the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura (1st Century BC to 993 AD) and Polonnaruwa times (1073 to 1250), are by far the most impressive of the many cave temples found in Sri Lanka.




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Old September 5th, 2005, 10:57 AM   #17
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More From Dambulla


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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:04 AM   #18
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Dambulla Cave Temples





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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:06 AM   #19
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Dambulla Statue

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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:07 AM   #20
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Dambulla Sculpture & Art



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