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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:09 AM   #21
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Dambulla Scenary



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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:24 AM   #22
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Kandy City - The World Heritage City


Available historical records suggest that Senkadagalapura (an early name for Kandy) was established by the King Wickramabahu III during the period of his reign from 1357-1374 AD. Some scholars contend that the original name of Kandy was Katubulu Nuwara located near present Watapuluwa. The more popular historical name -Senkadagala - according to folklore, was originated from one of the several possible sources. These include naming after a brahmin with the name Senkanda who lived in a cave near by, a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda, and after a coloured stone named Senkadagala. The present name Kandy is only an anglicized version of Kanda Uda Rata (meaning the land of mountains) originated in the colonial era.

Kandy Lake



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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:25 AM   #23
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Kandy Lake At Night


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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:27 AM   #24
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The Royal Palace




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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:30 AM   #25
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Kandy Ancient City









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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:31 AM   #26
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Kandy Statue




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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:34 AM   #27
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[CENTER]Kandyan Dancers & Perahara







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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:36 AM   #28
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The Royal Botanical Gardens




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Old September 5th, 2005, 11:38 AM   #29
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Kandy - Peradeniya University





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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:13 PM   #30
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Nothing in Sri Lanka captures the imagination more than a 200 meter lump of granite that rises starkly above the flat central plains about three and a half hours' drive from Colombo.

Sigiriya (say see-gih-REE-yah) has it all -- a blood-stained history full of intrigue, astonishing frescos of bare-breasted maidens painted 15 centuries ago, a wall covered in graffiti that is more than 1,000 years old and, to top it all, Asia's oldest surviving landscape garden.



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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:14 PM   #31
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Sri Lankan architectural tradition is well displayed at Sigiriya, the best preserved city centre in Asia from the first millennium, with its combination of buildings and gardens with their trees, pathways, water gardens, the fusion of symmetrical and asymmetrical elements, use of varying levels and of axial and radial planning.

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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:16 PM   #32
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Sigiriya- the lion mountain. Kasyapa, the controversial King and master builder, wanted to own it and built himself a lofty palace atop the huge rock, rising 200 metres out of the flat, irrigated dry zone landscape. Thousand five hundred years later, Sir Arthur C. Clark mooted the idea that Sigiriya qualifies to be the eighth wonder of the world, ranked closely with the Great Wall of China and the Taj Mahal.


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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:18 PM   #33
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"Sigiriya is one of the most important urban sites of the first millennium. The city and palace planning is very imaginative and extremely elaborate."

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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:19 PM   #34
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Sigiriya has a very complex rampart system. The city was walled and moated. Besides the inner and outer cities within the ramparts, there is evidence of suburban dwellings immediately outside the walled area. The complex is three kilometres from East to West and one kilometre from North to South.

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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:21 PM   #35
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"It speaks of grand urban planning. A brilliant combination of a geometric square module and natural topography." The architects and engineers at the time took care to incorporate nature and never to deny it. Existing lakes, rocks and hills were cleverly woven into the general plan. "It's a combination of human mind and the natural world."


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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:23 PM   #36
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The palace on top of the rock is the earliest surviving palace in Sri Lanka. The Lion's staircase at the entrance to the palace is one of Sigiriya's famous features, along with the apsara paintings on the western rock face and the mirror wall below the paintings.



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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:25 PM   #37
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The gardens of Sigiriya, a combination of natural flora and imaginative landscaping, are ancient botanical garden's carefully planned and laid out. According to the Sigiriya Conservation Policy the gardens will be soon stripped of all plant species introduced between the years of 1940-1980 leaving only the ancient varieties.

In Sri Lanka research on Sigiriya is not confined to the city and palace that Kasyapa built, fleeing the wrath of the people of Anuradhapura for having committed patricide. Evidence of prehistoric dwellings has been unearthed in Sigiriya caves.




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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:27 PM   #38
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Iron production factories operated here. Studies extend to the ancient villages and settlements in the "Sigiriya Basin", the irrigation network of the Sigiriya Mahawewa, and the old monastic complexes that existed before the coming of Kasyapa and flourished after his tragic death.

In the Aligala caves, east of the rock but within the Sigiriya complex, lies evidence of one of the earliest dates of iron production in the world- carbon dating has determined it as 9th century. Prehistoric skeletal remains have also been unearthed and there are two sites in Sigiriya which have a continuous sequence for around 20,000 years.




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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:29 PM   #39
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Many of the village settlements are believed to extend over three millenniums- long before the written history of Sri Lanka. Even the monastic settlements are quite ancient- beginning around 3rd century BC.

"The nearly two decades of work at Sigiriya is now beginning to find expression in a number of publications,"




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Old September 5th, 2005, 12:33 PM   #40
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Sigiriya Frescos

While Sigiriya is a great engineering feat, it is also a fine art gallery. It is believed that there were as much as 500 paintings but only 21 remain today. The drawings have been done free hand and corrections done by the artist can be seen clearly.



To some, they depict female members of the royal household. Since most of them are in pairs, these have been described as portraying a queen and a maid or a lady-in-waiting. Difference in colour indicates that they are different personalities, these scholars argue. Pioneer archaeologist, H C P Bell says they are ladies of the king’s court on their way to a nearby temple because they are carrying flowers and moving in one direction. Another theory is that they are Kasyapa’s queens with attendants bringing floral offerings to a shrine, which seems to be located in Thusitha heaven, since the figures appear to be half immersed in the clouds denoting that they are in heavenly spheres. Are they Kasyapa’s queens mourning for the royal husband, was another theory about the damsels.


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