daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > World Forums > Architecture > European Classic Architecture and Landscapes

European Classic Architecture and Landscapes All related to historical buildings and landscapes of the old world.



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old August 30th, 2005, 05:05 PM   #1
DocentX
Registered User
 
DocentX's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2003
Location: Warsaw
Posts: 6,812
Likes (Received): 2115

Churches of Warsaw part I

Inspired by the similar threads, here are some of the Warsaw churches


St John's Cathedral

This impressive 'Vistula Gothic' style church is the oldest in Warsaw.

The gothic church was constructed at the begining of XV century, rebuilt to the design by Adam Idzikowski in the first half of the XIX century in a style of the so called English neo-gothic, very polpular at the time.

It was totally destroyed during the Warsaw Uprising due to its key role as a defence post for the Old Town but rebuilt in the Gothic style after the war.

Reconstracted between 1947-1954.

The fašade that we can see today represents the so called brick Mazovian gothic style

The Baryczkowski Crucifix from Nurnburg is renowned for the expressiveness on the face of the crucified Christ. Also see the red marble Renaissance tombs of the last Mazowian dukes and the tombs downstairs in the crypt that include the resting place of Nobel Prize winner Henryk Sienkiewicz.

Royal Coronations in St. John Cathedral in Warsaw

13 September 1637 - Cecylia Renata, wife of Wladyslaw IV Waza

29 September 1670 - Eleonora of Habsburg, wife of Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki

4 October 1705 - Stanislaw Leszczynski and Katarzyna Leszczynska z Opalinskich

25 November 1764 - Stanislaw August Poniatowski



Cathedral of St. John before the II WW


Cathedral of St. John, Warsaw - 1945












Church of Visitation of Blessed Virgin Mary

One of the oldest temples in Warsaw. Built after 1411 in a Gothic style, originally it had one nave, was made of bricks, had a ceiling and an arch presbytery, before the end of the XV century it was transformed into a three nave basilica.

In 1581 a late Gothic belfry was founded. Later the church was rebuilt a number of times. In 1939 it was damaged, in 1944 it was burnt. The church was reconstructed in 1947 - 1966 to the design by Beata Trylińska. Its characteristic silhouette is a part of the old Warsaw New Town.
From the scenic point in the churchĺs neighbourhood there is a magnificent view on the Vistula river valley and on the Praga district of Warsaw.





Church of Our Lady of Grace

Built in 1609 - 1626 to the design of 1598 by Jan Frankiewicz, an architect from Vilnius. After the Jesuit convent was annulled (in 1773), the building had several users. At the beginning of the XIX century, for example, it accommodated the wool warehouse of the Polish Bank (Bank Polski). In 1918, however, the building returned to the Jesuits. Destroyed in 1944, rebuilt in 1948 - 1957 by Stanisław Marzyński, on the grounds of existing records form 1939. The sculpture of bear made by Jan Jerzy Plersch, dating back to 1762 - 1764, comes from the fašade of the Piarist church on Długa Street.








St. Martin's Church

Founded in 1356 by Ziemowit, duke of Mazovia, and his wife Euphemia. The belfry, Gothic at the bottom, is Baroque in its central part (from the 18th century). Burnt during the Warsaw Uprising. Rebuilt in 1945-1955 and decorated in the spirit of modernity to design by A.Skrzydlewska. Beside the church, there are monastery buildings. In the 1970\'s and 1980\'s, the church was the place where met the opponents of the communist regime.






Church of St. Kazimierz

The present building is a reconstruction of 1949 - 1955, to th edesign by Maria Zachwatowiczowa, according to the measurements of 1925 and 1933. The original church came from 1688 - 1692 and was designed by Tylman van Gameren. It was one of the most outstanding examples of sacral architecture in the XVII century. In 1944 it was destroyed. In the temple rebuilt after the War there is a pulpit, organs and a bell that come from the first half of the XVIII century, as well as the tombstone of Karolina Sobieska de Bouillion - a masterpiece of Wawrzyniec (Laurentio) Mattiella (made in 1746). The remaining furnishing is new, designed in 1967 - 1968 by Michaela Walicka - a nun architect. The statue of Klemens Dworzak comes from 1938.




Church of St. Francis Seraphic

Baroque church built in stages between 1679 and 1733. Designed by J.Ceroni and J.Fontana. Monastery buildings from 1727.



Church of the Holy Spirit

At first, built out of wood along with a town hospital in the 14th century. Destroyed during the Swedish invasion. The new Baroque-style building was raised in 1707-1717 to J.Piola and J.Belotti design. One of the Rectors of the monastery was Father A.Kordecki, defender of Częstochowa. The porch and the stairs added in 1845, to the design by Kleopfas Konopka. The church was damaged in 1944, later it was rebuilt togethet with the classicist kiosk from the turn of XVIII and XIX century



St. Jack's Church

It might have been designed by Giovanni Battista of Trevano, and constructed by Jan Włoch. Destroyed in 1944, rebuilt in 1947 - 1959 to the design by Halina Kosmˇlska in the style of early Baroque. The chapel of Kotowski family constructed in 1691 - 1694 survived (design by Tylman van Gameren, construcion by Jˇzef Szymon Belotti), restored after the War.





Field-Cathedral of the Polish Army
(Church of Our Lady Queen of Poland)

Field-Cathedral of the Polish Army) Built in 1642. Founded by King Władysław IV for piarist monks. After the Swedish invasion, it was rebuilt under J.Fontana in Baroque style. Since 1920, a garrison church, and since 1991, the Field-Cathedral of the Polish Army.








Kapucynow church

Built between 1683 - 1692.
Here You can find the urn with the heart of Jan III Sobieski - the king of Poland.






Bazylianow church




St. Anna's Church

Originated after 1454, extended in XVI and XVII centuries.

In 1788 Stanisław Kostka Potocki and Chrystian Peter Aigner designed a Baroque-classicisstic fašade decorated with sculptures of Jacob Monaldi Franciszek Pinck. When the so called Trasa WZ was build, the church was in danger of collapsing, because of sliding down of the Vistula scarp. The church was saved by means of ferro-concrete pillars supporting the scarp. In St Anne cloister an old vault was preserved, as well as a gothic chamber having a vault supported by one pillar (coming from early XVI century). The church colonnade, designed by Ch.P. Aigner, comes from 1819 - 1821.






DocentX no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old August 30th, 2005, 08:07 PM   #2
Arpels
Αλέξανδρος
 
Arpels's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Guarda/Barreiro
Posts: 53,256
Likes (Received): 378

beautiful churches, St Anna┤s is the best for me!!
Arpels no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 31st, 2005, 12:41 AM   #3
paku
polished and finnished
 
paku's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2004
Location: Helsinki, Wroclaw
Posts: 1,811
Likes (Received): 218

Quote:
Originally Posted by DocentX



Cathedral of St. John before the II WW


Cathedral of St. John, Warsaw - 1945


This is just so painful...

Last edited by paku; August 31st, 2005 at 06:28 PM.
paku no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 31st, 2005, 11:07 AM   #4
DocentX
Registered User
 
DocentX's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2003
Location: Warsaw
Posts: 6,812
Likes (Received): 2115

Quote:
Originally Posted by Arpels
beautiful churches, St Anna┤s is the best for me!!

The church is not only beautiful from the outside, but has an absolutely amazing interiors as well




It's one of my favorite churches in Warsaw
DocentX no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 31st, 2005, 11:10 AM   #5
DocentX
Registered User
 
DocentX's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2003
Location: Warsaw
Posts: 6,812
Likes (Received): 2115

Quote:
Originally Posted by paku
This is just so painful...
that's a real pity that the cathedral was destroyed, however I like the reconstruction- it used to be neogothic, now it's gothic.

some people like it, some don't.
DocentX no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 1st, 2005, 02:33 AM   #6
Phobos
Registered User
 
Phobos's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2003
Location: Porto
Posts: 9,408

I prefer the way the Cathedral is now,it has a better polish style.
__________________
www.deforma.wordpress.com
Phobos no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 1st, 2005, 04:24 AM   #7
SinCity
Streetwalker
 
SinCity's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2002
Location: Sodom & Gomorrah
Posts: 7,024
Likes (Received): 102

Nice churches. Pity about the architectural losses from the war.
SinCity no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 1st, 2005, 01:58 PM   #8
Arpels
Αλέξανδρος
 
Arpels's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Guarda/Barreiro
Posts: 53,256
Likes (Received): 378

Quote:
Originally Posted by DocentX
The church is not only beautiful from the outside, but has an absolutely amazing interiors as well




It's one of my favorite churches in Warsaw
yes the interior is amazing!!
Arpels no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 01:10 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu