|August 31st, 2005, 04:47 AM||#1|
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: São Paulo
Likes (Received): 251
São Paulo - Brazil....The MEGALOPOLIS
WELCOME TO THE SÃO PAULO - THE MEGALOPOLIS THREAD!!!!!
Here you will find lots of pictures and information about one of the biggest cities in the world!
More than 600 pictures updated!!
(City's Flag and Cote of Arms) Motto: "Non ducor, duco (Latin: I am not led, I lead)"
São Paulo (Portuguese for Saint Paul) is the capital of the state of São Paulo in southeastern Brazil. It is located at 23°32′36″S, 46°37′59″W, 400 km (250 miles) from Rio de Janeiro, and 1,030 km (640 miles) from federal capital Brasília.
The city has an area of 1,523.0 square kilometres (588.0 sq. miles)  and a population of just over 11 million  (2006 IBGE estimate), which makes it the largest and most populous city in the Southern Hemisphere  and a global city.
Nineteen million people live in the greater São Paulo metropolitan area as defined by the government (Região Metropolitana) — making it one of the five most populous in the world. However, when the many adjacent metropolitan areas, such as Baixada Santista, São José dos Campos, Campinas, Sorocaba, etc. are included, such as in the Extended Metropolitan Area (Complexo Metropolitano Estendido) São Paulo, there are nearly 29 million inhabitants, more than any other city in the world except Tokyo with 35 million. (source: IBGE). The region forms an even larger urban corridor or megalopolis with Rio de Janeiro and Volta Redonda.
The state of São Paulo is also highly populated, however most metropolitan areas hug São Paulo with the exception of Ribeirão Preto. The entire state has a population of over 40 million.
People from the city of São Paulo are called paulistanos, while paulista designates anyone from the whole of São Paulo state, including the paulistanos.
Skyline of São Paulo
The city was founded on January 25, 1554, by Portuguese Jesuit missionaries José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nóbrega, who established a mission — the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga — to convert the Tupi-Guarani Native Brazilians to the Catholic religion. Located just beyond the Serra do Mar cliffs overlooking the port city of Santos, and close to the River Tietê, the new settlement became the natural entrance to the vast and fertile plateau that would eventually become the State of São Paulo.
Modern reconstruction, in Pátio do Colégio, downtown, of the Jesuit school (now a museum) and church which marked the foundation of the city in the 16th century
First named São Paulo de Piratininga, São Paulo officially became a city in 1711. It experienced a boom during the coffee cycle, starting in the late 19th century — chiefly because of its privileged position next to the port of Santos, through which most of the country's exports were shipped.
After 1881, waves of immigrants from Italy, Japan and many other countries arrived in São Paulo, at first to work at the enormous coffee plantations established in the State. In the 20th century, with the increasing industrial development of the country, many of them moved to São Paulo, which also attracted new contingents of immigrants.
São Paulo was home to the Bandeirantes, who were responsible for a great deal of territorial expansion of Brazil and the discovery of great wealth. There are several monuments honoring their history in the city, including the famous Monumento às Bandeiras, one of the symbols of São Paulo.
Another important historical landmark is the Universidade de São Paulo's Law School, also known as Largo São Francisco, claimed to be the first academic institution in Brazil. First installed into a monastery, it was founded on 1 March 1828, right after the beginning of the Brazilian Empire, following the increasing need for lawyers and politicians. As rich Brazilians used to go to Portugal to take undergraduate law courses, the Brazilian Emperor, Dom Pedro I, decided that it was time to create a national law school. It attracted students from all over the country, who gave São Paulo a bohemian lifestyle.
In 1972 a fire disaster occurred in Andraus Building and in 1974 in Joelma Building.
São Paulo is located on a plateau that is part of the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for "Maritime Range"), itself part of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation around 800m (2,625 ft) - though at a distance of only about 70 km (40mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. This distance is covered by two highways (Anchieta and Imigrantes, see "Transportation" section below) that roll down the range, leading to the port city of Santos and the beach resort of Guarujá. Because of such setting, rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo. To the north, the Serra da Cantareira (Cantareira Range) offers higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest. The whole region is very tectonically stable, and no significant seismic activity has ever been recorded.
The building-dense Avenida Paulista surroundings as seen from the mostly low-rise neighborhood of Jardins
The Tietê River was once a source of freshwater and recreation for São Paulo. However, in the latter half of the 20th century, like its tributary, the Pinheiros, it became grossly polluted by raw sewage and industrial effluents. A substantial clean-up program for both rivers has met with some success. Neither is navigable in the stretch that flows through the city, but transportation is important on the Tietê further downstream, as the river is part of the River Plate basin.
There are no large natural lakes in the region, but the Guarapiranga and Billings reservoirs are used for power generation, water storage, and recreation.
The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Today, non-native species are common, as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical, subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated, with eucalyptus being especially ubiquitous.
Though thought of as drizzly and rather cool by some Brazilians, São Paulo's climate is by world standards actually warm and mild. The temperature ranges are comparable to such cities as Los Angeles and Mexico City, which are renowned for their pleasant climate. Summer temperatures seldom reach 30°C (86°F), and frost is extremely rare. All-time record temperatures are 38°C (100°F) and -2°C (28°F),. Rainfall is abundant, especially in the warmer months. Snow was register one time in 1918, tropical cyclones, while tornadic activity is uncommon
São Paulo is officially inserted in a larger metropolitan region named "Grande São Paulo" ("Greater São Paulo"). The region holds, in total, 39 municipalities and a population of more than 19 million (as of 2005 according to IBGE).
A simulated-colour satellite image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (centre), and the coastal towns of Santos and São Vicente (below).
São Paulo is the financial and industrial centre of Brazil. The city is considered to headquarter more German companies than any other single city outside Germany. Likewise, it is also considered to headquarter more American companies among any other city outside the United States. São Paulo's GDP is around $500,000 million, which makes it one of the richest cities in the world.
Berrini avenue: the brand new financial center of São Paulo
São Paulo's stock exchange is the Bovespa, while its futures exchange is BM&F. Its financial districts are located on the surroundings of Avenida Paulista and in the Centro Velho (Old Centre). Other important business districts are located in the boroughs of Pinheiros and Santo Amaro.
Trading floor of the Brazilian Mercantile and Futures Exchange, located in downtown São Paulo
There are a number of highly specialised regions, like Bom Retiro and Brás (wholesale garment districts), Consolação (lighting equipment), Rua Santa Ifigênia (electrical and electronic parts), Rua Teodoro Sampaio (furniture and musical equipment), the posh Rua Oscar Freire (designer and label stores), Avenida Europa (automobiles) and the crowded Rua Vinte e Cinco de Março. São Paulo is also home to a large number of advertising and broadcasting companies.
In the last few years, São Paulo has become a major home to many international events and fairs, visited by the most varied audiences, ranging from scientists and artists to merchants and entrepreneurs, coming from Brazil and also abroad.
Commercial complex in Itaim Bibi, one of the main business districts in the city
São Paulo has significant ethnic diversity in comparison to other major cities:
Liberdade, São Paulo
Sights of Interest
São Paulo is a major cultural centre. The city has an ethnically deiverse metropolitan area, with heavy Italian, Spaniard, Portuguese, German, Arab and Japanese influences.
The city is known for its varied and sophisticated cuisine, ranging from Chinese to French, from fast food chains to five star restaurants. Other venues such as thousands of bars, pubs, lounges and discos cater to a variety of music tastes.
São Paulo is home to the University of São Paulo and the Federal University of São Paulo, as well as many other private colleges such as the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo and Mackenzie Presbyterian University, the latter founded by North American missionaries; two major art museums (MASP and Pinacoteca do Estado), a major symphonic orchestra (OSESP), and a Formula One Grand Prix racing circuit (Interlagos).
There are two major airports in the São Paulo metropolitan area: Guarulhos (also known as Cumbica) (GRU, for domestic and international flights) and Congonhas (CGH, for domestic flights).
Avenida Paulista at night
The city is crossed by many of the most important roads of the country, such as the BR-116, SP-270, SP-280, Rodovia Anhangüera, Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Rodovia Anchieta, Rodovia Castelo Branco and Rodovia dos Imigrantes. Some railways also cross the city. They are, however, very old and were constructed intending not to transport people, but to transport coffee to the Santos seaport. However, there are new projects to build new medium-high speed railway tracks from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro (a project has been announced by the Brazilian government to build a high speed railway service in order to link the country's biggest cities, the trains would go as fast as 280 km/h, and would link São Paulo and Rio in about 1 hour and 30 minutes. These works are still waiting to be officially announced by the government, however some news has been heard on this matter), Campinas and to São Paulo-Guarulhos Airport. The other important project is the "Expresso Bandeirantes", that is a medium speed rail service (about 160 km/h) from São Paulo to Campinas, which would make the journey go from the hour and a half nowadays to about 50 minutes, linking São Paulo, Jundiaí, Campinas Airport, and Campinas city centre. This service is also going to be connected to the railway service that is going to link São Paulo city centre and Guarulhos Airport. Works on this last railway service between São Paulo city centre and Guarulhos Airport were announced to begin in 2007, which is going to be the beginning of the renewal of Brazilian passenger railway service.
Consolação subway station in Paulista is on the Green Line
São Paulo has three airports. In 2005, about 33 million people passed threw the city's airports (mainly from Congonhas and Guarulhos International, the only two operating commercial flights) São Paulo thus contains the most crowded air space both in Latin America and the Southern Hemisphere. Infraero, Brazil's main airport authority, predicts that with the new remodelling of Guarulhos Airport, within five years São Paulo's airports will handle about 45 million. There are also plans to expand the Campinas Viracopos Airport. Campinas is located about 90 km from São Paulo. In about 15 years, São Paulo-Campinas airspace will expand from the 34 million figure nowadays to 100 million. Congonhas Domestic Airport operates domestic and regional flights, mainly to Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Brasília. Campo de Marte Airport handles some private and small airplanes. Guarulhos International Airport, known to paulistanos as "Cumbica", located 25 km north east from the city centre in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos, operates domestic and international flights.
São Paulo has the highest per capita helicopter ownership in the developing world and now rivals Tokyo and New York as the world's leading helicopter user. The owners are an elite wealthy class who take advantage of around one hundred helipads and heliports to conveniently avoid heavy traffic and to rise above contact with the more dangerous aspects of urban life.
The city has 60.5 km of underground railway systems (34.6 km fully underground) (the São Paulo Metro, locally known as the Metrô), with 4 lines in operation and 57 stations (33 underground), complemented by another 270 km of CPTM (Companhia de Trens Metropolitanos, or "Company of Metropolitan Trains") railways. Both CPTM and the underground railway lines carry some 3.5 million people on an average weekday, and a few new underground lines to be constructed are expected to add another million people to the system within the next five years. All the main projects from the São Paulo railway and underground system for the next 10 years can be found on the Portuguese pages of the Metrô and CPTM. The projects are said to expand the system from the current 330 km to more than 500 km on the next 10 years.
The Luz Railway Station, in the downtown, built by English engineers
The bulk of the public transportation (public and private companies) is composed of approximately 17,000 buses, colored uniformily according to the non-central region served (ex.: light green for the buses that go center-southwest, dark blue for northern area). Until recently, there was a strong presence of informal transportation (dab vans), now fully legalized and operating under the same color scheme of the main system.
São Paulo grew quickly from the 1940s to the 1980s and many roads and buildings were constructed without major planning. As a result, heavy traffic is common in the main avenues of the city, and traffic jams are relatively common in its larger highways. The main means of commuting into the city is by car and by bus. An effective way of avoiding heavy vehicles traffic in the city, such as buses and trucks that crossed the city for other destinations, was planned by Mário Covas as a ring of road that circles the city, called Rodoanel Mario Covas, and is currently beeing built by DERSA.
23 de Maio one of the most important highways of Sao Paulo
Current critical problems
Since the beginning of the 20th century, São Paulo has been the major economic city of Brazil. With the arrival of the two World Wars and the Great Depression, exports of coffee to the United States and Europe were critically affected, which led the rich coffee farmers to invest in industrialisation in the city. This fact attracted many people from other regions of the country, especially from the north east. From a population of merely 32,000 inhabitants in 1880 São Paulo increased its population to approximately 250,000 in 1900, 1,800,000 in 1940, 4,750,000 in 1960 and 8,500,000 in 1980. The effects of this population boom in the city are:
São Paulo grew quickly and in a very disorganised manner. With no proper organisation the city grew without leaving much space for main roads and parks. Major traffic jams are relatively common on many roads of the city.
Due to heavy usage and poor engineering, the pavement quality on certain roads (especially in the outskirts of the city) is problematic, and potholes and other asphalt defects are common.
Approximately 830,000 people - about 5% of the population - live in shantytowns (favelas) in São Paulo and surrounding areas.
The crime rate is high, as is the rate of police brutality. The so-called PCC (Primeiro Comando da Capital or First Command of the Capital, in English) is a criminal faction whose terrorist attacks in May and in July 2006 shocked its citizens who were are already accustomed to high crime rates. However, the main target of these attacks are not citizens but police and government officials.
As a consequence of the lack of developed green spaces and the relative impermeability of the paved ground, floods are common in particular areas of São Paulo. Rain water cannot be properly drained and water accumulates quickly, causing floods mostly during the summer.
Air pollution is high. The two major rivers crossing the city, the Rio Tietê and the Rio Pinheiros, are severely polluted. A major project intended to clean up these rivers is underway, but complete success is not likely to be achieved for at least 14 years.
Although there are several parks across the city, given the size of the city the per capita green area of São Paulo is very small. This fact, associated with high crime rates, has led many paulistanos to choose to live in gated communities or high-rise secured condominiums.
Thanks to Wikipedia and Caio do Vale
Here are 99 São Paulo's photo threads with more than 3200 pictures, from the brazilian forum:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33,
34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60,61, 62, 63,
64, 65, 66,67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90,91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99
And on Page 7 more than 200 AMAZING AEREALS from the city!
And on Page 8 some really impressive AEREALS from the north zone of the city, looking up to the huge skyline!
On the first post, some pictures I took downtown back in 2004, but there are lots of pictures and information in the hole thread!
Some pics from 2004:
 Ed. Altino Arantes, The Banespa building, it was the tallest outside USA for several years.
 An old building, downtown.
 View from Banespa Building, looking at São João st, and anhamgabaú valley.
 Sé Cathedral.
 We can see paulista av buildings far away.
 Downtown...Itália Building at the back...(tallest one)
 Pateo do colegio, a church, the first building built in São Paulo, in 1554.
 São Bento's monastery (?).
 Another view.
 The towers at Paulista Av.
 City hall!
 Santa Ifigênia viaduct and Mirante do vale building (i forgot the original name), the tallest building in Brazil, view from the top of Martinelli building.
 The state's justice department.
 Pateo do Colégio, bult in 1554.
 A buiding.
 Reflect of Pateo do Colégio.
 Sé Cathedral.
Hope you like it!
Last edited by gutooo; February 15th, 2007 at 09:06 AM.
|August 31st, 2005, 05:12 AM||#3|
I ♥ NY
Join Date: Feb 2004
Location: Taubate - Brazil
Likes (Received): 0
SP is a spectacular city. As a guy who lives just 120km far from SP and visited the city so many times, I can say its so much more impressive than we can see in photos...
|August 31st, 2005, 05:25 AM||#4|
Join Date: Mar 2005
Location: NeW yOrk CiTy~!
Likes (Received): 0
What's the real reason they dont allow buildings to be higher than 170 meters?
Sao Paulo is ridiculous.
|August 31st, 2005, 05:30 AM||#5|
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: São Paulo
Likes (Received): 251
the problem is not the 170m, even though the tallest one has 189!!!!
The limit is according to the terrain area....and i agree with it because sao paulo doesnt have a good mass transportation system...and a lot of traffic....
its mostly urban reasons
Why do you think is ridiculous?
|August 31st, 2005, 06:20 AM||#6|
Taking On The World
Join Date: Feb 2003
Location: Novo Hamburgo
Likes (Received): 1220
|August 31st, 2005, 06:40 AM||#7|
Join Date: Apr 2005
Location: Trying to Escape
Likes (Received): 82
Excellent tour btw. Luv SP and it's futbol team too.
|August 31st, 2005, 06:48 AM||#8|
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: São Paulo
Likes (Received): 251
SP has several!!!!
|August 31st, 2005, 06:51 AM||#9|
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Salvador - Bahia - Latin America
Likes (Received): 28
São Paulo is a amazing city. Who have been living there by years don't know the city. Many things to discovery. São Paulo is a world.
Thank you. The photos are cool.
|August 31st, 2005, 09:20 AM||#10|
Join Date: Jun 2004
Location: Buenos Aires
Likes (Received): 15
Good bye CHE, 50cents, Rationalcrazy, etc...
Cuando los lacontes, pueblo siberiano, encuentran un oso, se descubren la cabeza, le saludan, le llaman jefe, viejo o abuelo, y le prometen que no le atacarán y que jamás hablarán mal de él. Pero si da señales de tener intenciones de arrojarse sobre ellos, le disparan, y, si le matan, lo parten en pedazos, lo asan y se regalan con su carne hasta agotarla, sin dejar de repetir: "No somos nosotros los que te comen, sino los rusos."
Last edited by Renzo; August 31st, 2005 at 09:25 AM.
|August 31st, 2005, 12:38 PM||#11|
Join Date: Apr 2004
Likes (Received): 0
Wow, Sao Paulo looks great!! It looks like New York
those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities
|August 31st, 2005, 01:08 PM||#13|
Join Date: Jun 2004
Location: Beauvais, FRANCE
Likes (Received): 1
for to be exact, sao paulo looks poor N-Y
ThE SkY iS ThE LiMiT
|August 31st, 2005, 01:54 PM||#14|
Join Date: Sep 2004
Likes (Received): 70
Sampa is NOT a poor NYC! Poor in which term? You think too monitary. Sao Paulo has a lot to offer (architecutre, museums, parks) and has one of the most fibrant nightlives and biggest culinary range. In know both cities quite well. They are compareable but there are clear certain differences. But I never dare to say Sampa is a poor NYC. I was in Queens, Brooklyn and the Bronx and it looks as suburban, boring and "poor" as the oustskirts of Sampa. Manhatten is NOT NYC. And it is not more or less impressive than the center of Sao Paulo - though it HAS actually the better museums
Yes, I am!
|August 31st, 2005, 03:44 PM||#15|
Join Date: Jan 2005
Location: Santos Sao Paulo
Likes (Received): 2261
All right, I think it´s time for me to repost my full set of São Paulo pics. São Paulo is MUCH MORE than anyone imagines. The names of the pics below tell what they are, mostly.... hope you appreciate!!!
|August 31st, 2005, 05:48 PM||#19|
Join Date: Aug 2004
Likes (Received): 87
execelent job guys, maybe the best pics of São Paulo I ever sow some comentairs eare are more ridiculous than averithing I sow in thys pics.
|brasil, brazil, são paulo|