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Old June 28th, 2006, 04:18 PM   #61
Gummo
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Origin
The style originated at the abbey church of Saint-Denis in Saint-Denis, near Paris, where it exemplified the vision of Abbot Suger. Suger wanted to create a physical representation of the Heavenly Bethlehem, a building of a high degree of linearity that was suffused with light and color. The faēade was actually designed by Suger, whereas the Gothic nave was added some hundred years later. He designed the faēade of Saint-Denis to be an echo of the Roman Arch of Constantine with its three-part division. This division is also frequently found in the Romanesque style. The eastern "rose" window, which is credited to him as well, is a re-imagining of the Christian "circle-square" iconography. The first truly Gothic construction was the choir of the church, consecrated in 1144. With its thin columns, stained-glass windows, and a sense of verticality with an ethereal look, the choir of Saint-Denis established the elements that would later be elaborated upon during the Gothic period. This style was adopted first in northern France and by the English, and spread throughout France, the Low Countries and parts of Germany and also to Spain and northern Italy.



The Term "Gothic"
Gothic architecture has nothing to do with the historical Goths. It was a pejorative term that came to be used as early as the 1530s to describe culture that was considered rude and barbaric. Franēois Rabelais imagines an inscription over the door of his Utopian Abbey of Thélčme, "Here enter no hypocrites, bigots..." slipping in a slighting reference to "Gotz" (rendered as "Huns" in Thomas Urquhart's English translation) and "Ostrogotz." In English 17th century usage, "Goth" was an equivalent of "vandal," a savage despoiler with a Germanic heritage and so came to be applied to the architectural styles of northern Europe before the revival of classical types of architecture. "There can be no doubt that the term 'Gothic' as applied to pointed styles of ecclesiastical architecture was used at first contemptuously, and in derision, by those who were ambitious to imitate and revive the Grecian orders of architecture, after the revival of classical literature. Authorities such as Christopher Wren lent their aid in deprecating the old medięval style, which they termed Gothic, as synonymous with every thing that was barbarous and rude.", according to a correspondent in Notes and Queries No. 9. December 29, 1849.
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Old June 28th, 2006, 04:29 PM   #62
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The old term for Gothic architecture was "Opus Francigenum" (French art) BTW
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Old June 28th, 2006, 04:53 PM   #63
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Urban Dave
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral


I've been here last summer. Gorgeous indeed. Also innerside of the edifice is a masterpiece. Another Cathedral I like is Cluny in France.
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Old June 28th, 2006, 05:01 PM   #64
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I'm sorry Citizen, but Cluny was an Abbey . And the largest part of it is destroyed now, only one of the tower is still there while it used to be the largest church until St Peter in Rome.

That was the Clunisian abbey.

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Old June 28th, 2006, 05:34 PM   #65
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Yeah. I've visited Cluny Monastry.. Abbazia, abbay..
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Old December 24th, 2006, 03:41 AM   #66
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The best cathedral of Europe,the most beautiful,is the cathedral of SEVILLA.








Last edited by Cofrade; December 24th, 2006 at 03:46 AM.
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Old December 26th, 2006, 02:06 AM   #67
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Wrocław:





Poznań:





Gdańsk:




Gdańsk-Oliwa:



Łódź:


Warsaw before WWII:




Krakow:




Torun:


Frombork:


Olsztyn:


Świdnica:
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Old December 27th, 2006, 10:35 AM   #68
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I love the Kölner Dom. Its so massive and Medieval like!
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Old December 27th, 2006, 01:53 PM   #69
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Vilnius, Lithuania:

Cathedral the Basillica of Saint Stanislaus

a very old photo, but a good one - shows Cathedral and the Belltower in full size


a newer one, picture by (c)specz from http://tinkle.************


Orthodox Cathedral of Holly Mother of God (the white one), picture by (c)Mantaz
[img]http://foto.************/inkelti/20060703/DSC_8001.JPG[/img]
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Old December 30th, 2006, 09:35 PM   #70
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It is impressive. This thread is wonderful.
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Old January 19th, 2007, 09:40 PM   #71
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More of Vilnius, Lithuania


Photo by Mantaz from http://tinkle.************/showthread...light=katedra:

Big Ben is nothing in comparison with this (it was a joke, ok?)
[IMG]http://foto.************/inkelti/20061123/DSC_5189.JPG[/IMG]

Photo by spirit from http://tinkle.************/showthread.php?t=2207&page=8


Photos by Edd from http://tinkle.************/showthread...light=katedra:



Interior:














Also there are vaults there, very mystical. Don't have photos from there, but if i'll find them, you'll see it.

Last edited by Giedrius_LT; January 19th, 2007 at 10:58 PM.
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Old January 25th, 2007, 03:38 PM   #72
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The Cathedral of Our Lady in ANTWERP - Belgium (123 meters high):



















The St. Michiel- en Sint Goedele cathedral in BRUSSELS - Belgium:






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Old January 26th, 2007, 11:08 PM   #73
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Quote:
Originally Posted by whatever... View Post
Vilnius, Lithuania:

Cathedral the Basillica of Saint Stanislaus
I don't understand, it's a cathedral or a basilica? I'm amazed there are basilicas in the baltics, I can't think of any Roman forum built there (basilicas are supposed to be built over Roman forums).
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Old January 27th, 2007, 02:41 PM   #74
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Quote:
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I don't understand, it's a cathedral or a basilica? I'm amazed there are basilicas in the baltics, I can't think of any Roman forum built there (basilicas are supposed to be built over Roman forums).
have little clue myself... maybe the term just describes diferent things here than in Italy or some place else, or maybe it has something to do with it beeing built up on ruins of milenia old pagan temples, dont know really...
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Old January 27th, 2007, 02:56 PM   #75
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Matthieu View Post
I don't understand, it's a cathedral or a basilica? I'm amazed there are basilicas in the baltics, I can't think of any Roman forum built there (basilicas are supposed to be built over Roman forums).
Roman Catholic basilicas are everywhere, even in Australia there are some.
Basilica is just an honorific title given to some major churches, and of course a church can be either a basilica or the seat of the local bishop (that is a cathedral), or both. So is the Basilica of St John Lateran, which is also the cathedral of Rome.

Last edited by Federicoft; February 19th, 2007 at 12:35 PM.
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Old February 2nd, 2007, 01:48 AM   #76
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In my opinon, Burgos' Cathedral is marvelous...

Some photos from flickr...

http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=catedral+burgos
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Old February 2nd, 2007, 12:23 PM   #77
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Slovakia, Kosice, St. Elisabeth´s Cathedral

The highest dome in the second largest city in Slovakia - Kosice, the St. Elisabeth´s cathedral (Dóm svätej Al˛bety) is the easternmost gothic cathedral in Europe. During the existence of the Czechoslovakia it was the second largest cathedral in the country (after St. Vitus cathedral in Prague) and is the highest building in this city. Recently, the construction of Kosice skyscraper in the near of the dome was abandoned, because the height had to be taller, than this Kosice dominant.
The Saint Elisabeth´s catedral was built in the High Gothic style. The present cathedral stands on a site formerly occupied by a parish church, which was destroyed by fire about 1370. The patrons of the church included St. Elizabeth. The construction of St. Elizabeth's Cathedral began in approximately 1378 and was performed in several stages:

The first stage of construction lasted until about 1420. Originally it was to be a building of a basilica type with five naves, polygonal (traversal) apses and two steeples on the western side. The St. Viktor's church, in Xanten on Rhine, served as a model.

During the second stage the original project was changed. In an effort to create a modern spacious hall the main nave was intersected with the equally high transverse nave, which resulted in the creation of four lower halls between the arms of the naves.

The St. Cross Chapel (also called the St. Kromerova chapel) was built during the third stage in 1470, later in 1477 the Virgin Mary's chapel,also called Syatmariho chapel was erected as well as St. Josef's chapel which has not yet been preserved. The stone Pastophorium and the southern steeple of the cathedral date from the same year.


In 1491 during the siege of the town the cathedral was severely damaged. Restoration works were carried out by masonry master Mikulas Krompholy of Nisa under the supervision of Vaclav of Prague. In 1508 he also completed the construction of presbytery. This year is considered to be the year when the construction of the cathedral, which took more than a 100 years, was definitely completed.

The cathedral was later often damaged by calamites, which left their mark on the cathedral building and its stability. The building underwent numerous restorations. The most extensive restoration works took place in the years 1877 - 1896. As a result of which the interior and the exterior of the cathedral were significantly changed in an effort to return to the original five - naved project. Restoration works were carried out by Franz Schmidt as a supervisor, after designs by Imrich Steindl and by the architects J.Weber and Fr. V. Frohde, who also participated in its restoration.

During this period the restoration of the chapel of St. Josef was abolished, the lierne vaults of the side naves were changed into net vaults, stone parts of the ornaments also underwent certain renovaton. During the last phase of the restoration a crypt was built under the northern nave of the cathedral, which was realised by the architect A.Andreeti after designs by Prof. F. Schulek. In 1906 the remains of Francis Rakoczi II and his friends from Turkey were buried there.


The present appearance of the St. Elizabeth's Cathedral preserves a five - nave planning with intersection of the main and traversal naves and with polygonal presbytery. A metallic tower is placed at the point of intersection of the naves. On its southern side there is an entrace chamber with the royal oratory above it and chaples on its sides. The southern steeple, the so-called Matejova, dates from 1461 and the northern steeple with Rococo helm dating from 1775 complete the western front of the cathedral. The western portal is decorated with embossed scenes with the following biblical motifs: Jesus in the Gethsemane garden, Piety and Towel of St. Verona.


The richest and artistically the most valuable is the northern portal with the embossed painting. The last Trial executed in two rows one above the other. Also to be seen here are embossed paintings from the life of St. Elizabeth, Virgin Mary with women, St. John with soldiers. Above them there is one more paiting "The Crucifixion" In the middle of the northern portal there is a sculpture of St. Elizabeth. The southern portal has two entrances and forms an integral part of the whole composition according to the original design of the southern entrance chamber.


The interior of the St. Elizabeth's Catedral is very imposing and valuable. In this respect particular mention should be made of the main altar of St. Elizabeth, a hanged sculpure of Immaculata, the Late Gothic altar Visit of Virgin Mary, a stone epitaph of the Reiner family, a wooden sculpture of Virgin Mary, fragments of the wall painting "The Last Trial", the side altar of St. Anton Paduansky, a wall painting "The Resurrection", the bronze font, the altar paiting of St. Anna Metercia, Gothic Calvary, the lantern of the king Mathew, wooden polychrome sculptures, the side altar Worship of three Kings, Neo-Gothic stone pulpit. Valuable masterpieces and relics are preserved in the treasury













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Old February 2nd, 2007, 12:48 PM   #78
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Slovakia, Bratislava, St. Martin´s Cathedral

The three-nave Gothic church was built in the place of the original Romanesque church. They started building it in the beginning of the 14th century and it was consecrated in 1452. Dimensions of the church are also remarkable: length 69.37 m, width 22,85 m, height 16.02 m. Several chapels were added to the church – Gothic chapel of St. Sophia, widow after the Czech King Wenceslas IV, chapel of St. Anna and baroque chapel of St. John the Almoner.

Tower of the church was constructed simultaneously with 3 naves of the church, while it was integral part of city walls serving to defend the town. Its height is 85 m and there is a gilded pillow of dimensions 2 m x 2 m on the top, while a 1 m high copy of the Hungarian royal crown weighing 300 kg is placed on it. In the 16th century, the Dome witnessed coronation of Hungarian Kings. Within 1563 – 1830, there were crowned 11 Hungarian Kings and 8 royal wives. Beethoven‘s Missa Solemnis was played for the first time in this church.


















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Old February 5th, 2007, 12:54 PM   #79
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Uspenski Cathedral, the biggest Orthodox church in western Europe.



You can see the clock towers of Johannes Cathedral in the backround.
At 74 metres it´s the second tallest church in Helsinki.

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Old February 19th, 2007, 02:01 AM   #80
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These wonderful churches are the best example of our common European culture. No matter if catholic, protestant or orthodox - every of these amazing cathedrals show us that we share the same beliefs and values.


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