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Old February 25th, 2006, 04:51 PM   #1
Kunst um der Kunst willen
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Palmanova architecture! A must see















History of Palmanova

Palmanova, foundation town, has a precise date of birth: 7th October 1593. This day was chosen by the superintendents of the Republic of Venice as it called to mind two important events of the history of the Republic.
The first, a religious event, was the day in which St Justine, who would become the patron Saint of the town, was commemorated; the second, a civic event, was the anniversary of the Victory of Lepanto against the Turks on 7th October 1571.

The choice of this second event shows that the Republic of Venice wanted to leave a clear message about the function and importance of the new fortress - as a limit to Turkish invasions, not only as regards the Republic itself but for the whole of Christendom.

Palma had been a Venetian dominion for over 200 years (1593-1805), when General Bonaparte conquered it. After the Treatise of Campoformido the fortress entered the Austrian Empire’s area (1798-1805); and then it was conquered by the Kingdom of Italy (1806-1814).

After Napoleon’s defeat Palmanova became part of the Hapsburg Empire up until 1866- with the single interruption of the insurrection of 1848.With the plebiscite of 1866 Palmanova was definitively annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.

During the First World War it was the centre of hospitals, warehouses and an exercise field for drilling troops. With the rout of Caporetto the town suffered major devastation.
By the end of the Second World War the fortress was the seat ( Caserma Piave) of a centre of repression against the partisans.
In 1960 Palmanova became a National Monument under decree of the President of the Italian Republic

Fortification Structure: 1st set of Walls (1593 - 1620)


The fortification of Palmanova has a unique structure as it offers the visitor an insight into the innovations that the science of fortification has thought up over the centuries.
The Venetians built here low, wide embankments needed to defend the town by the artillery in the late XVI century.
Architects designed the walls in the shape of an arrow head, at the farthest point of each there was a rampart that was linked to the others by curtains.
This resulted in an enneagon – at its vertexes the ramparts came out in such a way as to defend each other.
The whole circuit was protected by a wide moat and the three entrances or openings to the town were made at the centre of three of the curtains.

Fortification Structure: 2 set of Walls (1665 - 1683)


In the middle of the 17th century the Serenissima Republic of Venice thought the time had come to reinforce the stronghold (fortress fortified town), building nine new bastions (ravelins) beside the moat, on the straight side of the set of walls which surrounded the built-up area. The first ravelins to be built were those in front of the three entrances, the entrance having always been the weakest part of any fortress.

Fortification Structure: 3th set of Walls (1806 - 1809)


In 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte decided to renew the Palmanova “war machine”, the most noticeable signs of which were the nine lunettes , that is, the bastions bounded by a dry moat. They were built towards the countryside, designed to fend off enemies artillery batteries, preventing the destruction of the town and military buildings.


All images and infos are from http://www.palmanova.it/
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Old February 26th, 2006, 12:18 AM   #2
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wowww a perfect star, Vauban sytem is fantastic!!
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Old February 26th, 2006, 01:08 AM   #3
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very very very nice
...na koniec świata anioły wezwały mnie...
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Old February 21st, 2010, 06:19 AM   #4
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very interesting! i can only see 2 pictures though...
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Old February 21st, 2010, 08:04 AM   #5
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Is there a poll on it? Because it's a 10. Reminds me of Jaipur in India (Wikipedia Entry) that was built in the form of a Mandala.
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Old February 21st, 2010, 08:18 AM   #6
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Despite only being able 2 see a couple of picture... VERY beautiful.
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Old February 22nd, 2010, 08:21 AM   #7
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Originally Posted by Arpels View Post
wowww a perfect star, Vauban sytem is fantastic!!

Palmanova was revolutionary at the time. When it was founded, Vauban was yet to be born.

Much probably, Vauban imitated Palmanova star design.
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Old February 22nd, 2010, 09:55 AM   #8
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Cool. It look so wicked from above.
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