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Old November 3rd, 2013, 05:07 PM   #2501
Comfortably Numb
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This is a great thread. Moscow has a great subway.

Some of the stations do look a bit like those on the London Underground (tube-like). Were the original designs based on the London Underground or is the "tube" design simply the most efficient way of tunneling based on the sub-surface geology of the city?
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Old November 3rd, 2013, 05:21 PM   #2502
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Well, during early design stage, soviet engineers visited all European metros, including London.
And actually, even today, there are only 3 deep-level principal designs - pylon type, pilar type and single dome, the last being introduced in second half of XX.
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Old November 4th, 2013, 12:30 PM   #2503
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Comfortably Numb View Post
This is a great thread. Moscow has a great subway.

Some of the stations do look a bit like those on the London Underground (tube-like). Were the original designs based on the London Underground or is the "tube" design simply the most efficient way of tunneling based on the sub-surface geology of the city?
What rations are similar to London tube ones?
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Old November 4th, 2013, 01:30 PM   #2504
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Comfortably Numb View Post
Some of the stations do look a bit like those on the London Underground (tube-like). Were the original designs based on the London Underground or is the "tube" design simply the most efficient way of tunneling based on the sub-surface geology of the city?
Speaking in general, Moscow Metro has no similarity with London Underground. The main difference between common design of Moscow Metro and London Tube is presence spacious central hall between side platforms (so-called three-vaulted design).

In fact, the only London-type station in Moscow Metro was "Lubyanka", then "Dzerzhinskaya" ("Felix Dzerzhinsky"; Line 1; opened on May 15, 1935). Due to high level of quicksands, this station was built without central hall - only two side platforms and short passageway in the end of both platforms. However, it was totally reconstructed in late-1960s - early-1970s. As a result, there was added central hall due to necessary of transfer to Line 7 and large passenger traffic.

Construction work on the station began in December 1933, and the engineers were faced with extremely difficult soil conditions from the outset. The area under Lubyanka Square (then Dzerzhinsky Square) is made of Jurassic clay, beneath which are layers of quicksand and Carboniferous clay. The Metro station was planned to rest on top of the Carboniferous clay, which was thought to be firm enough to support its weight. It was quickly discovered, however, that the clay was much softer than anticipated due to the proximity of an underground channel of the Neglinnaya River and also tended to swell greatly when exposed to air. This meant that the tunnels had to be built one section at a time, very quickly, in order to allow the concrete to set before the pressure exerted by the expanding clay increased to the point where the wooden forms could no longer contain it.

Nikolai Ladovsky's initial design had to be significantly modified in order to cope with these problems. In order to minimize the amount of excavation required, the planned full-length central hall was abandoned in favour of a short passage at the end of the station connecting the two platform tubes, similar to many London Underground stations. This simplified the construction of the station while still allowing the planned hall to be built in the future.

Even after the design change, the station's construction was plagued by difficulties. Quicksand from between the two layers of clay began to seep into the construction site almost immediately, and due to the unexpected softness of the Carboniferous clay the station began to slowly sink. Nevertheless, the builders of the station were able to surmount these problems and "Lubyanka" (then "Dzerzhinskaya") was opened as planned on May 15, 1935. The heroic efforts of the Metro builders are memorialized in a sculptural composition in the vestibule on St. Nicholas Street.

In 1965 it was revealed that "Lubyanka" (then "Dzerzhinskaya") was to become a transfer point to the planned Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line 7, making it clear that the station would need to be completed. Technology had advanced to the point where the building of the central hall, which had been deemed impossible in the 1930s, could finally be accomplished, though this project still took more than seven years to complete. The first phase of the station's expansion was the construction of a second entrance at the northern end, which was completed in 1968.

The construction of the northern half of the central hall was simplified by using the new technique of soil freezing, but this could not be used on the southern half. Workers were forced to go back to the original method of quickly building one tunnel segment at a time before the expansion of the clay could crush them. Once the central hall was finished passages to the platforms were blown through using explosives. In 1972 the station was finally reopened.

The reconstruction of the station was an engineering triumph, but it was much less impressive aesthetically with blocky white marble pylons and white tiled walls replacing the strikingly patterned dark marble used in the old station. Though the old section of the central hall still exists, the overall effect has been lost. The architects of the expansion were Nina Alyoshina and Alexander Strelkov. In 1975, escalators were added in the centre of the platform for the transfer to the new Metro station "Kuznetsky Most" ("Blacksmith's Bridge"; Line 7; opened on December 17, 1975).


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubyanka_(Moscow_Metro)


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Old November 4th, 2013, 06:11 PM   #2505
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Quote:
Originally Posted by _Night City Dream_ View Post
Cross platform transfer passage under construction at Petrovsko-Razumovskaya station (line 9 to future line 10 station).



31 .10. 2013.
Any map of project? because i don't get what they have planed to do.
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Old November 4th, 2013, 08:32 PM   #2506
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Any map of project? because i don't get what they have planed to do.
What is not clear? There will be built second underground hall parallel to existing one. There will be built transfer between these halls via stairways in the middle of both platforms.


Metroblog


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Old November 4th, 2013, 08:44 PM   #2507
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That's how it was realized at Metro station "Kitay-gorod" (Line 6/7) - the first Moscow Metro station with cross-platform interchange (opened on January 3, 1971).


Битцевский панк


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Битцевский панк
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Old November 4th, 2013, 10:24 PM   #2508
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Here is the track map of the station:

image hosted on flickr


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Old November 4th, 2013, 10:50 PM   #2509
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P.S. If someone don't realize - these stairs will be built only for passengers who will change direction of movement after transfer to other line. However, the majority of passengers (according to estimates) will commit this transfer without changing of direction. They will move north (south) by one line and will continue to move north (south) after transfer to other line. For such passengers, it will be necessary just cross to other end of platform for transfer. That's how cross-platform interchange works.
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Old November 6th, 2013, 09:40 AM   #2510
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THE OPENING OF METRO STATIONS "LERMONTOVSKY PROSPEKT" ("LERMONTOV AVENUE") AND "ZHULEBINO" (LINE 7).


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Old November 9th, 2013, 07:23 AM   #2511
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Old November 9th, 2013, 07:10 PM   #2512
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Zhulebino Station - opening date 2013.11.09













Source: http://www.ridus.ru/news/117089/
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Old November 9th, 2013, 07:17 PM   #2513
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Zhulebino Station - opening date 2013.11.09


source: http://www.metronews.ru/novosti/zhul...0BVHVPGNcq1Xo/


source: http://www.metronews.ru/novosti/zhul...0BVHVPGNcq1Xo/


source: http://www.metronews.ru/novosti/zhul...0BVHVPGNcq1Xo/
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Old November 9th, 2013, 07:17 PM   #2514
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Lermontovskiy Prospekt station - opening date 2013.11.09


source: http://ria.ru/moscow/20131109/975698626.html


source: http://top.rbc.ru/society/09/11/2013/887630.shtml


The woman on the right cannot believe her eyes
source: http://www.metronews.ru/novosti/zhul...0BVHVPGNcq1Xo/


source: http://www.metronews.ru/novosti/zhul...0BVHVPGNcq1Xo/
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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:36 PM   #2515
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November 9, 2013. The long-awaited opening of Metro stations "Lermontovsky Prospekt" ("Lermontov Avenue") and "Zhulebino" (Line 7).


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City officials at the entrance to the northern vestibule of Metro station "Zhulebino":

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Ivan Besedin, Chief of the Moscow Metropolitan:

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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:36 PM   #2516
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The awarding prizes and certificates of honour:

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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:37 PM   #2517
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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:38 PM   #2518
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The passengers of Metro station "Zhulebino":

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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:39 PM   #2519
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The former southeastern terminus of the Line 7 - ground-level Metro station "Vykhino" (opened on December 31, 1966):

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Old November 9th, 2013, 10:43 PM   #2520
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The ground-level segment between Metro stations "Vykhino" and "Lermontovsky Prospekt":

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